Object.GetType Methode

Definition

Ruft den Type der aktuellen Instanz ab.

public:
 Type ^ GetType();
public Type GetType ();
member this.GetType : unit -> Type
Public Function GetType () As Type

Gibt zurück

Type

Der genaue Laufzeittyp der aktuellen Instanz.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, dass GetType der Laufzeittyp der aktuellen Instanz zurückgegeben wird.

using namespace System;

public ref class MyBaseClass {};

public ref class MyDerivedClass: MyBaseClass{};

int main()
{
   MyBaseClass^ myBase = gcnew MyBaseClass;
   MyDerivedClass^ myDerived = gcnew MyDerivedClass;
   Object^ o = myDerived;
   MyBaseClass^ b = myDerived;
   Console::WriteLine( "mybase: Type is {0}", myBase->GetType() );
   Console::WriteLine( "myDerived: Type is {0}", myDerived->GetType() );
   Console::WriteLine( "object o = myDerived: Type is {0}", o->GetType() );
   Console::WriteLine( "MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is {0}", b->GetType() );
}

/*

This code produces the following output.

mybase: Type is MyBaseClass
myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
object o = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass 

*/
using System;

public class MyBaseClass {
}

public class MyDerivedClass: MyBaseClass {
}

public class Test
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      MyBaseClass myBase = new MyBaseClass();
      MyDerivedClass myDerived = new MyDerivedClass();
      object o = myDerived;
      MyBaseClass b = myDerived;

      Console.WriteLine("mybase: Type is {0}", myBase.GetType());
      Console.WriteLine("myDerived: Type is {0}", myDerived.GetType());
      Console.WriteLine("object o = myDerived: Type is {0}", o.GetType());
      Console.WriteLine("MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is {0}", b.GetType());
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    mybase: Type is MyBaseClass
//    myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
//    object o = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
//    MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
type MyBaseClass() = class end

type MyDerivedClass() = 
    inherit MyBaseClass()

let myBase = MyBaseClass()
let myDerived = MyDerivedClass()
let o: obj = myDerived
let b: MyBaseClass = myDerived

printfn $"mybase: Type is {myBase.GetType()}"
printfn $"myDerived: Type is {myDerived.GetType()}"
printfn $"object o = myDerived: Type is {o.GetType()}"
printfn $"MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is {b.GetType()}"
// The example displays the following output:
//    mybase: Type is MyBaseClass
//    myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
//    object o = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
//    MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
' Define a base and a derived class.
Public Class MyBaseClass
End Class 

Public Class MyDerivedClass : Inherits MyBaseClass
End Class 

Public Class Test
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim base As New MyBaseClass()
        Dim derived As New MyDerivedClass()
        Dim o As Object = derived
        Dim b As MyBaseClass = derived
        
        Console.WriteLine("base.GetType returns {0}", base.GetType())
        Console.WriteLine("derived.GetType returns {0}", derived.GetType())
        Console.WriteLine("Dim o As Object = derived; o.GetType returns {0}", o.GetType())
        Console.WriteLine("Dim b As MyBaseClass = derived; b.Type returns {0}", b.GetType())
    End Sub 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'    base.GetType returns MyBaseClass
'    derived.GetType returns MyDerivedClass
'    Dim o As Object = derived; o.GetType returns MyDerivedClass
'    Dim b As MyBaseClass = derived; b.Type returns MyDerivedClass

Hinweise

Da System.Object es sich um die Basisklasse für alle Typen im .NET-Typsystem handelt, kann die Methode verwendet werden, um Objekte zurückzugebenType, die GetType alle .NET-Typen darstellen. .NET erkennt die folgenden fünf Kategorien von Typen:

Gibt für zwei Objekte x und y mit identischen Laufzeittypen Object.ReferenceEquals(x.GetType(),y.GetType()) truezurück. Im folgenden Beispiel wird die GetType Methode mit der ReferenceEquals Methode verwendet, um zu bestimmen, ob ein numerischer Wert der gleiche Typ ist wie zwei andere numerische Werte.

int n1 = 12;
int n2 = 82;
long n3 = 12;

Console.WriteLine("n1 and n2 are the same type: {0}",
                  Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n2.GetType()));
Console.WriteLine("n1 and n3 are the same type: {0}",
                  Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n3.GetType()));

// The example displays the following output:
//       n1 and n2 are the same type: True
//       n1 and n3 are the same type: False
open System

let n1 = 12
let n2 = 82
let n3 = 12L

printfn $"n1 and n2 are the same type: {Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n2.GetType())}"
printfn $"n1 and n3 are the same type: {Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n3.GetType())}"
// The example displays the following output:
//       n1 and n2 are the same type: True
//       n1 and n3 are the same type: False
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim n1 As Integer = 12
      Dim n2 As Integer = 82
      Dim n3 As Long = 12
      
      Console.WriteLine("n1 and n2 are the same type: {0}",
                        Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n2.GetType()))
      Console.WriteLine("n1 and n3 are the same type: {0}",
                        Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n3.GetType()))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       n1 and n2 are the same type: True
'       n1 and n3 are the same type: False

Hinweis

Um zu ermitteln, ob ein Objekt ein bestimmter Typ ist, können Sie das Typvergleichswort oder das Konstrukt Ihrer Sprache verwenden. Sie können z. B. das TypeOf…Is Konstrukt in Visual Basic oder das is Schlüsselwort in C#verwenden.

Die GetType Methode wird von allen Typen geerbt, die von Object. Dies bedeutet, dass Sie zusätzlich zum Vergleichswort Ihrer sprache die Methode verwenden GetType können, um den Typ eines bestimmten Objekts zu bestimmen, wie das folgende Beispiel zeigt.

object[] values = { (int) 12, (long) 10653, (byte) 12, (sbyte) -5,
                   16.3, "string" };
foreach (var value in values) {
   Type t = value.GetType();
   if (t.Equals(typeof(byte)))
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is an unsigned byte.", value);
   else if (t.Equals(typeof(sbyte)))
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is a signed byte.", value);
   else if (t.Equals(typeof(int)))
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is a 32-bit integer.", value);
   else if (t.Equals(typeof(long)))
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is a 64-bit integer.", value);
   else if (t.Equals(typeof(double)))
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is a double-precision floating point.",
                        value);
   else
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is another data type.", value);
}

// The example displays the following output:
//    12 is a 32-bit integer.
//    10653 is a 32-bit integer.
//    12 is an unsigned byte.
//    -5 is a signed byte.
//    16.3 is a double-precision floating point.
//    'string' is another data type.
let values: obj[] = 
    [| 12; 10653L; 12uy
       -5y; 16.3; "string" |]

for value in values do
    let t = value.GetType()
    if t.Equals typeof<byte> then
        printfn $"{value} is an unsigned byte."
    elif t.Equals typeof<sbyte> then
        printfn $"{value} is a signed byte."
    elif t.Equals typeof<int> then
        printfn $"{value} is a 32-bit integer."
    elif t.Equals typeof<int64> then
        printfn $"{value} is a 64-bit integer."
    elif t.Equals typeof<double> then
        printfn $"{value} is a double-precision floating point."
    else
        printfn $"'{value}' is another data type."

// The example displays the following output:
//    12 is a 32-bit integer.
//    10653 is a 32-bit integer.
//    12 is an unsigned byte.
//    -5 is a signed byte.
//    16.3 is a double-precision floating point.
//    'string' is another data type.
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim values() As Object = { 12, CLng(10653), CByte(12), 
                                 CSbyte(-5), 16.3, "string" } 
      For Each value In values
         Dim t AS Type = value.GetType()
         If t.Equals(GetType(Byte))
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is an unsigned byte.", value)
         ElseIf t.Equals(GetType(SByte))
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is a signed byte.", value)
         ElseIf t.Equals(GetType(Integer))   
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is a 32-bit integer.", value)
         ElseIf t.Equals(GetType(Long))   
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is a 64-bit integer.", value)
         ElseIf t.Equals(GetType(Double))
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is a double-precision floating point.", 
                              value)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is another data type.", value)
         End If   
      Next      
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       12 is a 32-bit integer.
'       10653 is a 32-bit integer.
'       12 is an unsigned byte.
'       -5 is a signed byte.
'       16.3 is a double-precision floating point.
'       'string' is another data type.

Das Type Objekt stellt die Metadaten zur Verfügung, die der Klasse des aktuellen ObjectObjekts zugeordnet sind.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch