Math.Sign Methode

Definition

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer Zahl angibt.

Überlädt

Sign(IntPtr)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Zeichen einer systemeigenen signierten Ganzzahl angibt.

Sign(Single)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer Gleitkommazahl mit einfacher Genauigkeit angibt.

Sign(SByte)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer ganzen 8-Bit-Zahl mit Vorzeichen angibt.

Sign(Int64)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer ganzen 64-Bit-Zahl mit Vorzeichen angibt.

Sign(Decimal)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer Dezimalzahl angibt.

Sign(Int16)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer ganzen 16-Bit-Zahl mit Vorzeichen angibt.

Sign(Double)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer Gleitkommazahl mit doppelter Genauigkeit angibt.

Sign(Int32)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer ganzen 32-Bit-Zahl mit Vorzeichen angibt.

Sign(IntPtr)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Zeichen einer systemeigenen signierten Ganzzahl angibt.

public:
 static int Sign(IntPtr value);
public static int Sign (nint value);
public static int Sign (IntPtr value);
static member Sign : nativeint -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As IntPtr) As Integer

Parameter

value
IntPtr

nint

nativeint

Eine Zahl mit Vorzeichen.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Eine Zahl, die das Vorzeichen von value angibt, wie in der folgenden Tabelle veranschaulicht.

Rückgabewert Bedeutung
-1 value ist kleiner als Null.
0 value ist gleich 0 (null).
1 value ist größer als 0 (null).

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Die Sign(IntPtr) Methode zum Ermitteln des Zeichens eines IntPtr Werts verwendet und in der Konsole angezeigt wird.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

Gilt für:

Sign(Single)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer Gleitkommazahl mit einfacher Genauigkeit angibt.

public:
 static int Sign(float value);
public static int Sign (float value);
static member Sign : single -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Single) As Integer

Parameter

value
Single

Eine Zahl mit Vorzeichen.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Eine Zahl, die das Vorzeichen von value angibt, wie in der folgenden Tabelle veranschaulicht.

Rückgabewert Bedeutung
-1 value ist kleiner als Null.
0 value ist gleich 0 (null).
1 value ist größer als 0 (null).

Ausnahmen

value ist gleich NaN.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Sie die Sign(Single) Methode verwenden, um das Zeichen eines Single Werts zu bestimmen und sie in der Konsole anzuzeigen.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

Gilt für:

Sign(SByte)

Wichtig

Diese API ist nicht CLS-kompatibel.

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer ganzen 8-Bit-Zahl mit Vorzeichen angibt.

public:
 static int Sign(System::SByte value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static int Sign (sbyte value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member Sign : sbyte -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As SByte) As Integer

Parameter

value
SByte

Eine Zahl mit Vorzeichen.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Eine Zahl, die das Vorzeichen von value angibt, wie in der folgenden Tabelle veranschaulicht.

Rückgabewert Bedeutung
-1 value ist kleiner als Null.
0 value ist gleich 0 (null).
1 value ist größer als 0 (null).
Attribute

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Die Sign(SByte) Methode zum Ermitteln des Zeichens eines SByte Werts verwendet und in der Konsole angezeigt wird.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

Gilt für:

Sign(Int64)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer ganzen 64-Bit-Zahl mit Vorzeichen angibt.

public:
 static int Sign(long value);
public static int Sign (long value);
static member Sign : int64 -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Long) As Integer

Parameter

value
Int64

Eine Zahl mit Vorzeichen.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Eine Zahl, die das Vorzeichen von value angibt, wie in der folgenden Tabelle veranschaulicht.

Rückgabewert Bedeutung
-1 value ist kleiner als Null.
0 value ist gleich 0 (null).
1 value ist größer als 0 (null).

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Sie die Sign(Int64) Methode verwenden, um das Zeichen eines Int64 Werts zu bestimmen und sie in der Konsole anzuzeigen.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

Gilt für:

Sign(Decimal)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer Dezimalzahl angibt.

public:
 static int Sign(System::Decimal value);
public static int Sign (decimal value);
static member Sign : decimal -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Decimal) As Integer

Parameter

value
Decimal

Eine Dezimalzahl mit Vorzeichen.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Eine Zahl, die das Vorzeichen von value angibt, wie in der folgenden Tabelle veranschaulicht.

Rückgabewert Bedeutung
-1 value ist kleiner als Null.
0 value ist gleich 0 (null).
1 value ist größer als 0 (null).

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Sie die Sign(Decimal) Methode verwenden, um das Zeichen eines Decimal Werts zu bestimmen und sie in der Konsole anzuzeigen.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

Gilt für:

Sign(Int16)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer ganzen 16-Bit-Zahl mit Vorzeichen angibt.

public:
 static int Sign(short value);
public static int Sign (short value);
static member Sign : int16 -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Short) As Integer

Parameter

value
Int16

Eine Zahl mit Vorzeichen.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Eine Zahl, die das Vorzeichen von value angibt, wie in der folgenden Tabelle veranschaulicht.

Rückgabewert Bedeutung
-1 value ist kleiner als Null.
0 value ist gleich 0 (null).
1 value ist größer als 0 (null).

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Sie die Sign(Int16) Methode verwenden, um das Zeichen eines Int16 Werts zu bestimmen und sie in der Konsole anzuzeigen.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

Gilt für:

Sign(Double)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer Gleitkommazahl mit doppelter Genauigkeit angibt.

public:
 static int Sign(double value);
public static int Sign (double value);
static member Sign : double -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Double) As Integer

Parameter

value
Double

Eine Zahl mit Vorzeichen.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Eine Zahl, die das Vorzeichen von value angibt, wie in der folgenden Tabelle veranschaulicht.

Rückgabewert Bedeutung
-1 value ist kleiner als Null.
0 value ist gleich 0 (null).
1 value ist größer als 0 (null).

Ausnahmen

value ist gleich NaN.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Sie die Sign(Double) Methode verwenden, um das Zeichen eines Double Werts zu bestimmen und sie in der Konsole anzuzeigen.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

Gilt für:

Sign(Int32)

Gibt eine ganze Zahl zurück, die das Vorzeichen einer ganzen 32-Bit-Zahl mit Vorzeichen angibt.

public:
 static int Sign(int value);
public static int Sign (int value);
static member Sign : int -> int
Public Shared Function Sign (value As Integer) As Integer

Parameter

value
Int32

Eine Zahl mit Vorzeichen.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Eine Zahl, die das Vorzeichen von value angibt, wie in der folgenden Tabelle veranschaulicht.

Rückgabewert Bedeutung
-1 value ist kleiner als Null.
0 value ist gleich 0 (null).
1 value ist größer als 0 (null).

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie Sie die Sign(Int32) Methode verwenden, um das Zeichen eines Int32 Werts zu bestimmen und sie in der Konsole anzuzeigen.

// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using namespace System;
String^ Test( int compare )
{
   if ( compare == 0 )
      return "equal to";
   else
   if ( compare < 0 )
      return "less than";
   else
      return "greater than";
}

int main()
{
   String^ str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   Byte xByte1 = 0;
   short xShort1 = -2;
   int xInt1 = -3;
   long xLong1 = -4;
   float xSingle1 = 0.0f;
   double xDouble1 = 6.0;
   Decimal xDecimal1 = -7;
   
   // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
   SByte xSbyte1 = -101;
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test( Math::Sign( xByte1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test( Math::Sign( xShort1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test( Math::Sign( xInt1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test( Math::Sign( xLong1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test( Math::Sign( xSingle1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test( Math::Sign( xDouble1 ) ) );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test( Math::Sign( xDecimal1 ) ) );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl );
   Console::WriteLine( str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test( Math::Sign( xSbyte1 ) ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string str = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero.";
        string nl = Environment.NewLine;
        byte     xByte1    = 0;
        short    xShort1   = -2;
        int      xInt1     = -3;
        long     xLong1    = -4;
        float    xSingle1  = 0.0f;
        double   xDouble1  = 6.0;
        Decimal  xDecimal1 = -7m;
        nint     xIntPtr1  = 8;

        // The following type is not CLS-compliant.
        sbyte    xSbyte1   = -101;

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}Test the sign of the following types of values:");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)));
        Console.WriteLine(str, "IntPtr", xIntPtr1, Test(Math.Sign(xIntPtr1)));

        Console.WriteLine($"{nl}The following type is not CLS-compliant.");
        Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)));
    }

    public static string Test(int compare)
    {
        if (compare == 0)
            return "equal to";
        else if (compare < 0)
            return "less than";
        else
            return "greater than";
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Test the sign of the following types of values:
Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
Single :   0 is equal to zero.
Double :   6 is greater than zero.
Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.

The following type is not CLS-compliant.
SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
*/
// This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
// In F#, the sign function may be used instead
open System

let test = function
    | 0 ->
        "equal to"
    | x when x < 0 ->
        "less than"
    | _ ->
        "greater than"

let print typ a b = 
    printfn $"{typ}: {a,3} is {b} zero."

let xByte1    = 0uy
let xShort1   = -2s
let xInt1     = -3
let xLong1    = -4L
let xSingle1  = 0f
let xDouble1  = 6.
let xDecimal1 = -7m
let xIntPtr1  = 8

// The following type is not CLS-compliant.
let xSbyte1   = -101y

printfn "\nTest the sign of the following types of values:"
print "Byte   " xByte1 (test (Math.Sign xByte1))
print "Int16  " xShort1 (test (Math.Sign xShort1))
print "Int32  " xInt1 (test (Math.Sign xInt1))
print "Int64  " xLong1 (test (Math.Sign xLong1))
print "Single " xSingle1 (test (Math.Sign xSingle1))
print "Double " xDouble1 (test (Math.Sign xDouble1))
print "Decimal" xDecimal1 (test (Math.Sign xDecimal1))
print "IntPtr"  xIntPtr1 (test (Math.Sign xIntPtr1))

printfn "\nThe following type is not CLS-compliant."
print "SByte  " xSbyte1 (test (Math.Sign xSbyte1))

// This example produces the following results:
//     Test the sign of the following types of values:
//     Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
//     Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
//     Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
//     Single :   0 is equal to zero.
//     Double :   6 is greater than zero.
//     Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
//     IntPtr:    8 is greater than zero.
//    
//     The following type is not CLS-compliant.
//     SByte  : -101 is less than zero.
' This example demonstrates Math.Sign()
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim str As String = "{0}: {1,3} is {2} zero."
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      
      Dim xByte1 As Byte = 0
      Dim xShort1 As Short = -2
      Dim xInt1 As Integer = -3
      Dim xLong1 As Long = -4
      Dim xSingle1 As Single = 0F
      Dim xDouble1 As Double = 6.0
      Dim xDecimal1 As [Decimal] = -7D
      
      ' The following type is not CLS-compliant.
      Dim xSbyte1 As SByte = -101
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0}Test the sign of the following types of values:", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Byte   ", xByte1, Test(Math.Sign(xByte1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int16  ", xShort1, Test(Math.Sign(xShort1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int32  ", xInt1, Test(Math.Sign(xInt1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Int64  ", xLong1, Test(Math.Sign(xLong1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Single ", xSingle1, Test(Math.Sign(xSingle1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Double ", xDouble1, Test(Math.Sign(xDouble1)))
      Console.WriteLine(str, "Decimal", xDecimal1, Test(Math.Sign(xDecimal1)))
      '
      Console.WriteLine("{0}The following type is not CLS-compliant.", nl)
      Console.WriteLine(str, "SByte  ", xSbyte1, Test(Math.Sign(xSbyte1)))
   End Sub
   '
   Public Shared Function Test([compare] As Integer) As [String]
      If [compare] = 0 Then
         Return "equal to"
      ElseIf [compare] < 0 Then
         Return "less than"
      Else
         Return "greater than"
      End If
   End Function 'Test
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Test the sign of the following types of values:
'Byte   :   0 is equal to zero.
'Int16  :  -2 is less than zero.
'Int32  :  -3 is less than zero.
'Int64  :  -4 is less than zero.
'Single :   0 is equal to zero.
'Double :   6 is greater than zero.
'Decimal:  -7 is less than zero.
'
'The following type is not CLS-compliant.
'SByte  : -101 is less than zero.

Gilt für: