Message.Formatter Eigenschaft

Definition

Ruft den Formatierer ab, der zum Serialisieren und Deserialisieren eines Objekts in bzw. aus dem Nachrichtenkörper verwendet wird.Gets or sets the formatter used to serialize an object into or deserialize an object from the message body.

public:
 property System::Messaging::IMessageFormatter ^ Formatter { System::Messaging::IMessageFormatter ^ get(); void set(System::Messaging::IMessageFormatter ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
public System.Messaging.IMessageFormatter Formatter { get; set; }
member this.Formatter : System.Messaging.IMessageFormatter with get, set
Public Property Formatter As IMessageFormatter

Eigenschaftswert

Der IMessageFormatter, der den Stream erstellt, der in den Meldungstext geschrieben oder aus diesem gelesen werden soll.The IMessageFormatter that produces a stream to be written to or read from the message body. Die Standardeinstellung ist XmlMessageFormatter.The default is XmlMessageFormatter.

Attribute

Ausnahmen

Die Formatter-Eigenschaft ist null.The Formatter property is null.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie ein Nachrichten BinaryMessageFormatterText mit formatiert wird.The following code example demonstrates formatting a message body using BinaryMessageFormatter.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>
#using <system.drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;

/// <summary>
/// Provides a container class for the example.
/// </summary>
ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:

   //*************************************************
   // Creates a new queue.
   //*************************************************
   static void CreateQueue( String^ queuePath )
   {
      try
      {
         if (  !MessageQueue::Exists( queuePath ) )
         {
            MessageQueue::Create( queuePath );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "{0} already exists.", queuePath );
         }
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

   }


   //*************************************************
   // Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
   //*************************************************
   void SendMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Create a new bitmap.
         // The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
         // you must give a full path to its location.
         Image^ myImage = Bitmap::FromFile( "SentImage::bmp" );
         
         // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
         Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message( myImage,gcnew BinaryMessageFormatter );
         
         // Send the image to the queue.
         myQueue->Send( myMessage );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      return;
   }


   //*************************************************
   // Receives a message containing an image.
   //*************************************************
   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
         
         // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
         myQueue->Formatter = gcnew BinaryMessageFormatter;
         
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();
         Bitmap^ myImage = static_cast<Bitmap^>(myMessage->Body);
         
         // This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
         myImage->Save( "ReceivedImage::bmp", System::Drawing::Imaging::ImageFormat::Bmp );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }
      catch ( IOException^ e ) 
      {
         
         // Handle file access exceptions.
      }

      
      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.
      return;
   }

};


//*************************************************
// Provides an entry point into the application.
//         
// This example sends and receives a message from
// a queue.
//*************************************************
int main()
{
   
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;
   
   // Create a queue on the local computer.
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
   
   // Send a message to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage();
   
   // Receive a message from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   return 0;
}

using System;
using System.Messaging;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;

namespace MyProject
{
    

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		 
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Create a queue on the local computer.
            CreateQueue(".\\myQueue");
            
            // Send a message to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage();

            // Receive a message from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Creates a new queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void CreateQueue(string queuePath)
        {
            try	
            {
                if(!MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath))
                {
                    MessageQueue.Create(queuePath);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(queuePath + " already exists.");
                }
            }
            catch (MessageQueueException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage()
        {
            try{

                // Create a new bitmap.
                // The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
                // you must give a full path to its location.
                Image myImage = Bitmap.FromFile("SentImage.bmp");

                // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");
                
                Message myMessage = new Message(myImage, new BinaryMessageFormatter());

                // Send the image to the queue.
                myQueue.Send(myMessage);
            }
            catch(ArgumentException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            
            }

            return;
        }


        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an image.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
                        
            try
            {

                // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

                // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
                myQueue.Formatter = new BinaryMessageFormatter();

                // Receive and format the message. 
                System.Messaging.Message myMessage = myQueue.Receive(); 
                Bitmap myImage = (Bitmap)myMessage.Body;
                
                // This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
                myImage.Save("ReceivedImage.bmp",System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp);
                
                
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

            // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }

            catch (IOException e)
            {
                // Handle file access exceptions.
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO


Namespace MyProj
    _
   
   
   Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Provides an entry point into the application.
      '		 
      ' This example sends and receives a message from
      ' a queue.
      '**************************************************
      Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Create a new instance of the class.
         Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
         
         ' Create a queue on the local computer.
         CreateQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Send a message to a queue.
         myNewQueue.SendMessage()
         
         ' Receive a message from a queue.
         myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Creates a new queue.
      '**************************************************
      Public Shared Sub CreateQueue(queuePath As String)
         Try
            If Not MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath) Then
               MessageQueue.Create(queuePath)
            Else
               Console.WriteLine((queuePath + " already exists."))
            End If
         Catch e As MessageQueueException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
      End Sub
       
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
      '**************************************************
      Public Sub SendMessage()
         Try
            
            ' Create a new bitmap.
            ' The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
            ' you must give a full path to its location.
            Dim myImage As Image = Bitmap.FromFile("SentImage.bmp")
            
            ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            Dim myMessage As New Message(myImage, New BinaryMessageFormatter())
            
            ' Send the image to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage)
         Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try 
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Receives a message containing an image.
      '**************************************************
      Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         
         Try
            
            ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
            myQueue.Formatter = New BinaryMessageFormatter()
            
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As System.Messaging.Message = myQueue.Receive()
            Dim myImage As Bitmap = CType(myMessage.Body, Bitmap)
            
            ' This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
            myImage.Save("ReceivedImage.bmp", System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp)
         
         
         
         'Catch
         ' Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
         
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         
         Catch e As IOException
         End Try
         ' Handle file access exceptions.
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
      End Sub
   End Class
End Namespace 'MyProj

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie ein Nachrichten XmlMessageFormatterText mit formatiert wird.The following code example demonstrates formatting a message body using XmlMessageFormatter.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>
#using <system.drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;
ref class Order
{
public:
   int orderId;
   DateTime orderTime;
};

ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:
   static void CreateQueue( String^ queuePath )
   {
      try
      {
         if (  !MessageQueue::Exists( queuePath ) )
         {
            MessageQueue::Create( queuePath );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "{0} already exists.", queuePath );
         }
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

   }

   void SendMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         // Create a new order and set values.
         Order^ sentOrder = gcnew Order;
         sentOrder->orderId = 3;
         sentOrder->orderTime = DateTime::Now;

         // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

         // Create the new order.
         Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message( sentOrder );

         // Send the order to the queue.
         myQueue->Send( myMessage );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      return;
   }

   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

      // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
      array<Type^>^p = gcnew array<Type^>(1);
      p[ 0 ] = Order::typeid;
      myQueue->Formatter = gcnew XmlMessageFormatter( p );
      try
      {
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();
         Order^ myOrder = dynamic_cast<Order^>(myMessage->Body);

         // Display message information.
         Console::WriteLine( "Order ID: {0}", myOrder->orderId );
         Console::WriteLine( "Sent: {0}", myOrder->orderTime );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.
      return;
   }
};

int main()
{
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;

   // Create a queue on the local computer.
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

   // Send a message to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage();

   // Receive a message from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   return 0;
}
using System;
using System.Messaging;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;

namespace MyProject
{

    // The following example 
    // sends to a queue and receives from a queue.
    public class Order
    {
        public int orderId;
        public DateTime orderTime;
    };	

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		 
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Create a queue on the local computer.
            CreateQueue(".\\myQueue");
            
            // Send a message to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage();

            // Receive a message from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Creates a new queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void CreateQueue(string queuePath)
        {
            try	
            {
                if(!MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath))
                {
                    MessageQueue.Create(queuePath);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(queuePath + " already exists.");
                }
            }
            catch (MessageQueueException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends an Order to a queue.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage()
        {
            try
            {

                // Create a new order and set values.
                Order sentOrder = new Order();
                sentOrder.orderId = 3;
                sentOrder.orderTime = DateTime.Now;

                // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");


                
                // Create the new order.
                Message myMessage = new Message(sentOrder);

                // Send the order to the queue.
                myQueue.Send(myMessage);
            }
            catch(ArgumentException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            
            }

            return;
        }


        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an order.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
            // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
            myQueue.Formatter = new XmlMessageFormatter(new Type[]
                {typeof(MyProject.Order)});
            
            try
            {
                // Receive and format the message. 
                Message myMessage =	myQueue.Receive(); 
                Order myOrder = (Order)myMessage.Body;

                // Display message information.
                Console.WriteLine("Order ID: " + 
                    myOrder.orderId.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine("Sent: " + 
                    myOrder.orderTime.ToString());
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

                // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO



   
' The following example 
' sends to a queue and receives from a queue.
Public Class Order
      Public orderId As Integer
      Public orderTime As DateTime
End Class

   
  
' Provides a container class for the example.

Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      

   ' Provides an entry point into the application.
   '		 
   ' This example sends and receives a message from
   ' a queue.

   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Create a new instance of the class.
      Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
        
      ' Create a queue on the local computer.
      CreateQueue(".\myQueue")
         
      ' Send a message to a queue.
      myNewQueue.SendMessage()
       
      ' Receive a message from a queue.
      myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
      Return
   End Sub
      
      

      ' Creates a new queue.
   Public Shared Sub CreateQueue(queuePath As String)
      Try
         If Not MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath) Then
            MessageQueue.Create(queuePath)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine((queuePath + " already exists."))
         End If
      Catch e As MessageQueueException
         Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try
   End Sub
       
      

      ' Sends an Order to a queue.

   Public Sub SendMessage()
      Try
            
            ' Create a new order and set values.
            Dim sentOrder As New Order()
            sentOrder.orderId = 3
            sentOrder.orderTime = DateTime.Now
            
            ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            
            
            ' Create the new order.
            Dim myMessage As New Message(sentOrder)
            
            ' Send the order to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage)
      Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try 
         
      Return
   End Sub
      
      
      
 
      ' Receives a message containing an order.
 
   Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
         myQueue.Formatter = New XmlMessageFormatter(New Type() {GetType(Order)})
         
         Try
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As Message = myQueue.Receive()
            Dim myOrder As Order = CType(myMessage.Body, Order)
            
            ' Display message information.
            Console.WriteLine(("Order ID: " + myOrder.orderId.ToString()))
            Console.WriteLine(("Sent: " + myOrder.orderTime.ToString()))
         
  
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
   End Sub
End Class

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie Formatter die-Eigenschaft, wenn Sie eine Nachricht lesen und schreiben.Use the Formatter property when reading and writing a message. Wenn eine Nachricht an die Warteschlange gesendet wird, serialisiert der Formatierer Body die Eigenschaft in einen Stream, der an die Nachrichten Warteschlange gesendet werden kann.When a message is sent to the queue, the formatter serializes the Body property into a stream that can be sent to the message queue. Beim Lesen aus einer Warteschlange deserialisiert der Formatierer die Nachrichten Daten in die Body -Eigenschaft.When reading from a queue, the formatter deserializes the message data into the Body property.

Wenn Sie den Inhalt der Nachricht nicht direkt in die BodyStream -Eigenschaft schreiben, legen Sie die Formatter -Eigenschaft vor dem Senden der Nachricht fest.Unless you write the contents of the message directly to the BodyStream property, set the Formatter property before you send the message. Wenn die Send -Methode für die MessageQueue -Instanz aufgerufen wird, wird der Text mit dem Formatierer serialisiert, Formatter der in der-Eigenschaft enthalten ist.When the Send method is called on the MessageQueue instance, the body is serialized using the formatter contained in the Formatter property. Wenn Sie die Nachricht senden, ohne einen Wert für die Formatter -Eigenschaft anzugeben, ist der Formatierer standardmäßig auf XmlMessageFormatterfestgelegt.If you send the message without specifying a value for the Formatter property, the formatter defaults to XmlMessageFormatter.

Der XmlMessageFormatter ist lose gekoppelt, sodass es nicht erforderlich ist, bei Verwendung dieses Formats denselben Objekttyp für den Absender und den Empfänger zu verwenden.The XmlMessageFormatter is loosely coupled, so it is not necessary to have the same object type on the sender and receiver when using this format. ActiveXMessageFormatter UndBinaryMessageFormatter serialisieren die Daten in binäre Darstellung.The ActiveXMessageFormatter and BinaryMessageFormatter serialize the data into binary representation. ActiveXMessageFormatter Wird beim Senden oder empfangen von COM-Komponenten verwendet.The ActiveXMessageFormatter is used when sending or receiving COM components.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch