ArrayList.RemoveAt(Int32) Methode

Definition

Entfernt das Element am angegebenen Index aus der ArrayList.Removes the element at the specified index of the ArrayList.

public:
 virtual void RemoveAt(int index);
public virtual void RemoveAt (int index);
abstract member RemoveAt : int -> unit
override this.RemoveAt : int -> unit
Public Overridable Sub RemoveAt (index As Integer)

Parameter

index
Int32

Der nullbasierte Index des zu entfernenden Elements.The zero-based index of the element to remove.

Implementiert

Ausnahmen

index ist kleiner als Null.index is less than zero.

- oder --or- index ist größer oder gleich Count.index is equal to or greater than Count.

ArrayList ist schreibgeschützt.The ArrayList is read-only.

- oder --or- ArrayList hat eine feste Größe.The ArrayList has a fixed size.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird gezeigt, wie Elemente aus dem ArrayList entfernt werden.The following code example shows how to remove elements from the ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes the element containing "lazy".
   myAL->Remove( "lazy" );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes the element at index 5.
   myAL->RemoveAt( 5 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes three elements starting at index 4.
   myAL->RemoveRange( 4, 3 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing three elements starting at index 4:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList initially contains the following:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
 After removing "lazy":
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
 After removing the element at index 5:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
 After removing three elements starting at index 4:
    The   quick   brown   fox
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "The" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );
      myAL.Add( "over" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "lazy" );
      myAL.Add( "dog" );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes the element containing "lazy".
      myAL.Remove( "lazy" );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes the element at index 5.
      myAL.RemoveAt( 5 );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes three elements starting at index 4.
      myAL.RemoveRange( 4, 3 );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing three elements starting at index 4:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.Write( "   {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList initially contains the following:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
After removing "lazy":
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
After removing the element at index 5:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
After removing three elements starting at index 4:
   The   quick   brown   fox
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        myAL.Add("jumps")
        myAL.Add("over")
        myAL.Add("the")
        myAL.Add("lazy")
        myAL.Add("dog")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes the element containing "lazy".
        myAL.Remove("lazy")
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing ""lazy"":")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes the element at index 5.
        myAL.RemoveAt(5)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing the element at index 5:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes three elements starting at index 4.
        myAL.RemoveRange(4, 3)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing three elements starting at index 4:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
    End Sub
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.Write("   {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The ArrayList initially contains the following:
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
' After removing "lazy":
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
' After removing the element at index 5:
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
' After removing three elements starting at index 4:
'    The   quick   brown   fox

Hinweise

Nachdem das Element entfernt wurde, wird die Größe der Auflistung angepasst, und der Wert der Count-Eigenschaft wird um eins verringert.After the element is removed, the size of the collection is adjusted and the value of the Count property is decreased by one.

In Auflistungen mit zusammenhängenden Elementen, beispielsweise Listen, wird die nach dem Entfernen eines Elements entstandene Lücke durch Verschieben aller nachfolgenden Elemente gefüllt.In collections of contiguous elements, such as lists, the elements that follow the removed element move up to occupy the vacated spot. Wenn die Auflistung indiziert ist, werden auch die Indizes der verschobenen Elemente aktualisiert.If the collection is indexed, the indexes of the elements that are moved are also updated. Dies gilt nicht für Auflistungen, in denen die Elemente konzeptionell in Buckets gruppiert sind, beispielsweise Hashtabellen.This behavior does not apply to collections where elements are conceptually grouped into buckets, such as a hash table.

Bei dieser Methode handelt es sich um einen O(n)-Vorgang, bei dem n Count ist.This method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch