StackFrame Klasse

Definition

Stellt Informationen zu einem StackFrame bereit, der einen Funktionsaufruf in der Aufrufliste für den aktuellen Thread darstellt.Provides information about a StackFrame, which represents a function call on the call stack for the current thread.

public ref class StackFrame
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public class StackFrame
type StackFrame = class
Public Class StackFrame
Vererbung
StackFrame
Attribute

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie die StackFrame-Klasse zum Bereitstellen der Stapel Rahmen Informationen für eine Stapel Überwachung verwendet wird.The following example demonstrates the use of the StackFrame class to provide the stack frame information for a stack trace.

using System;
using System.Diagnostics;

namespace StackFrameExample
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                Method1();
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                StackTrace st = new StackTrace();
                StackTrace st1 = new StackTrace(new StackFrame(true));
                Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for Main: {0}",
                   st1.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine(st.ToString());
            }
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
        private static void Method1()
        {
            try
            {
                Method2(4);
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                StackTrace st = new StackTrace();
                StackTrace st1 = new StackTrace(new StackFrame(true));
                Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for Method1: {0}",
                   st1.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine(st.ToString());
                // Build a stack trace for the next frame.
                StackTrace st2 = new StackTrace(new StackFrame(1, true));
                Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for next level frame: {0}",
                   st2.ToString());
                throw e;
            }
        }
        private static void Method2( int count)
        {
            try
            {
                if (count < 5)
                    throw new ArgumentException("count too large", "count");
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                StackTrace st = new StackTrace();              
                StackTrace st1 = new StackTrace(new StackFrame(2,true));
                Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for Method2: {0}",
                   st1.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine(st.ToString());
                throw e;
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Diagnostics



Class Program

    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Try
            Method1()
        Catch e As Exception
            Dim st As New StackTrace()
            Dim st1 As New StackTrace(New StackFrame(True))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for Main: {0}", st1.ToString())
            Console.WriteLine(st.ToString())
        End Try
        Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to exit.")
        Console.ReadLine()

    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub Method1()
        Try
            Method2(4)
        Catch e As Exception
            Dim st As New StackTrace()
            Dim st1 As New StackTrace(New StackFrame(True))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for Method1: {0}", st1.ToString())
            Console.WriteLine(st.ToString())
            ' Build a stack trace for the next frame.
            Dim st2 As New StackTrace(New StackFrame(1, True))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for next level frame: {0}", st2.ToString())
            Throw e
        End Try

    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub Method2(ByVal count As Integer)
        Try
            If count < 5 Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("count too large", "count")
            End If
        Catch e As Exception
            Dim st As New StackTrace()
            Dim st1 As New StackTrace(New StackFrame(2, True))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for Method2: {0}", st1.ToString())
            Console.WriteLine(st.ToString())
            Throw e
        End Try

    End Sub
End Class

Das folgende Beispiel veranschaulicht die Verwendung der Member der StackFrame-Klasse.The following example demonstrates the use of the members of the StackFrame class.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;

// This console application illustrates various uses
// of the StackTrace and StackFrame classes.
namespace SampleInternal
{
   public ref class ClassLevel6
   {
   public:
      void Level6Method()
      {
         throw gcnew Exception( "An error occurred in the lowest internal class method." );
      }

   };

   public ref class ClassLevel5
   {
   public:

      void Level5Method()
      {
         try
         {
            ClassLevel6^ nestedClass = gcnew ClassLevel6;
            nestedClass->Level6Method();
         }
         catch ( Exception^ e ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( " Level5Method exception handler" );
            StackTrace^ st = gcnew StackTrace;
            
            // Display the most recent function call.
            StackFrame^ sf = st->GetFrame( 0 );
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine( "  Exception in method: " );
            Console::WriteLine( "      {0}", sf->GetMethod() );
            if ( st->FrameCount > 1 )
            {
               
               // Display the highest-level function call
               // in the trace.
               sf = st->GetFrame( st->FrameCount - 1 );
               Console::WriteLine( "  Original function call at top of call stack):" );
               Console::WriteLine( "      {0}", sf->GetMethod() );
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine( "   ... throwing exception to next level ..." );
            Console::WriteLine( "-------------------------------------------------\n" );
            throw e;
         }

      }

   };

   public ref class ClassLevel4
   {
   public:
      void Level4Method()
      {
         
         try
         {
            ClassLevel5^ nestedClass = gcnew ClassLevel5;
            nestedClass->Level5Method();
         }
         catch ( Exception^ e ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( " Level4Method exception handler" );
            
            // Build a stack trace from a dummy stack frame.
            // Explicitly specify the source file name, line number
            // and column number.
            StackTrace^ st = gcnew StackTrace( gcnew StackFrame( "source.cs",79,24 ) );
            Console::WriteLine( " Stack trace with dummy stack frame: {0}", st->ToString() );
            
            // Access the StackFrames explicitly to display the file
            // name, line number and column number properties.
            // StackTrace.ToString only includes the method name. 
            for ( int i = 0; i < st->FrameCount; i++ )
            {
               StackFrame^ sf = st->GetFrame( i );
               Console::WriteLine( " File: {0}", sf->GetFileName() );
               Console::WriteLine( " Line Number: {0}", sf->GetFileLineNumber().ToString() );
               Console::WriteLine( " Column Number: {0}", sf->GetFileColumnNumber().ToString() );

            }
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine( "   ... throwing exception to next level ..." );
            Console::WriteLine( "-------------------------------------------------\n" );
            throw e;
         }

         
      }

   };

   public ref class ClassLevel3
   {
   public:

      void Level3Method()
      {
         try
         {
            ClassLevel4^ nestedClass = gcnew ClassLevel4;
            nestedClass->Level4Method();
         }
         catch ( Exception^ e ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( " Level3Method exception handler" );
            
            // Build a stack trace from a dummy stack frame.
            // Explicitly specify the source file name and line number.
            StackTrace^ st = gcnew StackTrace( gcnew StackFrame( "source.cs",60 ) );
            Console::WriteLine( " Stack trace with dummy stack frame: {0}", st->ToString() );
            for ( int i = 0; i < st->FrameCount; i++ )
            {
               
               // Display the stack frame properties.
               StackFrame^ sf = st->GetFrame( i );
               Console::WriteLine( " File: {0}", sf->GetFileName() );
               Console::WriteLine( " Line Number: {0}", sf->GetFileLineNumber().ToString() );
               
               // Note that the column number defaults to zero
               // when not initialized.
               Console::WriteLine( " Column Number: {0}", sf->GetFileColumnNumber().ToString() );
               Console::WriteLine( " Intermediate Language Offset: {0}", sf->GetILOffset().ToString() );
               Console::WriteLine( " Native Offset: {0}", sf->GetNativeOffset().ToString() );
               

            }
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine( "   ... throwing exception to next level ..." );
            Console::WriteLine( "-------------------------------------------------\n" );
            throw e;
         }

      }

   };

   public ref class ClassLevel2
   {
   public:

      void Level2Method()
      {
         try
         {
            ClassLevel3^ nestedClass = gcnew ClassLevel3;
            nestedClass->Level3Method();
         }
         catch ( Exception^ e ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( " Level2Method exception handler" );
            
            // Display the full call stack at this level.
            StackTrace^ st1 = gcnew StackTrace( true );
            Console::WriteLine( " Stack trace for this level: {0}", st1->ToString() );
            
            // Build a stack trace from one frame, skipping the
            // current frame and using the next frame.
            StackTrace^ st2 = gcnew StackTrace( gcnew StackFrame( 1,true ) );
            Console::WriteLine( " Stack trace built with next level frame: {0}", st2->ToString() );
            
            // Build a stack trace skipping the current frame, and
            // including all the other frames.
            StackTrace^ st3 = gcnew StackTrace( 1,true );
            Console::WriteLine( " Stack trace built from the next level up: {0}", st3->ToString() );
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine( "   ... throwing exception to next level ..." );
            Console::WriteLine( "-------------------------------------------------\n" );
            throw e;
         }

      }

   };

   public ref class ClassLevel1
   {
   public:

      void InternalMethod()
      {
         try
         {
            ClassLevel2^ nestedClass = gcnew ClassLevel2;
            nestedClass->Level2Method();
         }
         catch ( Exception^ e ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( " InternalMethod exception handler" );
            
            // Build a stack trace from one frame, skipping the
            // current frame and using the next frame.  By
            // default, file and line information are not displayed.
            StackTrace^ st = gcnew StackTrace( gcnew StackFrame( 1 ) );
            Console::WriteLine( " Stack trace for next level frame: {0}", st->ToString() );
            Console::WriteLine( " Stack frame for next level: " );
            Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", st->GetFrame( 0 )->ToString() );
            Console::WriteLine( " Line Number: {0}", st->GetFrame( 0 )->GetFileLineNumber().ToString() );
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine( "   ... throwing exception to next level ..." );
            Console::WriteLine( "-------------------------------------------------\n" );
            throw e;
         }

      }

   };

}


using namespace SampleInternal;

namespace SamplePublic
{
   class ConsoleApp
   {
   public:


      [STAThread]
      static void Main()
      {
         ClassLevel1 ^ mainClass = gcnew ClassLevel1;
         try
         {
            mainClass->InternalMethod();
         }
         catch ( Exception^ e ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( " Main method exception handler" );
            
            // Display file and line information, if available.
            StackTrace^ st = gcnew StackTrace( gcnew StackFrame( true ) );
            Console::WriteLine( " Stack trace for current level: {0}", st->ToString() );
            Console::WriteLine( " File: {0}", st->GetFrame( 0 )->GetFileName() );
            Console::WriteLine( " Line Number: {0}", st->GetFrame( 0 )->GetFileLineNumber().ToString() );
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine( "-------------------------------------------------\n" );
         }

      }

   };

}

int main()
{
   SamplePublic::ConsoleApp::Main();
}


using System;
using System.Diagnostics;

using SampleInternal;

namespace SamplePublic
{
    // This console application illustrates various uses
    // of the StackTrace and StackFrame classes.
    class ConsoleApp
    {
       [STAThread]
       static void Main()
        {
            ClassLevel1 mainClass = new ClassLevel1();

            try {
                mainClass.InternalMethod();
            }
            catch (Exception) {
               Console.WriteLine(" Main method exception handler");

               // Display file and line information, if available.
               StackTrace st = new StackTrace(new StackFrame(true));
               Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for current level: {0}",
                   st.ToString());
               Console.WriteLine(" File: {0}", 
                  st.GetFrame(0).GetFileName());
               Console.WriteLine(" Line Number: {0}",
                   st.GetFrame(0).GetFileLineNumber().ToString());

               Console.WriteLine();
               Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------\n");
            }
        }
    }
}

namespace SampleInternal
{
   public class ClassLevel1
   {
      public void InternalMethod()
      {
         try
         {
            ClassLevel2 nestedClass = new ClassLevel2();
            nestedClass.Level2Method();
         }
         catch (Exception e)
         {
            Console.WriteLine(" InternalMethod exception handler");

            // Build a stack trace from one frame, skipping the
            // current frame and using the next frame.  By
            // default, file and line information are not displayed.
            StackTrace st = new StackTrace(new StackFrame(1));
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for next level frame: {0}",
               st.ToString());
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack frame for next level: ");
            Console.WriteLine("   {0}", st.GetFrame(0).ToString());

            Console.WriteLine(" Line Number: {0}",
               st.GetFrame(0).GetFileLineNumber().ToString());

            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...");
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------\n");
            throw e;
         }
      }
   }

   public class ClassLevel2
   {
      public void Level2Method()
      {
         try 
         {
            ClassLevel3 nestedClass = new ClassLevel3();
            nestedClass.Level3Method();
         }
         catch (Exception e) 
         {
            Console.WriteLine(" Level2Method exception handler");

            // Display the full call stack at this level.
            StackTrace st1 = new StackTrace(true);
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for this level: {0}",
               st1.ToString());

            // Build a stack trace from one frame, skipping the current
            // frame and using the next frame.
            StackTrace st2 = new StackTrace(new StackFrame(1, true));
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace built with next level frame: {0}",
               st2.ToString());

            // Build a stack trace skipping the current frame, and
            // including all the other frames.
            StackTrace st3 = new StackTrace(1, true);
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace built from the next level up: {0}",
               st3.ToString());

            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...");
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------\n");
            throw e;
         }
      }
   }

   public class ClassLevel3
   {
      public void Level3Method()
      {
         try 
         {
            ClassLevel4 nestedClass = new ClassLevel4();
            nestedClass.Level4Method();
         }
         catch (Exception e) 
         {
            Console.WriteLine(" Level3Method exception handler");

            // Build a stack trace from a dummy stack frame.
            // Explicitly specify the source file name and 
            // line number.
            StackTrace st = new StackTrace(new StackFrame("source.cs", 60));
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace with dummy stack frame: {0}", 
                        st.ToString());
            for(int i =0; i< st.FrameCount; i++ )
            {
               // Display the stack frame properties.
               StackFrame sf = st.GetFrame(i);
               Console.WriteLine(" File: {0}", sf.GetFileName());
               Console.WriteLine(" Line Number: {0}", 
                  sf.GetFileLineNumber());
               // Note that the column number defaults to zero
               // when not initialized.
               Console.WriteLine(" Column Number: {0}", 
                  sf.GetFileColumnNumber());
               if (sf.GetILOffset() != StackFrame.OFFSET_UNKNOWN)
               {
                  Console.WriteLine(" Intermediate Language Offset: {0}", 
                     sf.GetILOffset());
               }
               if (sf.GetNativeOffset() != StackFrame.OFFSET_UNKNOWN)
               {
                  Console.WriteLine(" Native Offset: {0}", 
                     sf.GetNativeOffset());
               }
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...");
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------\n");
            throw e;
         }
      }
   }

   public class ClassLevel4
   {
      public void Level4Method()
      {
         try 
         {
            ClassLevel5 nestedClass = new ClassLevel5();
            nestedClass.Level5Method();
         }
         catch (Exception e) 
         {
            Console.WriteLine(" Level4Method exception handler");

            // Build a stack trace from a dummy stack frame.
            // Explicitly specify the source file name, line number
            // and column number.
            StackTrace st = new StackTrace(new StackFrame("source.cs", 79, 24));
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace with dummy stack frame: {0}", 
                           st.ToString());

            // Access the StackFrames explicitly to display the file
            // name, line number and column number properties.
            // StackTrace.ToString only includes the method name. 
            for(int i =0; i< st.FrameCount; i++ )
            {
               StackFrame sf = st.GetFrame(i);
               Console.WriteLine(" File: {0}", sf.GetFileName());
               Console.WriteLine(" Line Number: {0}", 
                  sf.GetFileLineNumber());
               Console.WriteLine(" Column Number: {0}", 
                  sf.GetFileColumnNumber());
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...");
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------\n");
            throw e;
         }
      }
   }

   public class ClassLevel5
   {
      public void Level5Method()
      {
         try 
         {
            ClassLevel6 nestedClass = new ClassLevel6();
            nestedClass.Level6Method();
         }
         catch (Exception e) 
         {
            Console.WriteLine(" Level5Method exception handler");

            StackTrace st = new StackTrace();
            
            // Display the most recent function call.
            StackFrame sf = st.GetFrame(0);
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("  Exception in method: ");
            Console.WriteLine("      {0}", sf.GetMethod());

            if (st.FrameCount >1)
            {
               // Display the highest-level function call 
               // in the trace.
               sf = st.GetFrame(st.FrameCount-1);
               Console.WriteLine("  Original function call at top of call stack):");
               Console.WriteLine("      {0}", sf.GetMethod());
            }

            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...");
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------\n");
            throw e;
         }        
      }
   }

   public class ClassLevel6
   {
      public void Level6Method()
      {
         throw new Exception("An error occurred in the lowest internal class method.");
      }
   }
}
Imports System.Diagnostics

Imports SampleInternal

Namespace SamplePublic
   
   ' This console application illustrates various uses
   ' of the StackTrace and StackFrame classes.
   
   Class ConsoleApp
      
      <STAThread()>  _
      Shared Sub Main()
         Dim mainClass As New ClassLevel1
         
         Try
            mainClass.InternalMethod()
         Catch
            Console.WriteLine(" Main method exception handler")
            
            ' Display file and line information, if available.
            Dim st As New StackTrace(New StackFrame(True))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for current level: {0}", _
               st.ToString())
            Console.WriteLine(" File: {0}", _
               st.GetFrame(0).GetFileName())
            Console.WriteLine(" Line Number: {0}", _
               st.GetFrame(0).GetFileLineNumber().ToString())
            
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------")
            Console.WriteLine()
         End Try
      End Sub
   End Class
End Namespace 'StackFramePublic 

Namespace SampleInternal
   
   Public Class ClassLevel1
      
      Public Sub InternalMethod()
         Try
            Dim nestedClass As New ClassLevel2
            nestedClass.Level2Method()
         Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(" InternalMethod exception handler")
            
            ' Build a stack trace from one frame, skipping the 
            ' current frame and using the next frame.  By default,
            ' file and line information are not displayed.
            Dim st As New StackTrace(New StackFrame(1))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for next level frame: {0}", _
               st.ToString())
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack frame for next level: ")
            Console.WriteLine("   {0}", st.GetFrame(0).ToString())
            
            Console.WriteLine(" Line Number: {0}", _
               st.GetFrame(0).GetFileLineNumber().ToString())
            
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...")
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Throw e
         End Try
      End Sub
   End Class
   
   Public Class ClassLevel2
      
      Public Sub Level2Method()
         Try
            Dim nestedClass As New ClassLevel3
            nestedClass.Level3Method()
         
         Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(" Level2Method exception handler")
            
            ' Display the full call stack at this level.
            Dim st1 As New StackTrace(True)
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace for this level: {0}", _
               st1.ToString())
            
            ' Build a stack trace from one frame, skipping the current
            ' frame and using the next frame.
            Dim st2 As New StackTrace(New StackFrame(1, True))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace built with next level frame: {0}", _
                st2.ToString())
            
            ' Build a stack trace skipping the current frame, and
            ' including all the other frames.
            Dim st3 As New StackTrace(1, True)
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace built from the next level up: {0}", _
                st3.ToString())
            
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...")
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Throw e
         End Try
      End Sub
   End Class
   
   Public Class ClassLevel3
      
      Public Sub Level3Method()
         Try
            Dim nestedClass As New ClassLevel4()
            nestedClass.Level4Method()
         Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(" Level3Method exception handler")
            
            ' Build a stack trace from a dummy stack frame.
            ' Explicitly specify the source file name and line number.
            Dim st As New StackTrace(New StackFrame("source.cs", 60))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace with dummy stack frame: {0}", _
               st.ToString())
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To st.FrameCount - 1
               ' Display the stack frame properties.
               Dim sf As StackFrame = st.GetFrame(i)
               Console.WriteLine(" File: {0}", sf.GetFileName())
               Console.WriteLine(" Line Number: {0}", _
                  sf.GetFileLineNumber())
               ' The column number defaults to zero when not initialized.
               Console.WriteLine(" Column Number: {0}", _
                  sf.GetFileColumnNumber())
               If sf.GetILOffset <> StackFrame.OFFSET_UNKNOWN
                  Console.WriteLine(" Intermediate Language Offset: {0}", _
                      sf.GetILOffset())
               End If
               If sf.GetNativeOffset <> StackFrame.OFFSET_UNKNOWN
                 Console.WriteLine(" Native Offset: {0}", _
                     sf.GetNativeOffset())
               End If
            Next i 
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...")
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Throw e
         End Try
      End Sub
   End Class
   
   Public Class ClassLevel4
      
      Public Sub Level4Method()
         Try
            Dim [nestedClass] As New ClassLevel5()
            [nestedClass].Level5Method()
         Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(" Level4Method exception handler")
            
            ' Build a stack trace from a dummy stack frame.
            ' Explicitly specify the source file name, line number
            ' and column number.
            Dim st As New StackTrace(New StackFrame("source.cs", 79, 24))
            Console.WriteLine(" Stack trace with dummy stack frame: {0}", _
               st.ToString())
            
            ' Access the StackFrames explicitly to display the file
            ' name, line number and column number properties.
            ' StackTrace.ToString only includes the method name. 
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To st.FrameCount - 1
               Dim sf As StackFrame = st.GetFrame(i)
               Console.WriteLine(" File: {0}", sf.GetFileName())
               Console.WriteLine(" Line Number: {0}", _
                  sf.GetFileLineNumber())
               Console.WriteLine(" Column Number: {0}", _
                  sf.GetFileColumnNumber())
            Next i
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...")
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Throw e
         End Try
      End Sub
   End Class
  
   
   Public Class ClassLevel5
      
      Public Sub Level5Method()
         Try
            Dim nestedClass As New ClassLevel6()
            nestedClass.Level6Method()
         Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(" Level5Method exception handler")
            
            Dim st As New StackTrace()
            
            ' Display the most recent function call.
            Dim sf As StackFrame = st.GetFrame(0)
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("  Exception in method: ")
            Console.WriteLine("      {0}", sf.GetMethod())
            
            If st.FrameCount > 1 Then
               ' Display the highest-level function call in the trace.
               sf = st.GetFrame((st.FrameCount - 1))
               Console.WriteLine("  Original function call at top of call stack):")
               Console.WriteLine("      {0}", sf.GetMethod())
            End If
            
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("   ... throwing exception to next level ...")
            Console.WriteLine("-------------------------------------------------")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Throw e
         End Try
      End Sub
   End Class
  
   
   Public Class ClassLevel6
      Public Sub Level6Method()
         Throw New Exception("An error occurred in the lowest internal class method.")
      End Sub
   End Class

End Namespace 'StackFrameInternal

Hinweise

Ein StackFrame wird erstellt und für jeden Funktions aufrut, der während der Ausführung eines Threads ausgeführt wird, in der aufrufsstapel abgelegt.A StackFrame is created and pushed on the call stack for every function call made during the execution of a thread. Der Stapel Rahmen enthält immer MethodBase Informationen und enthält optional Informationen zu Datei Name, Zeilennummer und Spaltennummer.The stack frame always includes MethodBase information, and optionally includes file name, line number, and column number information.

StackFrame Informationen sind mit Debugbuildkonfigurationen am informativsten.StackFrame information will be most informative with Debug build configurations. Standardmäßig enthalten Debugbuilds Debugsymbole, während Releasebuilds dies nicht tun.By default, Debug builds include debug symbols, while Release builds do not. Die Debugsymbole enthalten den größten Teil der Datei, den Methodennamen, die Zeilennummer und die Spalten Informationen, die beim Erstellen von StackFrame Objekten verwendet werden.The debug symbols contain most of the file, method name, line number, and column information used in constructing StackFrame objects.

Konstruktoren

StackFrame()

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der StackFrame-Klasse.Initializes a new instance of the StackFrame class.

StackFrame(Boolean)

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der StackFrame-Klasse und zeichnet optional Quellinformationen auf.Initializes a new instance of the StackFrame class, optionally capturing source information.

StackFrame(Int32)

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der StackFrame-Klasse, die einem Rahmen über dem aktuellen Stapelrahmen entspricht.Initializes a new instance of the StackFrame class that corresponds to a frame above the current stack frame.

StackFrame(Int32, Boolean)

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der StackFrame-Klasse, die einem Rahmen über dem aktuellen Stapelrahmen entspricht, und zeichnet optional Quellinformationen auf.Initializes a new instance of the StackFrame class that corresponds to a frame above the current stack frame, optionally capturing source information.

StackFrame(String, Int32)

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der StackFrame-Klasse, die nur den angegebenen Dateinamen und die angegebene Zeilennummer enthält.Initializes a new instance of the StackFrame class that contains only the given file name and line number.

StackFrame(String, Int32, Int32)

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der StackFrame-Klasse, die nur den angegebenen Dateinamen, die angegebene Zeilennummer und die angegebene Spaltennummer enthält.Initializes a new instance of the StackFrame class that contains only the given file name, line number, and column number.

Felder

OFFSET_UNKNOWN

Definiert den Wert, der von der GetNativeOffset()-Methode oder der GetILOffset()-Methode zurückgegeben wird, wenn der Offset in MSIL (Microsoft Intermediate Language) oder der systemeigenen Sprache nicht bekannt ist.Defines the value that is returned from the GetNativeOffset() or GetILOffset() method when the native or Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) offset is unknown. Dieses Feld ist konstant.This field is constant.

Methoden

Equals(Object)

Ermittelt, ob das angegebene Objekt und das aktuelle Objekt gleich sind.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Geerbt von Object)
GetFileColumnNumber()

Ruft die Spaltennummer in der Datei mit dem ausgeführten Code ab.Gets the column number in the file that contains the code that is executing. Diese Informationen werden i. d. R. aus den Debugsymbolen für das ausführbare Programm extrahiert.This information is typically extracted from the debugging symbols for the executable.

GetFileLineNumber()

Ruft die Zeilennummer in der Datei mit dem ausgeführten Code ab.Gets the line number in the file that contains the code that is executing. Diese Informationen werden i. d. R. aus den Debugsymbolen für das ausführbare Programm extrahiert.This information is typically extracted from the debugging symbols for the executable.

GetFileName()

Ruft den Dateinamen mit dem ausgeführten Code ab.Gets the file name that contains the code that is executing. Diese Informationen werden i. d. R. aus den Debugsymbolen für das ausführbare Programm extrahiert.This information is typically extracted from the debugging symbols for the executable.

GetHashCode()

Dient als die Standard-HashfunktionServes as the default hash function.

(Geerbt von Object)
GetILOffset()

Ruft den Offset vom Beginn des MSIL-Codes (Microsoft Intermediate Language) für die ausgeführte Methode ab.Gets the offset from the start of the Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) code for the method that is executing. Dabei kann es sich um einen Näherungswert handeln. Das hängt davon ab, ob der JIT-Compiler (Just-In-Time) den Debuggingcode erzeugt.This offset might be an approximation depending on whether or not the just-in-time (JIT) compiler is generating debugging code. Die Generierung dieser Debuginformation wird vom DebuggableAttribute kontrolliert.The generation of this debugging information is controlled by the DebuggableAttribute.

GetMethod()

Ruft die Methode ab, in der der Rahmen ausgeführt wird.Gets the method in which the frame is executing.

GetNativeOffset()

Ruft den Offset vom Beginn des programmeigenen JIT (Just-In-Time)-kompilierten Codes für die ausgeführte Methode ab.Gets the offset from the start of the native just-in-time (JIT)-compiled code for the method that is being executed. Die Generierung dieser Debuginformation wird von der DebuggableAttribute-Klasse gesteuert.The generation of this debugging information is controlled by the DebuggableAttribute class.

GetType()

Ruft den Type der aktuellen Instanz ab.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Geerbt von Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Erstellt eine flache Kopie des aktuellen Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Geerbt von Object)
ToString()

Erstellt eine lesbare Darstellung der Stapelüberwachung.Builds a readable representation of the stack trace.

Erweiterungsmethoden

GetNativeImageBase(StackFrame)

Gibt einen Zeiger auf die Basisadresse des mit dem nativen Image zurück, das vom Stapelrahmen ausgeführt wird.Returns a pointer to the base address of the native image that this stack frame is executing.

GetNativeIP(StackFrame)

Ruft einen Schnittstellenzeiger auf den Anfang des nativen Codes für die Methode ab, die ausgeführt wird.Gets an interface pointer to the start of the native code for the method that is being executed.

HasILOffset(StackFrame)

Zeigt an, ob ein Offset vom Beginn des IL-Codes für die ausgeführte Methode verfügbar ist.Indicates whether an offset from the start of the IL code for the method that is executing is available.

HasMethod(StackFrame)

Gibt an, ob Informationen über die Methode vorliegen, in der der angegebene Frame ausgeführt wird.Indicates whether information about the method in which the specified frame is executing is available.

HasNativeImage(StackFrame)

Gibt an, ob das native Image für den angegebenen Stapelrahmen verfügbar ist.Indicates whether the native image is available for the specified stack frame.

HasSource(StackFrame)

Gibt an, ob die Datei verfügbar ist, die den Code enthält, den der angegebene Stapelrahmen ausführt.Indicates whether the file that contains the code that the specified stack frame is executing is available.

Sicherheit

InheritanceDemand
, damit Vererber auf nicht verwalteten Code zugreifen können.for the ability of inheritors to access unmanaged code. Zugeordnete Enumeration: UnmanagedCodeAssociated enumeration: UnmanagedCode. Diese Klasse kann von teilweise vertrauenswürdigem Code nicht geerbt werden.This class cannot be inherited by partially trusted code.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch