OleDbDataAdapter.RowUpdating Ereignis

Definition

Tritt während der Ausführung von Update(DataSet) ein, bevor ein Befehl für die Datenquelle ausgeführt wird.Occurs during Update(DataSet) before a command is executed against the data source. Es wird versucht, eine Aktualisierung vorzunehmen.The attempt to update is made. Daher tritt das Ereignis ein.Therefore, the event occurs.

public:
 event System::Data::OleDb::OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler ^ RowUpdating;
[System.Data.DataSysDescription("DbDataAdapter_RowUpdating")]
public event System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler RowUpdating;
member this.RowUpdating : System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowUpdating As OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler 
Attribute

Beispiele

Das folgende Beispiel zeigt die RowUpdating verwendeten RowUpdated -und-Ereignisse.The following example shows the RowUpdating and RowUpdated events being used.

public static void CreateDataAdapter(
    string connectionString)
{
    using (OleDbConnection connection = new OleDbConnection(connectionString))
    {
        OleDbDataAdapter adapter = new OleDbDataAdapter(
            "SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID = 'ALFKI'", connection);

        adapter.InsertCommand = new OleDbCommand(
            "INSERT INTO Customers (CustomerID, CompanyName) VALUES(?, ?)", 
            connection);

        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add(
            "@CustomerID", OleDbType.VarChar, 5, "CustomerID");
        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add(
            "@CompanyName", OleDbType.VarChar, 30, "CompanyName");

        connection.Open();

        DataSet custDS = new DataSet();
        adapter.Fill(custDS, "Customers");

        DataRow custRow = custDS.Tables["Customers"].NewRow();
        custRow["CustomerID"] = "NEWCO";
        custRow["CompanyName"] = "New Company";
        custDS.Tables["Customers"].Rows.Add(custRow);

        // add handlers
        adapter.RowUpdating += new OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(OnRowUpdating);
        adapter.RowUpdated += new OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(OnRowUpdated);

        adapter.Update(custDS, "Customers");

        // remove handlers
        adapter.RowUpdating -= new OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(OnRowUpdating);
        adapter.RowUpdated -= new OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(OnRowUpdated);

        foreach (DataRow row in custDS.Tables["Customers"].Rows)
        {
            if (row.HasErrors)
                Console.WriteLine(row.RowError);
        }
    }
}

protected static void OnRowUpdating(object sender, 
    OleDbRowUpdatingEventArgs args)
{
    if (args.StatementType == StatementType.Insert)
    {
        System.IO.TextWriter writer = System.IO.File.AppendText("Inserts.log");
        writer.WriteLine("{0}: Customer {1} Inserted.", 
            DateTime.Now, args.Row["CustomerID"]);
        writer.Close();
    }
}

protected static void OnRowUpdated(object sender, OleDbRowUpdatedEventArgs args)
{
    if (args.Status == UpdateStatus.ErrorsOccurred)
    {
        args.Row.RowError = args.Errors.Message;
        args.Status = UpdateStatus.SkipCurrentRow;
    }
}
Public Sub CreateDataAdapter(ByVal connectionString As String)
    Using connection As New OleDbConnection(connectionString)
        Dim adapter As New OleDbDataAdapter( _
            "SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID = 'ALFKI'", connection)

        adapter.InsertCommand = New OleDbCommand( _
            "INSERT INTO Customers (CustomerID, CompanyName) VALUES(?, ?)", _
            connection)

        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add( _
            "@CustomerID", OleDbType.VarChar, 5, "CustomerID")
        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add( _
            "@CompanyName", OleDbType.VarChar, 30, "CompanyName")

        connection.Open()

        Dim custDS As New DataSet()
        adapter.Fill(custDS, "Customers")

        Dim custRow As DataRow = custDS.Tables("Customers").NewRow()
        custRow("CustomerID") = "NEWCO"
        custRow("CompanyName") = "New Company"
        custDS.Tables("Customers").Rows.Add(custRow)

        ' add handlers
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdating, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdating)
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdated, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdated)

        adapter.Update(custDS, "Customers")

        ' remove handlers
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdating, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdating)
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdated, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdated)

        Dim row As DataRow
        For Each row In custDS.Tables("Customers").Rows
            If row.HasErrors Then Console.WriteLine(row.RowError)
        Next
    End Using
End Sub

Sub OnRowUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal args As OleDbRowUpdatingEventArgs)

    If args.StatementType = StatementType.Insert Then
        Dim writer As System.IO.TextWriter = _
            System.IO.File.AppendText("Inserts.log")
        writer.WriteLine("{0}: Customer {1} Inserted.", _
            DateTime.Now, args.Row("CustomerID"))
        writer.Close()
    End If
End Sub

Sub OnRowUpdated(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal args As OleDbRowUpdatedEventArgs)

    If args.Status = UpdateStatus.ErrorsOccurred Then
        args.Row.RowError = args.Errors.Message
        args.Status = UpdateStatus.SkipCurrentRow
    End If
End Sub

Hinweise

Wenn Sie verwenden Update, gibt es zwei Ereignisse, die pro aktualisierter Daten Zeile auftreten.When you use Update, there are two events that occur per data row updated. Die Ausführungsreihenfolge sieht wie folgt aus:The order of execution is as follows:

  1. Die Werte in DataRow werden in die Parameterwerte verschoben.The values in the DataRow are moved to the parameter values.

  2. Das OnRowUpdating-Ereignis wird ausgelöst.The OnRowUpdating event is raised.

  3. Der Befehl wird ausgeführt.The command executes.

  4. Wenn der-Befehl auf FirstReturnedRecordfestgelegt ist, wird das erste zurückgegebene Ergebnis DataRowin eingefügt.If the command is set to FirstReturnedRecord, the first returned result is placed in the DataRow.

  5. Wenn Ausgabeparameter vorhanden sind, werden diese in der DataRowplatziert.If there are output parameters, they are placed in the DataRow.

  6. Das OnRowUpdated-Ereignis wird ausgelöst.The OnRowUpdated event is raised.

  7. AcceptChanges wird aufgerufen.AcceptChanges is called.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch