SortedList.Contains(Object) Methode

Definition

Ermittelt, ob ein SortedList-Objekt einen bestimmten Schlüssel enthält.Determines whether a SortedList object contains a specific key.

public:
 virtual bool Contains(System::Object ^ key);
public virtual bool Contains (object key);
abstract member Contains : obj -> bool
override this.Contains : obj -> bool
Public Overridable Function Contains (key As Object) As Boolean

Parameter

key
Object

Der im SortedList-Objekt zu suchende Schlüssel.The key to locate in the SortedList object.

Gibt zurück

Boolean

true, wenn das SortedList-Objekt ein Element mit dem angegebenen key enthält, andernfalls false.true if the SortedList object contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

Implementiert

Ausnahmen

key ist null.key is null.

Der Vergleich löst eine Ausnahme aus.The comparer throws an exception.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie bestimmt wird, ob ein- SortedList Objekt ein bestimmtes Element enthält.The following code example shows how to determine whether a SortedList object contains a specific element.

#using <system.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine(  "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i, myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
   SortedList^ mySL = gcnew SortedList;
   mySL->Add( 2, "two" );
   mySL->Add( 4, "four" );
   mySL->Add( 1, "one" );
   mySL->Add( 3, "three" );
   mySL->Add( (int^)0, "zero" );
   
   // Displays the values of the SortedList.
   Console::WriteLine(  "The SortedList contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( mySL );
   
   // Searches for a specific key.
   int myKey = 2;
   Console::WriteLine(  "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   myKey = 6;
   Console::WriteLine(  "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   
   // Searches for a specific value.
   String^ myValue = "three";
   Console::WriteLine(  "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   myValue =  "nine";
   Console::WriteLine(  "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    0       zero
        [1]:    1       one
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    3       three
        [4]:    4       four

The key "2" is in the SortedList.
The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
The value "three" is in the SortedList.
The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList.
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class SamplesSortedList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
      SortedList mySL = new SortedList();
      mySL.Add( 2, "two" );
      mySL.Add( 4, "four" );
      mySL.Add( 1, "one" );
      mySL.Add( 3, "three" );
      mySL.Add( 0, "zero" );

      // Displays the values of the SortedList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The SortedList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( mySL );

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
      myKey = 6;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );

      // Searches for a specific value.
      String myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
      myValue = "nine";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( SortedList myList )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i, myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i) );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/*
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList contains the following values:
    -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
    [0]:    0    zero
    [1]:    1    one
    [2]:    2    two
    [3]:    3    three
    [4]:    4    four

The key "2" is in the SortedList.
The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
The value "three" is in the SortedList.
The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList.
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesSortedList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
        Dim mySL As New SortedList()
        mySL.Add(2, "two")
        mySL.Add(4, "four")
        mySL.Add(1, "one")
        mySL.Add(3, "three")
        mySL.Add(0, "zero")
        
        ' Displays the values of the SortedList.
        Console.WriteLine("The SortedList contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(mySL)
        
        ' Searches for a specific key.
        Dim myKey As Integer = 2
        Dim msg As String
        If mySL.ContainsKey(myKey) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The key ""{0}"" is {1}.", myKey, msg)
        myKey = 6
        If mySL.ContainsKey(myKey) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The key ""{0}"" is {1}.", myKey, msg)        
        ' Searches for a specific value.
        Dim myValue As String = "three"
        If mySL.ContainsValue(myValue) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The value ""{0}"" is {1}.", myValue, msg)
        myValue = "nine"
        If mySL.ContainsValue(myValue) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The value ""{0}"" is {1}.", myValue, msg)
    End Sub   
    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "-INDEX-" & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "-KEY-" & ControlChars.Tab & "-VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "[{0}]:" & ControlChars.Tab & _
               "{1}" & ControlChars.Tab & "{2}", i, myList.GetKey(i), _
               myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The SortedList contains the following values:
'     -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
'     [0]:    0    zero
'     [1]:    1    one
'     [2]:    2    two
'     [3]:    3    three
'     [4]:    4    four
' 
' The key "2" is in the SortedList.
' The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
' The value "three" is in the SortedList.
' The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList. 

Hinweise

Die Elemente eines- SortedList Objekts werden nach den Schlüsseln sortiert, entweder entsprechend einer bestimmten- IComparer Implementierung, die beim SortedList Erstellen von angegeben wird, oder gemäß der Implementierung, die IComparable von den Schlüsseln selbst bereitgestellt wird.The elements of a SortedList object are sorted by the keys either according to a specific IComparer implementation specified when the SortedList is created or according to the IComparable implementation provided by the keys themselves.

Contains implementiert IDictionary.Contains.Contains implements IDictionary.Contains. Sie verhält sich genau so ContainsKey .It behaves exactly as ContainsKey.

Diese Methode verwendet einen binären Suchalgorithmus. Daher ist diese Methode ein O(log n) Vorgang, bei dem gleich n ist Count .This method uses a binary search algorithm; therefore, this method is an O(log n) operation, where n is Count.

Beginnend mit dem .NET Framework 2,0 verwendet diese Methode die-und-Methoden der-Auflistung, Equals CompareTo item um zu bestimmen, ob ein Element vorhanden ist.Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. In früheren Versionen der .NET Framework wurde diese Bestimmung durch die Verwendung der Equals -Methode und der- CompareTo Methode des- item Parameters für die-Objekte in der-Auflistung vorgenommen.In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch