MulticastDelegate MulticastDelegate MulticastDelegate MulticastDelegate Class

Definice

Představuje delegáta vícesměrového vysílání; To znamená, že delegát, který může mít více než jeden prvek v seznamu jeho vyvolání.Represents a multicast delegate; that is, a delegate that can have more than one element in its invocation list.

public ref class MulticastDelegate abstract : Delegate
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public abstract class MulticastDelegate : Delegate
type MulticastDelegate = class
    inherit Delegate
Public MustInherit Class MulticastDelegate
Inherits Delegate
Dědičnost
MulticastDelegateMulticastDelegateMulticastDelegateMulticastDelegate
Atributy

Příklady

Následující příklad definuje třídu, StringContainer, která obsahuje kolekci řetězců.The following example defines a class, StringContainer, which includes a collection of strings. Jedním z jeho členů je CheckAndDisplayDelegate delegát, který se používá k zobrazení řetězců uložených StringContainer v objektu, který vyhovuje určitým kritériím.One of its members is the CheckAndDisplayDelegate delegate, which is used to display strings stored in a StringContainer object that satisfy particular criteria. Delegát přijímá jediný řetězec jako parametr a vrátí void (nebo, v Visual Basic, jedná se o Sub postup).The delegate takes a single string as a parameter and returns void (or, in Visual Basic, it's a Sub procedure). Obsahuje také metodu DisplayAllQualified, která má jeden parametr CheckAndDisplayDelegate delegáta.It also includes a method, DisplayAllQualified, that has a single parameter, a CheckAndDisplayDelegate delegate. To umožňuje volání metody a zobrazení sady řetězců, které jsou filtrovány na základě metod, které delegát obsahuje.This allows the method to be called and to display a set of strings that are filtered based on the methods that the delegate contains.

V příkladu je také definována třída StringExtensionsnástrojů, která má dvě metody:The example also defines a utility class, StringExtensions, that has two methods:

  • ConStartzobrazuje řetězec, který začíná souhláskou.ConStart, which displays strings that begin with a consonant.

  • VowelStartzobrazuje řetězec, který začíná samohláskou.VowelStart, which displays strings that begin with a vowel.

Všimněte si, že obě metody obsahují parametr jednoho řetězce a voidvrátí.Note that both methods include a single string parameter and return void. Jinými slovy, obě metody mohou být přiřazeny CheckAndDisplayDelegate delegátovi.In other words, both methods can be assigned to the CheckAndDisplayDelegate delegate.

Test.Main Metoda je vstupním bodem aplikace.The Test.Main method is the application entry point. Vytvoří instanci StringContainer objektu, naplní jej řetězci a vytvoří dva CheckAndDisplayDelegate delegáty, conStart a vowelStart, který vyvolá jedinou metodu.It instantiates a StringContainer object, populates it with strings, and creates two CheckAndDisplayDelegate delegates, conStart and vowelStart, that invoke a single method. Pak zavolá Delegate.Combine metodu pro multipleDelegates vytvoření delegáta ConStart , který zpočátku obsahuje delegáty a VowelStart .It then calls the Delegate.Combine method to create the multipleDelegates delegate, which initially contains the ConStart and VowelStart delegates. Všimněte si, že multipleDelegates když je delegát vyvolán, zobrazí všechny řetězce v kolekci v původním pořadí.Note that when the multipleDelegates delegate is invoked, it displays all the strings in the collection in their original order. Důvodem je to, že každé písmeno se předává každému delegátu a každé písmeno splňuje kritéria filtrování jenom jednoho ze dvou delegátů.This is because each letter is passed separately to each delegate, and each letter meets the filtering criteria of only one of the two delegates. Nakonec, po Delegate.Remove volání a Delegate.Combine, multipleDelegates obsahuje dva conStart delegáty.Finally, after calls to Delegate.Remove and Delegate.Combine, multipleDelegates contains two conStart delegates. Při vyvolání je každý řetězec v StringContainer objektu zobrazen dvakrát.When it is invoked, each string in the StringContainer object is displayed twice.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

ref class StringContainer
{
private:
   // A generic list object that holds the strings.
   List<String^>^ container = gcnew List<String^>;

public:
   // Define a delegate to handle string display.
   delegate void CheckAndDisplayDelegate(String^ str);

   // A method that adds more strings to the collection.
   void AddString(String^ str)
   {
      container->Add(str);
   }

   // Iterate through the strings and invoke the method(s) that the delegate points to.
   void DisplayAllQualified(CheckAndDisplayDelegate^ displayDelegate)
   {
      for each (String^ str in container)
         displayDelegate(str);
//       System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = container->GetEnumerator();
//       while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
//       {
//          String^ str = safe_cast<String^>(myEnum->Current);
//          displayDelegate(str);
//      }
   }
};

//end of class StringContainer
// This class contains a few sample methods
ref class StringFuncs
{
public:

   // This method prints a String* that it is passed if the String* starts with a vowel
   static void ConStart(String^ str)
   {
      if (  !(str[ 0 ] == 'a' || str[ 0 ] == 'e' || str[ 0 ] == 'i' || str[ 0 ] == 'o' || str[ 0 ] == 'u') )
            Console::WriteLine( str );
   }

   // This method prints a String* that it is passed if the String* starts with a consonant
   static void VowelStart( String^ str )
   {
      if ( (str[ 0 ] == 'a' || str[ 0 ] == 'e' || str[ 0 ] == 'i' || str[ 0 ] == 'o' || str[ 0 ] == 'u') )
            Console::WriteLine( str );
   }
};

// This function demonstrates using Delegates, including using the Remove and
// Combine methods to create and modify delegate combinations.
int main()
{
   // Declare the StringContainer class and add some strings
   StringContainer^ container = gcnew StringContainer;
   container->AddString( "This" );
   container->AddString( "is" );
   container->AddString( "a" );
   container->AddString( "multicast" );
   container->AddString( "delegate" );
   container->AddString( "example" );

// RETURN HERE.
   // Create two delegates individually using different methods
   StringContainer::CheckAndDisplayDelegate^ conStart = gcnew StringContainer::CheckAndDisplayDelegate( StringFuncs::ConStart );
   StringContainer::CheckAndDisplayDelegate^ vowelStart = gcnew StringContainer::CheckAndDisplayDelegate( StringFuncs::VowelStart );

   // Get the list of all delegates assigned to this MulticastDelegate instance. 
   array<Delegate^>^ delegateList = conStart->GetInvocationList();
   Console::WriteLine("conStart contains {0} delegate(s).", delegateList->Length);
   delegateList = vowelStart->GetInvocationList();
   Console::WriteLine("vowelStart contains {0} delegate(s).\n", delegateList->Length );

   // Determine whether the delegates are System::Multicast delegates
   if ( dynamic_cast<System::MulticastDelegate^>(conStart) && dynamic_cast<System::MulticastDelegate^>(vowelStart) )
   {
      Console::WriteLine("conStart and vowelStart are derived from MulticastDelegate.\n");
   }

   // Execute the two delegates.
   Console::WriteLine("Executing the conStart delegate:" );
   container->DisplayAllQualified(conStart);
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine("Executing the vowelStart delegate:" );
   container->DisplayAllQualified(vowelStart);

   // Create a new MulticastDelegate and call Combine to add two delegates.
   StringContainer::CheckAndDisplayDelegate^ multipleDelegates =
           dynamic_cast<StringContainer::CheckAndDisplayDelegate^>(Delegate::Combine(conStart, vowelStart));

   // How many delegates does multipleDelegates contain?
   delegateList = multipleDelegates->GetInvocationList();
   Console::WriteLine("\nmultipleDelegates contains {0} delegates.\n", 
                      delegateList->Length );

   //       // Pass this multicast delegate to DisplayAllQualified.
   Console::WriteLine("Executing the multipleDelegate delegate.");
   container->DisplayAllQualified(multipleDelegates);
   // Call remove and combine to change the contained delegates.
   multipleDelegates = dynamic_cast<StringContainer::CheckAndDisplayDelegate^>
                      (Delegate::Remove(multipleDelegates, vowelStart));
   multipleDelegates = dynamic_cast<StringContainer::CheckAndDisplayDelegate^>
                      (Delegate::Combine(multipleDelegates, conStart));

   // Pass multipleDelegates to DisplayAllQualified again.
   Console::WriteLine("\nExecuting the multipleDelegate delegate with two conStart delegates:");
   container->DisplayAllQualified(multipleDelegates);
} 
// The example displays the following output:
//    conStart contains 1 delegate(s).
//    vowelStart contains 1 delegate(s).
//    
//    conStart and vowelStart are derived from MulticastDelegate.
//    
//    Executing the conStart delegate:
//    This
//    multicast
//    delegate
//    
//    Executing the vowelStart delegate:
//    is
//    a
//    example
//    
//    
//    multipleDelegates contains 2 delegates.
//    
//    Executing the multipleDelegate delegate.
//    This
//    is
//    a
//    multicast
//    delegate
//    example
//    
//    Executing the multipleDelegate delegate with two conStart delegates:
//    This
//    This
//    multicast
//    multicast
//    delegate
//    delegate
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class StringContainer
{
   // Define a delegate to handle string display. 
   public delegate void CheckAndDisplayDelegate(string str);

   // A generic list object that holds the strings. 
   private List<String> container = new List<String>();

   // A method that adds strings to the collection. 
   public void AddString(string str) 
   {
      container.Add(str);
   }

   // Iterate through the strings and invoke the method(s) that the delegate points to. 
   public void DisplayAllQualified(CheckAndDisplayDelegate displayDelegate) 
   {
      foreach (var str in container) {
         displayDelegate(str);
      }
   }
 }    

// This class defines some methods to display strings. 
class StringExtensions
{
   // Display a string if it starts with a consonant. 
   public static void ConStart(string str) 
   {
      if (!(str[0]=='a'||str[0]=='e'||str[0]=='i'||str[0]=='o'||str[0]=='u'))
          Console.WriteLine(str);
   }

   // Display a string if it starts with a vowel.
   public static void VowelStart(string str) 
   {
      if ((str[0]=='a'||str[0]=='e'||str[0]=='i'||str[0]=='o'||str[0]=='u'))
          Console.WriteLine(str);
   }
}

// Demonstrate the use of delegates, including the Remove and 
// Combine methods to create and modify delegate combinations. 
class Test
{
   static public void Main()
   {
      // Declare the StringContainer class and add some strings
      StringContainer container = new StringContainer();
      container.AddString("This");
      container.AddString("is");
      container.AddString("a");
      container.AddString("multicast");
      container.AddString("delegate");
      container.AddString("example");

      // Create two delegates individually using different methods.
      StringContainer.CheckAndDisplayDelegate conStart = StringExtensions.ConStart;
      StringContainer.CheckAndDisplayDelegate vowelStart = StringExtensions.VowelStart;

      // Get the list of all delegates assigned to this MulticastDelegate instance. 
      Delegate[] delegateList = conStart.GetInvocationList();
      Console.WriteLine("conStart contains {0} delegate(s).", delegateList.Length);
      delegateList = vowelStart.GetInvocationList();
      Console.WriteLine("vowelStart contains {0} delegate(s).\n", delegateList.Length);

      // Determine whether the delegates are System.Multicast delegates. 
      if (conStart is System.MulticastDelegate && vowelStart is System.MulticastDelegate) 
          Console.WriteLine("conStart and vowelStart are derived from MulticastDelegate.\n");

      // Execute the two delegates.
      Console.WriteLine("Executing the conStart delegate:");
      container.DisplayAllQualified(conStart);
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine("Executing the vowelStart delegate:");
      container.DisplayAllQualified(vowelStart);
      Console.WriteLine();
      
      // Create a new MulticastDelegate and call Combine to add two delegates.
      StringContainer.CheckAndDisplayDelegate multipleDelegates = 
            (StringContainer.CheckAndDisplayDelegate) Delegate.Combine(conStart, vowelStart);

      // How many delegates does multipleDelegates contain?
      delegateList = multipleDelegates.GetInvocationList();
      Console.WriteLine("\nmultipleDelegates contains {0} delegates.\n",
                        delegateList.Length);

      // Pass this multicast delegate to DisplayAllQualified.
      Console.WriteLine("Executing the multipleDelegate delegate.");
      container.DisplayAllQualified(multipleDelegates);

      // Call remove and combine to change the contained delegates.
      multipleDelegates = (StringContainer.CheckAndDisplayDelegate) Delegate.Remove(multipleDelegates, vowelStart);
      multipleDelegates = (StringContainer.CheckAndDisplayDelegate) Delegate.Combine(multipleDelegates, conStart);

      // Pass multipleDelegates to DisplayAllQualified again.
      Console.WriteLine("\nExecuting the multipleDelegate delegate with two conStart delegates:");
      container.DisplayAllQualified(multipleDelegates);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    conStart contains 1 delegate(s).
//    vowelStart contains 1 delegate(s).
//    
//    conStart and vowelStart are derived from MulticastDelegate.
//    
//    Executing the conStart delegate:
//    This
//    multicast
//    delegate
//    
//    Executing the vowelStart delegate:
//    is
//    a
//    example
//    
//    
//    multipleDelegates contains 2 delegates.
//    
//    Executing the multipleDelegate delegate.
//    This
//    is
//    a
//    multicast
//    delegate
//    example
//    
//    Executing the multipleDelegate delegate with two conStart delegates:
//    This
//    This
//    multicast
//    multicast
//    delegate
//    delegate
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Class StringContainer
    ' Define a delegate to handle string display. 
    Delegate Sub CheckAndPrintDelegate(ByVal str As String)

    ' A generic list object that holds the strings.
    Private container As New List(Of String)()

     ' A method that adds strings to the collection. 
     Public Sub AddString(ByVal s As String)
        container.Add(s)
    End Sub

    ' Iterate through the strings and invoke the method(s) that the delegate points to.
    Public Sub DisplayAllQualified(ByVal displayDelegate As CheckAndPrintDelegate)
        For Each s In container
            displayDelegate(s)
        Next
    End Sub
End Class

' This class defines some methods to display strings. 
Class StringExtensions
    ' Display a string if it starts with a consonant. 
    Public Shared Sub ConStart(ByVal str As String)
        If Not (str.Chars(0) = "a"c Or str.Chars(0) = "e"c Or str.Chars(0) = "i"c _ 
                Or str.Chars(0) = "o"c Or str.Chars(0) = "u"c) Then
            Console.WriteLine(str)
        End If
    End Sub 

    ' Display a string if it starts with a vowel.
    Public Shared Sub VowelStart(ByVal str As String)
        If (str.Chars(0) = "a"c Or str.Chars(0) = "e"c Or str.Chars(0) = "i"c _
            Or str.Chars(0) = "o"c Or str.Chars(0) = "u"c) Then
            Console.WriteLine(str)
        End If
    End Sub 
End Class 

' Demonstrate the use of delegates, including the Remove and 
' Combine methods to create and modify delegate combinations. 
Class Test
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Declare the StringContainer class and add some strings
        Dim container As New StringContainer()
        container.AddString("this")
        container.AddString("is")
        container.AddString("a")
        container.AddString("multicast")
        container.AddString("delegate")
        container.AddString("example")

        ' Create two delegates individually using different methods.
        Dim constart As StringContainer.CheckAndPrintDelegate = AddressOf StringExtensions.ConStart
        Dim vowelStart As StringContainer.CheckAndPrintDelegate = AddressOf StringExtensions.VowelStart

        ' Get the list of all delegates assigned to this MulticastDelegate instance. 
        Dim delegateList() As [Delegate] = conStart.GetInvocationList()
        Console.WriteLine("conStart contains {0} delegate(s).", delegateList.Length)
        delegateList = vowelStart.GetInvocationList()
        Console.WriteLine("vowelStart contains {0} delegate(s).", delegateList.Length)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Determine whether the delegates are System.Multicast delegates
        If TypeOf conStart Is System.MulticastDelegate And TypeOf vowelStart Is System.MulticastDelegate Then
            Console.WriteLine("conStart and vowelStart are derived from MulticastDelegate.")
            Console.WriteLine()
        End If

        ' Run the two single delegates one after the other.
        Console.WriteLine("Executing the conStart delegate:")
        container.DisplayAllQualified(conStart)
        Console.WriteLine("Executing the vowelStart delegate:")
        container.DisplayAllQualified(vowelStart)
        Console.WriteLine()

        ' Create a new MulticastDelegate and call Combine to add two delegates.
        Dim multipleDelegates As StringContainer.CheckAndPrintDelegate = 
                  CType([Delegate].Combine(conStart, vowelStart), 
                  StringContainer.CheckAndPrintDelegate)

        ' How many delegates does multipleDelegates contain?
        delegateList = multipleDelegates.GetInvocationList()
        Console.WriteLine("{1}multipleDelegates contains {0} delegates.{1}",
                          delegateList.Length, vbCrLf)

        ' Pass this mulitcast delegate to DisplayAllQualified.
        Console.WriteLine("Executing the multipleDelegate delegate.")
        container.DisplayAllQualified(multipleDelegates)

        ' Call remove and combine to change the contained delegates.
        multipleDelegates = CType([Delegate].Remove(multipleDelegates, vowelStart), 
                            StringContainer.CheckAndPrintDelegate)
        multipleDelegates = CType([Delegate].Combine(multipleDelegates, conStart), 
                            StringContainer.CheckAndPrintDelegate)

        ' Pass multipleDelegates to DisplayAllQualified again.
        Console.WriteLine()
        Console.WriteLine("Executing the multipleDelegate delegate with two conStart delegates:")
        container.DisplayAllQualified(multipleDelegates)
    End Sub 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'    conStart contains 1 delegate(s).
'    vowelStart contains 1 delegate(s).
'    
'    conStart and vowelStart are derived from MulticastDelegate.
'    
'    Executing the conStart delegate:
'    This
'    multicast
'    delegate
'    
'    Executing the vowelStart delegate:
'    is
'    a
'    example
'    
'    
'    multipleDelegates contains 2 delegates.
'    
'    Executing the multipleDelegate delegate.
'    This
'    is
'    a
'    multicast
'    delegate
'    example
'    
'    Executing the multipleDelegate delegate with two conStart delegates:
'    This
'    This
'    multicast
'    multicast
'    delegate
'    delegate

Poznámky

MulticastDelegateje speciální třída.MulticastDelegate is a special class. Kompilátory a další nástroje mohou být odvozeny z této třídy, ale nemůžete je explicitně odvodit.Compilers and other tools can derive from this class, but you cannot derive from it explicitly. Totéž platí pro Delegate třídu.The same is true of the Delegate class.

Kromě metod, které typy delegování dědí z MulticastDelegate, modul CLR (Common Language Runtime) poskytuje dvě speciální metody: EndInvoke BeginInvoke a.In addition to the methods that delegate types inherit from MulticastDelegate, the common language runtime provides two special methods: BeginInvoke and EndInvoke. Další informace o těchto metodách naleznete v tématu asynchronní volání synchronních metod.For more information about these methods, see Calling Synchronous Methods Asynchronously.

MulticastDelegate Má propojený seznam delegátů označovaný jako seznam vyvolání, který se skládá z jednoho nebo více prvků.A MulticastDelegate has a linked list of delegates, called an invocation list, consisting of one or more elements. Když je vyvolán delegát vícesměrového vysílání, Delegáti v seznamu volání jsou voláni synchronně v pořadí, ve kterém se zobrazí.When a multicast delegate is invoked, the delegates in the invocation list are called synchronously in the order in which they appear. Pokud při provádění seznamu dojde k chybě, je vyvolána výjimka.If an error occurs during execution of the list then an exception is thrown.

Konstruktory

MulticastDelegate(Object, String) MulticastDelegate(Object, String) MulticastDelegate(Object, String) MulticastDelegate(Object, String)

Inicializuje novou instanci třídy MulticastDelegate třídy.Initializes a new instance of the MulticastDelegate class.

MulticastDelegate(Type, String) MulticastDelegate(Type, String) MulticastDelegate(Type, String) MulticastDelegate(Type, String)

Inicializuje novou instanci třídy MulticastDelegate třídy.Initializes a new instance of the MulticastDelegate class.

Metody

Clone() Clone() Clone() Clone()

Vytvoří kopii delegáta bez podstruktury.Creates a shallow copy of the delegate.

(Inherited from Delegate)
CombineImpl(Delegate) CombineImpl(Delegate) CombineImpl(Delegate) CombineImpl(Delegate)

Kombinuje tuto Delegate hodnotu se zadaným Delegate pro vytvoření nového delegáta.Combines this Delegate with the specified Delegate to form a new delegate.

DynamicInvoke(Object[]) DynamicInvoke(Object[]) DynamicInvoke(Object[]) DynamicInvoke(Object[])

Dynamicky vyvolá (s pozdní vazbou) metodu reprezentovanou aktuálním delegátem.Dynamically invokes (late-bound) the method represented by the current delegate.

(Inherited from Delegate)
DynamicInvokeImpl(Object[]) DynamicInvokeImpl(Object[]) DynamicInvokeImpl(Object[]) DynamicInvokeImpl(Object[])

Zpracuje úplný seznam vyvolání.Processes the full invocation list.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Určuje, zda je tento delegát vícesměrového vysílání a zadaný objekt stejný.Determines whether this multicast delegate and the specified object are equal.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Vrátí kód hash této instance.Returns the hash code for this instance.

GetInvocationList() GetInvocationList() GetInvocationList() GetInvocationList()

Vrátí seznam volání tohoto delegáta vícesměrového vysílání v pořadí volání.Returns the invocation list of this multicast delegate, in invocation order.

GetMethodImpl() GetMethodImpl() GetMethodImpl() GetMethodImpl()

Vrátí statickou metodu reprezentovanou aktuálním MulticastDelegate.Returns a static method represented by the current MulticastDelegate.

GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Naplní SerializationInfo objekt všemi daty potřebnými k serializaci této instance.Populates a SerializationInfo object with all the data needed to serialize this instance.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Získá Type aktuální instance.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Vytvoří Mělkou kopii aktuální Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
RemoveImpl(Delegate) RemoveImpl(Delegate) RemoveImpl(Delegate) RemoveImpl(Delegate)

Odebere prvek ze seznamu MulticastDelegate volání, který se rovná zadanému delegátu.Removes an element from the invocation list of this MulticastDelegate that is equal to the specified delegate.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Vrací řetězec, který představuje aktuální objekt.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Operátory

Equality(MulticastDelegate, MulticastDelegate) Equality(MulticastDelegate, MulticastDelegate) Equality(MulticastDelegate, MulticastDelegate) Equality(MulticastDelegate, MulticastDelegate)

Určuje, zda MulticastDelegate jsou dva objekty stejné.Determines whether two MulticastDelegate objects are equal.

Inequality(MulticastDelegate, MulticastDelegate) Inequality(MulticastDelegate, MulticastDelegate) Inequality(MulticastDelegate, MulticastDelegate) Inequality(MulticastDelegate, MulticastDelegate)

Určuje, zda MulticastDelegate dva objekty nejsou stejné.Determines whether two MulticastDelegate objects are not equal.

Vlastnosti

Method Method Method Method

Získá metodu reprezentovanou delegátem.Gets the method represented by the delegate.

(Inherited from Delegate)
Target Target Target Target

Získá instanci třídy, na které aktuální delegát vyvolá metodu instance.Gets the class instance on which the current delegate invokes the instance method.

(Inherited from Delegate)

Metody rozšíření

GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Získává objekt, který představuje metodu reprezentovanou zadaným delegátem.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

Platí pro