Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault Method

Definition

Ruft den Wert des aktuellen Nullable<T>-Objekts oder einen Standardwert ab.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or a default value.

Überlädt

GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault()

Ruft den Wert des aktuellen Nullable<T>-Objekts oder den Standardwert des zugrunde liegenden Typs ab.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or the default value of the underlying type.

GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T)

Ruft den Wert des aktuellen Nullable<T>-Objekts oder den angegebenen Standardwert ab.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or the specified default value.

GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault() GetValueOrDefault()

Ruft den Wert des aktuellen Nullable<T>-Objekts oder den Standardwert des zugrunde liegenden Typs ab.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or the default value of the underlying type.

public:
 T GetValueOrDefault();
public T GetValueOrDefault ();
member this.GetValueOrDefault : unit -> 'T
Public Function GetValueOrDefault () As T

Gibt zurück

T T T T

Der Wert der Value-Eigenschaft, wenn die HasValue-Eigenschaft true ist, andernfalls der Standardwert des zugrunde liegenden Typs.The value of the Value property if the HasValue property is true; otherwise, the default value of the underlying type.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird der Wert eines Nullable<T> -Objekts abgerufen, wenn dieser Wert definiert ist. andernfalls wird der Standardwert oder ein spezifischer Standardwert abgerufen.The following code example retrieves the value of a Nullable<T> object if that value is defined; otherwise, it retrieves the default value or a specific default value.

// This code example demonstrates the 
// Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault methods.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    float? mySingle = 12.34f;
    float? yourSingle = -1.0f;

   Console.WriteLine("*** Display a value or the default value ***\n");
// Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.

    Display("A1", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
// of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
// value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.

    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault();
    Display("A2", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
// defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
// display the values of both variables. The default value of all binary zeroes 
// is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.

    mySingle = null;
    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault();
    Display("A3", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Reassign the original values of mySingle and yourSingle.
    mySingle = 12.34f;
    yourSingle = -1.0f;

    Console.Write("\n*** Display a value or the ");
    Console.WriteLine("specified default value ***\n");

// Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
    Display("B1", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
// of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
// value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.

    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(-222.22f);
    Display("B2", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
// defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
// display the values of both variables. The specified default value of -333.33
// is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.

    mySingle = null;
    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(-333.33f);
    Display("B3", mySingle, yourSingle);

    }

// Display the values of two nullable of System.Single structures.
// The Console.WriteLine method automatically calls the ToString methods of 
// each input argument to display its values. If no value is defined for a
// nullable type, the ToString method for that argument returns the empty
// string ("").
    public static void Display(string title, float? dspMySingle, float? dspYourSingle)
    {
    Console.WriteLine("{0}) mySingle = [{1}], yourSingle = [{2}]", 
                      title, dspMySingle, dspYourSingle);    
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

A1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
A2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
A3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [0]

*** Display a value or the specified default value ***

B1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
B2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
B3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [-333.33]

*/
' This code example demonstrates the 
' Nullable(Of T).GetValueOrDefault methods.

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim mySingle As Nullable(Of System.Single) = 12.34F 
        Dim yourSingle As Nullable(Of System.Single) = - 1.0F 
        
        Console.WriteLine("*** Display a value or the default value ***" & vbCrLf)
    ' Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        Display("A1", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
    ' of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
    ' value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault()
        Display("A2", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
    ' defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
    ' display the values of both variables. The default value of all binary zeroes 
    ' is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.
        mySingle = Nothing
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault()
        Display("A3", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Reassign the original values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        mySingle = 12.34F
        yourSingle = - 1.0F
        
        Console.Write(vbCrLf & "*** Display a value or the ")
        Console.WriteLine("specified default value ***" & vbCrLf)
        
    ' Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        Display("B1", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
    ' of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
    ' value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(- 222.22F)
        Display("B2", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
    ' defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
    ' display the values of both variables. The specified default value of -333.33
    ' is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.
        mySingle = Nothing
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(- 333.33F)
        Display("B3", mySingle, yourSingle)
    
    End Sub 'Main
     
    
    ' Display the values of two nullable of System.Single structures.
    ' The Console.WriteLine method automatically calls the ToString methods of 
    ' each input argument to display its values. If no value is defined for a
    ' nullable type, the ToString method for that argument returns the empty
    ' string ("").

    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal title As String, _
                              ByVal dspMySingle As Nullable(Of System.Single), _
                              ByVal dspYourSingle As Nullable(Of System.Single))
        If (True) Then
            Console.WriteLine("{0}) mySingle = [{1}], yourSingle = [{2}]", _
                               title, dspMySingle, dspYourSingle)
        End If
    End Sub 'Display
End Class 'Sample

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'A1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
'A2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
'A3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [0]
'
'*** Display a value or the specified default value ***
'
'B1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
'B2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
'B3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [-333.33]
'

Hinweise

Die GetValueOrDefault -Methode gibt einen Wert zurück, HasValue auch wenn false die-Eigenschaft Value ist (im Gegensatz zur-Eigenschaft, die eine Ausnahme auslöst).The GetValueOrDefault method returns a value even if the HasValue property is false (unlike the Value property, which throws an exception). Wenn die HasValue -Eigenschaft falseist, gibt die Methode den Standard Wert des zugrunde liegenden Typs zurück.If the HasValue property is false, the method returns the default value of the underlying type.

Siehe auch

GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T) GetValueOrDefault(T)

Ruft den Wert des aktuellen Nullable<T>-Objekts oder den angegebenen Standardwert ab.Retrieves the value of the current Nullable<T> object, or the specified default value.

public:
 T GetValueOrDefault(T defaultValue);
public T GetValueOrDefault (T defaultValue);
member this.GetValueOrDefault : 'T -> 'T
Public Function GetValueOrDefault (defaultValue As T) As T

Parameter

defaultValue
T T T T

Ein zurückzugebender Wert, wenn die HasValue-Eigenschaft false ist.A value to return if the HasValue property is false.

Gibt zurück

T T T T

Der Wert der Value-Eigenschaft, wenn die HasValue-Eigenschaft true ist, andernfalls der defaultValue-Parameter.The value of the Value property if the HasValue property is true; otherwise, the defaultValue parameter.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird der Wert eines Nullable<T> -Objekts abgerufen, wenn dieser Wert definiert ist. andernfalls wird der Standardwert oder ein spezifischer Standardwert abgerufen.The following code example retrieves the value of a Nullable<T> object if that value is defined; otherwise, it retrieves the default value or a specific default value.

// This code example demonstrates the 
// Nullable<T>.GetValueOrDefault methods.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    float? mySingle = 12.34f;
    float? yourSingle = -1.0f;

   Console.WriteLine("*** Display a value or the default value ***\n");
// Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.

    Display("A1", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
// of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
// value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.

    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault();
    Display("A2", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
// defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
// display the values of both variables. The default value of all binary zeroes 
// is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.

    mySingle = null;
    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault();
    Display("A3", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Reassign the original values of mySingle and yourSingle.
    mySingle = 12.34f;
    yourSingle = -1.0f;

    Console.Write("\n*** Display a value or the ");
    Console.WriteLine("specified default value ***\n");

// Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
    Display("B1", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
// of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
// value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.

    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(-222.22f);
    Display("B2", mySingle, yourSingle);

// Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
// defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
// display the values of both variables. The specified default value of -333.33
// is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.

    mySingle = null;
    yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(-333.33f);
    Display("B3", mySingle, yourSingle);

    }

// Display the values of two nullable of System.Single structures.
// The Console.WriteLine method automatically calls the ToString methods of 
// each input argument to display its values. If no value is defined for a
// nullable type, the ToString method for that argument returns the empty
// string ("").
    public static void Display(string title, float? dspMySingle, float? dspYourSingle)
    {
    Console.WriteLine("{0}) mySingle = [{1}], yourSingle = [{2}]", 
                      title, dspMySingle, dspYourSingle);    
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

A1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
A2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
A3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [0]

*** Display a value or the specified default value ***

B1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
B2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
B3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [-333.33]

*/
' This code example demonstrates the 
' Nullable(Of T).GetValueOrDefault methods.

Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim mySingle As Nullable(Of System.Single) = 12.34F 
        Dim yourSingle As Nullable(Of System.Single) = - 1.0F 
        
        Console.WriteLine("*** Display a value or the default value ***" & vbCrLf)
    ' Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        Display("A1", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
    ' of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
    ' value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault()
        Display("A2", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
    ' defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
    ' display the values of both variables. The default value of all binary zeroes 
    ' is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.
        mySingle = Nothing
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault()
        Display("A3", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Reassign the original values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        mySingle = 12.34F
        yourSingle = - 1.0F
        
        Console.Write(vbCrLf & "*** Display a value or the ")
        Console.WriteLine("specified default value ***" & vbCrLf)
        
    ' Display the values of mySingle and yourSingle.
        Display("B1", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle, then display the values 
    ' of mySingle and yourSingle. The yourSingle variable is assigned the 
    ' value 12.34 because mySingle has a value.
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(- 222.22F)
        Display("B2", mySingle, yourSingle)
        
    ' Assign null (Nothing in Visual Basic) to mySingle, which means no value is
    ' defined for mySingle. Then assign the value of mySingle to yourSingle and
    ' display the values of both variables. The specified default value of -333.33
    ' is assigned to yourSingle because mySingle has no value.
        mySingle = Nothing
        yourSingle = mySingle.GetValueOrDefault(- 333.33F)
        Display("B3", mySingle, yourSingle)
    
    End Sub 'Main
     
    
    ' Display the values of two nullable of System.Single structures.
    ' The Console.WriteLine method automatically calls the ToString methods of 
    ' each input argument to display its values. If no value is defined for a
    ' nullable type, the ToString method for that argument returns the empty
    ' string ("").

    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal title As String, _
                              ByVal dspMySingle As Nullable(Of System.Single), _
                              ByVal dspYourSingle As Nullable(Of System.Single))
        If (True) Then
            Console.WriteLine("{0}) mySingle = [{1}], yourSingle = [{2}]", _
                               title, dspMySingle, dspYourSingle)
        End If
    End Sub 'Display
End Class 'Sample

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'A1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
'A2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
'A3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [0]
'
'*** Display a value or the specified default value ***
'
'B1) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [-1]
'B2) mySingle = [12.34], yourSingle = [12.34]
'B3) mySingle = [], yourSingle = [-333.33]
'

Hinweise

Die GetValueOrDefault -Methode gibt einen Wert zurück, HasValue auch wenn false die-Eigenschaft Value ist (im Gegensatz zur-Eigenschaft, die eine Ausnahme auslöst).The GetValueOrDefault method returns a value even if the HasValue property is false (unlike the Value property, which throws an exception).

Siehe auch

Gilt für: