Convert.ChangeType Convert.ChangeType Convert.ChangeType Convert.ChangeType Method

Definition

Gibt ein Objekt eines angegebenen Typs zurück, dessen Wert einem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of a specified type whose value is equivalent to a specified object.

Überlädt

ChangeType(Object, Type) ChangeType(Object, Type) ChangeType(Object, Type) ChangeType(Object, Type)

Gibt ein Objekt vom angegebenen Typ zurück, dessen Wert dem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of the specified type and whose value is equivalent to the specified object.

ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) ChangeType(Object, TypeCode)

Gibt ein Objekt vom angegebenen Typ zurück, dessen Wert dem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of the specified type whose value is equivalent to the specified object.

ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider)

Gibt ein Objekt vom angegebenen Typ zurück, dessen Wert dem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of the specified type whose value is equivalent to the specified object. Ein Parameter liefert kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen.A parameter supplies culture-specific formatting information.

ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider)

Gibt ein Objekt vom angegebenen Typ zurück, dessen Wert dem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of the specified type whose value is equivalent to the specified object. Ein Parameter liefert kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen.A parameter supplies culture-specific formatting information.

ChangeType(Object, Type) ChangeType(Object, Type) ChangeType(Object, Type) ChangeType(Object, Type)

Gibt ein Objekt vom angegebenen Typ zurück, dessen Wert dem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of the specified type and whose value is equivalent to the specified object.

public:
 static System::Object ^ ChangeType(System::Object ^ value, Type ^ conversionType);
public static object ChangeType (object value, Type conversionType);
static member ChangeType : obj * Type -> obj
Public Shared Function ChangeType (value As Object, conversionType As Type) As Object

Parameter

value
Object Object Object Object

Ein Objekt, das die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert.An object that implements the IConvertible interface.

conversionType
Type Type Type Type

Der Typ des zurückzugebenden Objekts.The type of object to return.

Gibt zurück

Ein Objekt, dessen Typ conversionType ist und dessen Wert value entspricht.An object whose type is conversionType and whose value is equivalent to value.

- oder --or- Ein Nullverweis (Nothing in Visual Basic), wenn value null ist und conversionType kein Werttyp.A null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), if value is null and conversionType is not a value type.

Ausnahmen

Diese Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.This conversion is not supported.

- oder --or- value ist null, und conversionType ist ein Werttyp.value is null and conversionType is a value type.

- oder --or- Die IConvertible-Schnittstelle wird von value nicht implementiert.value does not implement the IConvertible interface.

value hat ein Format, das von conversionType nicht erkannt wird.value is not in a format recognized by conversionType.

value stellt eine Zahl außerhalb des Bereichs von conversionType dar.value represents a number that is out of the range of conversionType.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird die Verwendung der ChangeType-Methode veranschaulicht.The following example illustrates the use of the ChangeType method.

using namespace System;

int main()
{
   Double d = -2.345;
   int i =  *safe_cast<Int32^>(Convert::ChangeType( d, int::typeid ));
   Console::WriteLine( "The double value {0} when converted to an int becomes {1}", d, i );
   String^ s = "12/12/98";
   DateTime dt =  *safe_cast<DateTime^>(Convert::ChangeType( s, DateTime::typeid ));
   Console::WriteLine( "The string value {0} when converted to a Date becomes {1}", s, dt );
}
using System;

public class ChangeTypeTest {
    public static void Main() {

        Double d = -2.345;
        int i = (int)Convert.ChangeType(d, typeof(int));

        Console.WriteLine("The double value {0} when converted to an int becomes {1}", d, i);

        string s = "12/12/98";
        DateTime dt = (DateTime)Convert.ChangeType(s, typeof(DateTime));

        Console.WriteLine("The string value {0} when converted to a Date becomes {1}", s, dt);        
    }
}
Public Class ChangeTypeTest
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim d As [Double] = - 2.345
        Dim i As Integer = CInt(Convert.ChangeType(d, GetType(Integer)))
        
        Console.WriteLine("The double value {0} when converted to an int becomes {1}", d, i)
        Dim s As String = "12/12/98"
        Dim dt As DateTime = CType(Convert.ChangeType(s, GetType(DateTime)), DateTime)
        
        Console.WriteLine("The string value {0} when converted to a Date becomes {1}", s, dt)
    End Sub
End Class 'ChangeTypeTest

Hinweise

ChangeTypeist eine allgemeine Konvertierungsmethode, die das von value angegebene Objekt in conversionTypekonvertiert.ChangeType is a general-purpose conversion method that converts the object specified by value to conversionType. Der value -Parameter kann ein Objekt eines beliebigen Typs sein, conversionType und es kann sich Type auch um ein-Objekt handeln, das einen beliebigen Basis-oder benutzerdefinierten Typ darstellt.The value parameter can be an object of any type, and conversionType can also be a Type object that represents any base or custom type. Damit die Konvertierung erfolgreich durchgeführt value werden kann, IConvertible muss die-Schnittstelle implementieren, da die-Methode einfach IConvertible einen aufzurufenden-Methode umschließt.For the conversion to succeed, value must implement the IConvertible interface, because the method simply wraps a call to an appropriate IConvertible method. Die-Methode erfordert, dass value die conversionType Konvertierung von in unterstützt wird.The method requires that conversion of value to conversionType be supported.

Diese Methode verwendet die Kultur des aktuellen Threads für die Konvertierung.This method uses the current thread's culture for the conversion.

Hinweise für Aufrufer

Die ChangeType(Object, Type) -Methode kann einen Enumerationswert in einen anderen Typ konvertieren.The ChangeType(Object, Type) method can convert an enumeration value to another type. Es ist jedoch nicht möglich, einen anderen Typ in einen Enumerationswert zu konvertieren, auch wenn der Quelltyp der zugrunde liegende Typ der Enumeration ist.However, it cannot convert another type to an enumeration value, even if the source type is the underlying type of the enumeration. Um einen Typ in einen Enumerationswert zu konvertieren, verwenden Sie einen Umwandlungs Operator (in C#) oder eine Konvertierungs Funktion (in Visual Basic).To convert a type to an enumeration value, use a casting operator (in C#) or a conversion function (in Visual Basic). Das folgende Beispiel veranschaulicht die Konvertierung in einen und aus einem Kontinent -Enumerationswert.The following example illustrates the conversion to and from a Continent enumeration value.

[! Code-csharpSystem. Convert. ChangeType # 5] [! Code-vbSystem. Convert. ChangeType # 5][!code-csharpSystem.Convert.ChangeType#5] [!code-vbSystem.Convert.ChangeType#5] Die ChangeType(Object, Type) Methode kann einen Typ, der NULL-Werte zulässt, in einen anderen Typ konvertieren.The ChangeType(Object, Type) method can convert a nullable type to another type. Es ist jedoch nicht möglich, einen anderen Typ in einen Wert eines Typs zu konvertieren, der conversionType NULL-Werte zulässt, auch Nullable<T>wenn der zugrunde liegende Typ von ist. Sie können einen Typumwandlungs Operator (in C#) oder eine Konvertierungs Funktion (in Visual Basic) verwenden, um die Konvertierung auszuführen.However, it cannot convert another type to a value of a nullable type, even if conversionType is the underlying type of the Nullable<T>.To perform the conversion, you can use a casting operator (in C#) or a conversion function (in Visual Basic). Im folgenden Beispiel wird die Konvertierung in einen und aus einem Werte zulässt-Typ veranschaulicht.The following example illustrates the conversion to and from a nullable type.

[! Code-csharpSystem. Convert. ChangeType # 7] [! Code-vbSystem. Convert. ChangeType # 7][!code-csharpSystem.Convert.ChangeType#7] [!code-vbSystem.Convert.ChangeType#7]

ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) ChangeType(Object, TypeCode)

Gibt ein Objekt vom angegebenen Typ zurück, dessen Wert dem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of the specified type whose value is equivalent to the specified object.

public:
 static System::Object ^ ChangeType(System::Object ^ value, TypeCode typeCode);
public static object ChangeType (object value, TypeCode typeCode);
static member ChangeType : obj * TypeCode -> obj

Parameter

value
Object Object Object Object

Ein Objekt, das die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert.An object that implements the IConvertible interface.

typeCode
TypeCode TypeCode TypeCode TypeCode

Der Typ des zurückzugebenden Objekts.The type of object to return.

Gibt zurück

Ein Objekt, dem typeCode als Typ zugrunde liegt und dessen Wert value entspricht.An object whose underlying type is typeCode and whose value is equivalent to value.

- oder --or- Ein Nullverweis (Nothing in Visual Basic), wenn value null ist und typeCode Empty, String oder Object ist.A null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), if value is null and typeCode is Empty, String, or Object.

Ausnahmen

Diese Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.This conversion is not supported.

- oder --or- value ist null, und typeCode gibt einen Werttyp an.value is null and typeCode specifies a value type.

- oder --or- Die IConvertible-Schnittstelle wird von value nicht implementiert.value does not implement the IConvertible interface.

value hat ein Format, das vom typeCode-Typ nicht erkannt wird.value is not in a format recognized by the typeCode type.

value stellt eine Zahl außerhalb des Bereichs des typeCode-Typs dar.value represents a number that is out of the range of the typeCode type.

typeCode ist ungültig.typeCode is invalid.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie die ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) -Methode verwendet wird Object , um eine in TypeCode den vom-Parameter angegebenen Typ zu ändern, sofern möglich.The following example illustrates how to use the ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) method to change an Object to the type specified by the TypeCode parameter, if possible.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   Double d = -2.345;
   int i = (int) Convert::ChangeType(d, TypeCode::Int32);

   Console::WriteLine("The Double {0} when converted to an Int32 is {1}", d, i);

   String^ s = "12/12/2009";
   DateTime dt = (DateTime)Convert::ChangeType(s, DateTime::typeid);

   Console::WriteLine("The String {0} when converted to a Date is {1}", s, dt);        
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Double -2.345 when converted to an Int32 is -2
//    The String 12/12/2009 when converted to a Date is 12/12/2009 12:00:00 AM
using System;

public class ChangeTypeTest {
    public static void Main() {

        Double d = -2.345;
        int i = (int)Convert.ChangeType(d, TypeCode.Int32);

        Console.WriteLine("The Double {0} when converted to an Int32 is {1}", d, i);

        string s = "12/12/2009";
        DateTime dt = (DateTime)Convert.ChangeType(s, typeof(DateTime));

        Console.WriteLine("The String {0} when converted to a Date is {1}", s, dt);        
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Double -2.345 when converted to an Int32 is -2
//    The String 12/12/2009 when converted to a Date is 12/12/2009 12:00:00 AM
Public Class ChangeTypeTest
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim d As [Double] = - 2.345
        Dim i As Integer = CInt(Convert.ChangeType(d, TypeCode.Int32))
        
        Console.WriteLine("The Double {0} when converted to an Int32 is {1}", d, i)
        Dim s As String = "12/12/2009"
        Dim dt As DateTime = CDate(Convert.ChangeType(s, TypeCode.DateTime))
        
        Console.WriteLine("The String {0} when converted to a Date is {1}", s, dt)
    End Sub 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Double -2.345 when converted to an Int32 is -2
'    The String 12/12/2009 when converted to a Date is 12/12/2009 12:00:00 AM

Hinweise

ChangeType(Object, TypeCode)ist eine allgemeine Konvertierungsmethode, die das durch value angegebene Objekt in einen vordefinierten Typ konvertiert, der durch typeCodeangegeben wird.ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) is a general-purpose conversion method that converts the object specified by value to a predefined type specified by typeCode. Der value -Parameter kann ein Objekt eines beliebigen Typs sein.The value parameter can be an object of any type. Damit die Konvertierung erfolgreich durchgeführt value werden kann, IConvertible muss die-Schnittstelle implementieren, da die-Methode einfach IConvertible einen aufzurufenden-Methode umschließt.For the conversion to succeed, value must implement the IConvertible interface, because the method simply wraps a call to an appropriate IConvertible method. Die-Methode erfordert auch, dass value die typeCode Konvertierung von in unterstützt wird.The method also requires that conversion of value to typeCode be supported.

Die ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) -Methode unterstützt nicht die Konvertierung value von in einen benutzerdefinierten Typ.The ChangeType(Object, TypeCode) method does not support the conversion of value to a custom type. Um eine solche Konvertierung auszuführen, wird die ChangeType(Object, Type) -Methode aufgerufen.To perform such a conversion, call the ChangeType(Object, Type) method.

ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider)

Gibt ein Objekt vom angegebenen Typ zurück, dessen Wert dem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of the specified type whose value is equivalent to the specified object. Ein Parameter liefert kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen.A parameter supplies culture-specific formatting information.

public:
 static System::Object ^ ChangeType(System::Object ^ value, Type ^ conversionType, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
public static object ChangeType (object value, Type conversionType, IFormatProvider provider);
static member ChangeType : obj * Type * IFormatProvider -> obj
Public Shared Function ChangeType (value As Object, conversionType As Type, provider As IFormatProvider) As Object

Parameter

value
Object Object Object Object

Ein Objekt, das die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert.An object that implements the IConvertible interface.

conversionType
Type Type Type Type

Der Typ des zurückzugebenden Objekts.The type of object to return.

provider
IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider

Ein Objekt, das kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen bereitstellt.An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Gibt zurück

Ein Objekt, dessen Typ conversionType ist und dessen Wert value entspricht.An object whose type is conversionType and whose value is equivalent to value.

- oder --or- value, wenn der Type von value und conversionType gleich sind.value, if the Type of value and conversionType are equal.

- oder --or- Ein Nullverweis (Nothing in Visual Basic), wenn value null ist und conversionType kein Werttyp.A null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), if value is null and conversionType is not a value type.

Ausnahmen

Diese Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.This conversion is not supported.

- oder --or- value ist null, und conversionType ist ein Werttyp.value is null and conversionType is a value type.

- oder --or- Die IConvertible-Schnittstelle wird von value nicht implementiert.value does not implement the IConvertible interface.

value hat ein Format für conversionType, das von provider nicht erkannt wird.value is not in a format for conversionType recognized by provider.

value stellt eine Zahl außerhalb des Bereichs von conversionTypedar.value represents a number that is out of the range of conversionType.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird eine Temperature -Klasse definiert, die die IConvertible -Schnittstelle implementiert.The following example defines a Temperature class that implements the IConvertible interface.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;

public ref class Temperature : IConvertible
{
private:
   Decimal m_Temp;

public:
   Temperature(Decimal temperature)
   {
      m_Temp = temperature;
   }
   
   property Decimal Celsius {
      Decimal get() { return m_Temp; }
   }
   
   property Decimal Kelvin {
      Decimal get() { return m_Temp + (Decimal) 273.15; }
   }
   
   property Decimal Fahrenheit {
      Decimal get() { return Math::Round((Decimal) (m_Temp * 9 / 5 + 32), 2); }
   }
   
   virtual String^ ToString()
   override {
      return m_Temp.ToString("N2") + "�C";
   }

   // IConvertible implementations.
   virtual TypeCode GetTypeCode()
   {
      return TypeCode::Object;
   }
   
   virtual bool ToBoolean(IFormatProvider^ provider) 
   {
      if (m_Temp == 0)
         return false;
      else
         return true;
   } 
   
   virtual Byte ToByte(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      if (m_Temp < Byte::MinValue || m_Temp > Byte::MaxValue)
         throw gcnew OverflowException(String::Format("{0} is out of range of the Byte type.", 
                                                   m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal::ToByte(m_Temp);
   }
   
   virtual Char ToChar(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      throw gcnew InvalidCastException("Temperature to Char conversion is not supported.");
   } 
   
   virtual DateTime ToDateTime(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      throw gcnew InvalidCastException("Temperature to DateTime conversion is not supported.");
   }
   
   virtual Decimal ToDecimal(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      return m_Temp;
   }
   
   virtual Double ToDouble(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      return Decimal::ToDouble(m_Temp);
   }   
   
   virtual Int16 ToInt16(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      if (m_Temp < Int16::MinValue || m_Temp > Int16::MaxValue)
         throw gcnew OverflowException(String::Format("{0} is out of range of the Int16 type.",
                                                   m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal::ToInt16(m_Temp);
   }
   
   virtual Int32 ToInt32(IFormatProvider^ provider)
      {
      if (m_Temp < Int32::MinValue || m_Temp > Int32::MaxValue)
         throw gcnew OverflowException(String::Format("{0} is out of range of the Int32 type.",
                                                   m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal::ToInt32(m_Temp);
   }
   
   virtual Int64 ToInt64(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      if (m_Temp < Int64::MinValue || m_Temp > Int64::MaxValue)
         throw gcnew OverflowException(String::Format("{0} is out of range of the Int64 type.",
                                                   m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal::ToInt64(m_Temp);
   }
   
   virtual SByte ToSByte(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      if (m_Temp < SByte::MinValue || m_Temp > SByte::MaxValue)
         throw gcnew OverflowException(String::Format("{0} is out of range of the SByte type.",
                                                   m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal::ToSByte(m_Temp);
   }

   virtual Single ToSingle(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      return Decimal::ToSingle(m_Temp);
   }

   virtual String^ ToString(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      return m_Temp.ToString("N2", provider) + "�C";
   }
   
   virtual Object^ ToType(Type^ conversionType, IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      switch (Type::GetTypeCode(conversionType))
      {
      case TypeCode::Boolean: 
            return ToBoolean(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Byte:
            return ToByte(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Char:
            return ToChar(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::DateTime:
            return ToDateTime(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Decimal:
            return ToDecimal(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Double:
            return ToDouble(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Int16:
            return ToInt16(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Int32:
            return ToInt32(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Int64:
            return ToInt64(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Object:
            if (Temperature::typeid->Equals(conversionType))
               return this;
            else
               throw gcnew InvalidCastException(String::Format("Conversion to a {0} is not supported.",
                                                            conversionType->Name));
      case TypeCode::SByte:
            return ToSByte(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::Single:
            return ToSingle(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::String:
            return ToString(provider);
      case TypeCode::UInt16:
            return ToUInt16(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::UInt32:
            return ToUInt32(nullptr);
      case TypeCode::UInt64:
            return ToUInt64(nullptr);   
         default:
            throw gcnew InvalidCastException(String::Format("Conversion to {0} is not supported.", conversionType->Name));   
      }
   }
   
   virtual UInt16 ToUInt16(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      if (m_Temp < UInt16::MinValue || m_Temp > UInt16::MaxValue)
         throw gcnew OverflowException(String::Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt16 type.",
                                                   m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal::ToUInt16(m_Temp);
   }

   virtual UInt32 ToUInt32(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      if (m_Temp < UInt32::MinValue || m_Temp > UInt32::MaxValue)
         throw gcnew OverflowException(String::Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt32 type.",
                                                   m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal::ToUInt32(m_Temp);
   }
   
   virtual UInt64 ToUInt64(IFormatProvider^ provider)
   {
      if (m_Temp < UInt64::MinValue || m_Temp > UInt64::MaxValue)
         throw gcnew OverflowException(String::Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt64 type.",
                                                   m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal::ToUInt64(m_Temp);
   }
};
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class Temperature : IConvertible
{
   private decimal m_Temp;

   public Temperature(decimal temperature)
   {
      this.m_Temp = temperature;
   }
   
   public decimal Celsius
   {
      get { return this.m_Temp; }   
   }
   
   public decimal Kelvin
   {
      get { return this.m_Temp + 273.15m; }    
   }
   
   public decimal Fahrenheit
   {
      get { return Math.Round((decimal) (this.m_Temp * 9 / 5 + 32), 2); }
   }
   
   public override string ToString()
   {
      return m_Temp.ToString("N2") + "°C";
   }

   // IConvertible implementations.
   public TypeCode GetTypeCode()
   {
      return TypeCode.Object;
   }
   
   public bool ToBoolean(IFormatProvider provider) 
   {
      if (m_Temp == 0)
         return false;
      else
         return true;
   } 
   
   public byte ToByte(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (m_Temp < Byte.MinValue || m_Temp > Byte.MaxValue)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Byte type.", 
                                                   this.m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal.ToByte(this.m_Temp);
   }
   
   public char ToChar(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      throw new InvalidCastException("Temperature to Char conversion is not supported.");
   } 
   
   public DateTime ToDateTime(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      throw new InvalidCastException("Temperature to DateTime conversion is not supported.");
   }
   
   public decimal ToDecimal(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      return this.m_Temp;
   }
   
   public double ToDouble(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      return Decimal.ToDouble(this.m_Temp);
   }   
   
   public short ToInt16(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (this.m_Temp < Int16.MinValue || this.m_Temp > Int16.MaxValue)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Int16 type.",
                                                   this.m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal.ToInt16(this.m_Temp);
   }
   
   public int ToInt32(IFormatProvider provider)
      {
      if (this.m_Temp < Int32.MinValue || this.m_Temp > Int32.MaxValue)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Int32 type.",
                                                   this.m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal.ToInt32(this.m_Temp);
   }
   
   public long ToInt64(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (this.m_Temp < Int64.MinValue || this.m_Temp > Int64.MaxValue)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Int64 type.",
                                                   this.m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal.ToInt64(this.m_Temp);
   }
   
   public sbyte ToSByte(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (this.m_Temp < SByte.MinValue || this.m_Temp > SByte.MaxValue)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the SByte type.",
                                                   this.m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal.ToSByte(this.m_Temp);
   }

   public float ToSingle(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      return Decimal.ToSingle(this.m_Temp);
   }

   public string ToString(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      return m_Temp.ToString("N2", provider) + "°C";
   }
   
   public object ToType(Type conversionType, IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      switch (Type.GetTypeCode(conversionType))
      {
         case TypeCode.Boolean: 
            return this.ToBoolean(null);
         case TypeCode.Byte:
            return this.ToByte(null);
         case TypeCode.Char:
            return this.ToChar(null);
         case TypeCode.DateTime:
            return this.ToDateTime(null);
         case TypeCode.Decimal:
            return this.ToDecimal(null);
         case TypeCode.Double:
            return this.ToDouble(null);
         case TypeCode.Int16:
            return this.ToInt16(null);
         case TypeCode.Int32:
            return this.ToInt32(null);
         case TypeCode.Int64:
            return this.ToInt64(null);
         case TypeCode.Object:
            if (typeof(Temperature).Equals(conversionType))
               return this;
            else
               throw new InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to a {0} is not supported.",
                                                            conversionType.Name));
         case TypeCode.SByte:
            return this.ToSByte(null);
         case TypeCode.Single:
            return this.ToSingle(null);
         case TypeCode.String:
            return this.ToString(provider);
         case TypeCode.UInt16:
            return this.ToUInt16(null);
         case TypeCode.UInt32:
            return this.ToUInt32(null);
         case TypeCode.UInt64:
            return this.ToUInt64(null);   
         default:
            throw new InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name));   
      }
   }
   
   public ushort ToUInt16(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (this.m_Temp < UInt16.MinValue || this.m_Temp > UInt16.MaxValue)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt16 type.",
                                                   this.m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal.ToUInt16(this.m_Temp);
   }

   public uint ToUInt32(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (this.m_Temp < UInt32.MinValue || this.m_Temp > UInt32.MaxValue)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt32 type.",
                                                   this.m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal.ToUInt32(this.m_Temp);
   }
   
   public ulong ToUInt64(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (this.m_Temp < UInt64.MinValue || this.m_Temp > UInt64.MaxValue)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt64 type.",
                                                   this.m_Temp));
      else
         return Decimal.ToUInt64(this.m_Temp);
   }
}
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class Temperature : Implements IConvertible
   Private m_Temp As Decimal

   Public Sub New(temperature As Decimal)
      Me.m_Temp = temperature
   End Sub
   
   Public ReadOnly Property Celsius() As Decimal
      Get
         Return Me.m_Temp
      End Get   
   End Property
   
   Public ReadOnly Property Kelvin() As Decimal
      Get
         Return Me.m_Temp + 273.15d   
      End Get
   End Property
   
   Public ReadOnly Property Fahrenheit() As Decimal
      Get
         Return Math.Round(CDec(Me.m_Temp * 9 / 5 + 32), 2)
      End Get      
   End Property
   
   Public Overrides Function ToString() As String
      Return m_Temp.ToString("N2") & "°C"
   End Function

   ' IConvertible implementations.
   Public Function GetTypeCode() As TypeCode _
                   Implements IConvertible.GetTypeCode
      Return TypeCode.Object
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToBoolean(provider As IFormatProvider) As Boolean _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToBoolean
      If m_Temp = 0 Then
         Return False
      Else
         Return True
      End If
   End Function 
   
   Public Function ToByte(provider As IFormatProvider) As Byte _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToByte
      If m_Temp < Byte.MinValue Or m_Temp > Byte.MaxValue Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Byte type.", _ 
                                                   Me.m_Temp)) 
      Else
         Return Decimal.ToByte(Me.m_Temp)
      End If       
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToChar(provider As IFormatProvider) As Char _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToChar
      Throw New InvalidCastException("Temperature to Char conversion is not supported.")
   End Function 
   
   Public Function ToDateTime(provider As IFormatProvider) As Date _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDateTime
      Throw New InvalidCastException("Temperature to DateTime conversion is not supported.")
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToDecimal(provider As IFormatProvider) As Decimal _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDecimal
      Return Me.m_Temp
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToDouble(provider As IFormatProvider) As Double _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDouble
      Return Decimal.ToDouble(Me.m_Temp)
   End Function   
   
   Public Function ToInt16(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int16 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt16
      If Me.m_Temp < Int16.MinValue Or Me.m_Temp > Int16.MaxValue Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Int16 type.", _
                                                   Me.m_Temp))
      Else
         Return Decimal.ToInt16(Me.m_Temp)   
      End If
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToInt32(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int32 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt32
      If Me.m_Temp < Int32.MinValue Or Me.m_Temp > Int32.MaxValue Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Int32 type.", _
                                                   Me.m_Temp))
      Else
         Return Decimal.ToInt32(Me.m_Temp)
      End If      
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToInt64(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int64 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt64
      If Me.m_Temp < Int64.MinValue Or Me.m_Temp > Int64.MaxValue Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Int64 type.", _
                                                   Me.m_Temp))
      Else
         Return Decimal.ToInt64(Me.m_Temp)
      End If      
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToSByte(provider As IFormatProvider) As SByte _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToSByte
      If Me.m_Temp < SByte.MinValue Or Me.m_Temp > SByte.MaxValue Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the SByte type.", _
                                                   Me.m_Temp))
      Else
         Return Decimal.ToSByte(Me.m_Temp)
      End If      
   End Function

   Public Function ToSingle(provider As IFormatProvider) As Single _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToSingle
      Return Decimal.ToSingle(Me.m_Temp)
   End Function

   Public Overloads Function ToString(provider As IFormatProvider) As String _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToString
      Return m_Temp.ToString("N2", provider) & "°C"
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToType(conversionType As Type, provider As IFormatProvider) As Object _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToType
      Select Case Type.GetTypeCode(conversionType)
         Case TypeCode.Boolean 
            Return Me.ToBoolean(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Byte
            Return Me.ToByte(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Char
            Return Me.ToChar(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.DateTime
            Return Me.ToDateTime(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Decimal
            Return Me.ToDecimal(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Double
            Return Me.ToDouble(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int16
            Return Me.ToInt16(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int32
            Return Me.ToInt32(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int64
            Return Me.ToInt64(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Object
            If GetType(Temperature).Equals(conversionType) Then
               Return Me
            Else
               Throw New InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to a {0} is not supported.", _
                                                            conversionType.Name))
            End If 
         Case TypeCode.SByte
            Return Me.ToSByte(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Single
            Return Me.ToSingle(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.String
            Return Me.ToString(provider)
         Case TypeCode.UInt16
            Return Me.ToUInt16(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.UInt32
            Return Me.ToUInt32(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.UInt64
            Return Me.ToUInt64(Nothing)   
         Case Else
            Throw New InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name))   
      End Select
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToUInt16(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt16 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt16
      If Me.m_Temp < UInt16.MinValue Or Me.m_Temp > UInt16.MaxValue Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt16 type.", _
                                                   Me.m_Temp))
      Else
         Return Decimal.ToUInt16(Me.m_Temp)
      End If   
   End Function

   Public Function ToUInt32(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt32 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt32
      If Me.m_Temp < UInt32.MinValue Or Me.m_Temp > UInt32.MaxValue Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt32 type.", _
                                                   Me.m_Temp))
      Else
         Return Decimal.ToUInt32(Me.m_Temp)
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToUInt64(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt64 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt64
      If Me.m_Temp < UInt64.MinValue Or Me.m_Temp > UInt64.MaxValue Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the UInt64 type.", _
                                                   Me.m_Temp))
      Else
         Return Decimal.ToUInt64(Me.m_temp)
      End If   
   End Function
End Class

Im folgenden Beispiel wird eine Instanz der Temperature -Klasse erstellt und die ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) -Methode aufgerufen, um Sie in die grundlegenden numerischen Typen zu konvertieren, Stringdie vom-.NET Framework und in den unterstützt werden.The following example creates an instance of the Temperature class and calls the ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) method to convert it to the basic numeric types supported by the .NET Framework and to a String. Es veranschaulicht, dass ChangeType die-Methode einen Rückruf für die- IConvertible Implementierung des Quell Typs umschließt.It illustrates that the ChangeType method wraps a call to the source type's IConvertible implementation.

void main()
{     
   Temperature^ cool = gcnew Temperature(5);
   array<Type^>^ targetTypes = gcnew array<Type^> { SByte::typeid, Int16::typeid, Int32::typeid,
                                                    Int64::typeid, Byte::typeid, UInt16::typeid,
                                                    UInt32::typeid, UInt64::typeid, Decimal::typeid,
                                                    Single::typeid, Double::typeid, String::typeid };
   CultureInfo^ provider = gcnew CultureInfo("fr-FR");
      
   for each (Type^ targetType in targetTypes)
   {
      try {
         Object^ value = Convert::ChangeType(cool, targetType, provider);
         Console::WriteLine("Converted {0} {1} to {2} {3}.",
                           cool->GetType()->Name, cool->ToString(),
                           targetType->Name, value);
      }
      catch (InvalidCastException^) {
         Console::WriteLine("Unsupported {0} --> {1} conversion.",
                           cool->GetType()->Name, targetType->Name);
      }                     
      catch (OverflowException^) {
         Console::WriteLine("{0} is out of range of the {1} type.",
                           cool, targetType->Name);
      }
   }
}
// The example dosplays the following output:
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to SByte 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to Int16 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to Int32 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to Int64 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to Byte 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to UInt16 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to UInt32 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to UInt64 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to Decimal 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to Single 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to Double 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00�C to String 5,00�C.
public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Temperature cool = new Temperature(5);
      Type[] targetTypes = { typeof(SByte), typeof(Int16), typeof(Int32),
                             typeof(Int64), typeof(Byte), typeof(UInt16),
                             typeof(UInt32), typeof(UInt64), typeof(Decimal),
                             typeof(Single), typeof(Double), typeof(String) };
      CultureInfo provider = new CultureInfo("fr-FR");
      
      foreach (Type targetType in targetTypes)
      {
         try {
            object value = Convert.ChangeType(cool, targetType, provider);
            Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} {1} to {2} {3}.",
                              cool.GetType().Name, cool.ToString(),
                              targetType.Name, value);
         }
         catch (InvalidCastException) {
            Console.WriteLine("Unsupported {0} --> {1} conversion.",
                              cool.GetType().Name, targetType.Name);
         }                     
         catch (OverflowException) {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is out of range of the {1} type.",
                              cool, targetType.Name);
         }
      }
   }
}
// The example dosplays the following output:
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to SByte 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Int16 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Int32 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Int64 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Byte 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to UInt16 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to UInt32 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to UInt64 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Decimal 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Single 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Double 5.
//       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to String 5,00°C.
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim cool As New Temperature(5)
      Dim targetTypes() As Type = { GetType(SByte), GetType(Int16), GetType(Int32), _
                                    GetType(Int64), GetType(Byte), GetType(UInt16), _
                                    GetType(UInt32), GetType(UInt64), GetType(Decimal), _
                                    GetType(Single), GetType(Double), GetType(String) }
      Dim provider As New CultureInfo("fr-FR")
      
      For Each targetType As Type In targetTypes
         Try
            Dim value As Object = Convert.ChangeType(cool, targetType, provider)
            Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} {1} to {2} {3}.", _
                              cool.GetType().Name, cool.ToString(), _
                              targetType.Name, value)
         Catch e As InvalidCastException
            Console.WriteLine("Unsupported {0} --> {1} conversion.", _
                              cool.GetType().Name, targetType.Name)
         Catch e As OverflowException
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is out of range of the {1} type.", _
                              cool, targetType.Name)
         End Try                     
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to SByte 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Int16 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Int32 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Int64 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Byte 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to UInt16 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to UInt32 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to UInt64 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Decimal 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Single 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to Double 5.
'       Converted Temperature 5.00°C to String 5,00°C.

Hinweise

ChangeTypeist eine allgemeine Konvertierungsmethode, die das von value angegebene Objekt in conversionTypekonvertiert.ChangeType is a general-purpose conversion method that converts the object specified by value to conversionType. Der value -Parameter kann ein Objekt eines beliebigen Typs sein, conversionType und es kann sich Type auch um ein-Objekt handeln, das einen beliebigen Basis-oder benutzerdefinierten Typ darstellt.The value parameter can be an object of any type, and conversionType can also be a Type object that represents any base or custom type. Damit die Konvertierung erfolgreich durchgeführt value werden kann, IConvertible muss die-Schnittstelle implementieren, da die-Methode einfach IConvertible einen aufzurufenden-Methode umschließt.For the conversion to succeed, value must implement the IConvertible interface, because the method simply wraps a call to an appropriate IConvertible method. Die-Methode erfordert, dass value die conversionType Konvertierung von in unterstützt wird.The method requires that conversion of value to conversionType be supported.

Der provider -Parameter ist IFormatProvider eine-Implementierung, die Formatierungsinformationen für die Konvertierung bereitstellt.The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation that supplies formatting information for the conversion. Ob und wie dieser Parameter verwendet wird, hängt von der IConvertible zugrunde liegenden Implementierung ab.Whether and how this parameter is used depends on the underlying IConvertible implementation. Wenn value ein Basis Datentyp ist, provider wird nur für die folgenden Konvertierungen verwendet:If value is a base data type, provider is used only for the following conversions:

Wenn value ein Anwendungs definierter Typ ist IConvertible , kann die Implementierung den provider -Parameter verwenden.If value is an application-defined type, its IConvertible implementation may use the provider parameter.

Hinweise für Aufrufer

Die ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) -Methode kann einen Enumerationswert in einen anderen Typ konvertieren.The ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) method can convert an enumeration value to another type. Es ist jedoch nicht möglich, einen anderen Typ in einen Enumerationswert zu konvertieren, auch wenn der Quelltyp der zugrunde liegende Typ der Enumeration ist.However, it cannot convert another type to an enumeration value, even if the source type is the underlying type of the enumeration. Um einen Typ in einen Enumerationswert zu konvertieren, verwenden Sie einen Umwandlungs Operator (in C#) oder eine Konvertierungs Funktion (in Visual Basic).To convert a type to an enumeration value, use a casting operator (in C#) or a conversion function (in Visual Basic). Das folgende Beispiel veranschaulicht die Konvertierung in einen und aus einem Kontinent -Enumerationswert.The following example illustrates the conversion to and from a Continent enumeration value.

[! Code-csharpSystem. Convert. ChangeType # 5] [! Code-vbSystem. Convert. ChangeType # 5][!code-csharpSystem.Convert.ChangeType#5] [!code-vbSystem.Convert.ChangeType#5] Die ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) Methode kann einen Typ, der NULL-Werte zulässt, in einen anderen Typ konvertieren.The ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) method can convert a nullable type to another type. Es ist jedoch nicht möglich, einen anderen Typ in einen Wert eines Typs zu konvertieren, der conversionType NULL-Werte zulässt, auch Nullable<T>wenn der zugrunde liegende Typ von ist.However, it cannot convert another type to a value of a nullable type, even if conversionType is the underlying type of the Nullable<T>. Sie können einen Typumwandlungs Operator (in C#) oder eine Konvertierungs Funktion (in Visual Basic) verwenden, um die Konvertierung auszuführen.To perform the conversion, you can use a casting operator (in C#) or a conversion function (in Visual Basic). Im folgenden Beispiel wird die Konvertierung in einen und aus einem Werte zulässt-Typ veranschaulicht.The following example illustrates the conversion to and from a nullable type.

[! Code-csharpSystem. Convert. ChangeType # 8] [! Code-vbSystem. Convert. ChangeType # 8][!code-csharpSystem.Convert.ChangeType#8] [!code-vbSystem.Convert.ChangeType#8]

ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider)

Gibt ein Objekt vom angegebenen Typ zurück, dessen Wert dem angegebenen Objekt entspricht.Returns an object of the specified type whose value is equivalent to the specified object. Ein Parameter liefert kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen.A parameter supplies culture-specific formatting information.

public:
 static System::Object ^ ChangeType(System::Object ^ value, TypeCode typeCode, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
public static object ChangeType (object value, TypeCode typeCode, IFormatProvider provider);
static member ChangeType : obj * TypeCode * IFormatProvider -> obj

Parameter

value
Object Object Object Object

Ein Objekt, das die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert.An object that implements the IConvertible interface.

typeCode
TypeCode TypeCode TypeCode TypeCode

Der Typ des zurückzugebenden Objekts.The type of object to return.

provider
IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider

Ein Objekt, das kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen bereitstellt.An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Gibt zurück

Ein Objekt, dem typeCode als Typ zugrunde liegt und dessen Wert value entspricht.An object whose underlying type is typeCode and whose value is equivalent to value.

- oder --or- Ein Nullverweis (Nothing in Visual Basic), wenn value null ist und typeCode Empty, String oder Object ist.A null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), if value is null and typeCode is Empty, String, or Object.

Ausnahmen

Diese Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.This conversion is not supported.

- oder --or- value ist null, und typeCode gibt einen Werttyp an.value is null and typeCode specifies a value type.

- oder --or- Die IConvertible-Schnittstelle wird von value nicht implementiert.value does not implement the IConvertible interface.

value weist kein Format für den typeCode-Typ auf, der von provider erkannt wird.value is not in a format for the typeCode type recognized by provider.

value stellt eine Zahl außerhalb des Bereichs des typeCode -Typs dar.value represents a number that is out of the range of the typeCode type.

typeCode ist ungültig.typeCode is invalid.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird ein benutzerdefinierter Format Anbieter InterceptProvider mit dem Namen definiert GetFormat , der angibt, wann seine NumberFormatInfo -Methode aufgerufen wird, und einen für DateTimeFormatInfo die fr-FR-Kultur und ein-Objekt für die Kultur en-US zurückgibt.The following example defines a custom format provider named InterceptProvider that indicates when its GetFormat method is called and returns a NumberFormatInfo for the fr-FR culture and a DateTimeFormatInfo object for the en-US culture. Dieser Format Anbieter wird bei allen Aufrufen der ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) -Methode verwendet.This format provider is used in all calls to the ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) method. Im Beispiel wird dann ein Array mit einem Double -Wert DateTime und einem-Wert erstellt, ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) und es werden wiederholte Aufrufe von TypeCode mit jedem Wert und jedem Member der-Enumeration durchführt.The example then creates an array with a Double and a DateTime value and makes repeated calls to ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) with each value and each member of the TypeCode enumeration. Das Beispiel veranschaulicht, wann die-Methode IFormatProvider den-Parameter verwendet, und veranschaulicht die provider Verwendung des-Parameters, um die Kultur abhängige Formatierung auszuführen.The example illustrates when the method uses the IFormatProvider parameter and also illustrates the use of the provider parameter to perform culture-sensitive formatting.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;

ref class InterceptProvider : IFormatProvider
{
public: 
   virtual Object^ GetFormat(Type^ formatType) 
   {
      CultureInfo^ culture;
      if (formatType == NumberFormatInfo::typeid) {
         Console::WriteLine("   Returning a fr-FR numeric format provider.");
         
         culture = gcnew CultureInfo("fr-FR");
         return culture->NumberFormat;
      }  
      else if (formatType == DateTimeFormatInfo::typeid) {
         Console::WriteLine("   Returning an en-US date/time format provider.");
         culture = gcnew CultureInfo("en-US");
         return culture->DateTimeFormat;
      }
      else {
         Console::WriteLine("   Requesting a format provider of {0}.", formatType->Name);
         return nullptr;
      }
   }
};

void main()
{
   array<Object^>^ values = gcnew array<Object^> { 103.5, gcnew DateTime(2010, 12, 26, 14, 34, 0) };
   IFormatProvider^ provider = gcnew InterceptProvider();
      
   // Convert value to each of the types represented in TypeCode enum.
   for each (Object^ value in values)
   {
      // Iterate types in TypeCode enum.
      for each (TypeCode enumType in (array<TypeCode>^) Enum::GetValues(TypeCode::typeid))
      {         
         if (enumType == TypeCode::DBNull || enumType == TypeCode::Empty) continue;
            
         try {
            Console::WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3}).", 
                              value, value->GetType()->Name,
                              Convert::ChangeType(value, enumType, provider),
                              enumType.ToString());
         }
         catch (InvalidCastException^ e) {
            Console::WriteLine("Cannot convert a {0} to a {1}",
                              value->GetType()->Name, enumType.ToString());
         }                     
         catch (OverflowException^ e) {
            Console::WriteLine("Overflow: {0} is out of the range of a {1}",
                              value, enumType.ToString());
         }
      }
      Console::WriteLine();
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Object).
//    103.5 (Double) --> True (Boolean).
//    Cannot convert a Double to a Char
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (SByte).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Byte).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int16).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt16).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int32).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt32).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int64).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt64).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Single).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Double).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Decimal).
//    Cannot convert a Double to a DateTime
//       Returning a fr-FR numeric format provider.
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103,5 (String).
//    
//    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (Object).
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Boolean
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Char
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a SByte
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Byte
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int16
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt16
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int32
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt32
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int64
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt64
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Single
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Double
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Decimal
//    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime).
//       Returning an en-US date/time format provider.
//    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (String).
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class InterceptProvider : IFormatProvider
{
   public object GetFormat(Type formatType) 
   {
      if (formatType == typeof(NumberFormatInfo)) {
         Console.WriteLine("   Returning a fr-FR numeric format provider.");
         return new System.Globalization.CultureInfo("fr-FR").NumberFormat;
      }   
      else if (formatType == typeof(DateTimeFormatInfo)) {
         Console.WriteLine("   Returning an en-US date/time format provider.");
         return new System.Globalization.CultureInfo("en-US").DateTimeFormat;
      }
      else {
         Console.WriteLine("   Requesting a format provider of {0}.", formatType.Name);
         return null;
      }
   }
}

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      object[] values = { 103.5d, new DateTime(2010, 12, 26, 14, 34, 0) };
      IFormatProvider provider = new InterceptProvider();
      
      // Convert value to each of the types represented in TypeCode enum.
      foreach (object value in values)
      {
         // Iterate types in TypeCode enum.
         foreach (TypeCode enumType in ((TypeCode[]) Enum.GetValues(typeof(TypeCode))))
         {         
            if (enumType == TypeCode.DBNull || enumType == TypeCode.Empty) continue;
            
            try {
               Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3}).", 
                                 value, value.GetType().Name,
                                 Convert.ChangeType(value, enumType, provider),
                                 enumType.ToString());
            }
            catch (InvalidCastException) {
               Console.WriteLine("Cannot convert a {0} to a {1}",
                                 value.GetType().Name, enumType.ToString());
            }                     
            catch (OverflowException) {
               Console.WriteLine("Overflow: {0} is out of the range of a {1}",
                                 value, enumType.ToString());
            }
         }
         Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Object).
//    103.5 (Double) --> True (Boolean).
//    Cannot convert a Double to a Char
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (SByte).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Byte).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int16).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt16).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int32).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt32).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int64).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt64).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Single).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Double).
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Decimal).
//    Cannot convert a Double to a DateTime
//       Returning a fr-FR numeric format provider.
//    103.5 (Double) --> 103,5 (String).
//    
//    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (Object).
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Boolean
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Char
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a SByte
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Byte
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int16
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt16
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int32
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt32
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int64
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt64
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Single
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Double
//    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Decimal
//    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime).
//       Returning an en-US date/time format provider.
//    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (String).
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class InterceptProvider : Implements IFormatProvider
   Public Function GetFormat(formatType As Type) As Object _
          Implements IFormatProvider.GetFormat
      If formatType.Equals(GetType(NumberFormatInfo)) Then
         Console.WriteLine("   Returning a fr-FR numeric format provider.")
         Return New CultureInfo("fr-FR").NumberFormat
      ElseIf formatType.Equals(GetType(DateTimeFormatInfo)) Then
         Console.WriteLine("   Returning an en-US date/time format provider.")
         Return New CultureInfo("en-US").DateTimeFormat
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("   Requesting a format provider of {0}.", formatType.Name)
         Return Nothing
      End If
   End Function
End Class

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim values() As Object = { 103.5r, #12/26/2010 2:34PM# }
      Dim provider As New InterceptProvider()
      
      ' Convert value to each of the types represented in TypeCode enum.
      For Each value As Object In values
         ' Iterate types in TypeCode enum.
         For Each enumType As TypeCode In DirectCast([Enum].GetValues(GetType(TypeCode)), TypeCode())         
            If enumType = TypeCode.DbNull Or enumType = TypeCode.Empty Then Continue For
            
            Try
               Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3}).", _
                                 value, value.GetType().Name, _
                                 Convert.ChangeType(value, enumType, provider), _
                                 enumType.ToString())
            Catch e As InvalidCastException
               Console.WriteLine("Cannot convert a {0} to a {1}", _
                                 value.GetType().Name, enumType.ToString())
            Catch e As OverflowException
               Console.WriteLine("Overflow: {0} is out of the range of a {1}", _
                                 value, enumType.ToString())
            End Try
         Next
         Console.WriteLine()
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Object).
'    103.5 (Double) --> True (Boolean).
'    Cannot convert a Double to a Char
'    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (SByte).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Byte).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int16).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt16).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int32).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt32).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (Int64).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 104 (UInt64).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Single).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Double).
'    103.5 (Double) --> 103.5 (Decimal).
'    Cannot convert a Double to a DateTime
'       Returning a fr-FR numeric format provider.
'    103.5 (Double) --> 103,5 (String).
'    
'    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (Object).
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Boolean
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Char
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a SByte
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Byte
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int16
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt16
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int32
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt32
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Int64
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a UInt64
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Single
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Double
'    Cannot convert a DateTime to a Decimal
'    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime).
'       Returning an en-US date/time format provider.
'    12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (DateTime) --> 12/26/2010 2:34:00 PM (String).

Hinweise

ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider)ist eine allgemeine Konvertierungsmethode, die das durch value angegebene Objekt in einen vordefinierten Typ konvertiert, der durch typeCodeangegeben wird.ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) is a general-purpose conversion method that converts the object specified by value to a predefined type specified by typeCode. Der value -Parameter kann ein Objekt eines beliebigen Typs sein.The value parameter can be an object of any type. Damit die Konvertierung erfolgreich durchgeführt value werden kann, IConvertible muss die-Schnittstelle implementieren, da die-Methode einfach IConvertible einen aufzurufenden-Methode umschließt.For the conversion to succeed, value must implement the IConvertible interface, because the method simply wraps a call to an appropriate IConvertible method. Die-Methode erfordert auch, dass value die typeCode Konvertierung von in unterstützt wird.The method also requires that conversion of value to typeCode be supported.

Die ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) -Methode unterstützt nicht die Konvertierung value von in einen benutzerdefinierten Typ.The ChangeType(Object, TypeCode, IFormatProvider) method does not support the conversion of value to a custom type. Um eine solche Konvertierung auszuführen, wird die ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) -Methode aufgerufen.To perform such a conversion, call the ChangeType(Object, Type, IFormatProvider) method.

Der provider -Parameter ist IFormatProvider eine-Implementierung, die Formatierungsinformationen für die Konvertierung bereitstellt.The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation that supplies formatting information for the conversion. Ob und wie dieser Parameter verwendet wird, hängt von der IConvertible zugrunde liegenden Implementierung ab.Whether and how this parameter is used depends on the underlying IConvertible implementation. Wenn value ein Basis Datentyp ist, provider wird nur für die folgenden Konvertierungen verwendet.If value is a base data type, provider is used only for the following conversions. Wenn ein null IFormatProvider -Argument an diese Methoden übermittelt wird CultureInfo , wird das-Objekt verwendet, das die aktuelle Thread Kultur darstellt.If a nullIFormatProvider argument is passed to these methods, the CultureInfo object that represents the current thread culture is used.

Wenn value ein Anwendungs definierter Typ ist IConvertible , kann die Implementierung den provider -Parameter verwenden.If value is an application-defined type, its IConvertible implementation may use the provider parameter.

Gilt für: