Attribute.GetCustomAttributes Methode

Definition

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly, ein Modul, einen Typmember oder einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden.

Überlädt

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Methodenparameter an, und außerdem, ob frühere Versionen des Methodenparameters gesucht werden sollen.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Type, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf den Member eines Typs angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Member und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an und außerdem, ob auch frühere Versionen des Members gesucht werden sollen.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Type, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Methodenparameter und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an und außerdem, ob auch frühere Versionen des Methodenparameters gesucht werden sollen.

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Type, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf ein Modul angewendet werden. Parameter geben das Modul und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs und eine ignorierte Suchoption an.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Type)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf den Member eines Typs angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Member und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Type, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly angewendet werden. Parameter geben die Assembly und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs und eine ignorierte Suchoption an.

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Type)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf ein Modul angewendet werden. Parameter geben das Modul und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Type)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Methodenparameter und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf den Member eines Typs angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Member und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an und außerdem, ob auch frühere Versionen des Members gesucht werden sollen.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Type)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly angewendet werden. Parameter geben die Assembly und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly angewendet werden. Parameter geben die Assembly und eine ignorierte Suchoption an.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden. Ein Parameter gibt den Methodenparameter an.

GetCustomAttributes(Module)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf ein Modul angewendet werden. Ein Parameter gibt das Modul an.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf den Member eines Typs angewendet werden. Ein Parameter gibt den Member an.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly angewendet werden. Ein Parameter gibt die Assembly an.

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf ein Modul angewendet werden. Parameter geben das Modul und eine ignorierte Suchoption an.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Methodenparameter an, und außerdem, ob frühere Versionen des Methodenparameters gesucht werden sollen.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::ParameterInfo ^ element, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.ParameterInfo element, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.ParameterInfo * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As ParameterInfo, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
ParameterInfo

Ein Objekt, das von der ParameterInfo-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und einen Parameter eines Klassenmembers beschreibt.

inherit
Boolean

Wenn true, wird angegeben, dass auch die früheren Versionen von element hinsichtlich benutzerdefinierter Attribute durchsucht werden sollen.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array, das die benutzerdefinierten Attribute enthält, die auf element angewendet werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine solchen benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

Die Member-Eigenschaft von element ist null.

element ist null.

Ein benutzerdefinierter Attributtyp kann nicht geladen werden.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributeswird, ParameterInfo veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS
{
   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:
      void ParamArrayAndDesc(
         // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
         [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
         array<Int32>^args )
      {}
   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the method.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "ParamArrayAndDesc" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Get the parameter information.
            array<ParameterInfo^>^pInfo = mInfo->GetParameters();
            if ( pInfo != nullptr )
            {
               // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum4 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( pInfo[ 0 ] )->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum4->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum4->Current);

                  // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == ParamArrayAttribute::typeid )
                                    Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                  "has the ParamArray attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  else

                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                  {
                     Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                     "has a description attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                     Console::WriteLine( "The description is: \"{0}\"", (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS {
    public class AClass {
        public void ParamArrayAndDesc(
            // Add ParamArray (with the keyword) and Description attributes.
            [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
            params int[] args)
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for the method.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc");
            if (mInfo != null) {
                // Get the parameter information.
                ParameterInfo[] pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters();
                if (pInfo != null) {
                    // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
                    foreach(Attribute attr in
                        Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo[0])) {
                        // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                        if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ParamArrayAttribute))
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has the ParamArray attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                        // Check for the Description attribute.
                        else if (attr.GetType() ==
                            typeof(DescriptionAttribute)) {
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has a description attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                            Console.WriteLine("The description is: \"{0}\"",
                                ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 */
open System
open System.Reflection
open System.ComponentModel

type AClass() =
    member _.ParamArrayAndDesc(
        // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
        [<Description "This argument is a ParamArray">]
        [<ParamArray>]
        args: int[]) = ()

// Get the Class type to access its metadata.
let clsType = typeof<AClass>

// Get the type information for the method.
let mInfo = clsType.GetMethod "ParamArrayAndDesc"
if mInfo <> null then
    // Get the parameter information.
    let pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
    if pInfo <> null then
        // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
        for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes pInfo[0] do
            match attr with 
            // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            | :? ParamArrayAttribute ->
                printfn $"Parameter {pInfo[0].Name} for method {mInfo.Name} has the ParamArray attribute."
                                
            // Check for the Description attribute.
            | :? DescriptionAttribute as attr ->
                printfn $"Parameter {pInfo[0].Name} for method {mInfo.Name} has a description attribute."
                printfn $"The description is: \"{attr.Description}\""
            | _ -> ()

// Output:
// Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
// The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
// Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

Module DemoModule
    Public Class AClass
        ' Add Description and ParamArray (with the keyword) attributes.
        Public Sub ParamArrayAndDesc( _
            <Description("This argument is a ParamArray")> _
            ByVal ParamArray args() As Integer)
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for the method.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc")
        ' Get the Parameter information for the method.
        Dim pInfo() As ParameterInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through each attribute of the parameter.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo(0))
            ' Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is ParamArrayAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim paAttr As ParamArrayAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ParamArrayAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} has the " + _
                    "ParamArray attribute.", pInfo(0).Name, mInfo.Name)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} has a description " + _
                    "attribute. The description is:", pInfo(0).Name, mInfo.Name)
                Console.WriteLine(descAttr.Description)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
' Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute. The description is:
' This argument is a ParamArray

Hinweise

Wenn element ein Parameter in einer Methode eines abgeleiteten Typs dargestellt wird, enthält der Rückgabewert die erbbaren benutzerdefinierten Attribute, die auf denselben Parameter in den überschriebenen Basismethoden angewendet werden.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Type, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf den Member eines Typs angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Member und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an und außerdem, ob auch frühere Versionen des Members gesucht werden sollen.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element, Type ^ type, bool inherit);
public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element, Type ^ attributeType, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element, Type type, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element, Type attributeType, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo, type As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo, attributeType As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
MemberInfo

Ein Objekt, das aus der MemberInfo-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und einen Konstruktor-, Ereignis-, Feld-, Methoden- oder Eigenschaftenmember einer Klasse beschreibt.

typeattributeType
Type

Der Typ des benutzerdefinierten Attributs oder ein Basistyp, nach dem gesucht werden soll.

inherit
Boolean

Wenn true, wird angegeben, dass auch die früheren Versionen von element hinsichtlich benutzerdefinierter Attribute durchsucht werden sollen.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array mit den benutzerdefinierten Attributen vom Typ type, die für element übernommen werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder type ist null.

type ist nicht von Attribute abgeleitet.

element ist kein Konstruktor, keine Methode, keine Eigenschaft, kein Ereignis, kein Typ und kein Feld.

Ein benutzerdefinierter Attributtyp kann nicht geladen werden.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von GetCustomAttributes, die als MemberInfo Parameter verwendet wird, veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{

    // Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
    public enum UnmanagedType
    {
        User,
        GDI,
        Kernel,
        Shell,
        Networking,
        Multimedia
    }

    // Define the Unmanaged attribute.
    public class UnmanagedAttribute : Attribute
    {
        // Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
        protected UnmanagedType thisType;

        // Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
        public UnmanagedAttribute(UnmanagedType type)
        {
            thisType = type;
        }

        // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
        public UnmanagedType Win32Type
        {
            get { return thisType; }
            set { thisType = Win32Type; }
        }
    }

    // Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
    public class Win32 {
        [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern int MessageBox(int hWnd, String text,
            String caption, uint type);
    }

    public class AClass {
        // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
        [Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)]
        public void Win32CallMethod()
        {
            Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0);
        }
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args)
            {
            // Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod");
            if (mInfo != null)
            {
                // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
                foreach(Attribute attr in
                    Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)) {
                    // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                    if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ObsoleteAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. " +
                            "The message is:",
                            mInfo.Name);
                        Console.WriteLine("  \"{0}\"",
                            ((ObsoleteAttribute)attr).Message);
                    }

                    // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                    else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(UnmanagedAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            "This method calls unmanaged code.");
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.",
                                          ((UnmanagedAttribute)attr).Win32Type));
                        AClass myCls = new AClass();
                        myCls.Win32CallMethod();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*

This code example produces the following results.

First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
This method calls unmanaged code.
The Unmanaged attribute type is User.

*/
open System
open System.Runtime.InteropServices

// Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
type UnmanagedType =
    | User = 0
    | GDI = 1
    | Kernel = 2
    | Shell = 3
    | Networking = 4
    | Multimedia = 5

// Define the Unmanaged attribute.
type UnmanagedAttribute(unmanagedType) =
    inherit Attribute()
    
    // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    member val Win32Type = unmanagedType with get, set

// Create a module for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
module Win32 =
    [<DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)>]
    extern int MessageBox(IntPtr hWnd, String text, String caption, uint ``type``)

type AClass() =
    // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    [<Obsolete "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.">]
    [<Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>]
    member _.Win32CallMethod () =
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0u)

// Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
let clsType = typeof<AClass>
// Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
let mInfo = clsType.GetMethod "Win32CallMethod"
if mInfo <> null then
    // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
    for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes mInfo do
        match attr with 
        // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
        | :? ObsoleteAttribute as attr ->
            printfn $"Method {mInfo.Name} is obsolete. The message is:"
            printfn $"  \"{attr.Message}\""

        // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
        | :? UnmanagedAttribute as attr ->
            printfn "This method calls unmanaged code."
            printfn $"The Unmanaged attribute type is {attr.Win32Type}."
            let myCls = AClass()
            myCls.Win32CallMethod() |> ignore
        | _ -> ()

// This code example produces the following results.
//
// First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
// obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
// Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
// and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
// Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

// Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
//   "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
// This method calls unmanaged code.
// The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
Public Enum UnmanagedType
    User
    GDI
    Kernel
    Shell
    Networking
    Multimedia
End Enum 'UnmanagedType

' Define the Unmanaged attribute.
Public Class UnmanagedAttribute 
             Inherits Attribute

    ' Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
    Protected thisType As UnmanagedType
    
    ' Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal type As UnmanagedType) 
        thisType = type
    End Sub
    
    ' Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    Public Property Win32Type() As UnmanagedType 
        Get
            Return thisType
        End Get
        Set
            thisType = Win32Type
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
Public Class Win32
    <DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Unicode)> _
    Public Shared Function MessageBox(ByVal hWnd As Integer, _
                                      ByVal Text As String, _
                                      ByVal caption As String, _
                                      ByVal type As Integer) As Integer
    End Function 'MessageBox
End Class

Public Class AClass
    ' Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."), _
     Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>  _
    Public Sub Win32CallMethod() 
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0)    
    End Sub
End Class

Class DemoClass
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String) 
        ' Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod")
        If Not (mInfo Is Nothing) Then
            ' Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
            Dim attr As Attribute
            For Each attr In  Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)
                ' Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                If attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(ObsoleteAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. The message is:", mInfo.Name)
                    Console.WriteLine("  ""{0}""", CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute).Message)
                ' Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                ElseIf attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(UnmanagedAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("This method calls unmanaged code.")
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.", _
                            CType(attr, UnmanagedAttribute).Win32Type))
                    Dim myCls As New AClass()
                    myCls.Win32CallMethod()
                End If
            Next attr
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results. 
'
'First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is 
'obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!" 
'and message text of "This is an unmanaged call." 
'Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:
'
'Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
'  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'This method calls unmanaged code.
'The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
'

Hinweise

Der Rückgabewert enthält die benutzerdefinierten Attribute für Vorfahren von element if inherit is true.

Hinweis

Ab der .NET Framework Version 2.0 gibt diese Methode Sicherheitsattribute für Methoden, Konstruktoren und Typen zurück, wenn die Attribute im neuen Metadatenformat gespeichert werden. Assemblys, die mit Version 2.0 oder höher kompiliert wurden, verwenden das neue Format. Dynamische Assemblys und Assemblys, die mit früheren Versionen des .NET Framework kompiliert wurden, verwenden das alte XML-Format. Siehe Deklarative Sicherheitsattribute.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Type, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Methodenparameter und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an und außerdem, ob auch frühere Versionen des Methodenparameters gesucht werden sollen.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::ParameterInfo ^ element, Type ^ attributeType, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.ParameterInfo element, Type attributeType, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.ParameterInfo * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As ParameterInfo, attributeType As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
ParameterInfo

Ein Objekt, das von der ParameterInfo-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und einen Parameter eines Klassenmembers beschreibt.

attributeType
Type

Der Typ des benutzerdefinierten Attributs oder ein Basistyp, nach dem gesucht werden soll.

inherit
Boolean

Wenn true, wird angegeben, dass auch die früheren Versionen von element hinsichtlich benutzerdefinierter Attribute durchsucht werden sollen.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array mit den benutzerdefinierten Attributen vom Typ attributeType, die für element übernommen werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder attributeType ist null.

attributeType ist nicht von Attribute abgeleitet.

Ein benutzerdefinierter Attributtyp kann nicht geladen werden.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributeswird, ParameterInfo veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS
{
   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:
      void ParamArrayAndDesc(
         // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
         [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
         array<Int32>^args )
      {}
   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the method.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "ParamArrayAndDesc" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Get the parameter information.
            array<ParameterInfo^>^pInfo = mInfo->GetParameters();
            if ( pInfo != nullptr )
            {
               // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum4 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( pInfo[ 0 ] )->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum4->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum4->Current);

                  // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == ParamArrayAttribute::typeid )
                                    Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                  "has the ParamArray attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  else

                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                  {
                     Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                     "has a description attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                     Console::WriteLine( "The description is: \"{0}\"", (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS {
    public class AClass {
        public void ParamArrayAndDesc(
            // Add ParamArray (with the keyword) and Description attributes.
            [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
            params int[] args)
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for the method.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc");
            if (mInfo != null) {
                // Get the parameter information.
                ParameterInfo[] pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters();
                if (pInfo != null) {
                    // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
                    foreach(Attribute attr in
                        Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo[0])) {
                        // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                        if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ParamArrayAttribute))
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has the ParamArray attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                        // Check for the Description attribute.
                        else if (attr.GetType() ==
                            typeof(DescriptionAttribute)) {
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has a description attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                            Console.WriteLine("The description is: \"{0}\"",
                                ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 */
open System
open System.Reflection
open System.ComponentModel

type AClass() =
    member _.ParamArrayAndDesc(
        // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
        [<Description "This argument is a ParamArray">]
        [<ParamArray>]
        args: int[]) = ()

// Get the Class type to access its metadata.
let clsType = typeof<AClass>

// Get the type information for the method.
let mInfo = clsType.GetMethod "ParamArrayAndDesc"
if mInfo <> null then
    // Get the parameter information.
    let pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
    if pInfo <> null then
        // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
        for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes pInfo[0] do
            match attr with 
            // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            | :? ParamArrayAttribute ->
                printfn $"Parameter {pInfo[0].Name} for method {mInfo.Name} has the ParamArray attribute."
                                
            // Check for the Description attribute.
            | :? DescriptionAttribute as attr ->
                printfn $"Parameter {pInfo[0].Name} for method {mInfo.Name} has a description attribute."
                printfn $"The description is: \"{attr.Description}\""
            | _ -> ()

// Output:
// Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
// The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
// Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

Module DemoModule
    Public Class AClass
        ' Add Description and ParamArray (with the keyword) attributes.
        Public Sub ParamArrayAndDesc( _
            <Description("This argument is a ParamArray")> _
            ByVal ParamArray args() As Integer)
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for the method.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc")
        ' Get the Parameter information for the method.
        Dim pInfo() As ParameterInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through each attribute of the parameter.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo(0))
            ' Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is ParamArrayAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim paAttr As ParamArrayAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ParamArrayAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} has the " + _
                    "ParamArray attribute.", pInfo(0).Name, mInfo.Name)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} has a description " + _
                    "attribute. The description is:", pInfo(0).Name, mInfo.Name)
                Console.WriteLine(descAttr.Description)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
' Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute. The description is:
' This argument is a ParamArray

Hinweise

Wenn element ein Parameter in einer Methode eines abgeleiteten Typs dargestellt wird, enthält der Rückgabewert die erbbaren benutzerdefinierten Attribute, die auf denselben Parameter in den überschriebenen Basismethoden angewendet werden.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Type, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf ein Modul angewendet werden. Parameter geben das Modul und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs und eine ignorierte Suchoption an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Module ^ element, Type ^ attributeType, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Module element, Type attributeType, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Module * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Module, attributeType As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
Module

Ein Objekt, das von der Module-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und eine übertragbare ausführbare Datei (Portable Executable, PE) beschreibt.

attributeType
Type

Der Typ des benutzerdefinierten Attributs oder ein Basistyp, nach dem gesucht werden soll.

inherit
Boolean

Dieser Parameter wird ignoriert und wirkt sich nicht auf die Funktionsweise dieser Methode aus.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array mit den benutzerdefinierten Attributen vom Typ attributeType, die für element übernommen werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder attributeType ist null.

attributeType ist nicht von Attribute abgeleitet.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributeswird, Module veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:Description("A sample description")];
[module:CLSCompliant(false)];
namespace CustAttrs2CS
{
   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         Type^ clsType = DemoClass::typeid;

         // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
         Module^ module = clsType->Module;

         // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( module )->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
         {
            Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum1->Current);

            // Check for the Description attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} has the description \"{1}\".", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            else

            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == CLSCompliantAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<CLSCompliantAttribute^>(attr))->IsCompliant ? (String^)"is" : "is not" );
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[module:Description("A sample description")]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:CLSCompliant(false)]

namespace CustAttrs2CS {
    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Type clsType = typeof(DemoClass);
            // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
            Module module = clsType.Module;

            // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
            foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(module)) {
                // Check for the Description attribute.
                if (attr.GetType() == typeof(DescriptionAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description " +
                        "\"{1}\".", module.Name,
                        ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
                else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(CLSCompliantAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.",
                        module.Name,
                        ((CLSCompliantAttribute)attr).IsCompliant ?
                            "is" : "is not");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
open System
open System.ComponentModel

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[<``module``: Description "A sample description">]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[<``module``: CLSCompliant false>]
do ()

type DemoClass = class end

// Get the Module type to access its metadata.
let ilmodule = typeof<DemoClass>.Module

// Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes ilmodule do
    match attr with
    // Check for the Description attribute.
    | :? DescriptionAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Module {ilmodule.Name} has the description \"{attr.Description}\"."
                
    // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
    | :? CLSCompliantAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"""Module {ilmodule.Name} {if attr.IsCompliant then "is" else "is not"} CLSCompliant."""
    | _ -> ()
    
// Output:
// Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
// Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

' Give the Module some attributes.
<Module: Description("A sample description")> 

' Make the CLSCompliant attribute False.
' The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
<Module: CLSCompliant(False)> 

Module DemoModule

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Module type to access its metadata.
        Dim modType As Reflection.Module = GetType(DemoModule).Module
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(modType)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description ""{1}"".", _
                    modType.Name, descAttr.Description)

            ' Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is CLSCompliantAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim CLSCompAttr As CLSCompliantAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, CLSCompliantAttribute)
                Dim strCompliant As String
                If CLSCompAttr.IsCompliant Then
                    strCompliant = "is"
                Else
                    strCompliant = "is not"
                End If
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", _
                    modType.Name, strCompliant)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe has the description "A sample description".
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe is not CLSCompliant.

Hinweise

Der Rückgabewert enthält die benutzerdefinierten Attribute für Vorfahren von element if inherit is true.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Type)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf den Member eines Typs angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Member und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element, Type ^ type);
public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element, Type ^ attributeType);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element, Type type);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element, Type attributeType);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo * Type -> Attribute[]
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo * Type -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo, type As Type) As Attribute()
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo, attributeType As Type) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
MemberInfo

Ein Objekt, das aus der MemberInfo-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und einen Konstruktor-, Ereignis-, Feld-, Methoden- oder Eigenschaftenmember einer Klasse beschreibt.

typeattributeType
Type

Der Typ des benutzerdefinierten Attributs oder ein Basistyp, nach dem gesucht werden soll.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array mit den benutzerdefinierten Attributen vom Typ type, die für element übernommen werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder type ist null.

type ist nicht von Attribute abgeleitet.

element ist kein Konstruktor, keine Methode, keine Eigenschaft, kein Ereignis, kein Typ und kein Feld.

Ein benutzerdefinierter Attributtyp kann nicht geladen werden.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributewird, MemberInfo veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{

    // Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
    public enum UnmanagedType
    {
        User,
        GDI,
        Kernel,
        Shell,
        Networking,
        Multimedia
    }

    // Define the Unmanaged attribute.
    public class UnmanagedAttribute : Attribute
    {
        // Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
        protected UnmanagedType thisType;

        // Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
        public UnmanagedAttribute(UnmanagedType type)
        {
            thisType = type;
        }

        // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
        public UnmanagedType Win32Type
        {
            get { return thisType; }
            set { thisType = Win32Type; }
        }
    }

    // Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
    public class Win32 {
        [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern int MessageBox(int hWnd, String text,
            String caption, uint type);
    }

    public class AClass {
        // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
        [Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)]
        public void Win32CallMethod()
        {
            Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0);
        }
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args)
            {
            // Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod");
            if (mInfo != null)
            {
                // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
                foreach(Attribute attr in
                    Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)) {
                    // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                    if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ObsoleteAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. " +
                            "The message is:",
                            mInfo.Name);
                        Console.WriteLine("  \"{0}\"",
                            ((ObsoleteAttribute)attr).Message);
                    }

                    // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                    else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(UnmanagedAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            "This method calls unmanaged code.");
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.",
                                          ((UnmanagedAttribute)attr).Win32Type));
                        AClass myCls = new AClass();
                        myCls.Win32CallMethod();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*

This code example produces the following results.

First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
This method calls unmanaged code.
The Unmanaged attribute type is User.

*/
open System
open System.Runtime.InteropServices

// Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
type UnmanagedType =
    | User = 0
    | GDI = 1
    | Kernel = 2
    | Shell = 3
    | Networking = 4
    | Multimedia = 5

// Define the Unmanaged attribute.
type UnmanagedAttribute(unmanagedType) =
    inherit Attribute()
    
    // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    member val Win32Type = unmanagedType with get, set

// Create a module for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
module Win32 =
    [<DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)>]
    extern int MessageBox(IntPtr hWnd, String text, String caption, uint ``type``)

type AClass() =
    // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    [<Obsolete "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.">]
    [<Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>]
    member _.Win32CallMethod () =
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0u)

// Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
let clsType = typeof<AClass>
// Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
let mInfo = clsType.GetMethod "Win32CallMethod"
if mInfo <> null then
    // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
    for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes mInfo do
        match attr with 
        // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
        | :? ObsoleteAttribute as attr ->
            printfn $"Method {mInfo.Name} is obsolete. The message is:"
            printfn $"  \"{attr.Message}\""

        // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
        | :? UnmanagedAttribute as attr ->
            printfn "This method calls unmanaged code."
            printfn $"The Unmanaged attribute type is {attr.Win32Type}."
            let myCls = AClass()
            myCls.Win32CallMethod() |> ignore
        | _ -> ()

// This code example produces the following results.
//
// First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
// obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
// Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
// and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
// Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

// Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
//   "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
// This method calls unmanaged code.
// The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
Public Enum UnmanagedType
    User
    GDI
    Kernel
    Shell
    Networking
    Multimedia
End Enum 'UnmanagedType

' Define the Unmanaged attribute.
Public Class UnmanagedAttribute 
             Inherits Attribute

    ' Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
    Protected thisType As UnmanagedType
    
    ' Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal type As UnmanagedType) 
        thisType = type
    End Sub
    
    ' Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    Public Property Win32Type() As UnmanagedType 
        Get
            Return thisType
        End Get
        Set
            thisType = Win32Type
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
Public Class Win32
    <DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Unicode)> _
    Public Shared Function MessageBox(ByVal hWnd As Integer, _
                                      ByVal Text As String, _
                                      ByVal caption As String, _
                                      ByVal type As Integer) As Integer
    End Function 'MessageBox
End Class

Public Class AClass
    ' Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."), _
     Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>  _
    Public Sub Win32CallMethod() 
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0)    
    End Sub
End Class

Class DemoClass
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String) 
        ' Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod")
        If Not (mInfo Is Nothing) Then
            ' Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
            Dim attr As Attribute
            For Each attr In  Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)
                ' Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                If attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(ObsoleteAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. The message is:", mInfo.Name)
                    Console.WriteLine("  ""{0}""", CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute).Message)
                ' Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                ElseIf attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(UnmanagedAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("This method calls unmanaged code.")
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.", _
                            CType(attr, UnmanagedAttribute).Win32Type))
                    Dim myCls As New AClass()
                    myCls.Win32CallMethod()
                End If
            Next attr
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results. 
'
'First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is 
'obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!" 
'and message text of "This is an unmanaged call." 
'Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:
'
'Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
'  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'This method calls unmanaged code.
'The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
'

Hinweise

Der Rückgabewert enthält die benutzerdefinierten Attribute für Vorfahren von element.

Hinweis

Ab der .NET Framework Version 2.0 gibt diese Methode Sicherheitsattribute für Methoden, Konstruktoren und Typen zurück, wenn die Attribute im neuen Metadatenformat gespeichert werden. Assemblys, die mit Version 2.0 oder höher kompiliert wurden, verwenden das neue Format. Dynamische Assemblys und Assemblys, die mit früheren Versionen der .NET Framework kompiliert wurden, verwenden das alte XML-Format. Siehe Deklarative Sicherheitsattribute.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Type, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly angewendet werden. Parameter geben die Assembly und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs und eine ignorierte Suchoption an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Assembly ^ element, Type ^ attributeType, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Assembly element, Type attributeType, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Assembly * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Assembly, attributeType As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
Assembly

Ein Objekt, das aus der Assembly-Klasse abgeleitet wurde, die eine wiederverwendbare Auflistung von Modulen beschreibt.

attributeType
Type

Der Typ des benutzerdefinierten Attributs oder ein Basistyp, nach dem gesucht werden soll.

inherit
Boolean

Dieser Parameter wird ignoriert und wirkt sich nicht auf die Funktionsweise dieser Methode aus.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array mit den benutzerdefinierten Attributen vom Typ attributeType, die für element übernommen werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder attributeType ist null.

attributeType ist nicht von Attribute abgeleitet.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributeswird, Assembly veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly:AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CPP")];
[assembly:AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")];
[assembly:AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")];

ref class Example
{};

static void main()
{
    Type^ clsType = Example::typeid;

    // Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
    Assembly^ assy = clsType->Assembly;

    // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( assy )->GetEnumerator();
    while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
    {
       Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum->Current);

       // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
       if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyTitleAttribute::typeid )
          Console::WriteLine( "Assembly title is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyTitleAttribute^>(attr))->Title );
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
       else
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
          if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyDescriptionAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly description is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyDescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
          // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
          else if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyCompanyAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly company is {0}.", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyCompanyAttribute^>(attr))->Company );
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CPP".
using System;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CS")]
[assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")]
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")]

class Example {
    static void Main() {
        // Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
        Assembly assy = typeof(Example).Assembly;

        // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
        foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)) {
            // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyTitleAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyTitleAttribute)attr).Title);

            // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() ==
                typeof(AssemblyDescriptionAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);

            // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.",
                    ((AssemblyCompanyAttribute)attr).Company);
        }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
open System
open System.Reflection

[<assembly: AssemblyTitle "CustAttrs1CS">]
[<assembly: AssemblyDescription "GetCustomAttributes() Demo">]
[<assembly: AssemblyCompany"Microsoft">]
do ()

type Example = class end

// Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
let assembly = typeof<Example>.Assembly

// Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes assembly do
    match attr with
    // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
    | :? AssemblyTitleAttribute as attr ->    
        printfn $"Assembly title is \"{attr.Title}\"."
    // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
    | :? AssemblyDescriptionAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Assembly description is \"{attr.Description}\"."
    // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
    | :? AssemblyCompanyAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Assembly company is {attr.Company}."
    | _ -> ()
    
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1VB")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")> 

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
        Dim assy As Reflection.Assembly = GetType(Example).Assembly

        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the assembly.
        For Each attr As Attribute In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)
            ' Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is AssemblyTitleAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrTitle As AssemblyTitleAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyTitleAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrTitle.Title)

            ' Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyDescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrDesc As AssemblyDescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrDesc.Description)

            ' Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyCompanyAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrComp As AssemblyCompanyAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyCompanyAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.", _
                    attrComp.Company)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Assembly company is Microsoft.
'     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
'     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1VB".

Hinweise

Hinweis

Ab der .NET Framework Version 2.0 gibt diese Methode Sicherheitsattribute zurück, wenn die Attribute im neuen Metadatenformat gespeichert werden. Assemblys, die mit Version 2.0 oder höher kompiliert wurden, verwenden das neue Format. Dynamische Assemblys und Assemblys, die mit früheren Versionen der .NET Framework kompiliert wurden, verwenden das alte XML-Format. Siehe Deklarative Sicherheitsattribute.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Type)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf ein Modul angewendet werden. Parameter geben das Modul und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Module ^ element, Type ^ attributeType);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Module element, Type attributeType);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Module * Type -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Module, attributeType As Type) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
Module

Ein Objekt, das von der Module-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und eine übertragbare ausführbare Datei (Portable Executable, PE) beschreibt.

attributeType
Type

Der Typ des benutzerdefinierten Attributs oder ein Basistyp, nach dem gesucht werden soll.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array mit den benutzerdefinierten Attributen vom Typ attributeType, die für element übernommen werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder attributeType ist null.

attributeType ist nicht von Attribute abgeleitet.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributeswird, Module veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:Description("A sample description")];
[module:CLSCompliant(false)];
namespace CustAttrs2CS
{
   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         Type^ clsType = DemoClass::typeid;

         // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
         Module^ module = clsType->Module;

         // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( module )->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
         {
            Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum1->Current);

            // Check for the Description attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} has the description \"{1}\".", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            else

            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == CLSCompliantAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<CLSCompliantAttribute^>(attr))->IsCompliant ? (String^)"is" : "is not" );
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[module:Description("A sample description")]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:CLSCompliant(false)]

namespace CustAttrs2CS {
    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Type clsType = typeof(DemoClass);
            // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
            Module module = clsType.Module;

            // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
            foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(module)) {
                // Check for the Description attribute.
                if (attr.GetType() == typeof(DescriptionAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description " +
                        "\"{1}\".", module.Name,
                        ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
                else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(CLSCompliantAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.",
                        module.Name,
                        ((CLSCompliantAttribute)attr).IsCompliant ?
                            "is" : "is not");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
open System
open System.ComponentModel

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[<``module``: Description "A sample description">]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[<``module``: CLSCompliant false>]
do ()

type DemoClass = class end

// Get the Module type to access its metadata.
let ilmodule = typeof<DemoClass>.Module

// Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes ilmodule do
    match attr with
    // Check for the Description attribute.
    | :? DescriptionAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Module {ilmodule.Name} has the description \"{attr.Description}\"."
                
    // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
    | :? CLSCompliantAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"""Module {ilmodule.Name} {if attr.IsCompliant then "is" else "is not"} CLSCompliant."""
    | _ -> ()
    
// Output:
// Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
// Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

' Give the Module some attributes.
<Module: Description("A sample description")> 

' Make the CLSCompliant attribute False.
' The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
<Module: CLSCompliant(False)> 

Module DemoModule

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Module type to access its metadata.
        Dim modType As Reflection.Module = GetType(DemoModule).Module
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(modType)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description ""{1}"".", _
                    modType.Name, descAttr.Description)

            ' Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is CLSCompliantAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim CLSCompAttr As CLSCompliantAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, CLSCompliantAttribute)
                Dim strCompliant As String
                If CLSCompAttr.IsCompliant Then
                    strCompliant = "is"
                Else
                    strCompliant = "is not"
                End If
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", _
                    modType.Name, strCompliant)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe has the description "A sample description".
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe is not CLSCompliant.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Type)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Methodenparameter und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::ParameterInfo ^ element, Type ^ attributeType);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.ParameterInfo element, Type attributeType);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.ParameterInfo * Type -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As ParameterInfo, attributeType As Type) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
ParameterInfo

Ein Objekt, das von der ParameterInfo-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und einen Parameter eines Klassenmembers beschreibt.

attributeType
Type

Der Typ des benutzerdefinierten Attributs oder ein Basistyp, nach dem gesucht werden soll.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array mit den benutzerdefinierten Attributen vom Typ attributeType, die für element übernommen werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder attributeType ist null.

attributeType ist nicht von Attribute abgeleitet.

Ein benutzerdefinierter Attributtyp kann nicht geladen werden.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributeswird, ParameterInfo veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS
{
   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:
      void ParamArrayAndDesc(
         // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
         [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
         array<Int32>^args )
      {}
   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the method.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "ParamArrayAndDesc" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Get the parameter information.
            array<ParameterInfo^>^pInfo = mInfo->GetParameters();
            if ( pInfo != nullptr )
            {
               // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum4 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( pInfo[ 0 ] )->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum4->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum4->Current);

                  // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == ParamArrayAttribute::typeid )
                                    Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                  "has the ParamArray attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  else

                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                  {
                     Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                     "has a description attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                     Console::WriteLine( "The description is: \"{0}\"", (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS {
    public class AClass {
        public void ParamArrayAndDesc(
            // Add ParamArray (with the keyword) and Description attributes.
            [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
            params int[] args)
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for the method.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc");
            if (mInfo != null) {
                // Get the parameter information.
                ParameterInfo[] pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters();
                if (pInfo != null) {
                    // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
                    foreach(Attribute attr in
                        Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo[0])) {
                        // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                        if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ParamArrayAttribute))
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has the ParamArray attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                        // Check for the Description attribute.
                        else if (attr.GetType() ==
                            typeof(DescriptionAttribute)) {
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has a description attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                            Console.WriteLine("The description is: \"{0}\"",
                                ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 */
open System
open System.Reflection
open System.ComponentModel

type AClass() =
    member _.ParamArrayAndDesc(
        // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
        [<Description "This argument is a ParamArray">]
        [<ParamArray>]
        args: int[]) = ()

// Get the Class type to access its metadata.
let clsType = typeof<AClass>

// Get the type information for the method.
let mInfo = clsType.GetMethod "ParamArrayAndDesc"
if mInfo <> null then
    // Get the parameter information.
    let pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
    if pInfo <> null then
        // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
        for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes pInfo[0] do
            match attr with 
            // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            | :? ParamArrayAttribute ->
                printfn $"Parameter {pInfo[0].Name} for method {mInfo.Name} has the ParamArray attribute."
                                
            // Check for the Description attribute.
            | :? DescriptionAttribute as attr ->
                printfn $"Parameter {pInfo[0].Name} for method {mInfo.Name} has a description attribute."
                printfn $"The description is: \"{attr.Description}\""
            | _ -> ()

// Output:
// Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
// The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
// Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

Module DemoModule
    Public Class AClass
        ' Add Description and ParamArray (with the keyword) attributes.
        Public Sub ParamArrayAndDesc( _
            <Description("This argument is a ParamArray")> _
            ByVal ParamArray args() As Integer)
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for the method.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc")
        ' Get the Parameter information for the method.
        Dim pInfo() As ParameterInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through each attribute of the parameter.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo(0))
            ' Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is ParamArrayAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim paAttr As ParamArrayAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ParamArrayAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} has the " + _
                    "ParamArray attribute.", pInfo(0).Name, mInfo.Name)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} has a description " + _
                    "attribute. The description is:", pInfo(0).Name, mInfo.Name)
                Console.WriteLine(descAttr.Description)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
' Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute. The description is:
' This argument is a ParamArray

Hinweise

Wenn element ein Parameter in einer Methode eines abgeleiteten Typs dargestellt wird, enthält der Rückgabewert die erbbaren benutzerdefinierten Attribute, die auf denselben Parameter in den überschriebenen Basismethoden angewendet werden.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf den Member eines Typs angewendet werden. Parameter geben den Member und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an und außerdem, ob auch frühere Versionen des Members gesucht werden sollen.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
MemberInfo

Ein Objekt, das aus der MemberInfo-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und einen Konstruktor-, Ereignis-, Feld-, Methoden- oder Eigenschaftenmember einer Klasse beschreibt.

inherit
Boolean

Wenn true, wird angegeben, dass auch die früheren Versionen von element hinsichtlich benutzerdefinierter Attribute durchsucht werden sollen.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array, das die benutzerdefinierten Attribute enthält, die auf element angewendet werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine solchen benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element ist null.

element ist kein Konstruktor, keine Methode, keine Eigenschaft, kein Ereignis, kein Typ und kein Feld.

Ein benutzerdefinierter Attributtyp kann nicht geladen werden.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributeswird, MemberInfo veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{

    // Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
    public enum UnmanagedType
    {
        User,
        GDI,
        Kernel,
        Shell,
        Networking,
        Multimedia
    }

    // Define the Unmanaged attribute.
    public class UnmanagedAttribute : Attribute
    {
        // Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
        protected UnmanagedType thisType;

        // Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
        public UnmanagedAttribute(UnmanagedType type)
        {
            thisType = type;
        }

        // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
        public UnmanagedType Win32Type
        {
            get { return thisType; }
            set { thisType = Win32Type; }
        }
    }

    // Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
    public class Win32 {
        [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern int MessageBox(int hWnd, String text,
            String caption, uint type);
    }

    public class AClass {
        // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
        [Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)]
        public void Win32CallMethod()
        {
            Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0);
        }
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args)
            {
            // Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod");
            if (mInfo != null)
            {
                // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
                foreach(Attribute attr in
                    Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)) {
                    // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                    if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ObsoleteAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. " +
                            "The message is:",
                            mInfo.Name);
                        Console.WriteLine("  \"{0}\"",
                            ((ObsoleteAttribute)attr).Message);
                    }

                    // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                    else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(UnmanagedAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            "This method calls unmanaged code.");
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.",
                                          ((UnmanagedAttribute)attr).Win32Type));
                        AClass myCls = new AClass();
                        myCls.Win32CallMethod();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*

This code example produces the following results.

First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
This method calls unmanaged code.
The Unmanaged attribute type is User.

*/
open System
open System.Runtime.InteropServices

// Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
type UnmanagedType =
    | User = 0
    | GDI = 1
    | Kernel = 2
    | Shell = 3
    | Networking = 4
    | Multimedia = 5

// Define the Unmanaged attribute.
type UnmanagedAttribute(unmanagedType) =
    inherit Attribute()
    
    // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    member val Win32Type = unmanagedType with get, set

// Create a module for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
module Win32 =
    [<DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)>]
    extern int MessageBox(IntPtr hWnd, String text, String caption, uint ``type``)

type AClass() =
    // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    [<Obsolete "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.">]
    [<Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>]
    member _.Win32CallMethod () =
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0u)

// Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
let clsType = typeof<AClass>
// Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
let mInfo = clsType.GetMethod "Win32CallMethod"
if mInfo <> null then
    // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
    for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes mInfo do
        match attr with 
        // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
        | :? ObsoleteAttribute as attr ->
            printfn $"Method {mInfo.Name} is obsolete. The message is:"
            printfn $"  \"{attr.Message}\""

        // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
        | :? UnmanagedAttribute as attr ->
            printfn "This method calls unmanaged code."
            printfn $"The Unmanaged attribute type is {attr.Win32Type}."
            let myCls = AClass()
            myCls.Win32CallMethod() |> ignore
        | _ -> ()

// This code example produces the following results.
//
// First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
// obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
// Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
// and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
// Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

// Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
//   "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
// This method calls unmanaged code.
// The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
Public Enum UnmanagedType
    User
    GDI
    Kernel
    Shell
    Networking
    Multimedia
End Enum 'UnmanagedType

' Define the Unmanaged attribute.
Public Class UnmanagedAttribute 
             Inherits Attribute

    ' Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
    Protected thisType As UnmanagedType
    
    ' Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal type As UnmanagedType) 
        thisType = type
    End Sub
    
    ' Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    Public Property Win32Type() As UnmanagedType 
        Get
            Return thisType
        End Get
        Set
            thisType = Win32Type
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
Public Class Win32
    <DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Unicode)> _
    Public Shared Function MessageBox(ByVal hWnd As Integer, _
                                      ByVal Text As String, _
                                      ByVal caption As String, _
                                      ByVal type As Integer) As Integer
    End Function 'MessageBox
End Class

Public Class AClass
    ' Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."), _
     Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>  _
    Public Sub Win32CallMethod() 
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0)    
    End Sub
End Class

Class DemoClass
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String) 
        ' Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod")
        If Not (mInfo Is Nothing) Then
            ' Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
            Dim attr As Attribute
            For Each attr In  Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)
                ' Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                If attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(ObsoleteAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. The message is:", mInfo.Name)
                    Console.WriteLine("  ""{0}""", CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute).Message)
                ' Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                ElseIf attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(UnmanagedAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("This method calls unmanaged code.")
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.", _
                            CType(attr, UnmanagedAttribute).Win32Type))
                    Dim myCls As New AClass()
                    myCls.Win32CallMethod()
                End If
            Next attr
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results. 
'
'First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is 
'obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!" 
'and message text of "This is an unmanaged call." 
'Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:
'
'Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
'  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'This method calls unmanaged code.
'The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
'

Hinweise

Der Rückgabewert enthält die benutzerdefinierten Attribute für Vorfahren von element if inherit is true.

Hinweis

Ab der .NET Framework Version 2.0 gibt diese Methode Sicherheitsattribute für Methoden, Konstruktoren und Typen zurück, wenn die Attribute im neuen Metadatenformat gespeichert werden. Assemblys, die mit Version 2.0 oder höher kompiliert wurden, verwenden das neue Format. Dynamische Assemblys und Assemblys, die mit früheren Versionen der .NET Framework kompiliert wurden, verwenden das alte XML-Format. Siehe Deklarative Sicherheitsattribute.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Type)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly angewendet werden. Parameter geben die Assembly und den Typ des zu suchenden benutzerdefinierten Attributs an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Assembly ^ element, Type ^ attributeType);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Assembly element, Type attributeType);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Assembly * Type -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Assembly, attributeType As Type) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
Assembly

Ein Objekt, das aus der Assembly-Klasse abgeleitet wurde, die eine wiederverwendbare Auflistung von Modulen beschreibt.

attributeType
Type

Der Typ des benutzerdefinierten Attributs oder ein Basistyp, nach dem gesucht werden soll.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array mit den benutzerdefinierten Attributen vom Typ attributeType, die für element übernommen werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder attributeType ist null.

attributeType ist nicht von Attribute abgeleitet.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von GetCustomAttributes, die als Assembly Parameter verwendet wird, veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly:AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CPP")];
[assembly:AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")];
[assembly:AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")];

ref class Example
{};

static void main()
{
    Type^ clsType = Example::typeid;

    // Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
    Assembly^ assy = clsType->Assembly;

    // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( assy )->GetEnumerator();
    while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
    {
       Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum->Current);

       // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
       if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyTitleAttribute::typeid )
          Console::WriteLine( "Assembly title is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyTitleAttribute^>(attr))->Title );
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
       else
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
          if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyDescriptionAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly description is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyDescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
          // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
          else if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyCompanyAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly company is {0}.", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyCompanyAttribute^>(attr))->Company );
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CPP".
using System;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CS")]
[assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")]
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")]

class Example {
    static void Main() {
        // Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
        Assembly assy = typeof(Example).Assembly;

        // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
        foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)) {
            // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyTitleAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyTitleAttribute)attr).Title);

            // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() ==
                typeof(AssemblyDescriptionAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);

            // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.",
                    ((AssemblyCompanyAttribute)attr).Company);
        }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
open System
open System.Reflection

[<assembly: AssemblyTitle "CustAttrs1CS">]
[<assembly: AssemblyDescription "GetCustomAttributes() Demo">]
[<assembly: AssemblyCompany"Microsoft">]
do ()

type Example = class end

// Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
let assembly = typeof<Example>.Assembly

// Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes assembly do
    match attr with
    // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
    | :? AssemblyTitleAttribute as attr ->    
        printfn $"Assembly title is \"{attr.Title}\"."
    // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
    | :? AssemblyDescriptionAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Assembly description is \"{attr.Description}\"."
    // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
    | :? AssemblyCompanyAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Assembly company is {attr.Company}."
    | _ -> ()
    
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1VB")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")> 

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
        Dim assy As Reflection.Assembly = GetType(Example).Assembly

        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the assembly.
        For Each attr As Attribute In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)
            ' Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is AssemblyTitleAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrTitle As AssemblyTitleAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyTitleAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrTitle.Title)

            ' Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyDescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrDesc As AssemblyDescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrDesc.Description)

            ' Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyCompanyAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrComp As AssemblyCompanyAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyCompanyAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.", _
                    attrComp.Company)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Assembly company is Microsoft.
'     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
'     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1VB".

Hinweise

Hinweis

Ab dem .NET Framework Version 2.0 gibt diese Methode Sicherheitsattribute zurück, wenn die Attribute im neuen Metadatenformat gespeichert werden. Assemblys, die mit Version 2.0 oder höher kompiliert wurden, verwenden das neue Format. Dynamische Assemblys und Assemblys, die mit früheren Versionen des .NET Framework kompiliert wurden, verwenden das alte XML-Format. Siehe Deklarative Sicherheitsattribute.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly angewendet werden. Parameter geben die Assembly und eine ignorierte Suchoption an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Assembly ^ element, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Assembly element, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Assembly * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Assembly, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
Assembly

Ein Objekt, das aus der Assembly-Klasse abgeleitet wurde, die eine wiederverwendbare Auflistung von Modulen beschreibt.

inherit
Boolean

Dieser Parameter wird ignoriert und wirkt sich nicht auf die Funktionsweise dieser Methode aus.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array, das die benutzerdefinierten Attribute enthält, die auf element angewendet werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine solchen benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder attributeType ist null.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von GetCustomAttributes, die als Assembly Parameter verwendet wird, veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly:AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CPP")];
[assembly:AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")];
[assembly:AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")];

ref class Example
{};

static void main()
{
    Type^ clsType = Example::typeid;

    // Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
    Assembly^ assy = clsType->Assembly;

    // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( assy )->GetEnumerator();
    while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
    {
       Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum->Current);

       // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
       if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyTitleAttribute::typeid )
          Console::WriteLine( "Assembly title is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyTitleAttribute^>(attr))->Title );
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
       else
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
          if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyDescriptionAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly description is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyDescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
          // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
          else if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyCompanyAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly company is {0}.", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyCompanyAttribute^>(attr))->Company );
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CPP".
using System;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CS")]
[assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")]
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")]

class Example {
    static void Main() {
        // Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
        Assembly assy = typeof(Example).Assembly;

        // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
        foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)) {
            // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyTitleAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyTitleAttribute)attr).Title);

            // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() ==
                typeof(AssemblyDescriptionAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);

            // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.",
                    ((AssemblyCompanyAttribute)attr).Company);
        }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
open System
open System.Reflection

[<assembly: AssemblyTitle "CustAttrs1CS">]
[<assembly: AssemblyDescription "GetCustomAttributes() Demo">]
[<assembly: AssemblyCompany"Microsoft">]
do ()

type Example = class end

// Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
let assembly = typeof<Example>.Assembly

// Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes assembly do
    match attr with
    // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
    | :? AssemblyTitleAttribute as attr ->    
        printfn $"Assembly title is \"{attr.Title}\"."
    // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
    | :? AssemblyDescriptionAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Assembly description is \"{attr.Description}\"."
    // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
    | :? AssemblyCompanyAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Assembly company is {attr.Company}."
    | _ -> ()
    
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1VB")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")> 

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
        Dim assy As Reflection.Assembly = GetType(Example).Assembly

        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the assembly.
        For Each attr As Attribute In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)
            ' Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is AssemblyTitleAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrTitle As AssemblyTitleAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyTitleAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrTitle.Title)

            ' Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyDescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrDesc As AssemblyDescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrDesc.Description)

            ' Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyCompanyAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrComp As AssemblyCompanyAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyCompanyAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.", _
                    attrComp.Company)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Assembly company is Microsoft.
'     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
'     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1VB".

Hinweise

Hinweis

Ab dem .NET Framework Version 2.0 gibt diese Methode Sicherheitsattribute zurück, wenn die Attribute im neuen Metadatenformat gespeichert werden. Assemblys, die mit Version 2.0 oder höher kompiliert wurden, verwenden das neue Format. Dynamische Assemblys und Assemblys, die mit früheren Versionen des .NET Framework kompiliert wurden, verwenden das alte XML-Format. Siehe Deklarative Sicherheitsattribute.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf einen Methodenparameter angewendet werden. Ein Parameter gibt den Methodenparameter an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::ParameterInfo ^ element);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.ParameterInfo element);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.ParameterInfo -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As ParameterInfo) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
ParameterInfo

Ein Objekt, das von der ParameterInfo-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und einen Parameter eines Klassenmembers beschreibt.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array, das die benutzerdefinierten Attribute enthält, die auf element angewendet werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine solchen benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element ist null.

Ein benutzerdefinierter Attributtyp kann nicht geladen werden.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von GetCustomAttributes, die als ParameterInfo Parameter verwendet wird, veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS
{
   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:
      void ParamArrayAndDesc(
         // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
         [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
         array<Int32>^args )
      {}
   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the method.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "ParamArrayAndDesc" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Get the parameter information.
            array<ParameterInfo^>^pInfo = mInfo->GetParameters();
            if ( pInfo != nullptr )
            {
               // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum4 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( pInfo[ 0 ] )->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum4->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum4->Current);

                  // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == ParamArrayAttribute::typeid )
                                    Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                  "has the ParamArray attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  else

                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                  {
                     Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                     "has a description attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                     Console::WriteLine( "The description is: \"{0}\"", (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS {
    public class AClass {
        public void ParamArrayAndDesc(
            // Add ParamArray (with the keyword) and Description attributes.
            [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
            params int[] args)
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for the method.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc");
            if (mInfo != null) {
                // Get the parameter information.
                ParameterInfo[] pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters();
                if (pInfo != null) {
                    // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
                    foreach(Attribute attr in
                        Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo[0])) {
                        // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                        if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ParamArrayAttribute))
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has the ParamArray attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                        // Check for the Description attribute.
                        else if (attr.GetType() ==
                            typeof(DescriptionAttribute)) {
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has a description attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                            Console.WriteLine("The description is: \"{0}\"",
                                ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 */
open System
open System.Reflection
open System.ComponentModel

type AClass() =
    member _.ParamArrayAndDesc(
        // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
        [<Description "This argument is a ParamArray">]
        [<ParamArray>]
        args: int[]) = ()

// Get the Class type to access its metadata.
let clsType = typeof<AClass>

// Get the type information for the method.
let mInfo = clsType.GetMethod "ParamArrayAndDesc"
if mInfo <> null then
    // Get the parameter information.
    let pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
    if pInfo <> null then
        // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
        for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes pInfo[0] do
            match attr with 
            // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            | :? ParamArrayAttribute ->
                printfn $"Parameter {pInfo[0].Name} for method {mInfo.Name} has the ParamArray attribute."
                                
            // Check for the Description attribute.
            | :? DescriptionAttribute as attr ->
                printfn $"Parameter {pInfo[0].Name} for method {mInfo.Name} has a description attribute."
                printfn $"The description is: \"{attr.Description}\""
            | _ -> ()

// Output:
// Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
// The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
// Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

Module DemoModule
    Public Class AClass
        ' Add Description and ParamArray (with the keyword) attributes.
        Public Sub ParamArrayAndDesc( _
            <Description("This argument is a ParamArray")> _
            ByVal ParamArray args() As Integer)
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for the method.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc")
        ' Get the Parameter information for the method.
        Dim pInfo() As ParameterInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through each attribute of the parameter.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo(0))
            ' Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is ParamArrayAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim paAttr As ParamArrayAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ParamArrayAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} has the " + _
                    "ParamArray attribute.", pInfo(0).Name, mInfo.Name)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} has a description " + _
                    "attribute. The description is:", pInfo(0).Name, mInfo.Name)
                Console.WriteLine(descAttr.Description)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
' Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute. The description is:
' This argument is a ParamArray

Hinweise

Wenn element ein Parameter in einer Methode eines abgeleiteten Typs dargestellt wird, enthält der Rückgabewert die vererbbaren benutzerdefinierten Attribute, die auf denselben Parameter in den überschriebenen Basismethoden angewendet werden.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(Module)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf ein Modul angewendet werden. Ein Parameter gibt das Modul an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Module ^ element);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Module element);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Module -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Module) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
Module

Ein Objekt, das von der Module-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und eine übertragbare ausführbare Datei (Portable Executable, PE) beschreibt.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array, das die benutzerdefinierten Attribute enthält, die auf element angewendet werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine solchen benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element ist null.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von GetCustomAttributes, die als Module Parameter verwendet wird, veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:Description("A sample description")];
[module:CLSCompliant(false)];
namespace CustAttrs2CS
{
   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         Type^ clsType = DemoClass::typeid;

         // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
         Module^ module = clsType->Module;

         // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( module )->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
         {
            Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum1->Current);

            // Check for the Description attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} has the description \"{1}\".", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            else

            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == CLSCompliantAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<CLSCompliantAttribute^>(attr))->IsCompliant ? (String^)"is" : "is not" );
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[module:Description("A sample description")]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:CLSCompliant(false)]

namespace CustAttrs2CS {
    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Type clsType = typeof(DemoClass);
            // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
            Module module = clsType.Module;

            // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
            foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(module)) {
                // Check for the Description attribute.
                if (attr.GetType() == typeof(DescriptionAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description " +
                        "\"{1}\".", module.Name,
                        ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
                else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(CLSCompliantAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.",
                        module.Name,
                        ((CLSCompliantAttribute)attr).IsCompliant ?
                            "is" : "is not");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
open System
open System.ComponentModel

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[<``module``: Description "A sample description">]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[<``module``: CLSCompliant false>]
do ()

type DemoClass = class end

// Get the Module type to access its metadata.
let ilmodule = typeof<DemoClass>.Module

// Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes ilmodule do
    match attr with
    // Check for the Description attribute.
    | :? DescriptionAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Module {ilmodule.Name} has the description \"{attr.Description}\"."
                
    // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
    | :? CLSCompliantAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"""Module {ilmodule.Name} {if attr.IsCompliant then "is" else "is not"} CLSCompliant."""
    | _ -> ()
    
// Output:
// Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
// Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

' Give the Module some attributes.
<Module: Description("A sample description")> 

' Make the CLSCompliant attribute False.
' The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
<Module: CLSCompliant(False)> 

Module DemoModule

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Module type to access its metadata.
        Dim modType As Reflection.Module = GetType(DemoModule).Module
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(modType)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description ""{1}"".", _
                    modType.Name, descAttr.Description)

            ' Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is CLSCompliantAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim CLSCompAttr As CLSCompliantAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, CLSCompliantAttribute)
                Dim strCompliant As String
                If CLSCompAttr.IsCompliant Then
                    strCompliant = "is"
                Else
                    strCompliant = "is not"
                End If
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", _
                    modType.Name, strCompliant)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe has the description "A sample description".
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe is not CLSCompliant.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf den Member eines Typs angewendet werden. Ein Parameter gibt den Member an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
MemberInfo

Ein Objekt, das aus der MemberInfo-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und einen Konstruktor-, Ereignis-, Feld-, Methoden- oder Eigenschaftenmember einer Klasse beschreibt.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array, das die benutzerdefinierten Attribute enthält, die auf element angewendet werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine solchen benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element ist null.

element ist kein Konstruktor, keine Methode, keine Eigenschaft, kein Ereignis, kein Typ und kein Feld.

Ein benutzerdefinierter Attributtyp kann nicht geladen werden.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von GetCustomAttribute, die als MemberInfo Parameter verwendet wird, veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{

    // Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
    public enum UnmanagedType
    {
        User,
        GDI,
        Kernel,
        Shell,
        Networking,
        Multimedia
    }

    // Define the Unmanaged attribute.
    public class UnmanagedAttribute : Attribute
    {
        // Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
        protected UnmanagedType thisType;

        // Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
        public UnmanagedAttribute(UnmanagedType type)
        {
            thisType = type;
        }

        // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
        public UnmanagedType Win32Type
        {
            get { return thisType; }
            set { thisType = Win32Type; }
        }
    }

    // Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
    public class Win32 {
        [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern int MessageBox(int hWnd, String text,
            String caption, uint type);
    }

    public class AClass {
        // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
        [Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)]
        public void Win32CallMethod()
        {
            Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0);
        }
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args)
            {
            // Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod");
            if (mInfo != null)
            {
                // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
                foreach(Attribute attr in
                    Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)) {
                    // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                    if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ObsoleteAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. " +
                            "The message is:",
                            mInfo.Name);
                        Console.WriteLine("  \"{0}\"",
                            ((ObsoleteAttribute)attr).Message);
                    }

                    // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                    else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(UnmanagedAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            "This method calls unmanaged code.");
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.",
                                          ((UnmanagedAttribute)attr).Win32Type));
                        AClass myCls = new AClass();
                        myCls.Win32CallMethod();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*

This code example produces the following results.

First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
This method calls unmanaged code.
The Unmanaged attribute type is User.

*/
open System
open System.Runtime.InteropServices

// Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
type UnmanagedType =
    | User = 0
    | GDI = 1
    | Kernel = 2
    | Shell = 3
    | Networking = 4
    | Multimedia = 5

// Define the Unmanaged attribute.
type UnmanagedAttribute(unmanagedType) =
    inherit Attribute()
    
    // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    member val Win32Type = unmanagedType with get, set

// Create a module for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
module Win32 =
    [<DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)>]
    extern int MessageBox(IntPtr hWnd, String text, String caption, uint ``type``)

type AClass() =
    // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    [<Obsolete "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.">]
    [<Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>]
    member _.Win32CallMethod () =
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0u)

// Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
let clsType = typeof<AClass>
// Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
let mInfo = clsType.GetMethod "Win32CallMethod"
if mInfo <> null then
    // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
    for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes mInfo do
        match attr with 
        // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
        | :? ObsoleteAttribute as attr ->
            printfn $"Method {mInfo.Name} is obsolete. The message is:"
            printfn $"  \"{attr.Message}\""

        // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
        | :? UnmanagedAttribute as attr ->
            printfn "This method calls unmanaged code."
            printfn $"The Unmanaged attribute type is {attr.Win32Type}."
            let myCls = AClass()
            myCls.Win32CallMethod() |> ignore
        | _ -> ()

// This code example produces the following results.
//
// First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
// obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
// Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
// and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
// Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

// Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
//   "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
// This method calls unmanaged code.
// The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
Public Enum UnmanagedType
    User
    GDI
    Kernel
    Shell
    Networking
    Multimedia
End Enum 'UnmanagedType

' Define the Unmanaged attribute.
Public Class UnmanagedAttribute 
             Inherits Attribute

    ' Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
    Protected thisType As UnmanagedType
    
    ' Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal type As UnmanagedType) 
        thisType = type
    End Sub
    
    ' Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    Public Property Win32Type() As UnmanagedType 
        Get
            Return thisType
        End Get
        Set
            thisType = Win32Type
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
Public Class Win32
    <DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Unicode)> _
    Public Shared Function MessageBox(ByVal hWnd As Integer, _
                                      ByVal Text As String, _
                                      ByVal caption As String, _
                                      ByVal type As Integer) As Integer
    End Function 'MessageBox
End Class

Public Class AClass
    ' Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."), _
     Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>  _
    Public Sub Win32CallMethod() 
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0)    
    End Sub
End Class

Class DemoClass
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String) 
        ' Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod")
        If Not (mInfo Is Nothing) Then
            ' Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
            Dim attr As Attribute
            For Each attr In  Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)
                ' Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                If attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(ObsoleteAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. The message is:", mInfo.Name)
                    Console.WriteLine("  ""{0}""", CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute).Message)
                ' Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                ElseIf attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(UnmanagedAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("This method calls unmanaged code.")
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.", _
                            CType(attr, UnmanagedAttribute).Win32Type))
                    Dim myCls As New AClass()
                    myCls.Win32CallMethod()
                End If
            Next attr
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results. 
'
'First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is 
'obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!" 
'and message text of "This is an unmanaged call." 
'Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:
'
'Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
'  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'This method calls unmanaged code.
'The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
'

Hinweise

Der Rückgabewert enthält die benutzerdefinierten Attribute für Vorfahren von element.

Hinweis

Ab der .NET Framework Version 2.0 gibt diese Methode Sicherheitsattribute für Methoden, Konstruktoren und Typen zurück, wenn die Attribute im neuen Metadatenformat gespeichert werden. Assemblys, die mit Version 2.0 oder höher kompiliert wurden, verwenden das neue Format. Dynamische Assemblys und Assemblys, die mit früheren Versionen des .NET Framework kompiliert wurden, verwenden das alte XML-Format. Siehe Deklarative Sicherheitsattribute.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf eine Assembly angewendet werden. Ein Parameter gibt die Assembly an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Assembly ^ element);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Assembly element);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Assembly -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Assembly) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
Assembly

Ein Objekt, das aus der Assembly-Klasse abgeleitet wurde, die eine wiederverwendbare Auflistung von Modulen beschreibt.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array, das die benutzerdefinierten Attribute enthält, die auf element angewendet werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine solchen benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element ist null.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel werden die benutzerdefinierten Attribute abgerufen, die in der aktuellen Assembly gefunden wurden.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly:AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CPP")];
[assembly:AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")];
[assembly:AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")];

ref class Example
{};

static void main()
{
    Type^ clsType = Example::typeid;

    // Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
    Assembly^ assy = clsType->Assembly;

    // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( assy )->GetEnumerator();
    while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
    {
       Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum->Current);

       // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
       if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyTitleAttribute::typeid )
          Console::WriteLine( "Assembly title is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyTitleAttribute^>(attr))->Title );
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
       else
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
          if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyDescriptionAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly description is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyDescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
          // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
          else if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyCompanyAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly company is {0}.", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyCompanyAttribute^>(attr))->Company );
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CPP".
using System;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CS")]
[assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")]
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")]

class Example {
    static void Main() {
        // Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
        Assembly assy = typeof(Example).Assembly;

        // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
        foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)) {
            // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyTitleAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyTitleAttribute)attr).Title);

            // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() ==
                typeof(AssemblyDescriptionAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);

            // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.",
                    ((AssemblyCompanyAttribute)attr).Company);
        }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
open System
open System.Reflection

[<assembly: AssemblyTitle "CustAttrs1CS">]
[<assembly: AssemblyDescription "GetCustomAttributes() Demo">]
[<assembly: AssemblyCompany"Microsoft">]
do ()

type Example = class end

// Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
let assembly = typeof<Example>.Assembly

// Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes assembly do
    match attr with
    // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
    | :? AssemblyTitleAttribute as attr ->    
        printfn $"Assembly title is \"{attr.Title}\"."
    // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
    | :? AssemblyDescriptionAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Assembly description is \"{attr.Description}\"."
    // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
    | :? AssemblyCompanyAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Assembly company is {attr.Company}."
    | _ -> ()
    
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1VB")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")> 

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
        Dim assy As Reflection.Assembly = GetType(Example).Assembly

        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the assembly.
        For Each attr As Attribute In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)
            ' Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is AssemblyTitleAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrTitle As AssemblyTitleAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyTitleAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrTitle.Title)

            ' Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyDescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrDesc As AssemblyDescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrDesc.Description)

            ' Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyCompanyAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrComp As AssemblyCompanyAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyCompanyAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.", _
                    attrComp.Company)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Assembly company is Microsoft.
'     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
'     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1VB".

Hinweise

Hinweis

Ab dem .NET Framework Version 2.0 gibt diese Methode Sicherheitsattribute zurück, wenn die Attribute im neuen Metadatenformat gespeichert werden. Assemblys, die mit Version 2.0 oder höher kompiliert wurden, verwenden das neue Format. Dynamische Assemblys und Assemblys, die mit früheren Versionen des .NET Framework kompiliert wurden, verwenden das alte XML-Format. Siehe Deklarative Sicherheitsattribute.

Gilt für:

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Boolean)

Ruft ein Array der benutzerdefinierten Attribute ab, die auf ein Modul angewendet werden. Parameter geben das Modul und eine ignorierte Suchoption an.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Module ^ element, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Module element, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Module * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Module, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Parameter

element
Module

Ein Objekt, das von der Module-Klasse abgeleitet wurde und eine übertragbare ausführbare Datei (Portable Executable, PE) beschreibt.

inherit
Boolean

Dieser Parameter wird ignoriert und wirkt sich nicht auf die Funktionsweise dieser Methode aus.

Gibt zurück

Attribute[]

Ein Attribute-Array, das die benutzerdefinierten Attribute enthält, die auf element angewendet werden, oder ein leeres Array, wenn keine solchen benutzerdefinierten Attribute vorhanden sind.

Ausnahmen

element oder attributeType ist null.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung von , die als Parameter verwendet GetCustomAttributeswird, Module veranschaulicht.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:Description("A sample description")];
[module:CLSCompliant(false)];
namespace CustAttrs2CS
{
   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         Type^ clsType = DemoClass::typeid;

         // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
         Module^ module = clsType->Module;

         // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( module )->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
         {
            Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum1->Current);

            // Check for the Description attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} has the description \"{1}\".", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            else

            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == CLSCompliantAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<CLSCompliantAttribute^>(attr))->IsCompliant ? (String^)"is" : "is not" );
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[module:Description("A sample description")]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:CLSCompliant(false)]

namespace CustAttrs2CS {
    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Type clsType = typeof(DemoClass);
            // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
            Module module = clsType.Module;

            // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
            foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(module)) {
                // Check for the Description attribute.
                if (attr.GetType() == typeof(DescriptionAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description " +
                        "\"{1}\".", module.Name,
                        ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
                else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(CLSCompliantAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.",
                        module.Name,
                        ((CLSCompliantAttribute)attr).IsCompliant ?
                            "is" : "is not");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
open System
open System.ComponentModel

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[<``module``: Description "A sample description">]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[<``module``: CLSCompliant false>]
do ()

type DemoClass = class end

// Get the Module type to access its metadata.
let ilmodule = typeof<DemoClass>.Module

// Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
for attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes ilmodule do
    match attr with
    // Check for the Description attribute.
    | :? DescriptionAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"Module {ilmodule.Name} has the description \"{attr.Description}\"."
                
    // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
    | :? CLSCompliantAttribute as attr ->
        printfn $"""Module {ilmodule.Name} {if attr.IsCompliant then "is" else "is not"} CLSCompliant."""
    | _ -> ()
    
// Output:
// Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
// Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

' Give the Module some attributes.
<Module: Description("A sample description")> 

' Make the CLSCompliant attribute False.
' The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
<Module: CLSCompliant(False)> 

Module DemoModule

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Module type to access its metadata.
        Dim modType As Reflection.Module = GetType(DemoModule).Module
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(modType)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description ""{1}"".", _
                    modType.Name, descAttr.Description)

            ' Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is CLSCompliantAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim CLSCompAttr As CLSCompliantAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, CLSCompliantAttribute)
                Dim strCompliant As String
                If CLSCompAttr.IsCompliant Then
                    strCompliant = "is"
                Else
                    strCompliant = "is not"
                End If
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", _
                    modType.Name, strCompliant)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe has the description "A sample description".
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe is not CLSCompliant.

Hinweise

Der Rückgabewert enthält die benutzerdefinierten Attribute für Vorfahren von element if inherit is true.

Gilt für: