IContainer Schnittstelle

Definition

Stellt Funktionalität für ein Container bereit. Container sind Objekte, die logischerweise 0 oder mehr Komponenten enthalten.

public interface class IContainer : IDisposable
public interface IContainer : IDisposable
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public interface IContainer : IDisposable
type IContainer = interface
    interface IDisposable
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type IContainer = interface
    interface IDisposable
Public Interface IContainer
Implements IDisposable
Abgeleitet
Attribute
Implementiert

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie die IContainer Schnittstelle implementiert wird.

//This code segment implements the IContainer interface.  The code segment 
//containing the implementation of ISite and IComponent can be found in the documentation
//for those interfaces.

//Implement the LibraryContainer using the IContainer interface.

class LibraryContainer : IContainer
{
    private ArrayList m_bookList;

    public LibraryContainer()
    {
        m_bookList = new ArrayList();
    }

    public virtual void Add(IComponent book)
    {
        //The book will be added without creation of the ISite object.
        m_bookList.Add(book);
    }

    public virtual void Add(IComponent book, string ISNDNNum)
    {
        for(int i =0; i < m_bookList.Count; ++i)
        {
            IComponent curObj = (IComponent)m_bookList[i];
            if(curObj.Site != null)
            {
                if(curObj.Site.Name.Equals(ISNDNNum))
                    throw new ArgumentException("The ISBN number already exists in the container"); 
            }
        }

        ISBNSite data = new ISBNSite(this, book);
        data.Name = ISNDNNum;
        book.Site = data;
        m_bookList.Add(book);
    }

    public virtual void Remove(IComponent book)
    {
        for(int i =0; i < m_bookList.Count; ++i)
        {				
            if(book.Equals(m_bookList[i]))
            {
                m_bookList.RemoveAt(i);
                    break;
            }
        }
    }

    public ComponentCollection Components
    {
        get
        {
            IComponent[] datalist = new BookComponent[m_bookList.Count];
            m_bookList.CopyTo(datalist);
            return new ComponentCollection(datalist);
        }
    }

    public virtual void Dispose()
    {	
        for(int i =0; i < m_bookList.Count; ++i)
        {
            IComponent curObj = (IComponent)m_bookList[i];
            curObj.Dispose();
        }
        
        m_bookList.Clear();
    }

    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        LibraryContainer cntrExmpl = new LibraryContainer();

        try 
        {
            BookComponent book1 = new BookComponent("Wizard's First Rule", "Terry Gooodkind");
            cntrExmpl.Add(book1, "0812548051");
            BookComponent book2 = new BookComponent("Stone of Tears", "Terry Gooodkind");
            cntrExmpl.Add(book2, "0812548094");
            BookComponent book3 = new BookComponent("Blood of the Fold", "Terry Gooodkind");
            cntrExmpl.Add(book3, "0812551478");
            BookComponent book4 = new BookComponent("The Soul of the Fire", "Terry Gooodkind");
            //This will generate exception because the ISBN already exists in the container.
            cntrExmpl.Add(book4, "0812551478");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unable to add books: " + e.Message);
        }

        ComponentCollection datalist =cntrExmpl.Components;
        IEnumerator denum = datalist.GetEnumerator();

        while(denum.MoveNext())
        {
            BookComponent cmp = (BookComponent)denum.Current;
            Console.WriteLine("Book Title: " + cmp.Title);
            Console.WriteLine("Book Author: " + cmp.Author);
            Console.WriteLine("Book ISBN: " + cmp.Site.Name);
        }
    }
}
    'This code segment implements the IContainer interface.  The code segment 
    'containing the implementation of ISite and IComponent can be found in the documentation
    'for those interfaces.
    
    'Implement the LibraryContainer using the IContainer interface.

Class LibraryContainer
    Implements IContainer
    Private m_bookList As ArrayList

    Public Sub New()
        m_bookList = New ArrayList()
    End Sub

    Public Sub Add(ByVal book As IComponent) Implements IContainer.Add
        'The book will be added without creation of the ISite object.
        m_bookList.Add(book)
    End Sub

    Public Sub Add(ByVal book As IComponent, ByVal ISNDNNum As String) Implements IContainer.Add

        Dim i As Integer
        Dim curObj As IComponent

        For i = 0 To m_bookList.Count - 1
            curObj = CType(m_bookList(i), IComponent)
            If curObj.Site IsNot Nothing Then
                If (curObj.Site.Name.Equals(ISNDNNum)) Then
                    Throw New ArgumentException("The ISBN number already exists in the container")
                End If
            End If
        Next i

        Dim data As ISBNSite = New ISBNSite(Me, book)
        data.Name = ISNDNNum
        book.Site = data
        m_bookList.Add(book)

    End Sub

    Public Sub Remove(ByVal book As IComponent) Implements IContainer.Remove
        Dim i As Integer
        Dim curComp As BookComponent = CType(book, BookComponent)

        For i = 0 To m_bookList.Count - 1
            If (curComp.Equals(m_bookList(i)) = True) Then
                m_bookList.RemoveAt(i)
                Exit For
            End If
        Next i
    End Sub


    Public ReadOnly Property Components() As ComponentCollection Implements IContainer.Components
        Get
            Dim datalist(m_bookList.Count - 1) As IComponent
            
            m_bookList.CopyTo(datalist)
            Return New ComponentCollection(datalist)
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Overridable Sub Dispose() Implements IDisposable.Dispose
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To m_bookList.Count - 1
            Dim curObj As IComponent = CType(m_bookList(i), IComponent)
            curObj.Dispose()
        Next i

        m_bookList.Clear()
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim cntrExmpl As LibraryContainer = New LibraryContainer()

        Try
            Dim book1 As BookComponent = New BookComponent("Wizard's First Rule", "Terry Gooodkind")
            cntrExmpl.Add(book1, "0812548051")
            Dim book2 As BookComponent = New BookComponent("Stone of Tears", "Terry Gooodkind")
            cntrExmpl.Add(book2, "0812548094")
            Dim book3 As BookComponent = New BookComponent("Blood of the Fold", "Terry Gooodkind")
            cntrExmpl.Add(book3, "0812551478")
            Dim book4 As BookComponent = New BookComponent("The Soul of the Fire", "Terry Gooodkind")
            'This will generate an exception, because the ISBN already exists in the container.
            cntrExmpl.Add(book4, "0812551478")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine("Unable to add books: " + e.Message)
        End Try

        Dim datalist As ComponentCollection = cntrExmpl.Components
        Dim denum As IEnumerator = datalist.GetEnumerator()

        While (denum.MoveNext())
            Dim cmp As BookComponent = CType(denum.Current, BookComponent)
            Console.WriteLine("Book Title: " + cmp.Title)
            Console.WriteLine("Book Author: " + cmp.Author)
            Console.WriteLine("Book ISBN: " + cmp.Site.Name)
        End While
    End Sub
End Class

Hinweise

Container sind Objekte, die Kapselung und Nachverfolgen von Null oder mehr Komponenten sind. In diesem Zusammenhang bezieht sich das Containment auf logisches Enthalten, nicht auf visuelles Enthalten. Sie können Komponenten und Container in einer Vielzahl von Szenarien verwenden, einschließlich Szenarien, die sowohl visuell als auch nicht visuell sind.

Hinweise für Ausführende

Um ein Container zu sein, muss die Klasse die IContainer Schnittstelle implementieren, die Methoden zum Hinzufügen, Entfernen und Abrufen von Komponenten unterstützt.

Eigenschaften

Components

Ruft alle Komponenten im IContainer ab.

Methoden

Add(IComponent)

Fügt dem IComponent am Ende der Liste die angegebene IContainer hinzu.

Add(IComponent, String)

Fügt dem IComponent am Ende der Liste die angegebene IContainer hinzu und weist der Komponente einen Namen zu.

Dispose()

Führt anwendungsspezifische Aufgaben durch, die mit der Freigabe, der Zurückgabe oder dem Zurücksetzen von nicht verwalteten Ressourcen zusammenhängen.

(Geerbt von IDisposable)
Remove(IComponent)

Entfernt eine Komponente aus dem IContainer.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch