PrefixOrigin Výčet

Definice

Určuje způsob umístění předpony sítě IP adresy.Specifies how an IP address network prefix was located.

public enum class PrefixOrigin
public enum PrefixOrigin
type PrefixOrigin = 
Public Enum PrefixOrigin
Dědičnost
PrefixOrigin

Pole

Dhcp 3

Předponu poskytl server DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).The prefix was supplied by a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server.

Manual 1

Předpona byla konfigurována ručně.The prefix was manually configured.

Other 0

Předpona byla umístěna pomocí nespecifikovaného zdroje.The prefix was located using an unspecified source.

RouterAdvertisement 4

Předpona byla poskytnuta inzerováním směrovače.The prefix was supplied by a router advertisement.

WellKnown 2

Předpona je dobře známá předpona.The prefix is a well-known prefix. Dobře známé předpony jsou určené v dokumentech RFC (Standard-Track Request for Comments) a přiřazované prostřednictvím organizace IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) nebo registru adres.Well-known prefixes are specified in standard-track Request for Comments (RFC) documents and assigned by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (Iana) or an address registry. Tyto předpony jsou vyhrazené pro zvláštní účely.Such prefixes are reserved for special purposes.

Příklady

Následující příklad kódu zobrazuje předponu a informace o příponách pro adresy jednosměrového vysílání.The following code example displays prefix and suffix information for unicast addresses.

void DisplayUnicastAddresses()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "Unicast Addresses" );
   array<NetworkInterface^>^adapters = NetworkInterface::GetAllNetworkInterfaces();
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum17 = adapters->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum17->MoveNext() )
   {
      NetworkInterface ^ adapter = safe_cast<NetworkInterface ^>(myEnum17->Current);
      IPInterfaceProperties ^ adapterProperties = adapter->GetIPProperties();
      UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection ^ uniCast = adapterProperties->UnicastAddresses;
      if ( uniCast->Count > 0 )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( adapter->Description );
         String^ lifeTimeFormat = "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy  hh:mm:ss tt";
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum18 = uniCast->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum18->MoveNext() )
         {
            UnicastIPAddressInformation ^ uni = safe_cast<UnicastIPAddressInformation ^>(myEnum18->Current);
            DateTime when;
            Console::WriteLine( "  Unicast Address ......................... : {0}", 
               uni->Address );
            Console::WriteLine( "     Prefix Origin ........................ : {0}", 
               uni->PrefixOrigin );
            Console::WriteLine( "     Suffix Origin ........................ : {0}", 
               uni->SuffixOrigin );
            Console::WriteLine( "     Duplicate Address Detection .......... : {0}", 
               uni->DuplicateAddressDetectionState );
            
            // Format the lifetimes as Sunday, February 16, 2003 11:33:44 PM
            // if en-us is the current culture.
            // Calculate the date and time at the end of the lifetimes.    
            when = DateTime::UtcNow + TimeSpan::FromSeconds( (double)uni->AddressValidLifetime );
            when = when.ToLocalTime();
            Console::WriteLine( "     Valid Life Time ...................... : {0}", 
               when.ToString( lifeTimeFormat, System::Globalization::CultureInfo::CurrentCulture ) );
            when = DateTime::UtcNow + TimeSpan::FromSeconds( (double)uni->AddressPreferredLifetime );
            when = when.ToLocalTime();
            Console::WriteLine( "     Preferred life time .................. : {0}", 
               when.ToString( lifeTimeFormat, System::Globalization::CultureInfo::CurrentCulture ) );
            when = DateTime::UtcNow + TimeSpan::FromSeconds( (double)uni->DhcpLeaseLifetime );
            when = when.ToLocalTime();
            Console::WriteLine( "     DHCP Leased Life Time ................ : {0}", 
               when.ToString( lifeTimeFormat, System::Globalization::CultureInfo::CurrentCulture ) );
         }
         Console::WriteLine();
      }
   }
}
public static void DisplayUnicastAddresses()
{
    Console.WriteLine("Unicast Addresses");
    NetworkInterface[] adapters  = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces();
    foreach (NetworkInterface adapter in adapters)
    {
        IPInterfaceProperties adapterProperties = adapter.GetIPProperties();
        UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection uniCast = adapterProperties.UnicastAddresses;
        if (uniCast.Count >0)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(adapter.Description);
            string lifeTimeFormat = "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy  hh:mm:ss tt";
            foreach (UnicastIPAddressInformation uni in uniCast)
            {
                DateTime when;

                Console.WriteLine("  Unicast Address ......................... : {0}", uni.Address);
                Console.WriteLine("     Prefix Origin ........................ : {0}", uni.PrefixOrigin);
                Console.WriteLine("     Suffix Origin ........................ : {0}", uni.SuffixOrigin);
                Console.WriteLine("     Duplicate Address Detection .......... : {0}",
                    uni.DuplicateAddressDetectionState);

                // Format the lifetimes as Sunday, February 16, 2003 11:33:44 PM
                // if en-us is the current culture.

                // Calculate the date and time at the end of the lifetimes.
                when = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.AddressValidLifetime);
                when = when.ToLocalTime();
                Console.WriteLine("     Valid Life Time ...................... : {0}",
                    when.ToString(lifeTimeFormat,System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture)
                );
                when = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.AddressPreferredLifetime);
                when = when.ToLocalTime();
                Console.WriteLine("     Preferred life time .................. : {0}",
                    when.ToString(lifeTimeFormat,System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture)
                );

                when = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.DhcpLeaseLifetime);
                when = when.ToLocalTime();
                Console.WriteLine("     DHCP Leased Life Time ................ : {0}",
                    when.ToString(lifeTimeFormat,System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture)
                );
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }
}
Public Shared Sub DisplayUnicastAddresses() 

    Console.WriteLine("Unicast Addresses")
    Dim adapters As NetworkInterface() = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces()
    Dim adapter As NetworkInterface
    For Each adapter In  adapters
        Dim adapterProperties As IPInterfaceProperties = adapter.GetIPProperties()
        Dim uniCast As UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection = adapterProperties.UnicastAddresses
        If uniCast.Count > 0 Then
            Console.WriteLine(adapter.Description)
            Dim lifeTimeFormat As String = "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy  hh:mm:ss tt"
            Dim uni As UnicastIPAddressInformation
            For Each uni In  uniCast
                Dim [when] As DateTime
                
                Console.WriteLine("  Unicast Address ......................... : {0}", uni.Address)
                Console.WriteLine("     Prefix Origin ........................ : {0}", uni.PrefixOrigin)
                Console.WriteLine("     Suffix Origin ........................ : {0}", uni.SuffixOrigin)
                Console.WriteLine("     Duplicate Address Detection .......... : {0}", uni.DuplicateAddressDetectionState)
                
                ' Format the lifetimes as Sunday, February 16, 2003 11:33:44 PM
                ' if en-us is the current culture.
                ' Calculate the date and time at the end of the lifetimes.    
                [when] = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.AddressValidLifetime)
                [when] = [when].ToLocalTime()
                Console.WriteLine("     Valid Life Time ...................... : {0}", [when].ToString(lifeTimeFormat, System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture))
                [when] = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.AddressPreferredLifetime)
                [when] = [when].ToLocalTime()
                Console.WriteLine("     Preferred life time .................. : {0}", [when].ToString(lifeTimeFormat, System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture))
                
                [when] = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.DhcpLeaseLifetime)
                [when] = [when].ToLocalTime()
                Console.WriteLine("     DHCP Leased Life Time ................ : {0}", [when].ToString(lifeTimeFormat, System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture))
            Next uni
            Console.WriteLine()
        End If
    Next adapter

End Sub

Poznámky

IP adresy jsou rozdělené do dvou částí: Předpona a přípona.IP addresses are divided into two parts: the prefix and the suffix. Předpona adresy identifikuje část sítě IP adresy a přípona adresy identifikuje hostitele.The address prefix identifies the network portion of an IP address, and the address suffix identifies the host portion. Předpony jsou přiřazovány pomocí globálních autorit a přípony jsou přiřazeny správcům místních systémů.Prefixes are assigned by global authorities, and suffixes are assigned by local system administrators.

Tento výčet používá UnicastIPAddressInformation MulticastIPAddressInformation třídy a.This enumeration is used by the UnicastIPAddressInformation and MulticastIPAddressInformation classes. Instance této třídy jsou vráceny při načtení informací o adrese pro NetworkInterface objekt.Instances of this class are returned when you retrieve the address information for a NetworkInterface object.

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