Convert.ToSByte Convert.ToSByte Convert.ToSByte Convert.ToSByte Method

Definition

Konvertiert einen angegebenen Wert in eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts a specified value to an 8-bit signed integer.

Überlädt

ToSByte(SByte) ToSByte(SByte) ToSByte(SByte) ToSByte(SByte)

Gibt die angegebene 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zurück. Es wird keine wirkliche Konvertierung durchgeführt.Returns the specified 8-bit signed integer; no actual conversion is performed.

ToSByte(String, Int32) ToSByte(String, Int32) ToSByte(String, Int32) ToSByte(String, Int32)

Konvertiert die Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl in einer angegebenen Basis in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the string representation of a number in a specified base to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider)

Konvertiert die angegebene Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl unter Verwendung der angegebenen kulturspezifischen Formatierungsinformationen in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Objekts unter Verwendung der angegebenen kulturspezifischen Formatierungsinformationen in eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified object to an 8-bit signed integer, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

ToSByte(UInt64) ToSByte(UInt64) ToSByte(UInt64) ToSByte(UInt64)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 64-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 64-bit unsigned integer to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(UInt32) ToSByte(UInt32) ToSByte(UInt32) ToSByte(UInt32)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 32-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 32-bit unsigned integer to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(String) ToSByte(String) ToSByte(String) ToSByte(String)

Konvertiert die angegebene Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Single) ToSByte(Single) ToSByte(Single) ToSByte(Single)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Gleitkommazahl mit einfacher Genauigkeit in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Object) ToSByte(Object) ToSByte(Object) ToSByte(Object)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Objekts in eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified object to an 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(UInt16) ToSByte(UInt16) ToSByte(UInt16) ToSByte(UInt16)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 16-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 16-bit unsigned integer to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Int32) ToSByte(Int32) ToSByte(Int32) ToSByte(Int32)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 32-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 32-bit signed integer to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Int64) ToSByte(Int64) ToSByte(Int64) ToSByte(Int64)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 64-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 64-bit signed integer to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Byte) ToSByte(Byte) ToSByte(Byte) ToSByte(Byte)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 8-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 8-bit unsigned integer to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Char) ToSByte(Char) ToSByte(Char) ToSByte(Char)

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Unicode-Zeichens in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified Unicode character to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(DateTime) ToSByte(DateTime) ToSByte(DateTime) ToSByte(DateTime)

Beim Aufrufen dieser Methode wird immer eine InvalidCastException ausgelöst.Calling this method always throws InvalidCastException.

ToSByte(Boolean) ToSByte(Boolean) ToSByte(Boolean) ToSByte(Boolean)

Konvertiert den angegebenen booleschen Wert in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified Boolean value to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Double) ToSByte(Double) ToSByte(Double) ToSByte(Double)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Gleitkommazahl mit doppelter Genauigkeit in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified double-precision floating-point number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Int16) ToSByte(Int16) ToSByte(Int16) ToSByte(Int16)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 16-bit signed integer to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(Decimal) ToSByte(Decimal) ToSByte(Decimal) ToSByte(Decimal)

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Dezimalzahl in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified decimal number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

ToSByte(SByte) ToSByte(SByte) ToSByte(SByte) ToSByte(SByte)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Gibt die angegebene 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen zurück. Es wird keine wirkliche Konvertierung durchgeführt.Returns the specified 8-bit signed integer; no actual conversion is performed.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::SByte value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (sbyte value);
static member ToSByte : sbyte -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As SByte) As SByte

Parameter

value
SByte SByte SByte SByte

Die zurückzugebende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.The 8-bit signed integer to return.

Gibt zurück

value wird unverändert zurückgegeben.value is returned unchanged.

ToSByte(String, Int32) ToSByte(String, Int32) ToSByte(String, Int32) ToSByte(String, Int32)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert die Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl in einer angegebenen Basis in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the string representation of a number in a specified base to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::String ^ value, int fromBase);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string value, int fromBase);
static member ToSByte : string * int -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As String, fromBase As Integer) As SByte

Parameter

value
String String String String

Eine Zeichenfolge, die die zu konvertierende Zahl enthält.A string that contains the number to convert.

fromBase
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Die Basis der Zahl in value, die 2, 8, 10 oder 16 sein muss.The base of the number in value, which must be 2, 8, 10, or 16.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die der Zahl in value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn value gleich null ist.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to the number in value, or 0 (zero) if value is null.

Ausnahmen

fromBase ist nicht 2, 8, 10 oder 16.fromBase is not 2, 8, 10, or 16.

- oder --or- value, der eine nicht zur Basis 10 gehörende Zahl mit Vorzeichen darstellt, weist ein negatives Vorzeichen als Präfix auf.value, which represents a non-base 10 signed number, is prefixed with a negative sign.

value enthält ein Zeichen, das in der von fromBase angegebenen Basis keine gültige Ziffer ist.value contains a character that is not a valid digit in the base specified by fromBase. Die Ausnahmemeldung gibt an, dass keine zu konvertierenden Ziffern vorhanden sind, wenn das erste Zeichen in value ungültig ist. Andernfalls gibt die Meldung an, dass value ungültige nachfolgende Zeichen enthält.The exception message indicates that there are no digits to convert if the first character in value is invalid; otherwise, the message indicates that value contains invalid trailing characters.

value, der eine nicht zur Basis 10 gehörende Zahl mit Vorzeichen darstellt, weist ein negatives Vorzeichen als Präfix auf.value, which represents a non-base 10 signed number, is prefixed with a negative sign.

- oder --or- value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, Elemente in einem Zeichenfolgenarray als die binäre, oktale und hexadezimale Darstellung von numerischen Werten zu interpretieren, um sie in Bytes ohne Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to interpret the elements in a string array as the binary, octal, and hexadecimal representation of numeric values in order to convert them to unsigned bytes.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      int[] baseValues = { 2, 8, 16};
      string[] values = { "FF", "81", "03", "11", "8F", "01", "1C", "111", 
                          "123", "18A" }; 
   
      // Convert to each supported base.
      foreach (int baseValue in baseValues)
      {
         Console.WriteLine("Converting strings in base {0}:", baseValue);
         foreach (string value in values)
         {
            Console.Write("   '{0,-5}  -->  ", value + "'");
            try {
               Console.WriteLine(Convert.ToSByte(value, baseValue));
            }   
            catch (FormatException) {
               Console.WriteLine("Bad Format");
            }   
            catch (OverflowException) {
               Console.WriteLine("Out of Range");
            }
         }
         Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converting strings in base 2:
//          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
//          '81'    -->  Bad Format
//          '03'    -->  Bad Format
//          '11'    -->  3
//          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
//          '111'   -->  7
//          '123'   -->  Bad Format
//          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
//       
//       Converting strings in base 8:
//          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
//          '81'    -->  Bad Format
//          '03'    -->  3
//          '11'    -->  9
//          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
//          '111'   -->  73
//          '123'   -->  83
//          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
//       
//       Converting strings in base 16:
//          'FF'    -->  -1
//          '81'    -->  -127
//          '03'    -->  3
//          '11'    -->  17
//          '8F'    -->  -113
//          '01'    -->  1
//          '1C'    -->  28
//          '111'   -->  Out of Range
//          '123'   -->  Out of Range
//          '18A'   -->  Out of Range
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim bases() As Integer = { 2, 8, 16}
      Dim values() As String = { "FF", "81", "03", "11", "8F", "01", "1C", _ 
                                 "111", "123", "18A" } 
   
      ' Convert to each supported base.
      For Each base As Integer In bases
         Console.WriteLine("Converting strings in base {0}:", base)
         For Each value As String In values
            Console.Write("   '{0,-5}  -->  ", value + "'")
            Try
               Console.WriteLine(Convert.ToSByte(value, base))
            Catch e As FormatException
               Console.WriteLine("Bad Format")
            Catch e As OverflowException
               Console.WriteLine("Out of Range")
            End Try   
         Next
         Console.WriteLine()
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Converting strings in base 2:
'          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
'          '81'    -->  Bad Format
'          '03'    -->  Bad Format
'          '11'    -->  3
'          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
'          '01'    -->  1
'          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
'          '111'   -->  7
'          '123'   -->  Bad Format
'          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
'       
'       Converting strings in base 8:
'          'FF'    -->  Bad Format
'          '81'    -->  Bad Format
'          '03'    -->  3
'          '11'    -->  9
'          '8F'    -->  Bad Format
'          '01'    -->  1
'          '1C'    -->  Bad Format
'          '111'   -->  73
'          '123'   -->  83
'          '18A'   -->  Bad Format
'       
'       Converting strings in base 16:
'          'FF'    -->  -1
'          '81'    -->  -127
'          '03'    -->  3
'          '11'    -->  17
'          '8F'    -->  -113
'          '01'    -->  1
'          '1C'    -->  28
'          '111'   -->  Out of Range
'          '123'   -->  Out of Range
'          '18A'   -->  Out of Range

Hinweise

Wenn fromBase 16 ist, können Sie die Anzahl, die anhand des Präfix der value Parameter mit "0 X" oder "0 X".If fromBase is 16, you can prefix the number specified by the value parameter with "0x" or "0X".

Da die negativen Vorzeichen nicht, für die nicht zur Basis 10 numerische Darstellungen unterstützt werden der ToSByte(String, Int32) Methode wird davon ausgegangen, dass zwei der Ergänzung Darstellung, negative Zahlen verwenden.Because the negative sign is not supported for non-base 10 numeric representations, the ToSByte(String, Int32) method assumes that negative numbers use two's complement representation. Das heißt, interpretiert die Methode immer das höherwertige Bit ein Byte (7-Bit) als Vorzeichenbit.In other words, the method always interprets the high-order bit of a byte (bit 7) as its sign bit. Es ist daher möglich, Code geschrieben werden, dass er eine nicht zur Basis 10 in der Zahl, außerhalb des Gültigkeitsbereichs der SByte -Datentyp konvertiert wird, um eine SByte Wert ohne die Methode eine Ausnahme auslöst.As a result, it is possible to write code in which a non-base 10 number that is out of the range of the SByte data type is converted to an SByte value without the method throwing an exception. Das folgende Beispiel konvertiert MaxValue , die hexadezimale Zeichenfolgendarstellung und ruft dann die ToSByte(String, Int32) Methode.The following example converts MaxValue to its hexadecimal string representation, and then calls the ToSByte(String, Int32) method. Anstatt eine Ausnahme auszulösen, die Methode zeigt die Meldung "0xff konvertiert-1".Instead of throwing an exception, the method displays the message, "0xff converts to -1."

// Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the SByte type.
string value = Convert.ToString(byte.MaxValue, 16);
// Convert it back to a number.
try
{
   sbyte number = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16);
   Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, number);
}   
catch (OverflowException)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a signed byte.", value);
}   
' Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the SByte type.
Dim value As String = Convert.ToString(Byte.MaxValue, 16)
' Convert it back to a number.
Try
   Dim number As SByte = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16)
   Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, number)
Catch e As OverflowException
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a signed byte.", value)
End Try   

Wenn Sie binäre Operationen oder numerische Konvertierungen durchführen zu können, ist es immer der Verantwortung des Entwicklers, sicherzustellen, dass eine Methode die entsprechenden numerische Darstellung verwendet wird, um einen bestimmten Wert zu interpretieren.When performing binary operations or numeric conversions, it is always the responsibility of the developer to verify that a method is using the appropriate numeric representation to interpret a particular value. Wie im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, können Sie sicherstellen, dass die Methode verarbeitet entsprechend überläuft, indem er zuerst ermittelt, gibt an, ob ein Wert eine ohne Vorzeichen darstellt, oder einen Typ mit Vorzeichen, wenn es in die hexadezimale Zeichenfolgendarstellung konvertiert.As the following example illustrates, you can ensure that the method handles overflows appropriately by first determining whether a value represents an unsigned or a signed type when converting it to its hexadecimal string representation. Löst eine Ausnahme aus, wenn der ursprüngliche Wert ein Typ ohne Vorzeichen wurde, aber der Wechsel zurück in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen einen Wert, dessen Bit anmelden ergibt aktiviert ist.Throw an exception if the original value was an unsigned type but the conversion back to a signed byte yields a value whose sign bit is on.

// Create a hexadecimal value out of range of the SByte type.
byte sourceNumber = byte.MaxValue;
bool isSigned = Math.Sign(Convert.ToDouble(sourceNumber.GetType().GetField("MinValue").GetValue(null))) == -1;
string value = Convert.ToString(sourceNumber, 16);
sbyte targetNumber;
try
{
   targetNumber = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16);
   if (! isSigned && ((targetNumber & 0x80) != 0))
      throw new OverflowException();
   else 
      Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, targetNumber);
}
catch (OverflowException)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a signed byte.", value);
} 
// Displays the following to the console:
//    Unable to convert '0xff' to a signed byte.     
' Create a negative hexadecimal value out of range of the Long type.
Dim sourceNumber As Byte = Byte.MaxValue
Dim isSigned As Boolean = Math.Sign(sourceNumber.MinValue) = -1
Dim value As String = Convert.ToString(sourceNumber, 16)
Dim targetNumber As SByte
Try
   targetNumber = Convert.ToSByte(value, 16)
   If Not isSigned And ((targetNumber And &H80) <> 0) Then
      Throw New OverflowException()
   Else 
      Console.WriteLine("0x{0} converts to {1}.", value, targetNumber)
   End If    
Catch e As OverflowException
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '0x{0}' to a signed byte.", value)
End Try 
' Displays the following to the console:
'    Unable to convert '0xff' to a signed byte.     

ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(String, IFormatProvider)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert die angegebene Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl unter Verwendung der angegebenen kulturspezifischen Formatierungsinformationen in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::String ^ value, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string value, IFormatProvider provider);
static member ToSByte : string * IFormatProvider -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As String, provider As IFormatProvider) As SByte

Parameter

value
String String String String

Eine Zeichenfolge, die die zu konvertierende Zahl enthält.A string that contains the number to convert.

provider
IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider

Ein Objekt, das kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen bereitstellt.An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

value besteht nicht aus einem optionalen Vorzeichen und einer Folge von Ziffern (0 bis 9).value does not consist of an optional sign followed by a sequence of digits (0 through 9).

value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Das folgende Beispiel konvertiert die zeichenfolgendarstellungen SByte Werte mit der ToSByte -Methode, mit einer IFormatProvider Objekt.The following example converts string representations of SByte values with the ToSByte method, using an IFormatProvider object.

// Example of the Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and 
// Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* ) methods.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
const __wchar_t * protoFmt = L"{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

void ConvertToSByte( String^ numericStr, IFormatProvider^ provider )
{
   Object^ defaultValue;
   Object^ providerValue;
   
   // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
   try
   {
      defaultValue = Convert::ToSByte( numericStr );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
   try
   {
      providerValue = Convert::ToSByte( numericStr, provider );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), numericStr, defaultValue, providerValue );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
   // properties that apply to numbers.
   NumberFormatInfo^ provider = gcnew NumberFormatInfo;
   
   // These properties affect the conversion.
   provider->NegativeSign = "neg ";
   provider->PositiveSign = "pos ";
   
   // These properties do not affect the conversion.
   // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
   provider->NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
   provider->NumberNegativePattern = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of\n"
   "  Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and \n"
   "  Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* ) "
   "\ngenerates the following output. It converts "
   "several strings to \nSByte values, using "
   "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "String to convert", "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "-----------------", "-----------------", "------------------" );
   
   // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
   ConvertToSByte( "123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "128", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider );
}

/*
This example of
  Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and
  Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
123                 123                 123
+123                123                 FormatException
pos 123             FormatException     123
-123                -123                FormatException
neg 123             FormatException     -123
123.                FormatException     FormatException
(123)               FormatException     FormatException
128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
-129                OverflowException   FormatException
*/
// Example of the Convert.ToSByte( string ) and 
// Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) methods.
using System;
using System.Globalization;

class ToSByteProviderDemo
{
    static string format = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

     // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring( 
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    static void ConvertToSByte( string numericStr, 
        IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        object defaultValue;
        object providerValue;

        // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
        try
        {
            defaultValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
        try
        {
            providerValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr, provider );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, 
            defaultValue, providerValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        // properties that apply to numbers.
        NumberFormatInfo provider = new NumberFormatInfo();

        // These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg ";
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos ";

        // These properties do not affect the conversion.
        // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0;

        Console.WriteLine("This example of\n" +
            "  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and \n" +
            "  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) " +
            "\ngenerates the following output. It converts " +
            "several strings to \nSByte values, using " +
            "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", 
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", 
            "-----------------", "------------------" );

        // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToSByte( "123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "128", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider );
    }
}

/*
This example of
  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
123                 123                 123
+123                123                 FormatException
pos 123             FormatException     123
-123                -123                FormatException
neg 123             FormatException     -123
123.                FormatException     FormatException
(123)               FormatException     FormatException
128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
-129                OverflowException   FormatException
*/ 
' Example of the Convert.ToSByte( String ) and 
' Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider ) methods.
Imports System
Imports System.Globalization
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module ToSByteProviderDemo

    Dim format As String = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}"

    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    Sub ConvertToSByte( numericStr As String, _
        provider As IFormatProvider )

        Dim defaultValue    As Object
        Dim providerValue   As Object

        ' Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
        Try
            defaultValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr )
        Catch ex As Exception
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
        Try
            providerValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr, provider )
        Catch ex As Exception
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, _
            defaultValue, providerValue )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )

        ' Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        ' properties that apply to numbers.
        Dim provider  As NumberFormatInfo = new NumberFormatInfo( )

        ' These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg "
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos "

        ' These properties do not affect the conversion.
        ' The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = "."
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of" & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToSByte( String ) and " & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider ) " & _
            vbCrLf & "generates the following output. It " & _
            "converts several strings to " & vbCrLf & "SByte " & _
            "values, using default formatting " & _
            "or a NumberFormatInfo object." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", _
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", _
            "-----------------", "------------------" )

        ' Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToSByte( "123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "128", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider )
    End Sub 
End Module 

' This example of
'   Convert.ToSByte( String ) and
'   Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider )
' generates the following output. It converts several strings to
' SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.
' 
' String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
' -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
' 123                 123                 123
' +123                123                 FormatException
' pos 123             FormatException     123
' -123                -123                FormatException
' neg 123             FormatException     -123
' 123.                FormatException     FormatException
' (123)               FormatException     FormatException
' 128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
' -129                OverflowException   FormatException

Hinweise

provider ist ein IFormatProvider -Instanz, die erhält eine NumberFormatInfo Objekt.provider is an IFormatProvider instance that obtains a NumberFormatInfo object. Die NumberFormatInfo Objekt stellt kulturspezifische Informationen zum Format von value.The NumberFormatInfo object provides culture-specific information about the format of value. Wenn provider ist null, NumberFormatInfo für die aktuelle Kultur verwendet wird.If provider is null, the NumberFormatInfo for the current culture is used.

Falls gewünscht, nicht auf eine Ausnahme zu behandeln, wenn die Konvertierung fehlschlägt, können Sie rufen die SByte.TryParse Methode stattdessen.If you prefer not to handle an exception if the conversion fails, you can call the SByte.TryParse method instead. Gibt eine Boolean Wert, der angibt, ob die Konvertierung erfolgreich war oder fehlgeschlagen ist.It returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

Siehe auch

ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Objekts unter Verwendung der angegebenen kulturspezifischen Formatierungsinformationen in eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified object to an 8-bit signed integer, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::Object ^ value, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (object value, IFormatProvider provider);
static member ToSByte : obj * IFormatProvider -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Object, provider As IFormatProvider) As SByte

Parameter

value
Object Object Object Object

Ein Objekt, das die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert.An object that implements the IConvertible interface.

provider
IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider

Ein Objekt, das kulturspezifische Formatierungsinformationen bereitstellt.An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn value gleich null ist.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value, or zero if value is null.

Ausnahmen

value weist kein geeignetes Format auf.value is not in an appropriate format.

Die IConvertible-Schnittstelle wird von value nicht implementiert.value does not implement the IConvertible interface.

- oder --or- Die Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.The conversion is not supported.

value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Das folgende Beispiel definiert eine ByteString -Klasse, die beide speichert, signiert, und nicht signierten Bytes als hexadezimale Zeichenfolgen mit einem Feld, die das Vorzeichen des Bytes angibt.The following example defines a ByteString class that stores both signed and unsigned bytes as hexadecimal strings along with a field that indicates the sign of the byte. Die ByteString-Klasse implementiert die IConvertible-Schnittstelle.The ByteString class implements the IConvertible interface. Die IConvertible.ToSByte Methodenaufrufe der Parse(String, IFormatProvider) Methode, um die Konvertierung nicht ausgeführt.Its IConvertible.ToSByte method calls the Parse(String, IFormatProvider) method to perform the conversion. Wenn ein Fehler auftritt, löst eine OverflowException.If it fails, it throws an OverflowException.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public enum SignBit { Negative=-1, Zero=0, Positive=1 };

public struct ByteString : IConvertible
{
   private SignBit signBit;
   private string byteString;
   
   public SignBit Sign
   { 
      set { signBit = value; }
      get { return signBit; }
   }

   public string Value
   { 
      set {
         if (value.Trim().Length > 2)
            throw new ArgumentException("The string representation of a byte cannot have more than two characters.");
         else
            byteString = value;
      }
      get { return byteString; }
   }
   
   // IConvertible implementations.
   public TypeCode GetTypeCode() {
      return TypeCode.Object;
   }
   
   public bool ToBoolean(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Zero)
         return false;
      else
         return true;
   } 
   
   public byte ToByte(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Byte type.", Convert.ToSByte(byteString, 16)));
      else
         return Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
   }
   
   public char ToChar(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative) { 
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Char type.", Convert.ToSByte(byteString, 16)));
      }
      else {
         byte byteValue = Byte.Parse(this.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
         return Convert.ToChar(byteValue);
      }                
   } 
   
   public DateTime ToDateTime(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      throw new InvalidCastException("ByteString to DateTime conversion is not supported.");
   }
   
   public decimal ToDecimal(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative) 
      {
         sbyte byteValue = SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
         return Convert.ToDecimal(byteValue);
      }
      else 
      {
         byte byteValue = Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
         return Convert.ToDecimal(byteValue);
      }
   }
   
   public double ToDouble(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToDouble(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToDouble(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }   
   
   public short ToInt16(IFormatProvider provider) 
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToInt16(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToInt16(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }
   
   public int ToInt32(IFormatProvider provider) 
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToInt32(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToInt32(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }
   
   public long ToInt64(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToInt64(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToInt64(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }
   
   public sbyte ToSByte(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      try {
         return SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
      }   
      catch (OverflowException e) {
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the SByte type.", 
                                                   Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)), e);
      } 
   }

   public float ToSingle(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         return Convert.ToSingle(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
      else
         return Convert.ToSingle(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public string ToString(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      return "0x" + this.byteString;
   }
   
   public object ToType(Type conversionType, IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      switch (Type.GetTypeCode(conversionType))
      {
         case TypeCode.Boolean: 
            return this.ToBoolean(null);
         case TypeCode.Byte:
            return this.ToByte(null);
         case TypeCode.Char:
            return this.ToChar(null);
         case TypeCode.DateTime:
            return this.ToDateTime(null);
         case TypeCode.Decimal:
            return this.ToDecimal(null);
         case TypeCode.Double:
            return this.ToDouble(null);
         case TypeCode.Int16:
            return this.ToInt16(null);
         case TypeCode.Int32:
            return this.ToInt32(null);
         case TypeCode.Int64:
            return this.ToInt64(null);
         case TypeCode.Object:
            if (typeof(ByteString).Equals(conversionType))
               return this;
            else
               throw new InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to a {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name));
         case TypeCode.SByte:
            return this.ToSByte(null);
         case TypeCode.Single:
            return this.ToSingle(null);
         case TypeCode.String:
            return this.ToString(null);
         case TypeCode.UInt16:
            return this.ToUInt16(null);
         case TypeCode.UInt32:
            return this.ToUInt32(null);
         case TypeCode.UInt64:
            return this.ToUInt64(null);   
         default:
            throw new InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name));   
      }
   }
   
   public UInt16 ToUInt16(IFormatProvider provider) 
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt16 type.", 
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)));
      else
         return Convert.ToUInt16(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }

   public UInt32 ToUInt32(IFormatProvider provider)
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt32 type.", 
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)));
      else
         return Convert.ToUInt32(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }
   
   public UInt64 ToUInt64(IFormatProvider provider) 
   {
      if (signBit == SignBit.Negative)
         throw new OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt64 type.", 
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)));
      else
         return Convert.ToUInt64(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber));
   }
}
Imports System.Globalization

Public Enum SignBit As Integer
   Positive = 1
   Zero = 0
   Negative = -1
End Enum

Public Structure ByteString : Implements IConvertible
   Private signBit As SignBit
   Private byteString As String
   
   Public Property Sign As SignBit
      Set
         signBit = value
      End Set
      Get
         Return signBit
      End Get
   End Property
   
   Public Property Value As String
      Set
         If value.Trim().Length > 2 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("The string representation of a byte cannot have more than two characters.")
         Else
            byteString = value
         End If   
      End Set
      Get
         Return byteString
      End Get
   End Property
   
   ' IConvertible implementations.
   Public Function GetTypeCode() As TypeCode _
                   Implements IConvertible.GetTypeCode
      Return TypeCode.Object
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToBoolean(provider As IFormatProvider) As Boolean _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToBoolean
      If signBit = SignBit.Zero Then
         Return False
      Else
         Return True
      End If
   End Function 
   
   Public Function ToByte(provider As IFormatProvider) As Byte _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToByte
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Byte type.", Convert.ToSByte(byteString, 16))) 
      Else
         Return Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
      End If       
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToChar(provider As IFormatProvider) As Char _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToChar
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then 
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is out of range of the Char type.", Convert.ToSByte(byteString, 16)))
      Else
         Dim byteValue As Byte = Byte.Parse(Me.byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
         Return Convert.ToChar(byteValue)
      End If                
   End Function 
   
   Public Function ToDateTime(provider As IFormatProvider) As Date _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDateTime
      Throw New InvalidCastException("ByteString to DateTime conversion is not supported.")
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToDecimal(provider As IFormatProvider) As Decimal _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDecimal
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Dim byteValue As SByte = SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
         Return Convert.ToDecimal(byteValue)
      Else
         Dim byteValue As Byte = Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
         Return Convert.ToDecimal(byteValue)
      End If
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToDouble(provider As IFormatProvider) As Double _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToDouble
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToDouble(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToDouble(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function   
   
   Public Function ToInt16(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int16 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt16
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToInt16(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToInt16(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToInt32(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int32 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt32
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToInt32(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToInt32(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToInt64(provider As IFormatProvider) As Int64 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToInt64
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToInt64(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToInt64(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToSByte(provider As IFormatProvider) As SByte _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToSByte
      Try
         Return SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)
      Catch e As OverflowException
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                                                   Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)))
      End Try   
   End Function

   Public Function ToSingle(provider As IFormatProvider) As Single _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToSingle
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Return Convert.ToSingle(SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToSingle(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function

   Public Overloads Function ToString(provider As IFormatProvider) As String _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToString
      Return Me.byteString
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToType(conversionType As Type, provider As IFormatProvider) As Object _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToType
      Select Case Type.GetTypeCode(conversionType)
         Case TypeCode.Boolean 
            Return Me.ToBoolean(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Byte
            Return Me.ToByte(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Char
            Return Me.ToChar(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.DateTime
            Return Me.ToDateTime(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Decimal
            Return Me.ToDecimal(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Double
            Return Me.ToDouble(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int16
            Return Me.ToInt16(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int32
            Return Me.ToInt32(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Int64
            Return Me.ToInt64(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Object
            If GetType(ByteString).Equals(conversionType) Then
               Return Me
            Else
               Throw New InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to a {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name))
            End If 
         Case TypeCode.SByte
            Return Me.ToSByte(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.Single
            Return Me.ToSingle(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.String
            Return Me.ToString(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.UInt16
            Return Me.ToUInt16(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.UInt32
            Return Me.ToUInt32(Nothing)
         Case TypeCode.UInt64
            Return Me.ToUInt64(Nothing)   
         Case Else
            Throw New InvalidCastException(String.Format("Conversion to {0} is not supported.", conversionType.Name))   
            
      End Select
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToUInt16(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt16 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt16
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt16 type.", _
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToUInt16(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function

   Public Function ToUInt32(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt32 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt32
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt32 type.", _
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToUInt32(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
   Public Function ToUInt64(provider As IFormatProvider) As UInt64 _
                   Implements IConvertible.ToUInt64
      If signBit = signBit.Negative Then
         Throw New OverflowException(String.Format("{0} is outside the range of the UInt64 type.", _
                                                   SByte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)))
      Else
         Return Convert.ToUInt64(Byte.Parse(byteString, NumberStyles.HexNumber))
      End If   
   End Function
   
End Structure

Das folgende Beispiel zeigt wie die IConvertible.ToSByte Implementierung der ByteString Klasse wird aufgerufen, indem die Convert.ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) Methode.The following example shows how the IConvertible.ToSByte implementation of the ByteString class is called by the Convert.ToSByte(Object, IFormatProvider) method.

public class Class1
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      sbyte positiveByte = 120;
      sbyte negativeByte = -101;
      
      
      ByteString positiveString = new ByteString();
      positiveString.Sign = (SignBit) Math.Sign(positiveByte);
      positiveString.Value = positiveByte.ToString("X2");
      
      ByteString negativeString = new ByteString();
      negativeString.Sign = (SignBit) Math.Sign(negativeByte);
      negativeString.Value = negativeByte.ToString("X2");
      
      try {
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", positiveString.Value, Convert.ToSByte(positiveString));
      }
      catch (OverflowException) {
         Console.WriteLine("0x{0} is outside the range of the Byte type.", positiveString.Value);
      }

      try {
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", negativeString.Value, Convert.ToSByte(negativeString));
      }
      catch (OverflowException) {
         Console.WriteLine("0x{0} is outside the range of the Byte type.", negativeString.Value);
      }   
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       '78' converts to 120.
//       '9B' converts to -101.
Module modMain
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim positiveByte As SByte = 120
      Dim negativeByte As SByte = -101
      
      
      Dim positiveString As New ByteString()
      positiveString.Sign = CType(Math.Sign(positiveByte), SignBit)
      positiveString.Value = positiveByte.ToString("X2")
      
      Dim negativeString As New ByteString()
      negativeString.Sign = CType(Math.Sign(negativeByte), SignBit)
      negativeString.Value = negativeByte.ToString("X2")
      
      Try
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", positiveString.Value, Convert.ToSByte(positiveString))
      Catch e As OverflowException
         Console.WriteLine("0x{0} is outside the range of the Byte type.", positiveString.Value)
      End Try

      Try
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", negativeString.Value, Convert.ToSByte(negativeString))
      Catch e As OverflowException
         Console.WriteLine("0x{0} is outside the range of the Byte type.", negativeString.Value)
      End Try   
   End Sub
End Module
' The example dosplays the following output:
'       '78' converts to 120.
'       '9B' converts to -101.

Hinweise

provider ermöglicht dem Benutzer, die kulturspezifische Konvertierung Angaben über den Inhalt des value.provider enables the user to specify culture-specific conversion information about the contents of value. Z. B. wenn value ist eine String , die eine Zahl darstellt, provider kulturspezifische Informationen über die Notation dieser Zahl bereitgestellt.For example, if value is a String that represents a number, provider could supply culture-specific information about the notation used to represent that number.

Basistypen ignorieren provider, aber der Parameter kann verwendet werden, wenn value ist ein benutzerdefinierte Typ, implementiert die IConvertible Schnittstelle.The base types ignore provider; however, the parameter may be used if value is a user-defined type that implements the IConvertible interface.

ToSByte(UInt64) ToSByte(UInt64) ToSByte(UInt64) ToSByte(UInt64)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 64-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 64-bit unsigned integer to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::UInt64 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (ulong value);
static member ToSByte : uint64 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As ULong) As SByte

Parameter

value
UInt64 UInt64 UInt64 UInt64

Die zu konvertierende 64-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen.The 64-bit unsigned integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von langen ganzen Zahlen in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of long integers to a signed byte.

ulong[] numbers = { UInt64.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt64.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (ulong number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the UInt64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The UInt64 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The UInt64 value 18446744073709551615 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As ULong = { UInt64.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt64.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As ULong In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the UInt64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the UInt64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The UInt64 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The UInt64 value 18446744073709551615 is outside the range of the SByte type.

ToSByte(UInt32) ToSByte(UInt32) ToSByte(UInt32) ToSByte(UInt32)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 32-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 32-bit unsigned integer to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::UInt32 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (uint value);
static member ToSByte : uint32 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As UInteger) As SByte

Parameter

value
UInt32 UInt32 UInt32 UInt32

Die zu konvertierende 32-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen.The 32-bit unsigned integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in ein Array von Ganzzahlen in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an integer array to a signed byte.

uint[] numbers = { UInt32.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt32.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (uint number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the UInt32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The UInt32 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The UInt32 value 4294967295 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As UInteger = { UInt32.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt32.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As UInteger In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the UInt32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the UInt32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The UInt32 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The UInt32 value 4294967295 is outside the range of the SByte type.

ToSByte(String) ToSByte(String) ToSByte(String) ToSByte(String)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert die angegebene Zeichenfolgendarstellung einer Zahl in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::String ^ value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (string value);
static member ToSByte : string -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As String) As SByte

Parameter

value
String String String String

Eine Zeichenfolge, die die zu konvertierende Zahl enthält.A string that contains the number to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die der Zahl in value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn der Wert gleich null ist.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to the number in value, or 0 (zero) if value is null.

Ausnahmen

value besteht nicht aus einem optionalen Vorzeichen und einer Folge von Ziffern (0 bis 9).value does not consist of an optional sign followed by a sequence of digits (0 through 9).

value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Das folgende Beispiel konvertiert die zeichenfolgendarstellungen SByte Werte mit den ToSByte Methode unter Verwendung der standardformatierung.The following example converts string representations of SByte values with the ToSByte method, using default formatting.

// Example of the Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and 
// Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* ) methods.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
const __wchar_t * protoFmt = L"{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}

void ConvertToSByte( String^ numericStr, IFormatProvider^ provider )
{
   Object^ defaultValue;
   Object^ providerValue;
   
   // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
   try
   {
      defaultValue = Convert::ToSByte( numericStr );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
   try
   {
      providerValue = Convert::ToSByte( numericStr, provider );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), numericStr, defaultValue, providerValue );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
   // properties that apply to numbers.
   NumberFormatInfo^ provider = gcnew NumberFormatInfo;
   
   // These properties affect the conversion.
   provider->NegativeSign = "neg ";
   provider->PositiveSign = "pos ";
   
   // These properties do not affect the conversion.
   // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
   provider->NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
   provider->NumberNegativePattern = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of\n"
   "  Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and \n"
   "  Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* ) "
   "\ngenerates the following output. It converts "
   "several strings to \nSByte values, using "
   "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "String to convert", "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
   Console::WriteLine( gcnew String( protoFmt ), "-----------------", "-----------------", "------------------" );
   
   // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
   ConvertToSByte( "123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "128", provider );
   ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider );
}

/*
This example of
  Convert::ToSByte( String* ) and
  Convert::ToSByte( String*, IFormatProvider* )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
123                 123                 123
+123                123                 FormatException
pos 123             FormatException     123
-123                -123                FormatException
neg 123             FormatException     -123
123.                FormatException     FormatException
(123)               FormatException     FormatException
128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
-129                OverflowException   FormatException
*/
// Example of the Convert.ToSByte( string ) and 
// Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) methods.
using System;
using System.Globalization;

class ToSByteProviderDemo
{
    static string format = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}";

     // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring( 
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    static void ConvertToSByte( string numericStr, 
        IFormatProvider provider )
    {
        object defaultValue;
        object providerValue;

        // Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
        try
        {
            defaultValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
        try
        {
            providerValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr, provider );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, 
            defaultValue, providerValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        // Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        // properties that apply to numbers.
        NumberFormatInfo provider = new NumberFormatInfo();

        // These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg ";
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos ";

        // These properties do not affect the conversion.
        // The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = ".";
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0;

        Console.WriteLine("This example of\n" +
            "  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and \n" +
            "  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider ) " +
            "\ngenerates the following output. It converts " +
            "several strings to \nSByte values, using " +
            "default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", 
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", 
            "-----------------", "------------------" );

        // Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToSByte( "123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "128", provider );
        ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider );
    }
}

/*
This example of
  Convert.ToSByte( string ) and
  Convert.ToSByte( string, IFormatProvider )
generates the following output. It converts several strings to
SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.

String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
-----------------   -----------------   ------------------
123                 123                 123
+123                123                 FormatException
pos 123             FormatException     123
-123                -123                FormatException
neg 123             FormatException     -123
123.                FormatException     FormatException
(123)               FormatException     FormatException
128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
-129                OverflowException   FormatException
*/ 
' Example of the Convert.ToSByte( String ) and 
' Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider ) methods.
Imports System
Imports System.Globalization
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module ToSByteProviderDemo

    Dim format As String = "{0,-20}{1,-20}{2}"

    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    Sub ConvertToSByte( numericStr As String, _
        provider As IFormatProvider )

        Dim defaultValue    As Object
        Dim providerValue   As Object

        ' Convert numericStr to SByte without a format provider.
        Try
            defaultValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr )
        Catch ex As Exception
            defaultValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Convert numericStr to SByte with a format provider.
        Try
            providerValue = Convert.ToSByte( numericStr, provider )
        Catch ex As Exception
            providerValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine( format, numericStr, _
            defaultValue, providerValue )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )

        ' Create a NumberFormatInfo object and set several of its
        ' properties that apply to numbers.
        Dim provider  As NumberFormatInfo = new NumberFormatInfo( )

        ' These properties affect the conversion.
        provider.NegativeSign = "neg "
        provider.PositiveSign = "pos "

        ' These properties do not affect the conversion.
        ' The input string cannot have decimal and group separators.
        provider.NumberDecimalSeparator = "."
        provider.NumberNegativePattern = 0

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of" & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToSByte( String ) and " & vbCrLf & _
            "  Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider ) " & _
            vbCrLf & "generates the following output. It " & _
            "converts several strings to " & vbCrLf & "SByte " & _
            "values, using default formatting " & _
            "or a NumberFormatInfo object." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "String to convert", _
            "Default/exception", "Provider/exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( format, "-----------------", _
            "-----------------", "------------------" )

        ' Convert strings, with and without an IFormatProvider.
        ConvertToSByte( "123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "+123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "pos 123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "-123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "neg 123", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "123.", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "(123)", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "128", provider )
        ConvertToSByte( "-129", provider )
    End Sub 
End Module 

' This example of
'   Convert.ToSByte( String ) and
'   Convert.ToSByte( String, IFormatProvider )
' generates the following output. It converts several strings to
' SByte values, using default formatting or a NumberFormatInfo object.
' 
' String to convert   Default/exception   Provider/exception
' -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
' 123                 123                 123
' +123                123                 FormatException
' pos 123             FormatException     123
' -123                -123                FormatException
' neg 123             FormatException     -123
' 123.                FormatException     FormatException
' (123)               FormatException     FormatException
' 128                 OverflowException   OverflowException
' -129                OverflowException   FormatException

Hinweise

Mithilfe der ToSByte(String) Methode entspricht dem übergeben value auf die SByte.Parse(String) Methode.Using the ToSByte(String) method is equivalent to passing value to the SByte.Parse(String) method. value wird mithilfe der Formatierungskonventionen der aktuellen Threadkultur interpretiert.value is interpreted by using the formatting conventions of the current thread culture.

Falls gewünscht, nicht auf eine Ausnahme zu behandeln, wenn die Konvertierung fehlschlägt, können Sie rufen die SByte.TryParse Methode stattdessen.If you prefer not to handle an exception if the conversion fails, you can call the SByte.TryParse method instead. Gibt eine Boolean Wert, der angibt, ob die Konvertierung erfolgreich war oder fehlgeschlagen ist.It returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

Siehe auch

ToSByte(Single) ToSByte(Single) ToSByte(Single) ToSByte(Single)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Gleitkommazahl mit einfacher Genauigkeit in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(float value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (float value);
static member ToSByte : single -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Single) As SByte

Parameter

value
Single Single Single Single

Die zu konvertierende Gleitkommazahl mit einfacher Genauigkeit.The single-precision floating-point number to convert.

Gibt zurück

value, auf die nächste 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen gerundet.value, rounded to the nearest 8-bit signed integer. Wenn value genau zwischen zwei ganzen Zahlen liegt, wird die gerade Zahl zurückgegeben (d. h. 4,5 wird in 4 und 5,5 in 6 konvertiert).If value is halfway between two whole numbers, the even number is returned; that is, 4.5 is converted to 4, and 5.5 is converted to 6.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in ein Array von konvertieren Single Werte in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of Single values to a signed byte.

object[] values = { true, -12, 163, 935, 'x', "104", "103.0", "-1",
                    "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2};
sbyte result;

foreach (object value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }                     
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
   catch (FormatException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
   catch (InvalidCastException) {
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to a Byte exists for the {0} value {1}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
                        
   }
}                           
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Boolean value true to the SByte value 1.
//    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
//    The Int32 value 163 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int32 value 935 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
//    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
//    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.
Dim values() As Object = { True, -12, 163, 935, "x"c, "104", "103.0", "-1", _
                           "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2}
Dim result As SByte
For Each value As Object In values
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(value)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As FormatException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As InvalidCastException
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to a Byte exists for the {0} value {1}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
                        
   End Try
Next                           
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the Boolean value True to the SByte value 1.
'    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
'    The Int32 value 163 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int32 value 935 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
'    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
'    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
'    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.
Siehe auch

ToSByte(Object) ToSByte(Object) ToSByte(Object) ToSByte(Object)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Objekts in eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified object to an 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::Object ^ value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (object value);
static member ToSByte : obj -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Object) As SByte

Parameter

value
Object Object Object Object

Ein Objekt, das die IConvertible-Schnittstelle implementiert, oder null.An object that implements the IConvertible interface, or null.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht, oder 0 (null), wenn value gleich null ist.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value, or zero if value is null.

Ausnahmen

value weist kein geeignetes Format auf.value is not in an appropriate format.

Die IConvertible-Schnittstelle wird von value nicht implementiert.value does not implement the IConvertible interface.

- oder --or- Die Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.The conversion is not supported.

value stellt eine Zahl dar, die kleiner als MinValue oder größer als MaxValue ist.value represents a number that is less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Objektarray in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an object array to a signed byte.

object[] values = { true, -12, 163, 935, 'x', "104", "103.0", "-1",
                    "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2};
sbyte result;

foreach (object value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }                     
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
   catch (FormatException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
   }
   catch (InvalidCastException) {
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to a Byte exists for the {0} value {1}.",
                        value.GetType().Name, value);
                        
   }
}                           
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Boolean value true to the SByte value 1.
//    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
//    The Int32 value 163 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int32 value 935 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
//    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
//    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
//    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
//    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.
Dim values() As Object = { True, -12, 163, 935, "x"c, "104", "103.0", "-1", _
                           "1.00e2", "One", 1.00e2}
Dim result As SByte
For Each value As Object In values
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(value)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As FormatException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is not in a recognizable format.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
   Catch e As InvalidCastException
      Console.WriteLine("No conversion to a Byte exists for the {0} value {1}.", _
                        value.GetType().Name, value)
                        
   End Try
Next                           
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the Boolean value True to the SByte value 1.
'    Converted the Int32 value -12 to the SByte value -12.
'    The Int32 value 163 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int32 value 935 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Char value x to the SByte value 120.
'    Converted the String value 104 to the SByte value 104.
'    The String value 103.0 is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the String value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    The String value 1.00e2 is not in a recognizable format.
'    The String value One is not in a recognizable format.
'    Converted the Double value 100 to the SByte value 100.

Hinweise

Der Rückgabewert ist das Ergebnis eines Aufrufs der IConvertible.ToSByte -Methode des zugrunde liegenden Typs von value.The return value is the result of invoking the IConvertible.ToSByte method of the underlying type of value.

ToSByte(UInt16) ToSByte(UInt16) ToSByte(UInt16) ToSByte(UInt16)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 16-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 16-bit unsigned integer to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::UInt16 value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (ushort value);
static member ToSByte : uint16 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As UShort) As SByte

Parameter

value
UInt16 UInt16 UInt16 UInt16

Die zu konvertierende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen.The 16-bit unsigned integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in ein Array von 16-Bit-Ganzzahlen ohne Vorzeichen in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of unsigned 16-bit integers to a signed byte.

ushort[] numbers = { UInt16.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt16.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (ushort number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }                     
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the UInt16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the UInt16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The UInt16 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The UInt16 value 65535 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As UShort = { UInt16.MinValue, 121, 340, UInt16.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As UShort In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the UInt16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the UInt16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The UInt16 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The UInt16 value 65535 is outside the range of the SByte type.

ToSByte(Int32) ToSByte(Int32) ToSByte(Int32) ToSByte(Int32)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 32-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 32-bit signed integer to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(int value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (int value);
static member ToSByte : int -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Integer) As SByte

Parameter

value
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Die zu konvertierende 32-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.The 32-bit signed integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von Ganzzahlen mit Vorzeichen in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of signed integers to a signed byte.

int[] numbers = { Int32.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int32.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (int number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int32 value -2147483648 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Int32 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    Converted the Int32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Int32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The Int32 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int32 value 2147483647 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Integer = { Int32.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int32.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As Integer In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Int32 value -2147483648 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Int32 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    Converted the Int32 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Int32 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The Int32 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int32 value 2147483647 is outside the range of the SByte type.

ToSByte(Int64) ToSByte(Int64) ToSByte(Int64) ToSByte(Int64)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 64-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 64-bit signed integer to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(long value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (long value);
static member ToSByte : int64 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Long) As SByte

Parameter

value
Int64 Int64 Int64 Int64

Die zu konvertierende 64-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.The 64-bit signed integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in einem Array von langen ganzen Zahlen in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of long integers to a signed byte.

long[] numbers = { Int64.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int64.MaxValue };
sbyte result;
foreach (long number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int64 value -9223372036854775808 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Int64 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    Converted the Int64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Int64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The Int64 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int64 value 9223372036854775807 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Long = { Int64.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int64.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As Long In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Int64 value -9223372036854775808 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Int64 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    Converted the Int64 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Int64 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The Int64 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int64 value 9223372036854775807 is outside the range of the SByte type.

ToSByte(Byte) ToSByte(Byte) ToSByte(Byte) ToSByte(Byte)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 8-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 8-bit unsigned integer to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::Byte value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (byte value);
static member ToSByte : byte -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Byte) As SByte

Parameter

value
Byte Byte Byte Byte

Die zu konvertierende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen.The 8-bit unsigned integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in ein Bytearray in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in a byte array to a signed byte.

byte[] numbers = { Byte.MinValue, 10, 100, Byte.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (byte number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }                           
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Converted the Byte value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Byte value 10 to the SByte value 10.
//    Converted the Byte value 100 to the SByte value 100.
//    The Byte value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Byte = { Byte.MinValue, 10, 100, Byte.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As Byte In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    Converted the Byte value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Byte value 10 to the SByte value 10.
'    Converted the Byte value 100 to the SByte value 100.
'    The Byte value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.

ToSByte(Char) ToSByte(Char) ToSByte(Char) ToSByte(Char)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert des angegebenen Unicode-Zeichens in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified Unicode character to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(char value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (char value);
static member ToSByte : char -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Char) As SByte

Parameter

value
Char Char Char Char

Das zu konvertierende Unicode-Zeichen.The Unicode character to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in ein Array von konvertieren Char Werte in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of Char values to a signed byte.

char[] chars = { 'a', 'z', '\u0007', '\u0200', '\u1023' };
foreach (char ch in chars)
{
   try {
      sbyte result = Convert.ToSByte(ch);
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is converted to {1}.", ch, result);
   }   
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert u+{0} to a byte.",
                        Convert.ToInt16(ch).ToString("X4"));
   }
}   
// The example displays the following output:
//    a is converted to 97.
//    z is converted to 122.
//     is converted to 7.
//    Unable to convert u+00C8 to a byte.
//    Unable to convert u+03FF to a byte.
Dim chars() As Char = { "a"c, "z"c, ChrW(7), ChrW(200), ChrW(1023) }
For Each ch As Char in chars
   Try
      Dim result As SByte = Convert.ToSByte(ch)
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is converted to {1}.", ch, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert u+{0} to a byte.", _
                        AscW(ch).ToString("X4"))
   End Try
Next   
' The example displays the following output:
'    a is converted to 97.
'    z is converted to 122.
'     is converted to 7.
'    Unable to convert u+00C8 to a byte.
'    Unable to convert u+03FF to a byte.

ToSByte(DateTime) ToSByte(DateTime) ToSByte(DateTime) ToSByte(DateTime)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Beim Aufrufen dieser Methode wird immer eine InvalidCastException ausgelöst.Calling this method always throws InvalidCastException.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(DateTime value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (DateTime value);
static member ToSByte : DateTime -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As DateTime) As SByte

Parameter

value
DateTime DateTime DateTime DateTime

Der Datums- und Uhrzeitwert, der konvertiert werden soll.The date and time value to convert.

Gibt zurück

Diese Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.This conversion is not supported. Es wird kein Wert zurückgegeben.No value is returned.

Ausnahmen

Diese Konvertierung wird nicht unterstützt.This conversion is not supported.

ToSByte(Boolean) ToSByte(Boolean) ToSByte(Boolean) ToSByte(Boolean)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den angegebenen booleschen Wert in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the specified Boolean value to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(bool value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (bool value);
static member ToSByte : bool -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Boolean) As SByte

Parameter

value
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

Der zu konvertierende boolesche Wert.The Boolean value to convert.

Gibt zurück

Die Zahl 1, wenn value true ist, andernfalls 0 (null).The number 1 if value is true; otherwise, 0.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird die booleschen Werte true und false Bytewerten angemeldet.The following example converts the Boolean values true and false to signed byte values.

bool falseFlag = false;
bool trueFlag = true;

Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", falseFlag,
                  Convert.ToSByte(falseFlag));
Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", trueFlag,
                  Convert.ToSByte(trueFlag));
// The example displays the following output:
//       false converts to 0.
//       true converts to 1.
Dim falseFlag As Boolean = False
Dim trueFlag As Boolean = True

Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", falseFlag, _
                  Convert.ToSByte(falseFlag))
Console.WriteLine("{0} converts to {1}.", trueFlag, _
                  Convert.ToSByte(trueFlag))
' The example displays the following output:
'       False converts to 0.
'       True converts to 1.

ToSByte(Double) ToSByte(Double) ToSByte(Double) ToSByte(Double)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Gleitkommazahl mit doppelter Genauigkeit in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified double-precision floating-point number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(double value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (double value);
static member ToSByte : double -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Double) As SByte

Parameter

value
Double Double Double Double

Die zu konvertierende Gleitkommazahl mit doppelter Genauigkeit.The double-precision floating-point number to convert.

Gibt zurück

value, auf die nächste 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen gerundet.value, rounded to the nearest 8-bit signed integer. Wenn value genau zwischen zwei ganzen Zahlen liegt, wird die gerade Zahl zurückgegeben (d. h. 4,5 wird in 4 und 5,5 in 6 konvertiert).If value is halfway between two whole numbers, the even number is returned; that is, 4.5 is converted to 4, and 5.5 is converted to 6.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in ein Array von konvertieren Double Werte in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of Double values to a signed byte.

double[] numbers = { Double.MinValue, -129.5, -12.7, 0, 16,
                     103.6, 255.0, 1.63509e17, Double.MaxValue};
sbyte result;

foreach (double number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}                                  
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Double value -1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Double value -129.5 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Double value -12.7 to the SByte value -13.
//    Converted the Double value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Double value 16 to the SByte value 16.
//    Converted the Double value 103.6 to the SByte value 104.
//    The Double value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Double value 1.63509E+17 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Double value 1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Double = { Double.MinValue, -129.5, -12.7, 0, 16, _
                            103.6, 255.0, 1.63509e17, Double.MaxValue}
Dim result As SByte

For Each number As Double In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next                                  
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Double value -1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Double value -129.5 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Double value -12.7 to the SByte value -13.
'    Converted the Double value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Double value 16 to the SByte value 16.
'    Converted the Double value 103.6 to the SByte value 104.
'    The Double value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Double value 1.63509E+17 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Double value 1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Siehe auch

ToSByte(Int16) ToSByte(Int16) ToSByte(Int16) ToSByte(Int16)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen in die entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified 16-bit signed integer to the equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(short value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (short value);
static member ToSByte : int16 -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Short) As SByte

Parameter

value
Int16 Int16 Int16 Int16

Die zu konvertierende 16-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.The 16-bit signed integer to convert.

Gibt zurück

Eine 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen, die value entspricht.An 8-bit signed integer that is equivalent to value.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in ein Array von 16-Bit-Ganzzahlen mit Vorzeichen in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen zu konvertieren.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of signed 16-bit integers to a signed byte.

short[] numbers = { Int16.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int16.MaxValue };
sbyte result;
foreach (short number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Int16 value -32768 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Int16 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
//    Converted the Int16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Int16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
//    The Int16 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Int16 value 32767 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Short = { Int16.MinValue, -1, 0, 121, 340, Int16.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte
For Each number As Short In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Int16 value -32768 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Int16 value -1 to the SByte value -1.
'    Converted the Int16 value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Int16 value 121 to the SByte value 121.
'    The Int16 value 340 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Int16 value 32767 is outside the range of the SByte type.

ToSByte(Decimal) ToSByte(Decimal) ToSByte(Decimal) ToSByte(Decimal)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Konvertiert den Wert der angegebenen Dezimalzahl in eine entsprechende 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen.Converts the value of the specified decimal number to an equivalent 8-bit signed integer.

public:
 static System::SByte ToSByte(System::Decimal value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static sbyte ToSByte (decimal value);
static member ToSByte : decimal -> sbyte
Public Shared Function ToSByte (value As Decimal) As SByte

Parameter

value
Decimal Decimal Decimal Decimal

Die zu konvertierende Dezimalzahl.The decimal number to convert.

Gibt zurück

value, auf die nächste 8-Bit-Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen gerundet.value, rounded to the nearest 8-bit signed integer. Wenn value genau zwischen zwei ganzen Zahlen liegt, wird die gerade Zahl zurückgegeben (d. h. 4,5 wird in 4 und 5,5 in 6 konvertiert).If value is halfway between two whole numbers, the even number is returned; that is, 4.5 is converted to 4, and 5.5 is converted to 6.

Ausnahmen

value ist größer als MaxValue oder kleiner als MinValue.value is greater than MaxValue or less than MinValue.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird versucht, jedes Element in ein Array von konvertieren Decimal Werte in ein Byte mit Vorzeichen.The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of Decimal values to a signed byte.

decimal[] numbers = { Decimal.MinValue, -129.5m, -12.7m, 0m, 16m,
                      103.6m, 255.0m, Decimal.MaxValue };
sbyte result;

foreach (decimal number in numbers)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number,
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.",
                        number.GetType().Name, number);
   }
}                         
// The example displays the following output:
//    The Decimal value -79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Decimal value -129.5 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    Converted the Decimal value -12.7 to the SByte value -13.
//    Converted the Decimal value 0 to the SByte value 0.
//    Converted the Decimal value 16 to the SByte value 16.
//    Converted the Decimal value 103.6 to the SByte value 104.
//    The Decimal value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
//    The Decimal value 79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Dim numbers() As Decimal = { Decimal.MinValue, -129.5d, -12.7d, 0d, 16d, _
                             103.6d, 255.0d, Decimal.MaxValue }
Dim result As SByte

For Each number As Decimal In numbers
   Try
      result = Convert.ToSByte(number)
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value {1} to the {2} value {3}.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number, _
                        result.GetType().Name, result)
   Catch e As OverflowException
      Console.WriteLine("The {0} value {1} is outside the range of the SByte type.", _
                        number.GetType().Name, number)
   End Try
Next                         
' The example displays the following output:
'    The Decimal value -79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Decimal value -129.5 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    Converted the Decimal value -12.7 to the SByte value -13.
'    Converted the Decimal value 0 to the SByte value 0.
'    Converted the Decimal value 16 to the SByte value 16.
'    Converted the Decimal value 103.6 to the SByte value 104.
'    The Decimal value 255 is outside the range of the SByte type.
'    The Decimal value 79228162514264337593543950335 is outside the range of the SByte type.
Siehe auch

Gilt für: