DateTime.SpecifyKind(DateTime, DateTimeKind) Methode

Definition

Erstellt ein neues DateTime-Objekt, das über die gleiche Anzahl von Ticks wie die angegebene DateTime verfügt, aber entsprechend dem DateTimeKind-Wert in Ortszeit, koordinierter Weltzeit (Coordinated Universal Time, UTC) oder keinem von beiden angegeben ist.

public:
 static DateTime SpecifyKind(DateTime value, DateTimeKind kind);
public static DateTime SpecifyKind (DateTime value, DateTimeKind kind);
static member SpecifyKind : DateTime * DateTimeKind -> DateTime
Public Shared Function SpecifyKind (value As DateTime, kind As DateTimeKind) As DateTime

Parameter

value
DateTime

Ein Datum und eine Uhrzeit.

kind
DateTimeKind

Einer der Enumerationswerte, der angibt, ob das neue Objekt Ortszeit, UTC oder keines von beiden darstellt.

Gibt zurück

DateTime

Ein neues Objekt, das über die gleiche Anzahl von Ticks verfügt wie das Objekt, das durch den value-Parameter und den durch den DateTimeKind-Parameter angegebenen kind-Wert dargestellt wird.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird die Methode verwendet, um zu veranschaulichen, wie die SpecifyKind Eigenschaft die Kind ToLocalTime Methoden und ToUniversalTime Konvertierungsmethoden beeinflusst.

// This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
// UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(),
// and ToUniversalTime() methods.

open System

// Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the
// DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime
// structure converted to universal time.

let datePatt = @"M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt"

let display title (inputDt: DateTime) =
    // Display the original DateTime.

    let dispDt = inputDt
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"%s{title} {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}"

    // Convert inputDt to local time and display the result.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
    // performed as if inputDt was universal time.

    let dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime()
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"  ToLocalTime:     {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}"

    // Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
    // performed as if inputDt was local time.

    let dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime()
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"  ToUniversalTime: {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}\n" 

    // Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

let displayNow title (inputDt: DateTime) =
    let dtString = inputDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"%s{title} {dtString}, Kind = {inputDt.Kind}"

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =

    // Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted
    // to the local time zone.

    let saveNow = DateTime.Now

    // Get the date and time for the current moment expressed
    // as coordinated universal time (UTC).

    let saveUtcNow = DateTime.UtcNow

    // Display the value and Kind property of the current moment
    // expressed as UTC and local time.

    displayNow "UtcNow: .........." saveUtcNow
    displayNow "Now: ............." saveNow
    printfn ""

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc)
    display "Utc: ............." myDt

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local)
    display "Local: ..........." myDt

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified)
    display "Unspecified: ....." myDt

    0


// This code example produces the following results:
//
// UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
// Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//
// Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//
// Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//
// Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
// This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
// UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(),
// and ToUniversalTime() methods.

using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
// Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted
// to the local time zone.

    DateTime saveNow = DateTime.Now;

// Get the date and time for the current moment expressed
// as coordinated universal time (UTC).

    DateTime saveUtcNow = DateTime.UtcNow;
    DateTime myDt;

// Display the value and Kind property of the current moment
// expressed as UTC and local time.

    DisplayNow("UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow);
    DisplayNow("Now: .............", saveNow);
    Console.WriteLine();

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to
// DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc);
    Display("Utc: .............", myDt);

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to
// DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local);
    Display("Local: ...........", myDt);

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to
// DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified);
    Display("Unspecified: .....", myDt);
    }

// Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the
// DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime
// structure converted to universal time.

    public static string datePatt = @"M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt";
    public static void Display(string title, DateTime inputDt)
    {
    DateTime dispDt = inputDt;
    string dtString;

// Display the original DateTime.

    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}",
                      title, dtString, dispDt.Kind);

// Convert inputDt to local time and display the result.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
// performed as if inputDt was universal time.

    dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime();
    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}",
                      dtString, dispDt.Kind);

// Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
// performed as if inputDt was local time.

    dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime();
    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}",
                      dtString, dispDt.Kind);
    Console.WriteLine();
    }

// Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

    public static void DisplayNow(string title, DateTime inputDt)
    {
    string dtString = inputDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}",
                      title, dtString, inputDt.Kind);
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local

Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

*/

' This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
' UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(), 
' and ToUniversalTime() methods.
Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        ' Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted 
        ' to the local time zone.
        Dim saveNow As DateTime = DateTime.Now
        
        ' Get the date and time for the current moment expressed 
        ' as coordinated universal time (UTC).
        Dim saveUtcNow As DateTime = DateTime.UtcNow
        Dim myDt As DateTime
        
        ' Display the value and Kind property of the current moment 
        ' expressed as UTC and local time.
        DisplayNow("UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow)
        DisplayNow("Now: .............", saveNow)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc)
        Display("Utc: .............", myDt)
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local)
        Display("Local: ...........", myDt)
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified)
        Display("Unspecified: .....", myDt)
    End Sub
    
    ' Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the 
    ' DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime 
    ' structure converted to universal time. 

    Public Shared datePatt As String = "M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt"
    
    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime) 
        Dim dispDt As DateTime = inputDt
        Dim dtString As String
        
        ' Display the original DateTime.
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        
        ' Convert inputDt to local time and display the result. 
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
        ' performed as if inputDt was universal time.
        dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime()
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        
        ' Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result. 
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
        ' performed as if inputDt was local time.
        dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime()
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
    
    
    ' Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

    Public Shared Sub DisplayNow(ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime) 
        Dim dtString As String = inputDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, inputDt.Kind)
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'
'Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'

Hinweise

Ein DateTime Objekt besteht aus einem Feld "Kind", das angibt, ob der Zeitwert auf lokaler Zeit basiert, koordinierte Universelle Zeit (UTC) oder weder noch ein Ticks-Feld, das einen Zeitwert enthält, der in 100-Nanosekunden-Ticks gemessen wird. Die SpecifyKind Methode erstellt ein neues DateTime Objekt mithilfe des angegebenen Parameters und des ursprünglichen kind Zeitwerts.

Wichtig

Der zurückgegebene DateTime Wert stellt nicht den gleichen Zeitpunkt dar, wie der value Parameter, und SpecifyKind es handelt sich nicht um eine Zeitzonenkonvertierungsmethode. Stattdessen wird die durch den value Parameter angegebene Uhrzeit unverändert verlassen und die Kind Eigenschaft auf kind" festgelegt. Informationen zu Zeitzonenkonvertierungen finden Sie unter Konvertieren von Zeiten zwischen Zeitzonen.

Die SpecifyKind Methode ist nützlich in Interoperabilitätsszenarien, in denen Sie ein DateTime Objekt mit einem nicht angegebenen Feld "Kind" erhalten, sie können jedoch anhand von unabhängigen Mitteln bestimmen, dass das Ticks-Feld lokale Uhrzeit oder UTC darstellt.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch