RijndaelManaged RijndaelManaged RijndaelManaged RijndaelManaged Class

Definice

Přistupuje k spravovaná verze Rijndael algoritmus.Accesses the managed version of the Rijndael algorithm. Tato třída nemůže dědit.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class RijndaelManaged sealed : System::Security::Cryptography::Rijndael
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public sealed class RijndaelManaged : System.Security.Cryptography.Rijndael
type RijndaelManaged = class
    inherit Rijndael
Public NotInheritable Class RijndaelManaged
Inherits Rijndael
Dědičnost
Atributy

Příklady

Následující příklad ukazuje, jak šifrování a dešifrování dat pomocí ukázkové RijndaelManaged třídy.The following example demonstrates how to encrypt and decrypt sample data using the RijndaelManaged class.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;


class RijndaelMemoryExample
{
public:
    static array<Byte>^ encryptStringToBytes_AES(String^ plainText, array<Byte>^ Key, array<Byte>^ IV)
    {
        // Check arguments.
        if (!plainText || plainText->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (!Key || Key->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("Key");
        if (!IV  || IV->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("IV");

        // Declare the streams used
        // to encrypt to an in memory
        // array of bytes.
		MemoryStream^   msEncrypt;
        CryptoStream^   csEncrypt;
        StreamWriter^   swEncrypt;

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to encrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged^ aesAlg;

        try
        {
            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            aesAlg = gcnew RijndaelManaged();
			aesAlg->Padding = PaddingMode::PKCS7;
            aesAlg->Key = Key;
            aesAlg->IV = IV;

            // Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform^ encryptor = aesAlg->CreateEncryptor(aesAlg->Key, aesAlg->IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            msEncrypt = gcnew MemoryStream();
			csEncrypt = gcnew CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode::Write);
            swEncrypt = gcnew StreamWriter(csEncrypt);

            //Write all data to the stream.
            swEncrypt->Write(plainText);
			swEncrypt->Flush();
			csEncrypt->FlushFinalBlock();
			msEncrypt->Flush();
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clean things up.

            // Close the streams.
            if(swEncrypt)
                swEncrypt->Close();
            if (csEncrypt)
                csEncrypt->Close();


            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg)
                aesAlg->Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return msEncrypt->ToArray();
    }

    static String^ decryptStringFromBytes_AES(array<Byte>^ cipherText, array<Byte>^ Key, array<Byte>^ IV)
    {
        // Check arguments.
        if (!cipherText || cipherText->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (!Key || Key->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("Key");
        if (!IV || IV->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("IV");

        // TDeclare the streams used
        // to decrypt to an in memory
        // array of bytes.
        MemoryStream^ msDecrypt;
        CryptoStream^ csDecrypt;
        StreamReader^ srDecrypt;

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged^ aesAlg;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        String^ plaintext;

        try
        {
            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            aesAlg = gcnew RijndaelManaged();
			aesAlg->Padding = PaddingMode::PKCS7;
            aesAlg->Key = Key;
            aesAlg->IV = IV;

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
			ICryptoTransform^ decryptor = aesAlg->CreateDecryptor(aesAlg->Key, aesAlg->IV);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.
            msDecrypt = gcnew MemoryStream(cipherText);
			csDecrypt = gcnew CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode::Read);
            srDecrypt = gcnew StreamReader(csDecrypt);

            // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
            // and place them in a string.
            plaintext = srDecrypt->ReadToEnd();
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clean things up.

            // Close the streams.
            if (srDecrypt)
                srDecrypt->Close();
            if (csDecrypt)
                csDecrypt->Close();
            if (msDecrypt)
                msDecrypt->Close();

            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg)
                aesAlg->Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }
};

int main()
{
    try
    {
        String^ original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";

        // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
        // class.  This generates a new key and initialization
        // vector (IV).
        RijndaelManaged^ myRijndael = gcnew RijndaelManaged();

        // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
		array<Byte>^ encrypted = RijndaelMemoryExample::encryptStringToBytes_AES(original, myRijndael->Key, myRijndael->IV);

        // Decrypt the bytes to a string.
        String^ roundtrip = RijndaelMemoryExample::decryptStringFromBytes_AES(encrypted, myRijndael->Key, myRijndael->IV);

        //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
		Console::WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
		Console::WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);
    }
    catch (Exception^ e)
    {
		Console::WriteLine("Error: {0}", e->Message);
    }

	return 0;
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace RijndaelManaged_Example
{
    class RijndaelExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {

                string original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";

                // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
                // class.  This generates a new key and initialization 
                // vector (IV).
                using (RijndaelManaged myRijndael = new RijndaelManaged())
                {

					myRijndael.GenerateKey();
                	myRijndael.GenerateIV();
                    // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
                    byte[] encrypted = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    // Decrypt the bytes to a string.
                    string roundtrip = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                    Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
                    Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);
                }

            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message);
            }
        }
        static byte[] EncryptStringToBytes(string plainText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments.
            if (plainText == null || plainText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("IV");
            byte[] encrypted;
            // Create an RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform encryptor = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for encryption.
                using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                        {

                            //Write all data to the stream.
                            swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                        }
                        encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray();
                    }
                }
            }


            // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
            return encrypted;

        }

        static string DecryptStringFromBytes(byte[] cipherText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments.
            if (cipherText == null || cipherText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("IV");

            // Declare the string used to hold
            // the decrypted text.
            string plaintext = null;

            // Create an RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for decryption.
                using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipherText))
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))
                        {
                            // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                            // and place them in a string.
                            plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                        }
                    }
                }

            }

            return plaintext;

        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography



Class RijndaelExample

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Try

            Dim original As String = "Here is some data to encrypt!"

            ' Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
            ' class.  This generates a new key and initialization 
            ' vector (IV).
            Using myRijndael As New RijndaelManaged()
            
            	myRijndael.GenerateKey()
                myRijndael.GenerateIV()

                ' Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
                Dim encrypted As Byte() = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV)

                ' Decrypt the bytes to a string.
                Dim roundtrip As String = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV)

                'Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original)
                Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip)
            End Using
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message)
        End Try

    End Sub 'Main

    Shared Function EncryptStringToBytes(ByVal plainText As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As Byte()
        ' Check arguments.
        If plainText Is Nothing OrElse plainText.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("plainText")
        End If
        If Key Is Nothing OrElse Key.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If
        If IV Is Nothing OrElse IV.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("IV")
        End If
        Dim encrypted() As Byte
        
        ' Create an RijndaelManaged object
        ' with the specified key and IV.
        Using rijAlg As New RijndaelManaged()

            rijAlg.Key = Key
            rijAlg.IV = IV

            ' Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
            Dim encryptor As ICryptoTransform = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV)
            ' Create the streams used for encryption.
            Using msEncrypt As New MemoryStream()
                Using csEncrypt As New CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write)
                    Using swEncrypt As New StreamWriter(csEncrypt)
                        'Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText)
                    End Using
                    encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray()
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using

        ' Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        Return encrypted

    End Function 'EncryptStringToBytes

    Shared Function DecryptStringFromBytes(ByVal cipherText() As Byte, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        ' Check arguments.
        If cipherText Is Nothing OrElse cipherText.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("cipherText")
        End If
        If Key Is Nothing OrElse Key.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If
        If IV Is Nothing OrElse IV.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("IV")
        End If
        ' Declare the string used to hold
        ' the decrypted text.
        Dim plaintext As String = Nothing

        ' Create an RijndaelManaged object
        ' with the specified key and IV.
        Using rijAlg As New RijndaelManaged
            rijAlg.Key = Key
            rijAlg.IV = IV

            ' Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            Dim decryptor As ICryptoTransform = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV)

            ' Create the streams used for decryption.
            Using msDecrypt As New MemoryStream(cipherText)

                Using csDecrypt As New CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read)

                    Using srDecrypt As New StreamReader(csDecrypt)


                        ' Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        ' and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd()
                    End Using
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using

        Return plaintext

    End Function 'DecryptStringFromBytes 
End Class

Poznámky

Tento algoritmus, podporuje délky klíčů 128, 192 nebo 256 bitů; jako výchozí se použije na 256 bitů.This algorithm supports key lengths of 128, 192, or 256 bits; defaulting to 256 bits. V rozhraní .NET Framework podporuje tento algoritmus velikosti bloku 128, 192 nebo 256 bitů; jako výchozí se použije na 128 bitů (Aes-kompatibilní).In .NET Framework, this algorithm supports block sizes of 128, 192, or 256 bits; defaulting to 128 bits (Aes-compatible). V .NET Core je stejný jako AES a podporuje pouze velikost 128-bit bloku.In .NET Core, it is the same as AES and supports only a 128-bit block size.

Rijndael Algoritmus je předchůdce Aes.The Rijndael algorithm is the predecessor of Aes. Měli byste použít Aes místo na třídě RijndaelManaged.You should use the Aes class instead of RijndaelManaged. Další informace naleznete v příspěvku The rozdíly mezi Rijndael a AES v blogu .NET Security.For more information, see the entry The Differences Between Rijndael and AES in the .NET Security blog.

Konstruktory

RijndaelManaged() RijndaelManaged() RijndaelManaged() RijndaelManaged()

Inicializuje novou instanci třídy RijndaelManaged třídy.Initializes a new instance of the RijndaelManaged class.

Vlastnosti

BlockSize BlockSize BlockSize BlockSize

Získá nebo nastaví velikost bloku v bitech, kryptografické operace.Gets or sets the block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.

FeedbackSize FeedbackSize FeedbackSize FeedbackSize

Získá nebo nastaví velikost zpětnou vazbu v bitech, kryptografické operace.Gets or sets the feedback size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
IV IV IV IV

Získá nebo nastaví inicializační vektor (IV) určený pro symetrický algoritmus.Gets or sets the initialization vector (IV) to use for the symmetric algorithm.

Key Key Key Key

Získá nebo nastaví tajný klíč používaný k symetrický algoritmus.Gets or sets the secret key used for the symmetric algorithm.

KeySize KeySize KeySize KeySize

Získá nebo nastaví velikost v bitech, tajný klíč používaný k symetrický algoritmus.Gets or sets the size, in bits, of the secret key used for the symmetric algorithm.

LegalBlockSizes LegalBlockSizes LegalBlockSizes LegalBlockSizes

Získá velikostí bloku, v bitech, které jsou podporovány symetrický algoritmus.Gets the block sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
LegalKeySizes LegalKeySizes LegalKeySizes LegalKeySizes

Získá klíče velikosti v bitech, které jsou podporovány symetrický algoritmus.Gets the key sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm.

Mode Mode Mode Mode

Získá nebo nastaví režim pro operaci symetrický algoritmus.Gets or sets the mode for operation of the symmetric algorithm.

Padding Padding Padding Padding

Získá nebo nastaví režim odsazení použité v symetrický algoritmus.Gets or sets the padding mode used in the symmetric algorithm.

Metody

Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

Uvolní všechny prostředky používané SymmetricAlgorithm třídy.Releases all resources used by the SymmetricAlgorithm class.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
CreateDecryptor() CreateDecryptor() CreateDecryptor() CreateDecryptor()
CreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[])

Vytvoří symetrický Rijndael modul pro dešifrování. objekt se zadaným Key a inicializační vektor (IV).Creates a symmetric Rijndael decryptor object with the specified Key and initialization vector (IV).

CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor() CreateEncryptor()
CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]) CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[])

Vytvoří symetrický Rijndael encryptoru objekt se zadaným Key a inicializační vektor (IV).Creates a symmetric Rijndael encryptor object with the specified Key and initialization vector (IV).

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Uvolní všechny prostředky používané aktuální instancí třídy SymmetricAlgorithm třídy.Releases all resources used by the current instance of the SymmetricAlgorithm class.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

Uvolní nespravované prostředky využívané třídou SymmetricAlgorithm a volitelně také spravované prostředky.Releases the unmanaged resources used by the SymmetricAlgorithm and optionally releases the managed resources.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Určuje, zda se zadaný objekt rovná aktuálnímu objektu.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GenerateIV() GenerateIV() GenerateIV() GenerateIV()

Generuje náhodné inicializační vektor (IV) má být použit pro tento algoritmus.Generates a random initialization vector (IV) to be used for the algorithm.

GenerateKey() GenerateKey() GenerateKey() GenerateKey()

Generuje náhodnou Key má být použit pro tento algoritmus.Generates a random Key to be used for the algorithm.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Slouží jako výchozí funkce hash.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Získá Type aktuální instance.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Vytvoří Mělkou kopii aktuální Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Vrací řetězec, který představuje aktuální objekt.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
ValidKeySize(Int32) ValidKeySize(Int32) ValidKeySize(Int32) ValidKeySize(Int32)

Určuje, zda je zadaná velikost určeného klíče pro aktuální algoritmus platný.Determines whether the specified key size is valid for the current algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)

Pole

BlockSizeValue BlockSizeValue BlockSizeValue BlockSizeValue

Představuje velikost bloku, v bitech, kryptografické operace.Represents the block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
FeedbackSizeValue FeedbackSizeValue FeedbackSizeValue FeedbackSizeValue

Představuje velikost zpětnou vazbu v bitech, kryptografické operace.Represents the feedback size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
IVValue IVValue IVValue IVValue

Představuje inicializační vektor (IV) pro symetrický algoritmus.Represents the initialization vector (IV) for the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
KeySizeValue KeySizeValue KeySizeValue KeySizeValue

Představuje velikost v bitech, tajný klíč používaný symetrický algoritmus.Represents the size, in bits, of the secret key used by the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
KeyValue KeyValue KeyValue KeyValue

Představuje tajný klíč pro symetrický algoritmus.Represents the secret key for the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
LegalBlockSizesValue LegalBlockSizesValue LegalBlockSizesValue LegalBlockSizesValue

Určuje velikost bloku v bitech, které jsou podporovány symetrický algoritmus.Specifies the block sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
LegalKeySizesValue LegalKeySizesValue LegalKeySizesValue LegalKeySizesValue

Určuje velikosti klíče v bitech, které jsou podporovány symetrický algoritmus.Specifies the key sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
ModeValue ModeValue ModeValue ModeValue

Představuje režim šifry použitý v symetrický algoritmus.Represents the cipher mode used in the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)
PaddingValue PaddingValue PaddingValue PaddingValue

Představuje režim odsazení použité v symetrický algoritmus.Represents the padding mode used in the symmetric algorithm.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)

Explicitní implementace rozhraní

IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose()

Uvolní nespravované prostředky využívané třídou SymmetricAlgorithm a volitelně také spravované prostředky.Releases the unmanaged resources used by the SymmetricAlgorithm and optionally releases the managed resources.

(Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm)

Platí pro

Viz také