Shell Script task

Azure Pipelines | Azure DevOps Server 2020 | Azure DevOps Server 2019 | TFS 2018 - TFS 2015

Use this task to run a shell script using bash.

Note

In Microsoft Team Foundation Server (TFS) 2018 and previous versions, build and release pipelines are called definitions, runs are called builds, service connections are called service endpoints, stages are called environments, and jobs are called phases.

Demands

sh

YAML snippet

- task: ShellScript@2
  inputs:
    scriptPath:
    #args: '' # Optional
    #disableAutoCwd: false # Optional
    #cwd: '' # Optional
    #failOnStandardError: false

Arguments

Argument Description
Script Path Relative path from the repo root to the shell script file that you want to run.
Arguments Arguments that you want to pass to the script.
Advanced
Working Directory Working directory in which you want to run the script. If you leave it empty it is folder where the script is located.
Fail on Standard Error Select if you want this task to fail if any errors are written to the StandardError stream.
Control options

Example

Create test.sh at the root of your repo. We recommend creating this file from a Linux environment (such as a real Linux machine or Windows Subsystem for Linux) so that line endings are correct. Also, don't forget to chmod +x test.sh before you commit it.

#!/bin/bash
echo "Hello World"
echo "AGENT_WORKFOLDER is $AGENT_WORKFOLDER"
echo "AGENT_WORKFOLDER contents:"
ls -1 $AGENT_WORKFOLDER
echo "AGENT_BUILDDIRECTORY is $AGENT_BUILDDIRECTORY"
echo "AGENT_BUILDDIRECTORY contents:"
ls -1 $AGENT_BUILDDIRECTORY
echo "SYSTEM_HOSTTYPE is $SYSTEM_HOSTTYPE"
echo "Over and out."

On the Build tab of a build pipeline, add this task:


Utility: Shell Script

Run test.bat.

  • Script Path: test.sh

This example also works with release pipelines.

Open source

This task is open source on GitHub. Feedback and contributions are welcome.

FAQ

Where can I learn about Bash scripts?

Beginners/BashScripting to get started.

Awesome Bash to go deeper.

How do I set a variable so that it can be read by subsequent scripts and tasks?

Define and modify your build variables in a script

Define and modify your release variables in a script

Q: I'm having issues with publishing my artifacts. How can I view the detailed logs?

To enable detailed logs for your pipeline:

  1. Edit your pipeline and select Variables
  2. Add a new variable with the name System.Debug and value true
  3. Save

Q: Which variables are available to me?

A: $(Build.SourcesDirectory) and $(Agent.BuildDirectory) are just few of the variables you can use in your pipeline. Variables are available as expressions or scripts.

See Define variables, predefined variables, and Classic release and artifacts variables to learn about the different types of variables.

Do I need an agent?

You need at least one agent to run your build or release.

I'm having problems. How can I troubleshoot them?

See Troubleshoot Build and Release.

I can't select a default agent pool and I can't queue my build or release. How do I fix this?

See Agent pools.

I use TFS on-premises and I don't see some of these features. Why not?

Some of these features are available only on Azure Pipelines and not yet available on-premises. Some features are available on-premises if you have upgraded to the latest version of TFS.