RijndaelManaged.GenerateKey RijndaelManaged.GenerateKey RijndaelManaged.GenerateKey RijndaelManaged.GenerateKey Method

Definition

Generiert einen zufälligen Key für den Algorithmus.Generates a random Key to be used for the algorithm.

public:
 override void GenerateKey();
public override void GenerateKey ();
override this.GenerateKey : unit -> unit
Public Overrides Sub GenerateKey ()

Beispiele

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;


class RijndaelMemoryExample
{
public:
    static array<Byte>^ encryptStringToBytes_AES(String^ plainText, array<Byte>^ Key, array<Byte>^ IV)
    {
        // Check arguments.
        if (!plainText || plainText->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (!Key || Key->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("Key");
        if (!IV  || IV->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("IV");

        // Declare the streams used
        // to encrypt to an in memory
        // array of bytes.
        MemoryStream^   msEncrypt;
        CryptoStream^   csEncrypt;
        StreamWriter^   swEncrypt;

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to encrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged^ aesAlg;

        try
        {
            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            aesAlg = gcnew RijndaelManaged();
            aesAlg->Padding = PaddingMode::PKCS7;
            aesAlg->Key = Key;
            aesAlg->IV = IV;

            // Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform^ encryptor = aesAlg->CreateEncryptor(aesAlg->Key, aesAlg->IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            msEncrypt = gcnew MemoryStream();
            csEncrypt = gcnew CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode::Write);
            swEncrypt = gcnew StreamWriter(csEncrypt);

            //Write all data to the stream.
            swEncrypt->Write(plainText);
            swEncrypt->Flush();
            csEncrypt->FlushFinalBlock();
            msEncrypt->Flush();
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clean things up.

            // Close the streams.
            if(swEncrypt)
                swEncrypt->Close();
            if (csEncrypt)
                csEncrypt->Close();


            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg)
                aesAlg->Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return msEncrypt->ToArray();
    }

    static String^ decryptStringFromBytes_AES(array<Byte>^ cipherText, array<Byte>^ Key, array<Byte>^ IV)
    {
        // Check arguments.
        if (!cipherText || cipherText->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (!Key || Key->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("Key");
        if (!IV || IV->Length <= 0)
            throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("IV");

        // TDeclare the streams used
        // to decrypt to an in memory
        // array of bytes.
        MemoryStream^ msDecrypt;
        CryptoStream^ csDecrypt;
        StreamReader^ srDecrypt;

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged^ aesAlg;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        String^ plaintext;

        try
        {
            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            aesAlg = gcnew RijndaelManaged();
            aesAlg->Padding = PaddingMode::PKCS7;
            aesAlg->Key = Key;
            aesAlg->IV = IV;

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform^ decryptor = aesAlg->CreateDecryptor(aesAlg->Key, aesAlg->IV);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.
            msDecrypt = gcnew MemoryStream(cipherText);
            csDecrypt = gcnew CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode::Read);
            srDecrypt = gcnew StreamReader(csDecrypt);

            // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
            // and place them in a string.
            plaintext = srDecrypt->ReadToEnd();
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clean things up.

            // Close the streams.
            if (srDecrypt)
                srDecrypt->Close();
            if (csDecrypt)
                csDecrypt->Close();
            if (msDecrypt)
                msDecrypt->Close();

            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg)
                aesAlg->Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }
};

int main()
{
    try
    {
        String^ original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";

        // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
        // class.  This generates a new key and initialization
        // vector (IV).
        RijndaelManaged^ myRijndael = gcnew RijndaelManaged();

        // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
        array<Byte>^ encrypted = RijndaelMemoryExample::encryptStringToBytes_AES(original, myRijndael->Key, myRijndael->IV);

        // Decrypt the bytes to a string.
        String^ roundtrip = RijndaelMemoryExample::decryptStringFromBytes_AES(encrypted, myRijndael->Key, myRijndael->IV);

        //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
        Console::WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
        Console::WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);
    }
    catch (Exception^ e)
    {
        Console::WriteLine("Error: {0}", e->Message);
    }

    return 0;
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace RijndaelManaged_Example
{
    class RijndaelExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {

                string original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";

                // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
                // class.  This generates a new key and initialization 
                // vector (IV).
                using (RijndaelManaged myRijndael = new RijndaelManaged())
                {

                    myRijndael.GenerateKey();
                    myRijndael.GenerateIV();
                    // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
                    byte[] encrypted = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    // Decrypt the bytes to a string.
                    string roundtrip = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                    Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
                    Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);
                }

            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message);
            }
        }
        static byte[] EncryptStringToBytes(string plainText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments.
            if (plainText == null || plainText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("IV");
            byte[] encrypted;
            // Create an RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform encryptor = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for encryption.
                using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                        {

                            //Write all data to the stream.
                            swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                        }
                        encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray();
                    }
                }
            }


            // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
            return encrypted;

        }

        static string DecryptStringFromBytes(byte[] cipherText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments.
            if (cipherText == null || cipherText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("IV");

            // Declare the string used to hold
            // the decrypted text.
            string plaintext = null;

            // Create an RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for decryption.
                using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipherText))
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))
                        {
                            // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                            // and place them in a string.
                            plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                        }
                    }
                }

            }

            return plaintext;

        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography



Class RijndaelExample

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Try

            Dim original As String = "Here is some data to encrypt!"

            ' Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
            ' class.  This generates a new key and initialization 
            ' vector (IV).
            Using myRijndael As New RijndaelManaged()
            
                myRijndael.GenerateKey()
                myRijndael.GenerateIV()

                ' Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
                Dim encrypted As Byte() = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV)

                ' Decrypt the bytes to a string.
                Dim roundtrip As String = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV)

                'Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original)
                Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip)
            End Using
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message)
        End Try

    End Sub

    Shared Function EncryptStringToBytes(ByVal plainText As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As Byte()
        ' Check arguments.
        If plainText Is Nothing OrElse plainText.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("plainText")
        End If
        If Key Is Nothing OrElse Key.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If
        If IV Is Nothing OrElse IV.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("IV")
        End If
        Dim encrypted() As Byte
        
        ' Create an RijndaelManaged object
        ' with the specified key and IV.
        Using rijAlg As New RijndaelManaged()

            rijAlg.Key = Key
            rijAlg.IV = IV

            ' Create an encryptor to perform the stream transform.
            Dim encryptor As ICryptoTransform = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV)
            ' Create the streams used for encryption.
            Using msEncrypt As New MemoryStream()
                Using csEncrypt As New CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write)
                    Using swEncrypt As New StreamWriter(csEncrypt)
                        'Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText)
                    End Using
                    encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray()
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using

        ' Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        Return encrypted

    End Function 'EncryptStringToBytes

    Shared Function DecryptStringFromBytes(ByVal cipherText() As Byte, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String
        ' Check arguments.
        If cipherText Is Nothing OrElse cipherText.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("cipherText")
        End If
        If Key Is Nothing OrElse Key.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If
        If IV Is Nothing OrElse IV.Length <= 0 Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("IV")
        End If
        ' Declare the string used to hold
        ' the decrypted text.
        Dim plaintext As String = Nothing

        ' Create an RijndaelManaged object
        ' with the specified key and IV.
        Using rijAlg As New RijndaelManaged
            rijAlg.Key = Key
            rijAlg.IV = IV

            ' Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            Dim decryptor As ICryptoTransform = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV)

            ' Create the streams used for decryption.
            Using msDecrypt As New MemoryStream(cipherText)

                Using csDecrypt As New CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read)

                    Using srDecrypt As New StreamReader(csDecrypt)


                        ' Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        ' and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd()
                    End Using
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using

        Return plaintext

    End Function 'DecryptStringFromBytes 
End Class

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie diese Methode, um einen zufälligen Schlüssel zu generieren, wenn kein Wert angegeben wird.Use this method to generate a random key when none is specified.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch