Convert.ToInt16 Methode

Definition

Konvertiert einen angegebenen Wert in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts a specified value to a 16-bit signed integer.

Überlädt

ToInt16(SByte)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 8-bit signed integer to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(String, IFormatProvider)

Konvertiert die angegebene Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl unter Verwendung der angegebenen kulturspezifischen Formatierungsinformationen in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

ToInt16(Object, IFormatProvider)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Objekts unter Verwendung der angegebenen kulturspezifischen Formatierungsinformationen in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified object to a 16-bit signed integer, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

ToInt16(UInt64)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 64-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 64-bit unsigned integer to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(UInt32)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 32-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 32-bit unsigned integer to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(UInt16)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 16-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 16-bit unsigned integer to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(String)

Konvertiert die angegebene Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Single)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Gleitkommazahl mit einfacher Genauigkeit in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(String, Int32)

Konvertiert die Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl in einer angegebenen Basis in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the string representation of a number in a specified base to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Object)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Objekts in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified object to a 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Int32)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 32-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 32-bit signed integer to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Int16)

Gibt die angegebene 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zurück. Es wird keine wirkliche Konvertierung durchgeführt.Returns the specified 16-bit signed integer; no actual conversion is performed.

ToInt16(Double)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Gleitkommazahl mit doppelter Genauigkeit in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified double-precision floating-point number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Decimal)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Dezimalzahl in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified decimal number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(DateTime)

Beim Aufrufen dieser Methode wird immer eine InvalidCastException ausgelöst.Calling this method always throws InvalidCastException.

ToInt16(Char)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Unicode-Zeichens in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified Unicode character to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Byte)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 8-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 8-bit unsigned integer to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Boolean)

Konvertiert den angegebenen booleschen Wert in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified Boolean value to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(Int64)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 64-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 64-bit signed integer to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

ToInt16(SByte)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 8-bit signed integer to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::SByte value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static short ToInt16 (sbyte value);
static member ToInt16 : sbyte -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As SByte) As Short

Parameter

value
SByte

Die zu konvertierende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.The 8-bit signed integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.A 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Attribute

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird jedes Element in einem Array von signierten Bytes in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen konvertiert.The following example converts each element in an array of signed bytes to a 16-bit signed integer.

sbyte[] numbers = { SByte.MinValue, -1, 0, 10, SByte.MaxValue };
short result;

foreach (sbyte number in numbers)
{
   result = Convert.ToInt16(number);
   Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                     number.GetType().Name, number,
                     result.GetType().Name, result);
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converted the SByte value -128 to the Int16 value -128.
//       Converted the SByte value -1 to the Int16 value -1.
//       Converted the SByte value 0 to the Int16 value 0.
//       Converted the SByte value 10 to the Int16 value 10.
//       Converted the SByte value 127 to the Int16 value 127.
Dim numbers() As SByte = { SByte.MinValue, -1, 0, 10, SByte.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short

For Each number As SByte In numbers
   result = Convert.ToInt16(number)
   Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                     number.GetType().Name, number, _
                     result.GetType().Name, result)
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'       Converted the SByte value -128 to the Int16 value -128.
'       Converted the SByte value -1 to the Int16 value -1.
'       Converted the SByte value 0 to the Int16 value 0.
'       Converted the SByte value 10 to the Int16 value 10.
'       Converted the SByte value 127 to the Int16 value 127.

ToInt16(String, IFormatProvider)

Konvertiert die angegebene Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl unter Verwendung der angegebenen kulturspezifischen Formatierungsinformationen in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::String ^ value, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
public static short ToInt16 (string value, IFormatProvider provider);
static member ToInt16 : string * IFormatProvider -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As String, provider As IFormatProvider) As Short

Parameter

value
String

Eine Zeichenfolge, die die zu konvertierende Zahl enthält.A string that contains the number to convert.

provider
IFormatProvider

Ein Objekt, das kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen bereitstellt.An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die der Zahl in value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn value gleich null ist.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to the number in value, or 0 (zero) if value is null.

Ausnahmen

value besteht nicht aus einem optionalen Vorzeichen und einer Folge von Ziffern (0 bis 9).value does not consist of an optional sign followed by a sequence of digits (0 through 9).

value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel werden Zeichen folgen Darstellungen von 16-Bit-Ganzzahlen mit der ToInt16-Methode unter Verwendung eines IFormatProvider Objekts konvertiert.The following example converts string representations of 16-bit integers with the ToInt16 method, using an IFormatProvider object.

// Example of the Convert::ToInt16( String* ) and 
// Convert::ToInt16( String*, IFormatProvider* ) methods.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
const __wchar_t * protoFmt = L"{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

void ConvertToInt16( String^ numericStr, IFormatProvider^ provider )
{
   Object^ defaultValue;
   Object^ providerValue;
   
   // Convert numericStr to Int16 without a format provider.
   try
   {
      defaultValue = Convert::ToInt16( numericStr );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert numericStr to Int16 with a format provider.
   try
   {
      providerValue = Convert::ToInt16( numericStr, provider );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), numericStr, defaultValue, providerValue );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
   // properties that apply to numbers.
   NumberFormatInfo^ provider = gcnew NumberFormatInfo;
   
   // These properties affect the conversion.
   provider->NegativeSign = "neg ";
   provider->PositiveSign = "pos ";
   
   // These properties do not affect the conversion.
   // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
   provider->NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
   provider->NumberGroupSeparator = ",";
   array<Int32>^sizes = {3};
   provider->NumberGroupSizes = sizes;
   provider->NumberNegativePattern = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of\n"
   "  Convert::ToInt16( String* ) and \n"
   "  Convert::ToInt16( String*, IFormatProvider* ) "
   "\ngenerates the following output. It converts "
   "several strings to \nshort values, using "
   "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "String to convert", "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "-----------------", "-----------------", "------------------" );
   
   // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
   ConvertToInt16( "12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "+12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "pos 12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "-12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "neg 12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "12345.", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "12,345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "(12345)", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "32768", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "-32769", provider );
}

/*
This example of
  Convert::ToInt16( String* ) and
  Convert::ToInt16( String*, IFormatProvider* )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
short values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
12345               12345               12345
+12345              12345               FormatException
pos 12345           FormatException     12345
-12345              -12345              FormatException
neg 12345           FormatException     -12345
12345.              FormatException     FormatException
12,345              FormatException     FormatException
(12345)             FormatException     FormatException
32768               OverflowException   OverflowException
-32769              OverflowException   FormatException
*/
// Example of the Convert.ToInt16( string ) and 
// Convert.ToInt16( string, IFormatProvider ) methods.
using System;
using System.Globalization;

class ToInt16ProviderDemo
{
    static string format = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

     // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring( 
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    static void ConvertToInt16( string numericStr, 
        IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        object defaultValue;
        object providerValue;

        // Convert numericStr to Int16 without a format provider.
        try
        {
            defaultValue = Convert.ToInt16( numericStr );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert numericStr to Int16 with a format provider.
        try
        {
            providerValue = Convert.ToInt16( numericStr, provider );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, 
            defaultValue, providerValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        // properties that apply to numbers.
        NumberFormatInfo provider = new NumberFormatInfo();

        // These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg ";
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos ";

        // These properties do not affect the conversion.
        // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
        provider.NumberGroupSeparator = ",";
        provider.NumberGroupSizes = new int[ ] { 3 };
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0;

        Console.WriteLine("This example of\n" +
            "  Convert.ToInt16( string ) and \n" +
            "  Convert.ToInt16( string, IFormatProvider ) " +
            "\ngenerates the following output. It converts " +
            "several strings to \nshort values, using " +
            "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", 
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", 
            "-----------------", "------------------" );

        // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToInt16( "12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "+12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "pos 12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "-12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "neg 12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "12345.", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "12,345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "(12345)", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "32768", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "-32769", provider );
    }
}

/*
This example of
  Convert.ToInt16( string ) and
  Convert.ToInt16( string, IFormatProvider )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
short values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
12345               12345               12345
+12345              12345               FormatException
pos 12345           FormatException     12345
-12345              -12345              FormatException
neg 12345           FormatException     -12345
12345.              FormatException     FormatException
12,345              FormatException     FormatException
(12345)             FormatException     FormatException
32768               OverflowException   OverflowException
-32769              OverflowException   FormatException
*/ 
' Example of the Convert.ToInt16( String ) and 
' Convert.ToInt16( String, IFormatProvider ) methods.
Imports System.Globalization

Module ToInt16ProviderDemo

    Dim format As String = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}"

    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    Sub ConvertToInt16( numericStr As String, _
        provider As IFormatProvider )

        Dim defaultValue    As Object
        Dim providerValue   As Object

        ' Convert numericStr to Int16 without a format provider.
        Try
            defaultValue = Convert.ToInt16( numericStr )
        Catch ex As Exception
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Convert numericStr to Int16 with a format provider.
        Try
            providerValue = Convert.ToInt16( numericStr, provider )
        Catch ex As Exception
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, _
            defaultValue, providerValue )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )

        ' Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        ' properties that apply to numbers.
        Dim provider  As NumberFormatInfo = new NumberFormatInfo( )

        ' These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg "
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos "

        ' These properties do not affect the conversion.
        ' The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = "."
        provider.NumberGroupSeparator = ","
        provider.NumberGroupSizes = New Integer( ) { 3 }
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of" & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToInt16( String ) and " & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToInt16( String, IFormatProvider ) " & _
            vbCrLf & "generates the following output. It " & _
            "converts several strings to " & vbCrLf & "Short " & _
            "values, using default formatting " & _
            "or a NumberFormatInfo object." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", _
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", _
            "-----------------", "------------------" )

        ' Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToInt16( "12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "+12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "pos 12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "-12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "neg 12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "12345.", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "12,345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "(12345)", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "32768", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "-32769", provider )
    End Sub 
End Module 

' This example of
'   Convert.ToInt16( String ) and
'   Convert.ToInt16( String, IFormatProvider )
' generates the following output. It converts several strings to
' Short values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.
' 
' String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
' -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
' 12345               12345               12345
' +12345              12345               FormatException
' pos 12345           FormatException     12345
' -12345              -12345              FormatException
' neg 12345           FormatException     -12345
' 12345.              FormatException     FormatException
' 12,345              FormatException     FormatException
' (12345)             FormatException     FormatException
' 32768               OverflowException   OverflowException
' -32769              OverflowException   FormatException

Hinweise

provider ist eine IFormatProvider Instanz, die ein NumberFormatInfo-Objekt abruft.provider is an IFormatProvider instance that obtains a NumberFormatInfo object. Das NumberFormatInfo-Objekt stellt kulturspezifische Informationen zum Format von valuebereit.The NumberFormatInfo object provides culture-specific information about the format of value. Wenn provider nullist, wird der NumberFormatInfo für die aktuelle Kultur verwendet.If provider is null, the NumberFormatInfo for the current culture is used.

Wenn eine Ausnahme nicht behandelt werden soll, wenn bei der Konvertierung ein Fehler auftritt, können Sie stattdessen die Int16.TryParse-Methode abrufen.If you prefer not to handle an exception if the conversion fails, you can call the Int16.TryParse method instead. Sie gibt einen Boolean Wert zurück, der angibt, ob die Konvertierung erfolgreich war oder fehlgeschlagen ist.It returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

Siehe auch

ToInt16(Object, IFormatProvider)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Objekts unter Verwendung der angegebenen kulturspezifischen Formatierungsinformationen in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified object to a 16-bit signed integer, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::Object ^ value, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
public static short ToInt16 (object value, IFormatProvider provider);
static member ToInt16 : obj * IFormatProvider -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Object, provider As IFormatProvider) As Short

Parameter

value
Object

Ein Objekt, das die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert.An object that implements the IConvertible interface.

provider
IFormatProvider

Ein Objekt, das kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen bereitstellt.An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn value gleich null ist.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value, or zero if value is null.

Ausnahmen

value weist kein geeignetes Format für einen Int16-Typ auf.value is not in an appropriate format for an Int16 type.

value implementiert nicht IConvertible.value does not implement IConvertible.

value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird eine Klasse definiert, die IConvertible und eine Klasse implementiert, die IFormatProviderimplementiert.The following example defines a class that implements IConvertible and a class that implements IFormatProvider. Objekte der Klasse, die implementiert IConvertible ein Array von Double Werten enthalten.Objects of the class that implements IConvertible hold an array of Double values. Ein Objekt jeder Klasse wird an die ToInt16-Methode übermittelt.An object of each class is passed to the ToInt16 method. Diese Methode gibt einen Durchschnitt des Arrays von Double Werten zurück, wobei das Objekt verwendet wird, das IFormatProvider implementiert, um zu bestimmen, wie der Durchschnitt berechnet werden soll.This method returns an average of the array of Double values, using the object that implements IFormatProvider to determine how to calculate the average.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;

// Define the types of averaging available in the class 
// implementing IConvertible.
public enum class AverageType : short
{
   None = 0,
   GeometricMean = 1,
   ArithmeticMean = 2,
   Median = 3
};


// Pass an instance of this class to methods that require an 
// IFormatProvider. The class instance determines the type of 
// average to calculate.
ref class AverageInfo: public IFormatProvider
{
protected:
   AverageType AvgType;

public:

   // Specify the type of averaging in the constructor.
   AverageInfo( AverageType avgType )
   {
      this->AvgType = avgType;
   }


   // This method returns a reference to the containing object 
   // if an object of AverageInfo type is requested. 
   virtual Object^ GetFormat( Type^ argType )
   {
      if ( argType == AverageInfo::typeid)
            return this;
      else
            return (Object^)0;
   }


   property AverageType TypeOfAverage 
   {

      // Use this property to set or get the type of averaging.
      AverageType get()
      {
         return this->AvgType;
      }

      void set( AverageType value )
      {
         this->AvgType = value;
      }

   }

};


// This class encapsulates an array of double values and implements 
// the IConvertible interface. Most of the IConvertible methods 
// return an average of the array elements in one of three types: 
// arithmetic mean, geometric mean, or median. 
ref class DataSet: public IConvertible
{
private:
   static Object^ null = nullptr;

protected:
   ArrayList^ data;
   AverageInfo^ defaultProvider;

   // This method unboxes a boxed double.
   double UnBoxDouble( Object^ obj )
   {
      return  *static_cast<double^>(obj);
   }


public:

   // Construct the object and add an initial list of values.
   // Create a default format provider.
   DataSet( ... array<Double>^values )
   {
      data = gcnew ArrayList( (Array^)values );
      defaultProvider = gcnew AverageInfo( AverageType::ArithmeticMean );
   }


   // Add additional values with this method.
   int Add( double value )
   {
      data->Add( value );
      return data->Count;
   }


   property double Item[ int ]
   {

      // Get, set, and add values with this indexer property.
      double get( int index )
      {
         if ( index >= 0 && index < data->Count )
                  return UnBoxDouble( data[ index ] );
         else
                  throw gcnew InvalidOperationException( "[DataSet.get] Index out of range." );
      }

      void set( int index, double value )
      {
         if ( index >= 0 && index < data->Count )
                  data[ index ] = value;
         else
         if ( index == data->Count )
                  data->Add( value );
         else
                  throw gcnew InvalidOperationException( "[DataSet.set] Index out of range." );
      }

   }

   property int Count 
   {

      // This property returns the number of elements in the object.
      int get()
      {
         return data->Count;
      }

   }

protected:

   // This method calculates the average of the object's elements.
   double Average( AverageType avgType )
   {
      double SumProd;
      if ( data->Count == 0 )
            return 0.0;

      switch ( avgType )
      {
         case AverageType::GeometricMean:
            SumProd = 1.0;
            for ( int Index = 0; Index < data->Count; Index++ )
               SumProd *= UnBoxDouble( data[ Index ] );
            
            // This calculation will not fail with negative 
            // elements.
            return Math::Sign( SumProd ) * Math::Pow( Math::Abs( SumProd ), 1.0 / data->Count );

         case AverageType::ArithmeticMean:
            SumProd = 0.0;
            for ( int Index = 0; Index < data->Count; Index++ )
               SumProd += UnBoxDouble( data[ Index ] );
            return SumProd / data->Count;

         case AverageType::Median:
            if ( data->Count % 2 == 0 )
                        return (UnBoxDouble( data[ data->Count / 2 ] ) + UnBoxDouble( data[ data->Count / 2 - 1 ] )) / 2.0;
            else
                        return UnBoxDouble( data[ data->Count / 2 ] );

         default:
            return 0.0;
      }
   }


   // Get the AverageInfo object from the caller's format provider,
   // or use the local default.
   AverageInfo^ GetAverageInfo( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      AverageInfo^ avgInfo = nullptr;
      if ( provider != nullptr )
            avgInfo = static_cast<AverageInfo^>(provider->GetFormat( AverageInfo::typeid ));

      if ( avgInfo == nullptr )
            return defaultProvider;
      else
            return avgInfo;
   }


   // Calculate the average and limit the range.
   double CalcNLimitAverage( double min, double max, IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      
      // Get the format provider and calculate the average.
      AverageInfo^ avgInfo = GetAverageInfo( provider );
      double avg = Average( avgInfo->TypeOfAverage );
      
      // Limit the range, based on the minimum and maximum values 
      // for the type.
      return avg > max ? max : avg < min ? min : avg;
   }


public:

   // The following elements are required by IConvertible.
   // None of these conversion functions throw exceptions. When
   // the data is out of range for the type, the appropriate
   // MinValue or MaxValue is used.
   virtual TypeCode GetTypeCode()
   {
      return TypeCode::Object;
   }

   virtual bool ToBoolean( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      
      // ToBoolean is false if the dataset is empty.
      if ( data->Count <= 0 )
            return false;
      // For median averaging, ToBoolean is true if any 
      // non-discarded elements are nonzero.
      else
      
      // For median averaging, ToBoolean is true if any 
      // non-discarded elements are nonzero.
      if ( AverageType::Median == GetAverageInfo( provider )->TypeOfAverage )
      {
         if ( data->Count % 2 == 0 )
                  return (UnBoxDouble( data[ data->Count / 2 ] ) != 0.0 || UnBoxDouble( data[ data->Count / 2 - 1 ] ) != 0.0);
         else
                  return UnBoxDouble( data[ data->Count / 2 ] ) != 0.0;
      }
      // For arithmetic or geometric mean averaging, ToBoolean is 
      // true if any element of the dataset is nonzero.  
      else
      {
         for ( int Index = 0; Index < data->Count; Index++ )
            if ( UnBoxDouble( data[ Index ] ) != 0.0 )
                        return true;
         return false;
      }
   }

   virtual Byte ToByte( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ToByte( CalcNLimitAverage( Byte::MinValue, Byte::MaxValue, provider ) );
   }

   virtual Char ToChar( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ToChar( Convert::ToUInt16( CalcNLimitAverage( Char::MinValue, Char::MaxValue, provider ) ) );
   }


   // Convert to DateTime by adding the calculated average as 
   // seconds to the current date and time. A valid DateTime is 
   // always returned.
   virtual DateTime ToDateTime( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      double seconds = Average( GetAverageInfo( provider )->TypeOfAverage );
      try
      {
         return DateTime::Now.AddSeconds( seconds );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentOutOfRangeException^ ) 
      {
         return seconds < 0.0 ? DateTime::MinValue : DateTime::MaxValue;
      }

   }

   virtual Decimal ToDecimal( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      
      // The Double conversion rounds Decimal.MinValue and 
      // Decimal.MaxValue to invalid Decimal values, so the 
      // following limits must be used.
      return Convert::ToDecimal( CalcNLimitAverage(  -79228162514264330000000000000.0, 79228162514264330000000000000.0, provider ) );
   }

   virtual double ToDouble( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Average( GetAverageInfo( provider )->TypeOfAverage );
   }

   virtual short ToInt16( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ToInt16( CalcNLimitAverage( Int16::MinValue, Int16::MaxValue, provider ) );
   }

   virtual int ToInt32( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ToInt32( CalcNLimitAverage( Int32::MinValue, Int32::MaxValue, provider ) );
   }

   virtual __int64 ToInt64( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      
      // The Double conversion rounds Int64.MinValue and 
      // Int64.MaxValue to invalid Int64 values, so the following 
      // limits must be used.
      return Convert::ToInt64( CalcNLimitAverage(  -9223372036854775000, 9223372036854775000, provider ) );
   }

   virtual signed char ToSByte( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ToSByte( CalcNLimitAverage( SByte::MinValue, SByte::MaxValue, provider ) );
   }

   virtual float ToSingle( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ToSingle( CalcNLimitAverage( Single::MinValue, Single::MaxValue, provider ) );
   }

   virtual UInt16 ToUInt16( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ToUInt16( CalcNLimitAverage( UInt16::MinValue, UInt16::MaxValue, provider ) );
   }

   virtual UInt32 ToUInt32( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ToUInt32( CalcNLimitAverage( UInt32::MinValue, UInt32::MaxValue, provider ) );
   }

   virtual UInt64 ToUInt64( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      
      // The Double conversion rounds UInt64.MaxValue to an invalid
      // UInt64 value, so the following limit must be used.
      return Convert::ToUInt64( CalcNLimitAverage( 0, 18446744073709550000.0, provider ) );
   }

   virtual Object^ ToType( Type^ conversionType, IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      return Convert::ChangeType( Average( GetAverageInfo( provider )->TypeOfAverage ), conversionType );
   }

   virtual String^ ToString( IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      AverageType avgType = GetAverageInfo( provider )->TypeOfAverage;
      return String::Format( "( {0}: {1:G10} )", avgType, Average( avgType ) );
   }

};


// Display a DataSet with three different format providers.
void DisplayDataSet( DataSet^ ds )
{
   IFormatProvider^ null = nullptr;
   String^ fmt = "{0,-12}{1,20}{2,20}{3,20}";
   AverageInfo^ median = gcnew AverageInfo( AverageType::Median );
   AverageInfo^ geMean = gcnew AverageInfo( AverageType::GeometricMean );
   
   // Display the dataset elements.
   if ( ds->Count > 0 )
   {
      Console::Write( "\nDataSet: [{0}", ds->Item[ 0 ] );
      for ( int iX = 1; iX < ds->Count; iX++ )
         Console::Write( ", {0}", ds->Item[ iX ] );
      Console::WriteLine( "]\n" );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "Convert::", "Default", "Geometric Mean", "Median" );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "---------", "-------", "--------------", "------" );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToBoolean", Convert::ToBoolean( ds, null ), Convert::ToBoolean( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToBoolean( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToByte", Convert::ToByte( ds, null ), Convert::ToByte( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToByte( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToChar", Convert::ToChar( ds, null ), Convert::ToChar( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToChar( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,-12}{1,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}"
   "{2,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}{3,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}", "ToDateTime", Convert::ToDateTime( ds, null ), Convert::ToDateTime( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToDateTime( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToDecimal", Convert::ToDecimal( ds, null ), Convert::ToDecimal( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToDecimal( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToDouble", Convert::ToDouble( ds, null ), Convert::ToDouble( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToDouble( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt16", Convert::ToInt16( ds, null ), Convert::ToInt16( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToInt16( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt32", Convert::ToInt32( ds, null ), Convert::ToInt32( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToInt32( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt64", Convert::ToInt64( ds, null ), Convert::ToInt64( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToInt64( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToSByte", Convert::ToSByte( ds, null ), Convert::ToSByte( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToSByte( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToSingle", Convert::ToSingle( ds, null ), Convert::ToSingle( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToSingle( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt16", Convert::ToUInt16( ds, null ), Convert::ToUInt16( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToUInt16( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt32", Convert::ToUInt32( ds, null ), Convert::ToUInt32( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToUInt32( ds, median ) );
   Console::WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt64", Convert::ToUInt64( ds, null ), Convert::ToUInt64( ds, geMean ), Convert::ToUInt64( ds, median ) );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the "
   "Convert::To<Type>( Object*, IFormatProvider* ) methods "
   "\ngenerates the following output. The example "
   "displays the values \nreturned by the methods, "
   "using several IFormatProvider objects.\n" );
   
   // To call a [ParamArray] method in C++, you cannot just
   // list the parameters, you need to build an array.
   array<Double>^dataElem = gcnew array<Double>(6);
   dataElem[ 0 ] = 10.5;
   dataElem[ 1 ] = 22.2;
   dataElem[ 2 ] = 45.9;
   dataElem[ 3 ] = 88.7;
   dataElem[ 4 ] = 156.05;
   dataElem[ 5 ] = 297.6;
   DataSet^ ds1 = gcnew DataSet( dataElem );
   DisplayDataSet( ds1 );
   dataElem = gcnew array<Double>(5);
   dataElem[ 0 ] = 359999.95;
   dataElem[ 1 ] = 425000;
   dataElem[ 2 ] = 499999.5;
   dataElem[ 3 ] = 775000;
   dataElem[ 4 ] = 1695000;
   DataSet^ ds2 = gcnew DataSet( dataElem );
   DisplayDataSet( ds2 );
}

/*
This example of the Convert::To<Type>( Object*, IFormatProvider* ) methods
generates the following output. The example displays the values
returned by the methods, using several IFormatProvider objects.

DataSet: [10.5, 22.2, 45.9, 88.7, 156.05, 297.6]

Convert::                Default      Geometric Mean              Median
---------                -------      --------------              ------
ToBoolean                   True                True                True
ToByte                       103                  59                  67
ToChar                         g                   ;                   C
ToDateTime   2003-05-13 15:30:23 2003-05-13 15:29:39 2003-05-13 15:29:47
ToDecimal       103.491666666667    59.4332135445164                67.3
ToDouble        103.491666666667    59.4332135445164                67.3
ToInt16                      103                  59                  67
ToInt32                      103                  59                  67
ToInt64                      103                  59                  67
ToSByte                      103                  59                  67
ToSingle                103.4917            59.43321                67.3
ToUInt16                     103                  59                  67
ToUInt32                     103                  59                  67
ToUInt64                     103                  59                  67

DataSet: [359999.95, 425000, 499999.5, 775000, 1695000]

Convert::                Default      Geometric Mean              Median
---------                -------      --------------              ------
ToBoolean                   True                True                True
ToByte                       255                 255                 255
ToChar                         ?                   ?                   ?
ToDateTime   2003-05-22 08:05:19 2003-05-20 22:54:57 2003-05-19 10:21:59
ToDecimal              750999.89    631577.237188435            499999.5
ToDouble               750999.89    631577.237188435            499999.5
ToInt16                    32767               32767               32767
ToInt32                   751000              631577              500000
ToInt64                   751000              631577              500000
ToSByte                      127                 127                 127
ToSingle                750999.9            631577.3            499999.5
ToUInt16                   65535               65535               65535
ToUInt32                  751000              631577              500000
ToUInt64                  751000              631577              500000
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;

// Define the types of averaging available in the class 
// implementing IConvertible.
public enum AverageType : short
{
    None = 0,
    GeometricMean = 1,
    ArithmeticMean = 2,
    Median = 3
};

// Pass an instance of this class to methods that require an 
// IFormatProvider. The class instance determines the type of 
// average to calculate.
public class AverageInfo : IFormatProvider
{
    protected AverageType AvgType;

    // Specify the type of averaging in the constructor.
    public AverageInfo( AverageType avgType )
    {
        this.AvgType = avgType;
    }

    // This method returns a reference to the containing object 
    // if an object of AverageInfo type is requested. 
    public object GetFormat( Type argType )
    {
        if ( argType == typeof( AverageInfo ) )
            return this;
        else
            return null;
    }

    // Use this property to set or get the type of averaging.
    public AverageType TypeOfAverage        
    {
        get { return this.AvgType; }
        set { this.AvgType = value; }
    }
}

// This class encapsulates an array of double values and implements 
// the IConvertible interface. Most of the IConvertible methods 
// return an average of the array elements in one of three types: 
// arithmetic mean, geometric mean, or median. 
public class DataSet : IConvertible
{
    protected ArrayList     data;
    protected AverageInfo   defaultProvider;
        
    // Construct the object and add an initial list of values.
    // Create a default format provider.
    public DataSet( params double[ ] values )
    {
        data = new ArrayList( values );
        defaultProvider = 
            new AverageInfo( AverageType.ArithmeticMean );
    }
        
    // Add additional values with this method.
    public int Add( double value )
    {
        data.Add( value );
        return data.Count;
    }
        
    // Get, set, and add values with this indexer property.
    public double this[ int index ]        
    {
        get
        {
            if( index >= 0 && index < data.Count )
                return (double)data[ index ];
            else
                throw new InvalidOperationException(
                    "[DataSet.get] Index out of range." );
        }
        set
        {
            if( index >= 0 && index < data.Count )
                data[ index ] = value;

            else if( index == data.Count )
                data.Add( value );
            else
                throw new InvalidOperationException(
                    "[DataSet.set] Index out of range." );
        }
    }
        
    // This property returns the number of elements in the object.
    public int Count        
    {
        get { return data.Count; }
    }

    // This method calculates the average of the object's elements.
    protected double Average( AverageType avgType )
    {
        double  SumProd;

        if( data.Count == 0 ) 
            return 0.0;

        switch( avgType )
        {
            case AverageType.GeometricMean:

                SumProd = 1.0;
                for( int Index = 0; Index < data.Count; Index++ )
                    SumProd *= (double)data[ Index ];
                
                // This calculation will not fail with negative 
                // elements.
                return Math.Sign( SumProd ) * Math.Pow( 
                    Math.Abs( SumProd ), 1.0 / data.Count );

            case AverageType.ArithmeticMean:

                SumProd = 0.0;
                for( int Index = 0; Index < data.Count; Index++ )
                    SumProd += (double)data[ Index ];

                return SumProd / data.Count;

            case AverageType.Median:

                if( data.Count % 2 == 0 )
                    return ( (double)data[ data.Count / 2 ] + 
                        (double)data[ data.Count / 2 - 1 ] ) / 2.0;
                else
                    return (double)data[ data.Count / 2 ];

            default:
                return 0.0;
        }
    }

    // Get the AverageInfo object from the caller's format provider,
    // or use the local default.
    protected AverageInfo GetAverageInfo( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        AverageInfo avgInfo = null;

        if( provider != null )
            avgInfo = (AverageInfo)provider.GetFormat( 
                typeof( AverageInfo ) );

        if ( avgInfo == null )
            return defaultProvider;
        else
            return avgInfo;
    }

    // Calculate the average and limit the range.
    protected double CalcNLimitAverage( double min, double max, 
        IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        // Get the format provider and calculate the average.
        AverageInfo avgInfo = GetAverageInfo( provider );
        double avg = Average( avgInfo.TypeOfAverage );

        // Limit the range, based on the minimum and maximum values 
        // for the type.
        return avg > max ? max : avg < min ? min : avg;

    }

    // The following elements are required by IConvertible.

    // None of these conversion functions throw exceptions. When
    // the data is out of range for the type, the appropriate
    // MinValue or MaxValue is used.
    public TypeCode GetTypeCode( )
    {
        return TypeCode.Object;
    }

    public bool ToBoolean( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        // ToBoolean is false if the dataset is empty.
        if( data.Count <= 0 )
            return false;

        // For median averaging, ToBoolean is true if any 
        // non-discarded elements are nonzero.
        else if( AverageType.Median == 
            GetAverageInfo( provider ).TypeOfAverage )
        {
            if (data.Count % 2 == 0 )
                return ( (double)data[ data.Count / 2 ] != 0.0 || 
                    (double)data[ data.Count / 2 - 1 ] != 0.0 );
            else
                return (double)data[ data.Count / 2 ] != 0.0;
        }

        // For arithmetic or geometric mean averaging, ToBoolean is 
        // true if any element of the dataset is nonzero.  
        else
        {
            for( int Index = 0; Index < data.Count; Index++ )
                if( (double)data[ Index ] != 0.0 ) 
                    return true;
            return false;
        }
    }

    public byte ToByte( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ToByte( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            Byte.MinValue, Byte.MaxValue, provider ) );
    }

    public char ToChar( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ToChar( Convert.ToUInt16( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            Char.MinValue, Char.MaxValue, provider ) ) );
    }

    // Convert to DateTime by adding the calculated average as 
    // seconds to the current date and time. A valid DateTime is 
    // always returned.
    public DateTime ToDateTime( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        double seconds = 
            Average( GetAverageInfo( provider ).TypeOfAverage );
        try
        {
            return DateTime.Now.AddSeconds( seconds );
        }
        catch( ArgumentOutOfRangeException )
        {
            return seconds < 0.0 ? DateTime.MinValue : DateTime.MaxValue;
        }
    }

    public decimal ToDecimal( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        // The Double conversion rounds Decimal.MinValue and 
        // Decimal.MaxValue to invalid Decimal values, so the 
        // following limits must be used.
        return Convert.ToDecimal( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            -79228162514264330000000000000.0, 
            79228162514264330000000000000.0, provider ) );
    }

    public double ToDouble( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Average( GetAverageInfo(provider).TypeOfAverage );
    }

    public short ToInt16( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ToInt16( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            Int16.MinValue, Int16.MaxValue, provider ) );
    }

    public int ToInt32( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ToInt32( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            Int32.MinValue, Int32.MaxValue, provider ) );
    }

    public long ToInt64( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        // The Double conversion rounds Int64.MinValue and 
        // Int64.MaxValue to invalid Int64 values, so the following 
        // limits must be used.
        return Convert.ToInt64( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            -9223372036854775000, 9223372036854775000, provider ) );
    }

    public SByte ToSByte( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ToSByte( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            SByte.MinValue, SByte.MaxValue, provider ) );
    }

    public float ToSingle( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ToSingle( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            Single.MinValue, Single.MaxValue, provider ) );
    }

    public UInt16 ToUInt16( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ToUInt16( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            UInt16.MinValue, UInt16.MaxValue, provider ) );
    }

    public UInt32 ToUInt32( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ToUInt32( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            UInt32.MinValue, UInt32.MaxValue, provider ) );
    }

    public UInt64 ToUInt64( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        // The Double conversion rounds UInt64.MaxValue to an invalid
        // UInt64 value, so the following limit must be used.
        return Convert.ToUInt64( CalcNLimitAverage( 
            0, 18446744073709550000.0, provider ) );
    }

    public object ToType( Type conversionType, 
        IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        return Convert.ChangeType( Average( 
            GetAverageInfo( provider ).TypeOfAverage ), 
            conversionType );
    }

    public string ToString( IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        AverageType avgType = GetAverageInfo( provider ).TypeOfAverage;
        return String.Format( "( {0}: {1:G10} )", avgType, 
            Average( avgType ) );
    }
}
   
class IConvertibleProviderDemo
{
    // Display a DataSet with three different format providers.
    public static void DisplayDataSet( DataSet ds )
    {
        string      fmt    = "{0,-12}{1,20}{2,20}{3,20}";
        AverageInfo median = new AverageInfo( AverageType.Median );
        AverageInfo geMean = 
            new AverageInfo( AverageType.GeometricMean );

         // Display the dataset elements.
        if( ds.Count > 0 )
        {
            Console.Write( "\nDataSet: [{0}", ds[ 0 ] );
            for( int iX = 1; iX < ds.Count; iX++ )
                Console.Write( ", {0}", ds[ iX ] );
            Console.WriteLine( "]\n" );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "Convert.", "Default", 
            "Geometric Mean", "Median");
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "--------", "-------", 
            "--------------", "------");
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToBoolean", 
            Convert.ToBoolean( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToBoolean( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToBoolean( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToByte", 
            Convert.ToByte( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToByte( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToByte( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToChar", 
            Convert.ToChar( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToChar( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToChar( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-12}{1,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}" +
            "{2,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}{3,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}", 
            "ToDateTime", Convert.ToDateTime( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToDateTime( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToDateTime( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToDecimal", 
            Convert.ToDecimal( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToDecimal( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToDecimal( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToDouble", 
            Convert.ToDouble( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToDouble( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToDouble( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt16", 
            Convert.ToInt16( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToInt16( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToInt16( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt32", 
            Convert.ToInt32( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToInt32( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToInt32( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt64", 
            Convert.ToInt64( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToInt64( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToInt64( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToSByte", 
            Convert.ToSByte( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToSByte( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToSByte( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToSingle", 
            Convert.ToSingle( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToSingle( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToSingle( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt16", 
            Convert.ToUInt16( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToUInt16( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToUInt16( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt32", 
            Convert.ToUInt32( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToUInt32( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToUInt32( ds, median ) );
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt64", 
            Convert.ToUInt64( ds, null ), 
            Convert.ToUInt64( ds, geMean ), 
            Convert.ToUInt64( ds, median ) );
    }
   
    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine( "This example of " +
            "the Convert.To<Type>( object, IFormatProvider ) methods " +
            "\ngenerates the following output. The example " +
            "displays the values \nreturned by the methods, " +
            "using several IFormatProvider objects.\n" );
          
        DataSet ds1 = new DataSet( 
            10.5, 22.2, 45.9, 88.7, 156.05, 297.6 );
        DisplayDataSet( ds1 );
          
        DataSet ds2 = new DataSet( 
            359999.95, 425000, 499999.5, 775000, 1695000 );
        DisplayDataSet( ds2 );
    }
}

/*
This example of the Convert.To<Type>( object, IFormatProvider ) methods
generates the following output. The example displays the values
returned by the methods, using several IFormatProvider objects.

DataSet: [10.5, 22.2, 45.9, 88.7, 156.05, 297.6]

Convert.                 Default      Geometric Mean              Median
--------                 -------      --------------              ------
ToBoolean                   True                True                True
ToByte                       103                  59                  67
ToChar                         g                   ;                   C
ToDateTime   2003-05-13 15:04:12 2003-05-13 15:03:28 2003-05-13 15:03:35
ToDecimal       103.491666666667    59.4332135445164                67.3
ToDouble        103.491666666667    59.4332135445164                67.3
ToInt16                      103                  59                  67
ToInt32                      103                  59                  67
ToInt64                      103                  59                  67
ToSByte                      103                  59                  67
ToSingle                103.4917            59.43321                67.3
ToUInt16                     103                  59                  67
ToUInt32                     103                  59                  67
ToUInt64                     103                  59                  67

DataSet: [359999.95, 425000, 499999.5, 775000, 1695000]

Convert.                 Default      Geometric Mean              Median
--------                 -------      --------------              ------
ToBoolean                   True                True                True
ToByte                       255                 255                 255
ToChar                         ?                   ?                   ?
ToDateTime   2003-05-22 07:39:08 2003-05-20 22:28:45 2003-05-19 09:55:48
ToDecimal              750999.89    631577.237188435            499999.5
ToDouble               750999.89    631577.237188435            499999.5
ToInt16                    32767               32767               32767
ToInt32                   751000              631577              500000
ToInt64                   751000              631577              500000
ToSByte                      127                 127                 127
ToSingle                750999.9            631577.3            499999.5
ToUInt16                   65535               65535               65535
ToUInt32                  751000              631577              500000
ToUInt64                  751000              631577              500000
*/
Imports System.Collections

Module IConvertibleProviderDemo

    ' Define the types of averaging available in the class 
    ' implementing IConvertible.
    Enum AverageType as Short
        None = 0
        GeometricMean = 1
        ArithmeticMean = 2
        Median = 3
    End Enum

    ' Pass an instance of this class to methods that require an 
    ' IFormatProvider. The class instance determines the type of 
    ' average to calculate.
    Public Class AverageInfo
        Implements IFormatProvider

        Protected  AvgType      As AverageType

        ' Specify the type of averaging in the constructor.
        Public Sub New( avgType As AverageType )
            Me.AvgType = avgType
        End Sub

        ' This method returns a reference to the containing object 
        ' if an object of AverageInfo type is requested. 
        Public Function GetFormat( argType As Type ) As Object _
            Implements IFormatProvider.GetFormat

            If argType Is GetType( AverageInfo ) Then
                Return Me
            Else
                Return Nothing
            End If
        End Function 

        ' Use this property to set or get the type of averaging.
        Public Property TypeOfAverage( ) As AverageType
            Get
                Return Me.AvgType
            End Get
            Set( ByVal value as AverageType )
                Me.AvgType = value
            End Set
        End Property
    End Class 

    ' This class encapsulates an array of Double values and implements 
    ' the IConvertible interface. Most of the IConvertible methods 
    ' return an average of the array elements in one of three types: 
    ' arithmetic mean, geometric mean, or median. 
    Public Class DataSet
        Implements IConvertible

        Protected data              As ArrayList
        Protected defaultProvider   As AverageInfo
           
        ' Construct the object and add an initial list of values.
        ' Create a default format provider.
        Public Sub New( ParamArray values( ) As Double )
            data = New ArrayList( values )
            defaultProvider = New AverageInfo( _
                AverageType.ArithmeticMean )  
        End Sub
           
        ' Add additional values with this method.
        Public Function Add( value As Double ) As Integer
            data.Add( value )
            Return data.Count
        End Function
           
        ' Get, set, and add values with this indexer property.
        Default Public Property Item(index As Integer) As Double
            Get
                If index >= 0 AndAlso index < data.Count Then
                    Return System.Convert.ToDouble( data( index ) )
                Else
                    Throw New InvalidOperationException( _
                        "[DataSet.get] Index out of range." )
                End If
            End Get
            Set
                If index >= 0 AndAlso index < data.Count Then
                    data( index ) = value
                 
                ElseIf index = data.Count Then
                    data.Add( value )
                Else
                    Throw New InvalidOperationException( _
                        "[DataSet.set] Index out of range." )
                End If
            End Set
        End Property
          
        ' This property returns the number of elements in the object.
        Public ReadOnly Property Count( ) As Integer
            Get
                Return data.Count
            End Get
        End Property

        ' This method calculates the average of the object's elements.
        Protected Function Average( ByVal avgType As AverageType ) As Double

            Dim SumProd As Double 
            Dim Index   As Integer

            If data.Count = 0 Then Return 0.0

            Select Case avgType
                
                Case AverageType.GeometricMean

                    SumProd = 1.0
                    For Index = 0 To data.Count - 1
                        SumProd *= data( Index )
                    Next Index
                    
                    ' This calculation will not fail with negative 
                    ' elements.
                    Return Math.Sign( SumProd ) * Math.Pow( _
                        Math.Abs( SumProd ), 1.0 / data.Count )

                Case AverageType.ArithmeticMean

                    SumProd = 0.0
                    For Index = 0 To data.Count - 1
                        SumProd += data( Index )
                    Next Index

                    Return SumProd / data.Count 

                Case AverageType.Median

                    If data.Count Mod 2 = 0 Then
                        Return ( data( data.Count \ 2 ) + _
                            data( data.Count \ 2 - 1 ) ) / 2.0
                    Else
                        Return data( data.Count \ 2 ) 
                    End If
            End Select
        End Function

        ' Get the AverageInfo object from the caller's format 
        ' provider, or use the local default.
        Protected Function GetAverageInfo( _
            provider As IFormatProvider ) As AverageInfo

            Dim avgInfo As AverageInfo = Nothing

            If Not provider Is Nothing Then
                avgInfo = provider.GetFormat( GetType( AverageInfo ) )
            End If

            Return IIf( avgInfo Is Nothing, defaultProvider, avgInfo )
            
        End Function           

        ' Calculate the average and limit the range.
        Protected Function CalcNLimitAverage( min As Double, _
            max As Double, provider as IFormatProvider ) As Double

            ' Get the format provider and calculate the average.
            Dim avgInfo As AverageInfo = GetAverageInfo( provider )
            Dim avg As Double = Average( avgInfo.TypeOfAverage )

            ' Limit the range, based on the minimum and maximum values 
            ' for the type.
            Return IIf( avg > max, max, IIf( avg < min, min, avg ) )

        End Function

        ' The following elements are required by IConvertible.

        ' None of these conversion functions throw exceptions. When
        ' the data is out of range for the type, the appropriate
        ' MinValue or MaxValue is used.
        Public Function GetTypeCode( ) As TypeCode _
            Implements IConvertible.GetTypeCode
            Return TypeCode.Object
        End Function

        Function ToBoolean( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            Boolean Implements IConvertible.ToBoolean

            ' ToBoolean is false if the dataset is empty.
            If data.Count <= 0 Then
                Return False

            ' For median averaging, ToBoolean is true if any 
            ' non-discarded elements are nonzero.
            ElseIf AverageType.Median = _
                GetAverageInfo( provider ).TypeOfAverage Then

                If data.Count Mod 2 = 0 Then
                    Return ( data( data.Count \ 2 ) <> 0.0 Or _
                        data( data.Count \ 2 - 1 ) <> 0.0 )
                Else
                    Return data( data.Count \ 2 ) <> 0.0
                End If

            ' For arithmetic or geometric mean averaging, ToBoolean is 
            ' true if any element of the dataset is nonzero.  
            Else
                Dim Index As Integer
                For Index = 0 To data.Count - 1
                    If data( Index ) <> 0.0 Then Return True
                Next Index
                Return False
            End If
        End Function

        Function ToByte( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As Byte _
            Implements IConvertible.ToByte
            Return Convert.ToByte( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                Byte.MinValue, Byte.MaxValue, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToChar( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As Char _
            Implements IConvertible.ToChar
            Return Convert.ToChar( Convert.ToUInt16( _
                CalcNLimitAverage( 0.0, &HFFFF, provider ) ) )
        End Function

        ' Convert to DateTime by adding the calculated average as 
        ' seconds to the current date and time. A valid DateTime is 
        ' always returned.
        Function ToDateTime( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            DateTime Implements IConvertible.ToDateTime
            Dim seconds As Double = Average( _
                GetAverageInfo( provider ).TypeOfAverage )
            Try
                Return DateTime.Now.AddSeconds( seconds )
            Catch ex As ArgumentOutOfRangeException 
                Return IIf( seconds < 0.0, DateTime.MinValue, _
                    DateTime.MaxValue )
            End Try
        End Function

        Function ToDecimal( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            Decimal Implements IConvertible.ToDecimal

            ' The Double conversion rounds Decimal.MinValue and
            ' Decimal.MaxValue to invalid Decimal values, so the 
            ' following limits must be used.
            Return Convert.ToDecimal( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                -79228162514264330000000000000.0, _
                79228162514264330000000000000.0, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToDouble( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider) As _
            Double Implements IConvertible.ToDouble
            Return Average( GetAverageInfo( provider ).TypeOfAverage )
        End Function

        Function ToInt16( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            Short Implements IConvertible.ToInt16
            Return Convert.ToInt16( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                Int16.MinValue, Int16.MaxValue, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToInt32( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            Integer Implements IConvertible.ToInt32
            Return Convert.ToInt32( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                Int32.MinValue, Int32.MaxValue, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToInt64( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As Long _
            Implements IConvertible.ToInt64

            ' The Double conversion rounds Int64.MinValue and 
            ' Int64.MaxValue to invalid Long values, so the following 
            ' limits must be used.
            Return Convert.ToInt64( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                -9223372036854775000, 9223372036854775000, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToSByte( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            SByte Implements IConvertible.ToSByte

            ' SByte.MinValue and SByte.MaxValue are not defined in
            ' Visual Basic.
            Return Convert.ToSByte( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                -128, 127, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToSingle( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            Single Implements IConvertible.ToSingle
            Return Convert.ToSingle( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                Single.MinValue, Single.MaxValue, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToUInt16( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            UInt16 Implements IConvertible.ToUInt16

            ' UInt16.MinValue and UInt16.MaxValue are not defined in 
            ' Visual Basic.
            Return Convert.ToUInt16( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                0, &HFFFF, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToUInt32( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            UInt32 Implements IConvertible.ToUInt32

            ' UInt32.MinValue and UInt32.MaxValue are not defined in 
            ' Visual Basic.
            Return Convert.ToUInt32( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                0, 4294967295, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToUInt64( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider ) As _
            UInt64 Implements IConvertible.ToUInt64

            ' UInt64.MinValue and UInt64.MaxValue are not defined in 
            ' Visual Basic. The Double conversion would have rounded 
            ' UInt64.MaxValue, so the following limit must be used.
            Return Convert.ToUInt64( CalcNLimitAverage( _
                0, 18446744073709550000.0, provider ) )
        End Function

        Function ToType( ByVal conversionType As Type, _
            ByVal provider As IFormatProvider) As Object _
            Implements IConvertible.ToType
            Return Convert.ChangeType( Average( GetAverageInfo( _
                provider ).TypeOfAverage ), conversionType )
        End Function

        Overloads Function ToString( ByVal provider As IFormatProvider _
            ) As String Implements IConvertible.ToString
            Dim avgType as AverageType = _
                GetAverageInfo( provider ).TypeOfAverage
            Return String.Format( "( {0}: {1:G10} )", avgType, _
                Average( avgType ) )
        End Function
    End Class
   
    ' Display a DataSet with three different format providers.
    Sub DisplayDataSet( ds As DataSet )

        Dim fmt    As String      = "{0,-12}{1,20}{2,20}{3,20}"
        Dim median As AverageInfo = New AverageInfo( AverageType.Median )
        Dim geMean As AverageInfo = _
            New AverageInfo( AverageType.GeometricMean )
        Dim iX     As Integer

        ' Display the dataset elements.
        If ds.Count > 0 Then
            Console.Write( vbCrLf & "DataSet: [{0}", ds( 0 ) )
            For iX = 1 To ds.Count - 1
                Console.Write( ", {0}", ds( iX ) )
            Next iX
            Console.WriteLine( "]" & vbCrLf )
        End If

        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "Convert.", "Default", _
            "Geometric Mean", "Median" )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "--------", "-------", _
            "--------------", "------" )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToBoolean", _
            Convert.ToBoolean( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToBoolean( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToBoolean( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToByte", _
            Convert.ToByte( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToByte( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToByte( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToChar", _
            Convert.ToChar( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToChar( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToChar( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-12}{1,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}" & _
            "{2,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}{3,20:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}", _
            "ToDateTime", Convert.ToDateTime( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToDateTime( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToDateTime( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToDecimal", _
            Convert.ToDecimal( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToDecimal( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToDecimal( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToDouble", _
            Convert.ToDouble( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToDouble( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToDouble( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt16", _
            Convert.ToInt16( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToInt16( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToInt16( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt32", _
            Convert.ToInt32( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToInt32( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToInt32( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToInt64", _
            Convert.ToInt64( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToInt64( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToInt64( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToSByte", _
            Convert.ToSByte( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToSByte( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToSByte( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToSingle", _
            Convert.ToSingle( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToSingle( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToSingle( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt16", _
            Convert.ToUInt16( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToUInt16( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToUInt16( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt32", _
            Convert.ToUInt32( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToUInt32( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToUInt32( ds, median ) )
        Console.WriteLine( fmt, "ToUInt64", _
            Convert.ToUInt64( ds, Nothing ), _
            Convert.ToUInt64( ds, geMean ), _
            Convert.ToUInt64( ds, median ) )
    End Sub
   
    Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the Convert.To<Type>( Object, " & _
            "IFormatProvider ) methods " & vbCrLf & "generates " & _
            "the following output. The example displays the " & _
            "values " & vbCrLf & "returned by the methods, " & _
            "using several IFormatProvider objects." & vbCrLf )
          
        Dim ds1 As New DataSet( 10.5, 22.2, 45.9, 88.7, 156.05, 297.6 )
        DisplayDataSet( ds1 )
          
        Dim ds2 As New DataSet( _
            359999.95, 425000, 499999.5, 775000, 1695000 )
        DisplayDataSet( ds2 )
    End Sub 
End Module 

' This example of the Convert.To<Type>( Object, IFormatProvider ) methods
' generates the following output. The example displays the values
' returned by the methods, using several IFormatProvider objects.
' 
' DataSet: [10.5, 22.2, 45.9, 88.7, 156.05, 297.6]
' 
' Convert.                 Default      Geometric Mean              Median
' --------                 -------      --------------              ------
' ToBoolean                   True                True                True
' ToByte                       103                  59                  67
' ToChar                         g                   ;                   C
' ToDateTime   2003-05-13 14:52:53 2003-05-13 14:52:09 2003-05-13 14:52:17
' ToDecimal       103.491666666667    59.4332135445164                67.3
' ToDouble        103.491666666667    59.4332135445164                67.3
' ToInt16                      103                  59                  67
' ToInt32                      103                  59                  67
' ToInt64                      103                  59                  67
' ToSByte                      103                  59                  67
' ToSingle                103.4917            59.43321                67.3
' ToUInt16                     103                  59                  67
' ToUInt32                     103                  59                  67
' ToUInt64                     103                  59                  67
' 
' DataSet: [359999.95, 425000, 499999.5, 775000, 1695000]
' 
' Convert.                 Default      Geometric Mean              Median
' --------                 -------      --------------              ------
' ToBoolean                   True                True                True
' ToByte                       255                 255                 255
' ToChar                         ?                   ?                   ?
' ToDateTime   2003-05-22 07:27:49 2003-05-20 22:17:27 2003-05-19 09:44:29
' ToDecimal              750999.89    631577.237188435            499999.5
' ToDouble               750999.89    631577.237188435            499999.5
' ToInt16                    32767               32767               32767
' ToInt32                   751000              631577              500000
' ToInt64                   751000              631577              500000
' ToSByte                      127                 127                 127
' ToSingle                750999.9            631577.3            499999.5
' ToUInt16                   65535               65535               65535
' ToUInt32                  751000              631577              500000
' ToUInt64                  751000              631577              500000

Hinweise

provider ermöglicht es dem Benutzer, kulturspezifische Konvertierungs Informationen zum Inhalt von valueanzugeben.provider enables the user to specify culture-specific conversion information about the contents of value. Wenn value z. b. ein String ist, das eine Zahl darstellt, können provider kulturspezifische Informationen über die Notation bereitstellen, die für diese Zahl verwendet wird.For example, if value is a String that represents a number, provider could supply culture-specific information about the notation used to represent that number.

Die Basis Typen ignorieren provider; der-Parameter kann jedoch verwendet werden, wenn value ein benutzerdefinierter Typ ist, der die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert.The base types ignore provider; however, the parameter may be used if value is a user-defined type that implements the IConvertible interface.

ToInt16(UInt64)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 64-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 64-bit unsigned integer to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::UInt64 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static short ToInt16 (ulong value);
static member ToInt16 : uint64 -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As ULong) As Short

Parameter

value
UInt64

Die zu konvertierende 64-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen.The 64-bit unsigned integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Attribute

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue.value is greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von Long-Ganzzahlen ohne Vorzeichen in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of unsigned long integers to a 16-bit signed integer.

ulong[] numbers = { UInt64.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt64.MaxValue };
short result;

foreach (ulong number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to a {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt64 value 0 to a Int16 value 0.
//    Converted the UInt64 value 121 to a Int16 value 121.
//    Converted the UInt64 value 340 to a Int16 value 340.
//    The UInt64 value 18446744073709551615 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
Dim numbers() As ULong = { UInt64.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt64.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short
For Each number As ULong In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to a {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the UInt64 value 0 to a Int16 value 0.
'    Converted the UInt64 value 121 to a Int16 value 121.
'    Converted the UInt64 value 340 to a Int16 value 340.
'    The UInt64 value 18446744073709551615 is outside the range of the Int16 type.

ToInt16(UInt32)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 32-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 32-bit unsigned integer to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::UInt32 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static short ToInt16 (uint value);
static member ToInt16 : uint32 -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As UInteger) As Short

Parameter

value
UInt32

Die zu konvertierende 32-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen.The 32-bit unsigned integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Attribute

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue.value is greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von Ganzzahlen ohne Vorzeichen in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of unsigned integers to a 16-bit signed integer.

uint[] numbers = { UInt32.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt32.MaxValue };
short result;

foreach (uint number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to a {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt32 value 0 to a Int16 value 0.
//    Converted the UInt32 value 121 to a Int16 value 121.
//    Converted the UInt32 value 340 to a Int16 value 340.
//    The UInt32 value 4294967295 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
Dim numbers() As UInteger = { UInt32.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt32.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short
For Each number As UInteger In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to a {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the UInt32 value 0 to a Int16 value 0.
'    Converted the UInt32 value 121 to a Int16 value 121.
'    Converted the UInt32 value 340 to a Int16 value 340.
'    The UInt32 value 4294967295 is outside the range of the Int16 type.

ToInt16(UInt16)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 16-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 16-bit unsigned integer to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::UInt16 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static short ToInt16 (ushort value);
static member ToInt16 : uint16 -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As UShort) As Short

Parameter

value
UInt16

Die zu konvertierende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen.The 16-bit unsigned integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Attribute

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue.value is greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von 16-Bit-Ganzzahlen ohne Vorzeichen in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of unsigned 16-bit integers to a 16-bit signed integer.

ushort[] numbers = { UInt16.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt16.MaxValue };
short result;
foreach (ushort number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to a {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converted the UInt16 value 0 to a Int16 value 0.
//       Converted the UInt16 value 121 to a Int16 value 121.
//       Converted the UInt16 value 340 to a Int16 value 340.
//       The UInt16 value 65535 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
Dim numbers() As UShort = { UInt16.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt16.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short
For Each number As UShort In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to a {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'       Converted the UInt16 value 0 to a Int16 value 0.
'       Converted the UInt16 value 121 to a Int16 value 121.
'       Converted the UInt16 value 340 to a Int16 value 340.
'       The UInt16 value 65535 is outside the range of the Int16 type.

ToInt16(String)

Konvertiert die angegebene Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::String ^ value);
public static short ToInt16 (string value);
static member ToInt16 : string -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As String) As Short

Parameter

value
String

Eine Zeichenfolge, die die zu konvertierende Zahl enthält.A string that contains the number to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die der Zahl in value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn value gleich null ist.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to the number in value, or 0 (zero) if value is null.

Ausnahmen

value besteht nicht aus einem optionalen Vorzeichen und einer Folge von Ziffern (0 bis 9).value does not consist of an optional sign followed by a sequence of digits (0 through 9).

value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel werden Zeichen folgen Darstellungen von 16-Bit-Ganzzahlen mit der ToInt16-Methode unter Verwendung der Standard Formatierung konvertiert.The following example converts string representations of 16-bit integers with the ToInt16 method, using default formatting.

// Example of the Convert::ToInt16( String* ) and 
// Convert::ToInt16( String*, IFormatProvider* ) methods.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
const __wchar_t * protoFmt = L"{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

void ConvertToInt16( String^ numericStr, IFormatProvider^ provider )
{
   Object^ defaultValue;
   Object^ providerValue;
   
   // Convert numericStr to Int16 without a format provider.
   try
   {
      defaultValue = Convert::ToInt16( numericStr );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert numericStr to Int16 with a format provider.
   try
   {
      providerValue = Convert::ToInt16( numericStr, provider );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), numericStr, defaultValue, providerValue );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
   // properties that apply to numbers.
   NumberFormatInfo^ provider = gcnew NumberFormatInfo;
   
   // These properties affect the conversion.
   provider->NegativeSign = "neg ";
   provider->PositiveSign = "pos ";
   
   // These properties do not affect the conversion.
   // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
   provider->NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
   provider->NumberGroupSeparator = ",";
   array<Int32>^sizes = {3};
   provider->NumberGroupSizes = sizes;
   provider->NumberNegativePattern = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of\n"
   "  Convert::ToInt16( String* ) and \n"
   "  Convert::ToInt16( String*, IFormatProvider* ) "
   "\ngenerates the following output. It converts "
   "several strings to \nshort values, using "
   "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "String to convert", "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "-----------------", "-----------------", "------------------" );
   
   // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
   ConvertToInt16( "12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "+12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "pos 12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "-12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "neg 12345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "12345.", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "12,345", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "(12345)", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "32768", provider );
   ConvertToInt16( "-32769", provider );
}

/*
This example of
  Convert::ToInt16( String* ) and
  Convert::ToInt16( String*, IFormatProvider* )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
short values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
12345               12345               12345
+12345              12345               FormatException
pos 12345           FormatException     12345
-12345              -12345              FormatException
neg 12345           FormatException     -12345
12345.              FormatException     FormatException
12,345              FormatException     FormatException
(12345)             FormatException     FormatException
32768               OverflowException   OverflowException
-32769              OverflowException   FormatException
*/
// Example of the Convert.ToInt16( string ) and 
// Convert.ToInt16( string, IFormatProvider ) methods.
using System;
using System.Globalization;

class ToInt16ProviderDemo
{
    static string format = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

     // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring( 
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    static void ConvertToInt16( string numericStr, 
        IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        object defaultValue;
        object providerValue;

        // Convert numericStr to Int16 without a format provider.
        try
        {
            defaultValue = Convert.ToInt16( numericStr );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert numericStr to Int16 with a format provider.
        try
        {
            providerValue = Convert.ToInt16( numericStr, provider );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, 
            defaultValue, providerValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        // properties that apply to numbers.
        NumberFormatInfo provider = new NumberFormatInfo();

        // These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg ";
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos ";

        // These properties do not affect the conversion.
        // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
        provider.NumberGroupSeparator = ",";
        provider.NumberGroupSizes = new int[ ] { 3 };
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0;

        Console.WriteLine("This example of\n" +
            "  Convert.ToInt16( string ) and \n" +
            "  Convert.ToInt16( string, IFormatProvider ) " +
            "\ngenerates the following output. It converts " +
            "several strings to \nshort values, using " +
            "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", 
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", 
            "-----------------", "------------------" );

        // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToInt16( "12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "+12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "pos 12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "-12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "neg 12345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "12345.", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "12,345", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "(12345)", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "32768", provider );
        ConvertToInt16( "-32769", provider );
    }
}

/*
This example of
  Convert.ToInt16( string ) and
  Convert.ToInt16( string, IFormatProvider )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
short values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
12345               12345               12345
+12345              12345               FormatException
pos 12345           FormatException     12345
-12345              -12345              FormatException
neg 12345           FormatException     -12345
12345.              FormatException     FormatException
12,345              FormatException     FormatException
(12345)             FormatException     FormatException
32768               OverflowException   OverflowException
-32769              OverflowException   FormatException
*/ 
' Example of the Convert.ToInt16( String ) and 
' Convert.ToInt16( String, IFormatProvider ) methods.
Imports System.Globalization

Module ToInt16ProviderDemo

    Dim format As String = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}"

    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    Sub ConvertToInt16( numericStr As String, _
        provider As IFormatProvider )

        Dim defaultValue    As Object
        Dim providerValue   As Object

        ' Convert numericStr to Int16 without a format provider.
        Try
            defaultValue = Convert.ToInt16( numericStr )
        Catch ex As Exception
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Convert numericStr to Int16 with a format provider.
        Try
            providerValue = Convert.ToInt16( numericStr, provider )
        Catch ex As Exception
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, _
            defaultValue, providerValue )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )

        ' Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        ' properties that apply to numbers.
        Dim provider  As NumberFormatInfo = new NumberFormatInfo( )

        ' These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg "
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos "

        ' These properties do not affect the conversion.
        ' The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = "."
        provider.NumberGroupSeparator = ","
        provider.NumberGroupSizes = New Integer( ) { 3 }
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of" & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToInt16( String ) and " & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToInt16( String, IFormatProvider ) " & _
            vbCrLf & "generates the following output. It " & _
            "converts several strings to " & vbCrLf & "Short " & _
            "values, using default formatting " & _
            "or a NumberFormatInfo object." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", _
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", _
            "-----------------", "------------------" )

        ' Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToInt16( "12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "+12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "pos 12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "-12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "neg 12345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "12345.", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "12,345", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "(12345)", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "32768", provider )
        ConvertToInt16( "-32769", provider )
    End Sub 
End Module 

' This example of
'   Convert.ToInt16( String ) and
'   Convert.ToInt16( String, IFormatProvider )
' generates the following output. It converts several strings to
' Short values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.
' 
' String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
' -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
' 12345               12345               12345
' +12345              12345               FormatException
' pos 12345           FormatException     12345
' -12345              -12345              FormatException
' neg 12345           FormatException     -12345
' 12345.              FormatException     FormatException
' 12,345              FormatException     FormatException
' (12345)             FormatException     FormatException
' 32768               OverflowException   OverflowException
' -32769              OverflowException   FormatException

Hinweise

Die Verwendung der ToInt16(String)-Methode entspricht der Übergabe von value an die Int16.Parse(String)-Methode.Using the ToInt16(String) method is equivalent to passing value to the Int16.Parse(String) method. value wird mithilfe der Formatierungskonventionen der aktuellen Threadkultur interpretiert.value is interpreted by using the formatting conventions of the current thread culture.

Wenn eine Ausnahme nicht behandelt werden soll, wenn bei der Konvertierung ein Fehler auftritt, können Sie stattdessen die Int16.TryParse-Methode abrufen.If you prefer not to handle an exception if the conversion fails, you can call the Int16.TryParse method instead. Sie gibt einen Boolean Wert zurück, der angibt, ob die Konvertierung erfolgreich war oder fehlgeschlagen ist.It returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

Siehe auch

ToInt16(Single)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Gleitkommazahl mit einfacher Genauigkeit in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(float value);
public static short ToInt16 (float value);
static member ToInt16 : single -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Single) As Short

Parameter

value
Single

Die zu konvertierende Gleitkommazahl mit einfacher Genauigkeit.The single-precision floating-point number to convert.

Gibt zurück

value, auf die nächste 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen gerundet.value, rounded to the nearest 16-bit signed integer. Wenn value genau zwischen zwei ganzen Zahlen liegt, wird die gerade Zahl zurückgegeben (d. h. 4,5 wird in 4 und 5,5 in 6 konvertiert).If value is halfway between two whole numbers, the even number is returned; that is, 4.5 is converted to 4, and 5.5 is converted to 6.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von Single-Werten in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of Single values to a 16-bit signed integer.

float[] values = { Single.MinValue, -1.38e10f, -1023.299f, -12.98f,
                   0f, 9.113e-16f, 103.919f, 17834.191f, Single.MaxValue };
short result;

foreach (float value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value, result.GetType().Name, result);
   }                     
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", value);
   }   
}                                 
// The example displays the following output:
//    -3.40282346638529E+38 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
//    -13799999488 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
//    Converted the Double value -1023.29901123047 to the Int16 value -1023.
//    Converted the Double value -12.9799995422363 to the Int16 value -13.
//    Converted the Double value 0 to the Int16 value 0.
//    Converted the Double value 9.11299983940444E-16 to the Int16 value 0.
//    Converted the Double value 103.918998718262 to the Int16 value 104.
//    Converted the Double value 17834.19140625 to the Int16 value 17834.
//    3.40282346638529E+38 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
Dim values() As Single = { Single.MinValue, -1.38e10, -1023.299, -12.98, _
                           0, 9.113e-16, 103.919, 17834.191, Single.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short

For Each value As Single In values
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(value)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value, result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", value)
   End Try   
Next                                 
' The example displays the following output:
'    -3.40282346638529E+38 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
'    -13799999488 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
'    Converted the Double value -1023.29901123047 to the Int16 value -1023.
'    Converted the Double value -12.9799995422363 to the Int16 value -13.
'    Converted the Double value 0 to the Int16 value 0.
'    Converted the Double value 9.11299983940444E-16 to the Int16 value 0.
'    Converted the Double value 103.918998718262 to the Int16 value 104.
'    Converted the Double value 17834.19140625 to the Int16 value 17834.
'    3.40282346638529E+38 is outside the range of the Int16 type.

Siehe auch

ToInt16(String, Int32)

Konvertiert die Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl in einer angegebenen Basis in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the string representation of a number in a specified base to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::String ^ value, int fromBase);
public static short ToInt16 (string value, int fromBase);
static member ToInt16 : string * int -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As String, fromBase As Integer) As Short

Parameter

value
String

Eine Zeichenfolge, die die zu konvertierende Zahl enthält.A string that contains the number to convert.

fromBase
Int32

Die Basis der Zahl in value, die 2, 8, 10 oder 16 sein muss.The base of the number in value, which must be 2, 8, 10, or 16.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die der Zahl in value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn value gleich null ist.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to the number in value, or 0 (zero) if value is null.

Ausnahmen

fromBase ist nicht 2, 8, 10 oder 16.fromBase is not 2, 8, 10, or 16.

- oder --or- value, der eine nicht zur Basis 10 gehörende Zahl mit Vorzeichen darstellt, weist ein negatives Vorzeichen als Präfix auf.value, which represents a non-base 10 signed number, is prefixed with a negative sign.

value enthält ein Zeichen, das in der von fromBase angegebenen Basis keine gültige Ziffer ist.value contains a character that is not a valid digit in the base specified by fromBase. Die Ausnahmemeldung gibt an, dass keine zu konvertierenden Ziffern vorhanden sind, wenn das erste Zeichen in value ungültig ist. Andernfalls gibt die Meldung an, dass value ungültige nachfolgende Zeichen enthält.The exception message indicates that there are no digits to convert if the first character in value is invalid; otherwise, the message indicates that value contains invalid trailing characters.

value, der eine nicht zur Basis 10 gehörende Zahl mit Vorzeichen darstellt, weist ein negatives Vorzeichen als Präfix auf.value, which represents a non-base 10 signed number, is prefixed with a negative sign.

- oder --or- value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Zeichen folgen Array als hexadezimale Zeichenfolge zu interpretieren und in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to interpret each element in a string array as a hexadecimal string and to convert it to a 16-bit signed integer.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[] hexStrings = { "8000", "0FFF", "f000", "00A30", "D", "-13", 
                              "9AC61", "GAD" };
      foreach (string hexString in hexStrings)
      {
         try {
            short number = Convert.ToInt16(hexString, 16);
            Console.WriteLine("Converted '{0}' to {1:N0}.", hexString, number);
         }
         catch (FormatException) {
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is not in the correct format for a hexadecimal number.", 
                              hexString);
         }
         catch (OverflowException) {
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is outside the range of an Int16.", hexString);
         }
         catch (ArgumentException) {
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is invalid in base 16.", hexString);
         }
      }                                            
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converted '8000' to -32,768.
//       Converted '0FFF' to 4,095.
//       Converted 'f000' to -4,096.
//       Converted '00A30' to 2,608.
//       Converted 'D' to 13.
//       '-13' is invalid in base 16.
//       '9AC61' is outside the range of an Int16.
//       'GAD' is not in the correct format for a hexadecimal number.
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim hexStrings() As String = { "8000", "0FFF", "f000", "00A30", "D", _
                                     "-13", "9AC61", "GAD" }
      For Each hexString As String In hexStrings
         Try
            Dim number As Short = Convert.ToInt16(hexString, 16)
            Console.WriteLine("Converted '{0}' to {1:N0}.", hexString, number)
         Catch e As FormatException
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is not in the correct format for a hexadecimal number.", _
                              hexString)
         Catch e As OverflowException
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is outside the range of an Int16.", hexString)
         Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is invalid in base 16.", hexString)
         End Try
      Next                                            
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Converted '8000' to -32,768.
'       Converted '0FFF' to 4,095.
'       Converted 'f000' to -4,096.
'       Converted '00A30' to 2,608.
'       Converted 'D' to 13.
'       '-13' is invalid in base 16.
'       '9AC61' is outside the range of an Int16.
'       'GAD' is not in the correct format for a hexadecimal number.

Hinweise

Wenn fromBase 16 ist, können Sie die durch den value-Parameter angegebene Zahl mit "0x" oder "0x" als Präfix versehen.If fromBase is 16, you can prefix the number specified by the value parameter with "0x" or "0X".

Da das negative Vorzeichen für numerische Darstellungen ohne Basis 10 nicht unterstützt wird, geht die ToInt16(String, Int32)-Methode davon aus, dass negative Zahlen eine zwei Komplement Darstellung verwenden.Because the negative sign is not supported for non-base 10 numeric representations, the ToInt16(String, Int32) method assumes that negative numbers use two's complement representation. Mit anderen Worten: die Methode interpretiert immer das binäre Bit der höchsten Ordnung einer Ganzzahl (Bit 15) als Vorzeichen-Bit.In other words, the method always interprets the highest-order binary bit of an integer (bit 15) as its sign bit. Folglich ist es möglich, Code zu schreiben, in dem eine nicht-Base-10-Zahl außerhalb des Bereichs des Int16-Datentyps in einen Int16-Wert konvertiert wird, ohne dass die Methode eine Ausnahme auslöst.As a result, it is possible to write code in which a non-base 10 number that is out of the range of the Int16 data type is converted to an Int16 value without the method throwing an exception. Im folgenden Beispiel werden Int16.MaxValue um eins erhöht, die resultierende Zahl in die hexadezimale Zeichen folgen Darstellung konvertiert und dann die ToInt16(String, Int32)-Methode aufgerufen.The following example increments Int16.MaxValue by one, converts the resulting number to its hexadecimal string representation, and then calls the ToInt16(String, Int32) method. Anstatt eine Ausnahme auszulösen, zeigt die Methode die Meldung "0X8000 konvertiert in-32768" an.Instead of throwing an exception, the method displays the message, "0x8000 converts to -32768."

// Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the Int16 type.
string value = Convert.ToString((int) short.MaxValue + 1, 16);
// Convert it back to a number.
try
{
   short number = Convert.ToInt16(value, 16);
   Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, number);
}
catch (OverflowException)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a 16-bit integer.", value);
}   
' Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the Int16 type.
Dim value As String = Convert.ToString(CInt(Short.MaxValue) + 1, 16)
' Convert it back to a number.
Try
   Dim number As Short = Convert.ToInt16(value, 16)
   Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, number)
Catch e As OverflowException
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a 16-bit integer.", value)
End Try   

Beim Durchführen von binären Vorgängen oder numerischen Konvertierungen liegt es immer in der Verantwortung des Entwicklers, zu überprüfen, ob eine Methode die entsprechende numerische Darstellung verwendet, um einen bestimmten Wert zu interpretieren.When performing binary operations or numeric conversions, it is always the responsibility of the developer to verify that a method is using the appropriate numeric representation to interpret a particular value. Wie im folgenden Beispiel veranschaulicht, können Sie sicherstellen, dass die-Methode Überläufe entsprechend behandelt, indem Sie zuerst das Vorzeichen des numerischen Werts abrufen, bevor Sie es in die hexadezimale Zeichen folgen Darstellung umwandelt.As the following example illustrates, you can ensure that the method handles overflows appropriately by first retrieving the sign of the numeric value before converting it to its hexadecimal string representation. Lösen Sie eine Ausnahme aus, wenn der ursprüngliche Wert positiv war, aber die Konvertierung zurück in eine ganze Zahl einen negativen Wert ergibt.Throw an exception if the original value was positive but the conversion back to an integer yields a negative value.

// Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the Short type.
int sourceNumber = (int) short.MaxValue + 1;
bool isNegative = (Math.Sign(sourceNumber) == -1);
string value = Convert.ToString(sourceNumber, 16);
short targetNumber;
try
{
   targetNumber = Convert.ToInt16(value, 16);
   if (! isNegative && ((targetNumber & 0x8000) != 0))
      throw new OverflowException();
   else 
      Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, targetNumber);
}
catch (OverflowException)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a 16-bit integer.", value);
} 
// Displays the following to the console:
//    Unable to convert '0x8000' to a 16-bit integer.     
' Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the Short type.
Dim sourceNumber As Integer = CInt(Short.MaxValue) + 1
Dim isNegative As Boolean = (Math.Sign(sourceNumber) = -1)
Dim value As String = Convert.ToString(sourceNumber, 16)
Dim targetNumber As Short
Try
   targetNumber = Convert.ToInt16(value, 16)
   If Not isNegative And ((targetNumber And &H8000) <> 0) Then
      Throw New OverflowException()
   Else 
      Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, targetNumber)
   End If    
Catch e As OverflowException
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a 16-bit integer.", value)
End Try 
' Displays the following to the console:
'    Unable to convert '0x8000' to a 16-bit integer.     

ToInt16(Object)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Objekts in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified object to a 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::Object ^ value);
public static short ToInt16 (object value);
static member ToInt16 : obj -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Object) As Short

Parameter

value
Object

Ein Objekt, das die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert, oder null.An object that implements the IConvertible interface, or null.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn value gleich null ist.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value, or zero if value is null.

Ausnahmen

value weist kein geeignetes Format für einen Int16-Typ auf.value is not in an appropriate format for an Int16 type.

Die IConvertible-Schnittstelle wird von value nicht implementiert.value does not implement the IConvertible interface.

- oder --or- Die Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.The conversion is not supported.

value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Objekt Array in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an object array to a 16-bit signed integer.

object[] values= { true, -12, 163, 935, 'x', new DateTime(2009, 5, 12),
                   "104", "103.0", "-1", "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2};
short result;

foreach (object value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }                     
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }                     
   catch (FormatException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }                     
   catch (InvalidCastException) {
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to an Int16 exists for the {0} value {1}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
}                           
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Boolean value True to the Int16 value 1.
//    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the Int16 value -12.
//    Converted the Int32 value 163 to the Int16 value 163.
//    Converted the Int32 value 935 to the Int16 value 935.
//    Converted the Char value x to the Int16 value 120.
//    No conversion to an Int16 exists for the DateTime value 5/12/2009 12:00:00 AM.
//    Converted the String value 104 to the Int16 value 104.
//    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value -1 to the Int16 value -1.
//    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the Double value 100 to the Int16 value 100.
Dim values() As Object = { True, -12, 163, 935, "x"c, #5/12/2009#, _
                           "104", "103.0", "-1", _
                           "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2}
Dim result As Short

For Each value As Object In values
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(value)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As FormatException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As InvalidCastException
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to an Int16 exists for the {0} value {1}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
                        
   End Try
Next                           
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the Boolean value True to the Int16 value 1.
'    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the Int16 value -12.
'    Converted the Int32 value 163 to the Int16 value 163.
'    Converted the Int32 value 935 to the Int16 value 935.
'    Converted the Char value x to the Int16 value 120.
'    No conversion to an Int16 exists for the DateTime value 5/12/2009 12:00:00 AM.
'    Converted the String value 104 to the Int16 value 104.
'    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the String value -1 to the Int16 value -1.
'    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
'    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the Double value 100 to the Int16 value 100.

Hinweise

Wenn value nicht nullwird, umschließt diese Methode einen aufzurufenden IConvertible.ToInt16 Implementierung des zugrunde liegenden Typs value.If value is not null, this method wraps a call to the IConvertible.ToInt16 implementation of the underlying type of value.

ToInt16(Int32)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 32-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 32-bit signed integer to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(int value);
public static short ToInt16 (int value);
static member ToInt16 : int -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Integer) As Short

Parameter

value
Int32

Die zu konvertierende 32-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.The 32-bit signed integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Die 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.The 16-bit signed integer equivalent of value.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von ganzen Zahlen in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of integers to a 16-bit signed integer.

int[] numbers = { Int32.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int32.MaxValue };
short result;

foreach (int number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to a {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }                     
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int32 value -2147483648 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
//    Converted the Int32 value -1 to a Int16 value -1.
//    Converted the Int32 value 0 to a Int16 value 0.
//    Converted the Int32 value 121 to a Int16 value 121.
//    Converted the Int32 value 340 to a Int16 value 340.
//    The Int32 value 2147483647 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
Dim numbers() As Integer = { Int32.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int32.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short

For Each number As Integer In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to a {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Int32 value -2147483648 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
'    Converted the Int32 value -1 to a Int16 value -1.
'    Converted the Int32 value 0 to a Int16 value 0.
'    Converted the Int32 value 121 to a Int16 value 121.
'    Converted the Int32 value 340 to a Int16 value 340.
'    The Int32 value 2147483647 is outside the range of the Int16 type.

ToInt16(Int16)

Gibt die angegebene 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zurück. Es wird keine wirkliche Konvertierung durchgeführt.Returns the specified 16-bit signed integer; no actual conversion is performed.

public:
 static short ToInt16(short value);
public static short ToInt16 (short value);
static member ToInt16 : int16 -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Short) As Short

Parameter

value
Int16

Die zurückzugebende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.The 16-bit signed integer to return.

Gibt zurück

value wird unverändert zurückgegeben.value is returned unchanged.

ToInt16(Double)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Gleitkommazahl mit doppelter Genauigkeit in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified double-precision floating-point number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(double value);
public static short ToInt16 (double value);
static member ToInt16 : double -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Double) As Short

Parameter

value
Double

Die zu konvertierende Gleitkommazahl mit doppelter Genauigkeit.The double-precision floating-point number to convert.

Gibt zurück

value, auf die nächste 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen gerundet.value, rounded to the nearest 16-bit signed integer. Wenn value genau zwischen zwei ganzen Zahlen liegt, wird die gerade Zahl zurückgegeben (d. h. 4,5 wird in 4 und 5,5 in 6 konvertiert).If value is halfway between two whole numbers, the even number is returned; that is, 4.5 is converted to 4, and 5.5 is converted to 6.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird jedes Element in einem Array von Double-Werten in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen konvertiert.The following example converts each element in an array of Double values to a 16-bit signed integer. Das Beispiel veranschaulicht, dass alle Bruchteile eines Double Werts gerundet werden, bevor die Konvertierung durchgeführt wird.The example illustrates that any fractional part of a Double value is rounded before performing the conversion.

double[] values = { Double.MinValue, -1.38e10, -1023.299, -12.98,
                    0, 9.113e-16, 103.919, 17834.191, Double.MaxValue };
short result;

foreach (double value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} to {1}.", value, result);
   }   
   catch (OverflowException)
   {
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", value);
   }   
}                                 
//       -1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
//       -13800000000 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
//       Converted -1023.299 to -1023.
//       Converted -12.98 to -13.
//       Converted 0 to 0.
//       Converted 9.113E-16 to 0.
//       Converted 103.919 to 104.
//       Converted 17834.191 to 17834.
//       1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
Dim values() As Double = { Double.MinValue, -1.38e10, -1023.299, -12.98, _
                           0, 9.113e-16, 103.919, 17834.191, Double.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short

For Each value As Double In values
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(value)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} to {1}.", value, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", value)
   End Try   
Next                                 
'       -1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
'       -13800000000 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
'       Converted -1023.299 to -1023.
'       Converted -12.98 to -13.
'       Converted 0 to 0.
'       Converted 9.113E-16 to 0.
'       Converted 103.919 to 104.
'       Converted 17834.191 to 17834.
'       1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the Int16 type.

Siehe auch

ToInt16(Decimal)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Dezimalzahl in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified decimal number to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::Decimal value);
public static short ToInt16 (decimal value);
static member ToInt16 : decimal -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Decimal) As Short

Parameter

value
Decimal

Die zu konvertierende Dezimalzahl.The decimal number to convert.

Gibt zurück

value, auf die nächste 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen gerundet.value, rounded to the nearest 16-bit signed integer. Wenn value genau zwischen zwei ganzen Zahlen liegt, wird die gerade Zahl zurückgegeben (d. h. 4,5 wird in 4 und 5,5 in 6 konvertiert).If value is halfway between two whole numbers, the even number is returned; that is, 4.5 is converted to 4, and 5.5 is converted to 6.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von Decimal-Werten in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of Decimal values to a 16-bit signed integer. Das Beispiel veranschaulicht, dass alle Bruchteile eines Decimal Werts beim Durchführen der Konvertierung gerundet werden.The example illustrates that any fractional part of a Decimal value is rounded when performing the conversion.

decimal[] values = { Decimal.MinValue, -1034.23m, -12m, 0m, 147m,
                            9214.16m, Decimal.MaxValue };
short result;

foreach (decimal value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} to {1}.", value, result);
   }   
   catch (OverflowException)
   {
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is outside the range of the Int16 type.",
                        value);
   }   
}                                  
// The example displays the following output:
//    -79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
//    Converted -1034.23 to -1034.
//    Converted -12 to -12.
//    Converted 0 to 0.
//    Converted 147 to 147.
//    Converted 9214.16 to 9214.
//    79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
Dim values() As Decimal = { Decimal.MinValue, -1034.23d, -12d, 0d, 147d, _
                            9214.16d, Decimal.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short

For Each value As Decimal In values
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(value)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} to {1}.", value, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", _
                        value)
   End Try   
Next                                  
' The example displays the following output:
'    -79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
'    Converted -1034.23 to -1034.
'    Converted -12 to -12.
'    Converted 0 to 0.
'    Converted 147 to 147.
'    Converted 9214.16 to 9214.
'    79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the Int16 type.

Siehe auch

ToInt16(DateTime)

Beim Aufrufen dieser Methode wird immer eine InvalidCastException ausgelöst.Calling this method always throws InvalidCastException.

public:
 static short ToInt16(DateTime value);
public static short ToInt16 (DateTime value);
static member ToInt16 : DateTime -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As DateTime) As Short

Parameter

value
DateTime

Der Datums- und Uhrzeitwert, der konvertiert werden soll.The date and time value to convert.

Gibt zurück

Diese Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.This conversion is not supported. Es wird kein Wert zurückgegeben.No value is returned.

Ausnahmen

Diese Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.This conversion is not supported.

ToInt16(Char)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Unicode-Zeichens in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified Unicode character to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(char value);
public static short ToInt16 (char value);
static member ToInt16 : char -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Char) As Short

Parameter

value
Char

Das zu konvertierende Unicode-Zeichen.The Unicode character to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue.value is greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von Char-Werten in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of Char values to a 16-bit signed integer.

char[] chars = { 'a', 'z', '\x0007', '\x03FF',
                 '\x7FFF', '\xFFFE' };
short result;

foreach (char ch in chars)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(ch);
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", ch, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert u+{0} to an Int16.",
                        ((int)ch).ToString("X4"));
   }
}   
// The example displays the following output:
//       'a' converts to 97.
//       'z' converts to 122.
//       '' converts to 7.
//       '?' converts to 1023.
//       '?' converts to 32767.
//       Unable to convert u+FFFE to a UInt16.
Dim chars() As Char = { "a"c, "z"c, ChrW(7), ChrW(1023), _
                        ChrW(Short.MaxValue), ChrW(&hFFFE) }
Dim result As Short
                        
For Each ch As Char in chars
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(ch)
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", ch, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert u+{0} to an Int16.", _
                        AscW(ch).ToString("X4"))
   End Try
Next   
' The example displays the following output:
'       'a' converts to 97.
'       'z' converts to 122.
'       '' converts to 7.
'       '?' converts to 1023.
'       '?' converts to 32767.
'       Unable to convert u+FFFE to a UInt16.

ToInt16(Byte)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 8-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 8-bit unsigned integer to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(System::Byte value);
public static short ToInt16 (byte value);
static member ToInt16 : byte -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Byte) As Short

Parameter

value
Byte

Die zu konvertierende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen.The 8-bit unsigned integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird jedes Element in einem Array von Byte-Werten in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen konvertiert.The following example converts each element in an array of Byte values to a 16-bit signed integer.

byte[] bytes = { Byte.MinValue, 14, 122, Byte.MaxValue};
short result;

foreach (byte byteValue in bytes)
{
   result = Convert.ToInt16(byteValue);
   Console.WriteLine("The Byte value {0} converts to {1}.",
                     byteValue, result);
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       The Byte value 0 converts to 0.
//       The Byte value 14 converts to 14.
//       The Byte value 122 converts to 122.
//       The Byte value 255 converts to 255.
Dim bytes() As Byte = { Byte.MinValue, 14, 122, Byte.MaxValue}
Dim result As Short

For Each byteValue As Byte In bytes
   result = Convert.ToInt16(byteValue)
   Console.WriteLine("The Byte value {0} converts to {1}.", _
                     byteValue, result)
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'       The Byte value 0 converts to 0.
'       The Byte value 14 converts to 14.
'       The Byte value 122 converts to 122.
'       The Byte value 255 converts to 255.

ToInt16(Boolean)

Konvertiert den angegebenen booleschen Wert in die entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified Boolean value to the equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(bool value);
public static short ToInt16 (bool value);
static member ToInt16 : bool -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Boolean) As Short

Parameter

value
Boolean

Der zu konvertierende boolesche Wert.The Boolean value to convert.

Gibt zurück

Die Zahl 1, wenn value true ist, andernfalls 0 (null).The number 1 if value is true; otherwise, 0.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel werden die booleschen Werte true und false in Int16 Werte konvertiert.The following example converts the Boolean values true and false to Int16 values.

bool falseFlag = false;
bool trueFlag = true;

Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", falseFlag,
                  Convert.ToInt16(falseFlag));
Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", trueFlag,
                  Convert.ToInt16(trueFlag));
// The example displays the following output:
//       False converts to 0.
//       True converts to 1.
Dim falseFlag As Boolean = False
Dim trueFlag As Boolean = True

Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", falseFlag, _
                  Convert.ToInt16(falseFlag))
Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", trueFlag, _
                  Convert.ToInt16(trueFlag))
' The example displays the following output:
'       False converts to 0.
'       True converts to 1.

ToInt16(Int64)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 64-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 64-bit signed integer to an equivalent 16-bit signed integer.

public:
 static short ToInt16(long value);
public static short ToInt16 (long value);
static member ToInt16 : int64 -> int16
Public Shared Function ToInt16 (value As Long) As Short

Parameter

value
Int64

Die zu konvertierende 64-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.The 64-bit signed integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.A 16-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array mit langen Ganzzahlen in eine 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of long integers to a 16-bit signed integer.

long[] numbers = { Int64.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int64.MaxValue };
short result;

foreach (long number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }                     
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int64 value -9223372036854775808 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
//    Converted the Int64 value -1 to the Int16 value -1.
//    Converted the Int64 value 0 to the Int16 value 0.
//    Converted the Int64 value 121 to the Int16 value 121.
//    Converted the Int64 value 340 to the Int16 value 340.
//    The Int64 value 9223372036854775807 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
Dim numbers() As Long = { Int64.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int64.MaxValue }
Dim result As Short
For Each number As Long In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToInt16(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the Int16 type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Int64 value -9223372036854775808 is outside the range of the Int16 type.
'    Converted the Int64 value -1 to the Int16 value -1.
'    Converted the Int64 value 0 to the Int16 value 0.
'    Converted the Int64 value 121 to the Int16 value 121.
'    Converted the Int64 value 340 to the Int16 value 340.
'    The Int64 value 9223372036854775807 is outside the range of the Int16 type.

Gilt für: