Char.ConvertFromUtf32(Int32) Methode

Definition

Konvertiert den angegebenen Unicode-Codepunkt in eine UTF-16-codierte Zeichenfolge.

public:
 static System::String ^ ConvertFromUtf32(int utf32);
public static string ConvertFromUtf32 (int utf32);
static member ConvertFromUtf32 : int -> string
Public Shared Function ConvertFromUtf32 (utf32 As Integer) As String

Parameter

utf32
Int32

Ein 21-Bit-Unicode-Codepunkt.

Gibt zurück

String

Eine Zeichenfolge aus einemChar-Objekt oder einem Ersatzzeichenpaar von Char-Objekten, die dem durch den utf32-Parameter angegebenen Codepunkt entspricht.

Ausnahmen

utf32 ist kein gültiger 21-Bit-Unicode-Codepunkt zwischen U+0 und U+10FFFF, ausschließlich des Ersatzzeichenpaarbereichs zwischen U+D800 und U+DFFF.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel werden die Methoden ConvertToUtf32 und ConvertFromUtf32 veranschaulicht.

// This example demonstrates the Char.ConvertFromUtf32() method
//                           and Char.ConvertToUtf32() overloads.
using namespace System;
void Show( String^ s )
{
//   Console::Write( "0x{0:X}, 0x{1:X}", (int)s->get_Chars( 0 ), (int)s->get_Chars( 1 ) );
   Console::Write( "0x{0:X}, 0x{1:X}", (int)s[ 0 ], (int)s[ 1 ] );
}

int main()
{
   int music = 0x1D161; //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE

   String^ s1;
   String^ comment1a = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.";
   String^ comment1b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.";
   String^ comment1c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.";
   
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------
   //  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
   //  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1a );
   s1 = Char::ConvertFromUtf32( music );
   Console::Write( "    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", music );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   
   //  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
   //  zero to a code point.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1b );
   music = Char::ConvertToUtf32( s1, 0 );
   Console::Write( "    1b) " );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " => 0x{0:X}", music );
   
   //  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1c );
   music = Char::ConvertToUtf32( s1[ 0 ], s1[ 1 ] );
   Console::Write( "    1c) " );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " => 0x{0:X}", music );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    1a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
    1b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
    1c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161

*/
// This example demonstrates the Char.ConvertFromUtf32() method
//                           and Char.ConvertToUtf32() overloads.
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
    int letterA = 0x0041;  //U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
    int music   = 0x1D161; //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
    string s1;
    string comment   = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.";
    string comment1b = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.";
    string comment2b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.";
    string comment2c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.";

//  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of
//  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

    Console.WriteLine(comment);
    s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(letterA);
    Console.Write("    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", letterA);
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine();

//  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment1b);
    letterA = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0);
    Console.Write("    1b) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", letterA);
    Console.WriteLine();

// -------------------------------------------------------------------

//  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of
//  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

    Console.WriteLine(comment);
    s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(music);
    Console.Write("    2a) 0x{0:X} => ", music);
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine();

//  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position
//  zero to a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment2b);
    music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0);
    Console.Write("    2b) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music);

//  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment2c);
    music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1[0], s1[1]);
    Console.Write("    2c) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music);
    }

    private static void Show(string s)
    {
    for (int x = 0; x < s.Length; x++)
        {
        Console.Write("0x{0:X}{1}",
                       (int)s[x],
                       ((x == s.Length-1)? String.Empty : ", "));
        }
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    1a) 0x41 => 0x41
Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
    1b) 0x41 => 0x41

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
    2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
    2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161

*/
open System

let show (s: string) =
    for x = 0 to s.Length - 1 do
        printf $"""0x{int s[x]:X}{if x = s.Length - 1 then String.Empty else ", "}"""                    

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    let letterA = 0x0041  //U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
    let music   = 0x1D161 //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
    let comment   = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point."
    let comment1b = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string."
    let comment2b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string."
    let comment2c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point."

//  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of
//  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

    printfn $"{comment}"
    let s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32 letterA
    printf $"    1a) 0x{letterA:X} => "
    show s1
    printfn ""

//  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

    printfn $"{comment1b}"
    let letterA = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
    printf "    1b) "
    show s1
    printfn $" => 0x{letterA:X}"
    printfn ""

// -------------------------------------------------------------------

//  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of
//  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

    printfn $"{comment}"
    let s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32 music
    printf $"    2a) 0x{music:X} => "
    show s1
    printfn ""

//  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position
//  zero to a code point.

    printfn $"{comment2b}" 
    let music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
    printf "    2b) "
    show s1
    printfn $" => 0x{music:X}"

//  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

    printfn $"{comment2c}"
    let music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1[0], s1[1])
    printf "    2c) "
    show s1
    printfn $" => 0x{music:X}"

    0

// This example produces the following results:
//
// Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
//     1a) 0x41 => 0x41
// Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
//     1b) 0x41 => 0x41
//
// Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
//     2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
// Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
//     2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
// Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
//     2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim letterA As Integer = &H41    'U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
      Dim music As Integer   = &H1D161 'U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
      Dim s1 As String
      Dim comment   As String = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point."
      Dim comment1b As String = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string."
      Dim comment2b As String = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string."
      Dim comment2c As String = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point."
      
      '  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
      '  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

      Console.WriteLine(comment)
      s1 = [Char].ConvertFromUtf32(letterA)
      Console.Write("    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", letterA)
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      '  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment1b)
      letterA = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
      Console.Write("    1b) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", letterA)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      ' -------------------------------------------------------------------

      '  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
      '  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

      Console.WriteLine(comment)
      s1 = [Char].ConvertFromUtf32(music)
      Console.Write("    2a) 0x{0:X} => ", music)
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      '  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
      '  zero to a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment2b)
      music = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
      Console.Write("    2b) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music)
      
      '  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment2c)
      music = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1.Chars(0), s1.Chars(1))
      Console.Write("    2c) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music)
   End Sub
   
   Private Shared Sub Show(s As String)
      Dim x As Integer
      If s.Length = 0 Then Exit Sub
      For x = 0 To s.Length - 1
         Console.Write("0x{0:X}{1}", _
                        AscW(s.Chars(x)), _
                        IIf(x = s.Length - 1, [String].Empty, ", "))
      Next 
   End Sub 
End Class 
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
'    1a) 0x41 => 0x41
'Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
'    1b) 0x41 => 0x41
'
'Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
'    2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
'Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
'    2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
'Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
'    2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
'

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie diese Methode, um einen 21-Bit-Unicode-Codepunkt in eine UTF-16-codierte Zeichenfolge zu konvertieren, bevor Sie die Zeichenfolge mit Methoden wie IsLowSurrogate(Char) und IsHighSurrogate(Char) testen.

Ein gültiger Codepunkt außerhalb der Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP) ergibt immer ein gültiges Ersatzzeichenpaar. Ein gültiger Codepunkt innerhalb des BMP liefert jedoch möglicherweise kein gültiges Ergebnis gemäß dem Unicode-Standard, da bei der Konvertierung keine linguistische Verarbeitung verwendet wird. Verwenden Sie daher die -Klasse, um System.Text.UTF32Encoding UTF-32-Massendaten in UTF-16-Massendaten zu konvertieren.

Gilt für

Siehe auch