Voraussetzungen für Exchange ServerExchange Server prerequisites

Tipp

Sie suchen nach Voraussetzungen für Exchange 2013? Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Exchange 2013 – Voraussetzungen.Looking for Exchange 2013 prerequisites? See Exchange 2013 prerequisites.

In diesem Thema werden die Schritte zum Installieren der erforderlichen Komponenten für das Windows-Betriebssystem für Exchange Server 2016 und Exchange Server-2019-Postfachserver sowie Edge-Transport-Server und auch die Windows-Voraussetzungen für die Installation der Exchange-Verwaltungstools auf Windows-Clientcomputern beschrieben.This topic provides the steps for installing the necessary Windows Server operating system prerequisites for Exchange Server 2016 and Exchange Server 2019 Mailbox servers and Edge Transport servers, and also the Windows prerequisites for installing the Exchange Management Tools on Windows client computers.

Sobald die Umgebung für Exchange Server vorbereitet ist, verwenden Sie den Exchange-Bereitstellungs-Assistenten für die nächsten Schritte der eigentlichen Bereitstellung. Informationen zu Hybridbereitstellungen finden Sie unter Hybridbereitstellungen in Exchange Server.After you've prepared your environment for Exchange Server, use the Exchange Deployment Assistant for the next steps in your actual deployment. For information on hybrid deployments, see Exchange Server Hybrid Deployments.

Tipp

Kennen Sie schon den Bereitstellungs-Assistent für Exchange Server? Es handelt sich dabei um ein kostenloses Onlinetool, mit dem Sie Exchange Server schnell und einfach in Ihrem Unternehmen bereitstellen können, indem Sie einige Fragen beantworten und es eine Prüfliste für die Bereitstellung für Sie erstellt. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Microsoft Exchange Server-Bereitstellungs-Assistent.Have you heard about the Exchange Server Deployment Assistant? It's a free online tool that helps you quickly deploy Exchange Server in your organization by asking you a few questions and creating a customized deployment checklist just for you. If you want to learn more about it, go to Microsoft Exchange Server Deployment Assistant.

Informationen zur Installation von Exchange 2016 und Exchange 2019 finden Sie unter Bereitstellen von Neuinstallationen von Exchange.To actually install Exchange 2016 and Exchange 2019, see Deploy new installations of Exchange.

Was sollten Sie wissen, bevor Sie beginnen?What do you need to know before you begin?

  • Stellen Sie sicher, dass Active Directory die Anforderungen für Exchange 2016 erfüllt: Exchange 2016-Netzwerk- und Verzeichnisserver.Verify that your Active Directory meets the requirements for Exchange 2016: Exchange 2016 Network and directory servers.

  • Die Option für die vollständige Installation von Windows Server 2012 und Windows Server 2012 R2 muss für alle Server verwendet werden, auf denen Exchange 2016-Serverrollen oder -Verwaltungstools ausgeführt werden.The full installation option of Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 must be used for all servers running Exchange 2016 server roles or management tools.

  • Bei einigen Voraussetzungen müssen Sie den Server neu starten, um die Installation abzuschließen.Some prerequisites require you to reboot the server to complete installation.

Hinweis

Windows kann nicht von einer Version auf eine andere oder von Standard in Datencenter aktualisiert werden, wenn Exchange auf dem Server installiert ist.You can't upgrade Windows from one version to another, or from Standard to Datacenter, when Exchange is installed on the server.

Hinweis

Neu ist in Exchange 2019 die Möglichkeit, das Betriebssystem auf eine neuere Version zu aktualisieren, während Exchange unter Windows Server 2019 oder höher installiert ist.New to Exchange 2019 is the ability to upgrade your operating system to a newer version while Exchange is installed on Windows Server 2019 or later.

  • Stellen Sie sicher, dass der Computer mit der entsprechenden internen Active Directory-Domäne verknüpft ist.Verify the computer is joined to the appropriate internal Active Directory domain.

  • Installieren Sie die neuesten Windows-Updates auf Ihrem Computer. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Prüfliste für Bereitstellungssicherheit.Install the latest Windows updates on your computer. For more information, see Deployment Security Checklist.

Tipp

Sie haben Probleme? Bitten Sie in den Exchange-Foren um Hilfe. Sie finden die Foren unter folgenden Links: Exchange Server.Having problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at: Exchange Server.

Voraussetzungen für Exchange 2019 zur Vorbereitung von Active DirectoryExchange 2019 prerequisites for preparing Active Directory

Sie können ein beliebiges Mitglied der Active Directory-Domäne verwenden, um Active Directory für Exchange 2019 vorzubereiten.You can use any member of the Active Directory domain to prepare Active Directory for Exchange 2019.

  1. Für den Computer ist die folgende Software erforderlich:The computer requires the following software:

    a. .NET Framework 4.7.2 oder höhera. .NET Framework 4.7.2 or later

    b. Visual C++ Redistributable Package für Visual Studio 2012b. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    Hinweis

    • Eine Übersicht der neuesten unterstützen Versionen finden Sie unter Visual C++ Redistributable-Versionen.• An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.
    • Das Visual C++ Redistributable-Paket ist erforderlich, wenn Sie den Exchange-Setup-Assistenten für die Vorbereitung von Active Directory verwenden.• The Visual C++ Redistributable package is required if you're using the Exchange Setup Wizard to prepare Active Directory. Wenn Sie die unbeaufsichtigte Installation von der Befehlszeile aus verwenden, um Active Directory vorzubereiten, ist dieses Paket nicht erforderlich.If you're using unattended Setup from the command line to prepare Active Directory, this package isn't required. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Vorbereiten von Active Directory und Domänen.For more information, see Prepare Active Directory and Domains.

  2. Installieren Sie das Verwaltungspaket für Remotetools, indem Sie den folgenden Befehl in Windows PowerShell ausführen:Install the Remote Tools Administration Pack by running the following command in Windows PowerShell:

    Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-ADDS
    

Hinweis

Für die Vorbereitung von Active Directory mithilfe des Exchange-Setupassistenten ist die Installation der Exchange-Rolle „Verwaltungstools“ erforderlich.Using the Exchange Setup Wizard to prepare Active Directory requires the installation of the Management Tools Exchange role.

Voraussetzungen für Windows Server 2019 für Exchange 2019Windows Server 2019 prerequisites for Exchange 2019

Die Anforderungen für die Installation von Exchange 2019 auf Windows Server 2019-Computern werden in den folgenden Abschnitten beschrieben. Wir empfehlen eine der folgenden Methoden zum Installieren der Windows-Voraussetzungen für Exchange 2019:The requirements to install Exchange 2019 on Windows Server 2019 computers are described in the following sections. We recommend either of the following methods to install the Windows prerequisites for Exchange 2019:

  • Verwenden Sie die Option „/InstallWindowsComponents“ im Modus der unbeaufsichtigten Installation.Use the /InstallWindowsComponents switch in unattended Setup mode.

  • Aktivieren Sie das Kontrollkästchen im Exchange-Setupassistenten, um die erforderlichen Windows-Komponenten zu installieren.Select the check box in the Exchange Setup Wizard to install Windows prerequisites.

Wenn Sie eine der folgenden Optionen verwenden, müssen Sie den Computer nicht neu starten, nachdem die Windows-Komponenten hinzugefügt wurden.When you use one of these options, you don't need to restart the computer after the Windows components have been added.

Exchange 2019-Postfachserver auf Windows Server 2019Exchange 2019 Mailbox servers on Windows Server 2019

  1. Installieren Sie die folgende Software:Install the following software:

    a. .NET Framework 4.7.2 oder höhera. .NET Framework 4.7.2 or later

    b. Visual C++ Redistributable Package für Visual Studio 2012b. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    c. Visual C++ Redistributable Package für Visual Studio 2013.c. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2013

    Hinweis

    Eine Übersicht der neuesten unterstützen Versionen finden Sie unter Visual C++ Redistributable-Versionen.An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions

  2. Fügen Sie die erforderlichen Lync Server- oder Skype for Business Server-Komponenten hinzu:Add the required Lync Server or Skype for Business Server components:

    a. Installieren Sie das Windows-Feature „Server Media Foundation“, indem Sie den folgenden Befehl in Windows PowerShell ausführen:a. Install the Server Media Foundation windows feature by executing the following command in Windows PowerShell:

    Install-WindowsFeature Server-Media-Foundation
    

    b. Installieren Sie Unified Communications Managed API 4.0. Dieses Paket kann heruntergeladen werden und befindet sich im Ordner „\UCMARedist“ auf dem Exchange Server-Medium.b. Install Unified Communications Managed API 4.0. This package is available for download and in the \UCMARedist folder on the Exchange Server media.

    Hinweis

    Bei Installation auf Windows Server Core müssen Sie das Installationspaket verwenden, das sich unter „UCMARedist“ auf verteilten Medien befindet.When installing on Windows Server Core, you must use the installation package located in \UCMARedist on distributed media.

  3. Wenn Sie das Exchange-Setup nicht zum Installieren der erforderlichen Windows-Komponenten (im Assistenten oder über die Befehlszeile) verwenden, führen Sie einen der folgenden Befehle in Windows PowerShell aus:If you aren't going to use Exchange Setup to install the required Windows components (in the wizard or from the command line), run the one of the following commands in Windows PowerShell:

    • Desktop-Oberfläche:Desktop Experience:

      Install-WindowsFeature Server-Media-Foundation, NET-Framework-45-Features, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation, RSAT-ADDS
      
    • Server Core:Server Core:

      Install-WindowsFeature Server-Media-Foundation, NET-Framework-45-Features, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, RSAT-ADDS
      

Exchange 2019-Edge-Transport-Server auf Windows Server 2019Exchange 2019 Edge Transport servers on Windows Server 2019

  1. Installieren Sie das Visual C++ Redistributable Package für Visual Studio 2012.Install the Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    Hinweis

    Eine Übersicht der neuesten unterstützen Versionen finden Sie unter Visual C++ Redistributable-Versionen.An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.

  2. Wenn Sie das Exchange-Setup nicht zum Installieren der erforderlichen Windows-Komponenten (im Assistenten oder über die Befehlszeile) verwenden, führen Sie den folgenden Befehl in Windows PowerShell aus:If you aren't going to use Exchange Setup to install the required Windows components (in the wizard or from the command line), run the following command in Windows PowerShell:

    Install-WindowsFeature ADLDS
     ``
    
    

Windows 10 client prerequisites for the Exchange 2019 management tools

  1. Install the Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    Hinweis

    An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.

  2. If you aren't going to use Exchange Setup to install the required Windows components (in the wizard or from the command line), run the following command in Windows PowerShell:

    <span data-ttu-id="80511-169">Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility,IIS-LegacySnapIn,IIS-ManagementConsole,IIS-Metabase,IIS-WebServerManagementTools,IIS-WebServerRole</span><span class="sxs-lookup"><span data-stu-id="80511-169">Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility,IIS-LegacySnapIn,IIS-ManagementConsole,IIS-Metabase,IIS-WebServerManagementTools,IIS-WebServerRole</span></span>
    

Exchange 2016 prerequisites for preparing Active Directory

You can use any member of the Active Directory domain to prepare Active Directory for Exchange 2016.

  1. The computer requires the following software:

    a. .NET Framework 4.7.1

    b. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    Hinweis

    An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.

  2. Install the Remote Tools Administration Pack by running the following command in Windows PowerShell:

    <span data-ttu-id="80511-170">Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-ADDS</span><span class="sxs-lookup"><span data-stu-id="80511-170">Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-ADDS</span></span>
    

After you've installed the Remote Tools Administration Pack you can use the computer to prepare Active Directory. For more information, see Prepare Active Directory and domains.

Windows Server 2016 prerequisites for Exchange 2016

The prerequisites that are needed to install Exchange 2016 on computers running Windows Server 2016 depends on which Exchange role you want to install. Read the section below that matches the role you want to install.

Wichtig

Windows Server 2016 requires Exchange 2016 Cumulative Update 3 or later.

Exchange 2016 Mailbox servers on Windows Server 2016

  1. Run the following command in Windows PowerShell to install the required Windows components:

    <span data-ttu-id="80511-171">Install-WindowsFeature NET-Framework-45-Features, Server-Media-Foundation, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation, RSAT-ADDS</span><span class="sxs-lookup"><span data-stu-id="80511-171">Install-WindowsFeature NET-Framework-45-Features, Server-Media-Foundation, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation, RSAT-ADDS</span></span>
    
  2. Install the following software in order:

    a. .NET Framework 4.7.1

    b. Microsoft Knowledge Base article KB3206632

    c. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    d. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2013

    Hinweis

    • An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.
    • Only the Mailbox role requires the Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2013. Other Exchange installations (management tools and Edge Transport) only require the Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2012.

    e. Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API 4.0, Core Runtime 64-bit

Exchange 2016 Edge Transport servers on Windows Server 2016

  1. Run the following command in Windows PowerShell to install the required Windows components:

    <span data-ttu-id="80511-172">Install-WindowsFeature ADLDS</span><span class="sxs-lookup"><span data-stu-id="80511-172">Install-WindowsFeature ADLDS</span></span>
    
  2. Install the following software in order:

    a. .NET Framework 4.7.1

    b. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    Hinweis

    An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.

Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 prerequisites for Exchange 2016

The prerequisites for Exchange 2016 on Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2 computers depend on the Exchange role that you're installing. Read the following section that matches the role you want to install.

Exchange 2016 Mailbox servers on Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2

  1. Run the following command in Windows Powershell to install the required Windows components:

    <span data-ttu-id="80511-173">Install-WindowsFeature AS-HTTP-Activation, Server-Media-Foundation, NET-Framework-45-Features, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation, RSAT-ADDS</span><span class="sxs-lookup"><span data-stu-id="80511-173">Install-WindowsFeature AS-HTTP-Activation, Server-Media-Foundation, NET-Framework-45-Features, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation, RSAT-ADDS</span></span>
    
  2. Install the following software in order:

    a. .NET Framework 4.7.1

    b. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    c. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2013

    Hinweis

    • An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.
    • Only the Mailbox role requires the Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2013. Installations of the Exchange management tools and Edge Transport servers only require the Visual C++ Redistributable Packages for Visual Studio 2012.

    d. Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API 4.0, Core Runtime 64-bit

Exchange 2016 Edge Transport servers on Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2

  1. Run the following command in Windows PowerShell to install the required Windows components:

    <span data-ttu-id="80511-174">Install-WindowsFeature ADLDS</span><span class="sxs-lookup"><span data-stu-id="80511-174">Install-WindowsFeature ADLDS</span></span>
    
  2. Install the following software in order:

    a. .NET Framework 4.7.1

    b. Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    Hinweis

    An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.

Windows client prerequisites for the Exchange 2016 management tools

Exchange 2016 management tools on Windows 10

  1. Install Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    Hinweis

    An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.

  2. Run the following command in an elevated Windows PowerShell window (a Windows PowerShell window you open by selecting Run as administrator):

    <span data-ttu-id="80511-175">Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility,IIS-LegacySnapIn,IIS-ManagementConsole,IIS-Metabase,IIS-WebServerManagementTools,IIS-WebServerRole</span><span class="sxs-lookup"><span data-stu-id="80511-175">Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility,IIS-LegacySnapIn,IIS-ManagementConsole,IIS-Metabase,IIS-WebServerManagementTools,IIS-WebServerRole</span></span>
    

Exchange 2016 management tools on Windows 8.1

  1. Install .NET Framework 4.7.1.

  2. Install Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

    Hinweis

    An overview of the latest supported versions is available at: Visual C++ Redistributable versions.

  3. Run the following command in an elevated Windows PowerShell window (a Windows PowerShell window you open by selecting Run as administrator):

    <span data-ttu-id="80511-176">Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility,IIS-LegacySnapIn,IIS-ManagementConsole,IIS-Metabase,IIS-WebServerManagementTools,IIS-WebServerRole</span><span class="sxs-lookup"><span data-stu-id="80511-176">Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-ManagementScriptingTools,IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility,IIS-LegacySnapIn,IIS-ManagementConsole,IIS-Metabase,IIS-WebServerManagementTools,IIS-WebServerRole</span></span>