rxPredict.rxDTree: Prediction for Large Data Classification and Regression Trees

Description

Calculate predicted or fitted values for a data set from an rxDTree object.

Usage


 ## S3 method for class `rxDTree':
rxPredict  (modelObject, data = NULL, outData = NULL, 
      predVarNames = NULL, writeModelVars = FALSE, extraVarsToWrite = NULL, 
      append = c("none", "rows"), overwrite = FALSE,
      type = c("vector", "prob", "class", "matrix"), removeMissings = FALSE,
      computeResiduals = FALSE, residType = c("usual", "pearson", "deviance"), residVarNames = NULL,
      blocksPerRead = rxGetOption("blocksPerRead"), reportProgress = rxGetOption("reportProgress"),
      verbose = 0, xdfCompressionLevel = rxGetOption("xdfCompressionLevel"),
        ...  )


Arguments

modelObject

object returned from a call to rxDTree.

data

either a data source object, a character string specifying a .xdf file, or a data frame object.

outData

file or existing data frame to store predictions; can be same as the input file or NULL. If not NULL, must be an .xdf file if data is an .xdf file or a data frame if data is a data frame.

predVarNames

character vector specifying name(s) to give to the prediction results.

writeModelVars

logical value. If TRUE, and the output file is different from the input file, variables in the model will be written to the output file in addition to the predictions. If variables from the input data set are transformed in the model, the transformed variables will also be written out.

extraVarsToWrite

NULL or character vector of additional variables names from the input data or transforms to include in the outData. If writeModelVars is TRUE, model variables will be included as well.

append

either "none" to create a new files or "rows" to append rows to an existing file. If outData exists and append is "none", the overwrite argument must be set to TRUE. You can append only to RxTeradata data source. Ignored for data frames.

overwrite

logical value. If TRUE, an existing outData will be overwritten. overwrite is ignored if appending rows. Ignored for data frames.

type

see predict.rpart for details.

removeMissings

logical value. If TRUE, rows with missing values are removed and will not be included in the output data.

computeResiduals

logical value. If TRUE, residuals are computed.

residType

see residuals.rpart for details.

residVarNames

character vector specifying name(s) to give to the residual results.

blocksPerRead

number of blocks to read for each chunk of data read from the data source.

reportProgress

integer value with options:

  • 0: no progress is reported.
  • 1: the number of processed rows is printed and updated.
  • 2: rows processed and timings are reported.
  • 3: rows processed and all timings are reported.

verbose

integer value. If 0, no verbose output is printed during calculations. Integer values from 1 to 4 provide increasing amounts of information are provided.

xdfCompressionLevel

integer in the range of -1 to 9 indicating the compression level for the output data if written to an .xdf file. The higher the value, the greater the amount of compression - resulting in smaller files but a longer time to create them. If xdfCompressionLevel is set to 0, there will be no compression and files will be compatible with the 6.0 release of Revolution R Enterprise. If set to -1, a default level of compression will be used.

...

additional arguments to be passed directly to the Microsoft R Services Compute Engine.

Details

Prediction for large data models requires both a fitted model object and a data set, either the original data (to obtain fitted values and residuals) or a new data set containing the same set of variables as the original fitted model. Notice that this is different from the behavior of predict, which can usually work on the original data simply by referencing the fitted model.

Value

Depending on the form of data, this function variously returns a data frame or a data source representing a .xdf file.

Author(s)

Microsoft Corporation Microsoft Technical Support

References

Breiman, L., Friedman, J. H., Olshen, R. A. and Stone, C. J. (1984) Classification and Regression Trees. Wadsworth.

Therneau, T. M. and Atkinson, E. J. (2011) An Introduction to Recursive Partitioning Using the RPART Routines. http://r.789695.n4.nabble.com/attachment/3209029/0/zed.pdf .

Yael Ben-Haim and Elad Tom-Tov (2010) A streaming parallel decision tree algorithm. Journal of Machine Learning Research 11, 849--872.

See Also

rpart, rpart.control, rpart.object, rxDTree.

Examples


 set.seed(1234)

 # classification
 iris.sub <- c(sample(1:50, 25), sample(51:100, 25), sample(101:150, 25))
 iris.dtree <- rxDTree(Species ~ Sepal.Length + Sepal.Width + Petal.Length + Petal.Width, 
     data = iris[iris.sub, ], cp = 0.01)
 iris.dtree

 table(rxPredict(iris.dtree, iris[-iris.sub, ], type = "class")[[1]], 
     iris[-iris.sub, "Species"])

 # regression
 infert.nrow <- nrow(infert)
 infert.sub <- sample(infert.nrow, infert.nrow / 2)
 infert.dtree <- rxDTree(case ~ age + parity + education + spontaneous + induced, 
     data = infert[infert.sub, ], cp = 0.01)
 infert.dtree

 hist(rxPredict(infert.dtree, infert[-infert.sub, ])[[1]] - 
     infert[-infert.sub, "case"])