ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions Enumeration

Definition

Identifiziert Arten von Klauseln für die Ausnahmebehandlung.Identifies kinds of exception-handling clauses.

Diese Enumeration enthält ein FlagsAttribute-Attribut, das eine bitweise Kombination der Memberwerte zulässt.

public enum class ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions
[System.Flags]
public enum ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions
[System.Flags]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public enum ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions
[<System.Flags>]
type ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions = 
[<System.Flags>]
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions = 
Public Enum ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions
Vererbung
ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions
Attribute

Felder

Clause 0

Die Klausel akzeptiert alle Ausnahmen, die von einem angegebenen Typ abgeleitet sind.The clause accepts all exceptions that derive from a specified type.

Fault 4

Die Klausel wird ausgeführt, wenn eine Ausnahme auftritt, nicht aber bei Vervollständigung einer normalen Ablaufsteuerung.The clause is executed if an exception occurs, but not on completion of normal control flow.

Filter 1

Die Klausel enthält benutzerdefinierte Anweisungen, die bestimmen, ob die Ausnahme ignoriert werden soll (das heißt, dass die normale Ausführung fortgesetzt wird), ob sie durch den zugeordneten Handler behandelt werden soll, oder ob sie an die nächste Klausel übergeben werden soll.The clause contains user-specified instructions that determine whether the exception should be ignored (that is, whether normal execution should resume), be handled by the associated handler, or be passed on to the next clause.

Finally 2

Die Klausel wird immer dann ausgeführt, wenn der try-Block beendet wird, sei es durch normale Ablaufsteuerung oder aufgrund einer nicht behandelten Ausnahme.The clause is executed whenever the try block exits, whether through normal control flow or because of an unhandled exception.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird eine Testmethode mit dem Namen definiert MethodBodyExample , und die Informationen zu lokalen Variablen und die Ausnahmebehandlung werden angezeigt.The following code example defines a test method named MethodBodyExample, and displays its local variable information and exception-handling clauses. Die- MethodBase.GetMethodBody Methode wird verwendet, um ein- MethodBody Objekt für die Testmethode abzurufen.The MethodBase.GetMethodBody method is used to obtain a MethodBody object for the test method. Die ExceptionHandlingClauses -Eigenschaft wird zum Abrufen einer Liste von ExceptionHandlingClause -Objekten und zum Anzeigen ihrer Eigenschaften verwendet.The ExceptionHandlingClauses property is used to obtain a list of ExceptionHandlingClause objects and display their properties.

Dieser Code ist Teil eines größeren Beispiels, das für die-Klasse bereitgestellt wird MethodBody .This code is part of a larger example provided for the MethodBody class.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Example
{
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
};

int main()
{ 
    // Get method body information.
    MethodInfo^ mi = 
        Example::typeid->GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");

    MethodBody^ mb = mi->GetMethodBody();
    Console::WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

    // Display the general information included in the 
    // MethodBody object.
    Console::WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
        mb->InitLocals);
    Console::WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand " +
        "stack: {0}", mb->MaxStackSize);
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Get method body information.
        MethodInfo mi = typeof(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");
        MethodBody mb = mi.GetMethodBody();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

        // Display the general information included in the
        // MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}",
            mb.InitLocals);
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}",
            mb.MaxStackSize);
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Demonstrate the effect of the Visual Basic When keyword, which
        ' generates a Filter clause in the Try block.
        Dim e As New Example()
        Console.WriteLine()
        e.MethodBodyExample("String argument")
        e.MethodBodyExample(Nothing)

        ' Get method body information.
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = _
            GetType(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample")
        Dim mb As MethodBody = mi.GetMethodBody()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Method: {0}", mi)

        ' Display the general information included in the 
        ' MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", _
            mb.InitLocals)
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", _
            mb.MaxStackSize)

// Display exception handling clauses.
Console::WriteLine();
for each(ExceptionHandlingClause^ exhc in mb->ExceptionHandlingClauses)
{
    Console::WriteLine(exhc->Flags.ToString());

    // The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    // clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    // Filter or Finally clauses. 
    switch(exhc->Flags)
    {
    case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions::Filter:
        Console::WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", 
            exhc->FilterOffset);
        break;
    case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions::Finally:
        break;
    default:
        Console::WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", 
            exhc->CatchType);
        break;
    }

    Console::WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}",
        exhc->HandlerLength);
    Console::WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", 
        exhc->HandlerOffset);
    Console::WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", exhc->TryLength);
    Console::WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", exhc->TryOffset);
}

// Display exception handling clauses.
Console.WriteLine();
foreach (ExceptionHandlingClause ehc in mb.ExceptionHandlingClauses)
{
    Console.WriteLine(ehc.Flags.ToString());

    // The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    // clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for
    // Filter or Finally clauses.
    switch (ehc.Flags)
    {
        case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter:
            Console.WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}",
                ehc.FilterOffset);
            break;
        case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Finally:
            break;
        default:
            Console.WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}",
                ehc.CatchType);
            break;
    }

    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}", ehc.HandlerLength);
    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", ehc.HandlerOffset);
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", ehc.TryLength);
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", ehc.TryOffset);
}

' Display exception handling clauses.
Console.WriteLine()
For Each ehc As ExceptionHandlingClause In mb.ExceptionHandlingClauses
    Console.WriteLine(ehc.Flags.ToString())

    ' The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    ' clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    ' Filter or Finally clauses. 
    Select Case ehc.Flags
        Case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter
            Console.WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", _
                ehc.FilterOffset)
        Case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Finally
        Case Else
            Console.WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", _
                ehc.CatchType)
    End Select

    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}", ehc.HandlerLength)
    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", ehc.HandlerOffset)
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", ehc.TryLength)
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", ehc.TryOffset)
Next
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
    }

    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    public void MethodBodyExample(object arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        string var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be null.");
            }
            if (arg.GetType() == typeof(string))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.");
            }
        }

        // This filter clause selects only exceptions that derive
        // from the ArgumentException class.
        // Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself,
        // are not handled by this filter clause.
        catch (ArgumentException ex) when (ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(typeof(ArgumentException)))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType());
        }

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}",
                ex.GetType());
        }
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
}

// This code example produces output similar to the following:
//
//Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
//    Local variables are initialized: True
//    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 2
    End Sub

    ' This test method is executed at the beginning of Main, to show
    ' how the Filter clause works. The Filter clause is generated by 
    ' a Visual Basic When expression. If arg is Nothing, this method
    ' throws ArgumentNullException, which is caught by the filter
    ' clause. If arg is a string, the method throws ArgumentException,
    ' which does not match the filter clause.
    '
    ' Sub Main also contains code to analyze this method, using 
    ' the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    Public Sub MethodBodyExample(ByVal arg As Object)

        ' Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        ' the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        ' the catch clauses.
        Dim var1 As Integer = 42
        Dim var2 As String = "Forty-two"

        Try
            ' Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            ' an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            '
            If arg Is Nothing Then
                Throw New ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be Nothing.")
            End If
            If arg.GetType() Is GetType(String) Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.")
            End If
        
        ' The When expression makes this a filter clause. The expression 
        ' selects only exceptions that derive from the ArgumentException
        ' class. Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself, 
        ' are not handled by this filter clause.
        Catch ex As ArgumentException _
            When ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(GetType(ArgumentException))

            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType())
        
        ' This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        ' any other class derived from Exception.
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", _
                ex.GetType())

        Finally
            var1 = 3033
            var2 = "Another string."
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: System.ArgumentException
'Filter clause caught: System.ArgumentNullException
'
'Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
'    Local variables are initialized: True
'    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 3
//Clause
//    Type of exception: System.ArgumentException
//       Handler Length: 29
//       Handler Offset: 78
//     Try Block Length: 65
//     Try Block Offset: 13
//Finally
//       Handler Length: 13
//       Handler Offset: 113
//     Try Block Length: 100
//     Try Block Offset: 13
//
//Filter
//      Filter Offset: 71
//      Handler Length: 23
//      Handler Offset: 116
//      Try Block Length: 61
//      Try Block Offset: 10
//Clause
//    Type of exception: System.Exception
//       Handler Length: 21
//       Handler Offset: 70
//     Try Block Length: 61
//     Try Block Offset: 9
//Finally
//       Handler Length: 14
//       Handler Offset: 94
//     Try Block Length: 85
//     Try Block Offset: 9
'
'Filter
'        Filter Offset: 0
'       Handler Length: 19
'       Handler Offset: 99
'     Try Block Length: 45
'     Try Block Offset: 9
'Clause
'    Type of exception: System.Exception
'       Handler Length: 25
'       Handler Offset: 118
'     Try Block Length: 45
'     Try Block Offset: 9
'Finally
'       Handler Length: 13
'       Handler Offset: 153
'     Try Block Length: 144
'     Try Block Offset: 9

Hinweise

Zum Überprüfen der Ausnahme Behandlungs Klauseln in einer Methode rufen Sie ein MethodInfo -Objekt ab, und rufen Sie die- GetMethodBody Methode auf, um den Methoden Text abzurufen.To examine the exception-handling clauses in a method, obtain a MethodInfo object and call the GetMethodBody method to obtain the method body. Verwenden Sie die- ExceptionHandlingClauses Eigenschaft, um eine Liste von- ExceptionHandlingClause Objekten abzurufen.Use the ExceptionHandlingClauses property to obtain a list of ExceptionHandlingClause objects.

Hinweis

Die Verwendung von Klauseln für die Ausnahmebehandlung erfordert ein umfassendes Verständnis von Metadaten und MSIL-Anweisungs Formaten (Microsoft Intermediate Language).Working with exception-handling clauses requires a thorough understanding of metadata and Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) instruction formats. Informationen finden Sie in der Common Language Infrastructure-Dokumentation (CLI), insbesondere "Partition II: Metadata Definition and Semantics" und "Partition III: CIL Instruction Set".Information can be found in the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) documentation, especially "Partition II: Metadata Definition and Semantics" and "Partition III: CIL Instruction Set". Die Dokumentation ist online verfügbar. Sie finden sie unter ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure Standards (Standards von ECMA C# und Common Language Infrastructure) auf MSDN und Standard ECMA-335 - Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) (Standard ECMA-335 – Common Language Infrastructure (CLI)) auf der Ecma International-Website.The documentation is available online; see ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure Standards on MSDN and Standard ECMA-335 - Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) on the Ecma International Web site.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch