StringSplitOptions Enumeration

Definition

Diese Enumeration gibt Optionen für anwendbare Split-Methodenüberladungen angegeben. Beispielsweise, ob leere Teilzeichenfolgen aus dem zurückgegebenen Array ausgelassen werden sollen oder Leerzeichen aus Teilzeichenfolgen abgeschnitten werden sollen.Specifies options for applicable Split method overloads, such as whether to omit empty substrings from the returned array or trim whitespace from substrings.

Diese Enumeration enthält ein FlagsAttribute-Attribut, das eine bitweise Kombination der Memberwerte zulässt.

public enum class StringSplitOptions
[System.Flags]
public enum StringSplitOptions
[System.Flags]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
public enum StringSplitOptions
[<System.Flags>]
type StringSplitOptions = 
[<System.Flags>]
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)>]
type StringSplitOptions = 
Public Enum StringSplitOptions
Vererbung
StringSplitOptions
Attribute

Felder

None 0

Dieses Feld verwendet die Standardoptionen beim Aufteilen von Zeichenfolgen.Use the default options when splitting strings.

RemoveEmptyEntries 1

Dieses lässt Arrayelemente aus, die eine leere Zeichenfolge aus dem Ergebnis enthalten.Omit array elements that contain an empty string from the result.

Wenn RemoveEmptyEntries und TrimEntries angegeben werden, werden die Teilzeichenfolgen, die nur aus Leerzeichen bestehen, ebenfalls aus dem Ergebnis entfernt.If RemoveEmptyEntries and TrimEntries are specified together, then substrings that consist only of white-space characters are also removed from the result.

TrimEntries 2

Hier werden Leerzeichen am Ende aller Teilzeichenfolgen im Ergebnis entfernt.Trim white-space characters from each substring in the result.

Wenn RemoveEmptyEntries und TrimEntries angegeben werden, werden die Teilzeichenfolgen, die nur aus Leerzeichen bestehen, ebenfalls aus dem Ergebnis entfernt.If RemoveEmptyEntries and TrimEntries are specified together, then substrings that consist only of white-space characters are also removed from the result.

Beispiele

Das folgende Beispiel zeigt, wie die- StringSplitOptions Enumeration verwendet wird, um von der-Methode generierte Teil Zeichenfolgen einzuschließen oder auszuschließen String.Split :The following example shows how the StringSplitOptions enumeration is used to include or exclude substrings generated by the String.Split method:

// This example demonstrates the String.Split(Char[], Boolean) and 
//                               String.Split(Char[], Int32, Boolean) methods
using namespace System;
void Show( array<String^>^entries )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "The return value contains these {0} elements:", entries->Length );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = entries->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      String^ entry = safe_cast<String^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "<{0}>", entry );
   }

   Console::Write( "{0}{0}", Environment::NewLine );
}

int main()
{
   String^ s = ",one,,,two,,,,,three,,";
   array<Char>^sep = gcnew array<Char>{
      ','
   };
   array<String^>^result;
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "The original string is \"{0}\".", s );
   Console::WriteLine( "The separation character is '{0}'.", sep[ 0 ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "Split the string and return all elements:" );
   result = s->Split( sep, StringSplitOptions::None );
   Show( result );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "Split the string and return all non-empty elements:" );
   result = s->Split( sep, StringSplitOptions::RemoveEmptyEntries );
   Show( result );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "Split the string and return 2 elements:" );
   result = s->Split( sep, 2, StringSplitOptions::None );
   Show( result );
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( "Split the string and return 2 non-empty elements:" );
   result = s->Split( sep, 2, StringSplitOptions::RemoveEmptyEntries );
   Show( result );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

The original string is ",one,,,two,,,,,three,,".
The separation character is ','.

Split the string and return all elements:
The return value contains these 12 elements:
<><one><><><two><><><><><three><><>

Split the string and return all non-empty elements:
The return value contains these 3 elements:
<one><two><three>

Split the string and return 2 elements:
The return value contains these 2 elements:
<><one,,,two,,,,,three,,>

Split the string and return 2 non-empty elements:
The return value contains these 2 elements:
<one><,,two,,,,,three,,>

*/
// This example demonstrates the String.Split() methods that use
// the StringSplitOptions enumeration.
string s1 = ",ONE,,TWO,,,THREE,,";
string s2 = "[stop]" +
            "ONE[stop][stop]" +
            "TWO[stop][stop][stop]" +
            "THREE[stop][stop]";
char[] charSeparators = new char[] { ',' };
string[] stringSeparators = new string[] { "[stop]" };
string[] result;
// ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Split a string delimited by characters.
// ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Console.WriteLine("1) Split a string delimited by characters:\n");

// Display the original string and delimiter characters.
Console.WriteLine($"1a) The original string is \"{s1}\".");
Console.WriteLine($"The delimiter character is '{charSeparators[0]}'.\n");

// Split a string delimited by characters and return all elements.
Console.WriteLine("1b) Split a string delimited by characters and " +
                  "return all elements:");
result = s1.Split(charSeparators, StringSplitOptions.None);
Show(result);

// Split a string delimited by characters and return all non-empty elements.
Console.WriteLine("1c) Split a string delimited by characters and " +
                  "return all non-empty elements:");
result = s1.Split(charSeparators, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
Show(result);

// Split the original string into the string and empty string before the
// delimiter and the remainder of the original string after the delimiter.
Console.WriteLine("1d) Split a string delimited by characters and " +
                  "return 2 elements:");
result = s1.Split(charSeparators, 2, StringSplitOptions.None);
Show(result);

// Split the original string into the string after the delimiter and the
// remainder of the original string after the delimiter.
Console.WriteLine("1e) Split a string delimited by characters and " +
                  "return 2 non-empty elements:");
result = s1.Split(charSeparators, 2, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
Show(result);

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Split a string delimited by another string.
// ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Console.WriteLine("2) Split a string delimited by another string:\n");

// Display the original string and delimiter string.
Console.WriteLine($"2a) The original string is \"{s2}\".");
Console.WriteLine($"The delimiter string is \"{stringSeparators[0]}\".\n");

// Split a string delimited by another string and return all elements.
Console.WriteLine("2b) Split a string delimited by another string and " +
                  "return all elements:");
result = s2.Split(stringSeparators, StringSplitOptions.None);
Show(result);

// Split the original string at the delimiter and return all non-empty elements.
Console.WriteLine("2c) Split a string delimited by another string and " +
                  "return all non-empty elements:");
result = s2.Split(stringSeparators, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
Show(result);

// Split the original string into the empty string before the
// delimiter and the remainder of the original string after the delimiter.
Console.WriteLine("2d) Split a string delimited by another string and " +
                  "return 2 elements:");
result = s2.Split(stringSeparators, 2, StringSplitOptions.None);
Show(result);

// Split the original string into the string after the delimiter and the
// remainder of the original string after the delimiter.
Console.WriteLine("2e) Split a string delimited by another string and " +
                  "return 2 non-empty elements:");
result = s2.Split(stringSeparators, 2, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
Show(result);

// Display the array of separated strings using a local function
void Show(string[] entries)
{
    Console.WriteLine($"The return value contains these {entries.Length} elements:");
    foreach (string entry in entries)
    {
        Console.Write($"<{entry}>");
    }
    Console.Write("\n\n");
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

1) Split a string delimited by characters:

1a) The original string is ",ONE,,TWO,,,THREE,,".
The delimiter character is ','.

1b) Split a string delimited by characters and return all elements:
The return value contains these 9 elements:
<><ONE><><TWO><><><THREE><><>

1c) Split a string delimited by characters and return all non-empty elements:
The return value contains these 3 elements:
<ONE><TWO><THREE>

1d) Split a string delimited by characters and return 2 elements:
The return value contains these 2 elements:
<><ONE,,TWO,,,THREE,,>

1e) Split a string delimited by characters and return 2 non-empty elements:
The return value contains these 2 elements:
<ONE><TWO,,,THREE,,>

2) Split a string delimited by another string:

2a) The original string is "[stop]ONE[stop][stop]TWO[stop][stop][stop]THREE[stop][stop]".
The delimiter string is "[stop]".

2b) Split a string delimited by another string and return all elements:
The return value contains these 9 elements:
<><ONE><><TWO><><><THREE><><>

2c) Split a string delimited by another string and return all non-empty elements:
The return value contains these 3 elements:
<ONE><TWO><THREE>

2d) Split a string delimited by another string and return 2 elements:
The return value contains these 2 elements:
<><ONE[stop][stop]TWO[stop][stop][stop]THREE[stop][stop]>

2e) Split a string delimited by another string and return 2 non-empty elements:
The return value contains these 2 elements:
<ONE><TWO[stop][stop][stop]THREE[stop][stop]>

*/
    Dim s1 As String = ",ONE,,TWO,,,THREE,,"
    Dim s2 As String = "[stop]" &
                       "ONE[stop][stop]" &
                       "TWO[stop][stop][stop]" &
                       "THREE[stop][stop]"
    Dim charSeparators() As Char = {","c}
    Dim stringSeparators() As String = {"[stop]"}
    Dim result() As String
    ' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    ' Split a string delimited by characters.
    ' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Console.WriteLine("1) Split a string delimited by characters:" & vbCrLf)

    ' Display the original string and delimiter characters.
    Console.WriteLine("1a) The original string is ""{0}"".", s1)
    Console.WriteLine("The delimiter character is '{0}'." & vbCrLf, charSeparators(0))

    ' Split a string delimited by characters and return all elements.
    Console.WriteLine("1b) Split a string delimited by characters and " &
                      "return all elements:")
    result = s1.Split(charSeparators, StringSplitOptions.None)
    Show(result)

    ' Split a string delimited by characters and return all non-empty elements.
    Console.WriteLine("1c) Split a string delimited by characters and " &
                      "return all non-empty elements:")
    result = s1.Split(charSeparators, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries)
    Show(result)

    ' Split the original string into the string and empty string before the 
    ' delimiter and the remainder of the original string after the delimiter.
    Console.WriteLine("1d) Split a string delimited by characters and " &
                      "return 2 elements:")
    result = s1.Split(charSeparators, 2, StringSplitOptions.None)
    Show(result)

    ' Split the original string into the string after the delimiter and the 
    ' remainder of the original string after the delimiter.
    Console.WriteLine("1e) Split a string delimited by characters and " &
                      "return 2 non-empty elements:")
    result = s1.Split(charSeparators, 2, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries)
    Show(result)

    ' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    ' Split a string delimited by another string.
    ' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Console.WriteLine("2) Split a string delimited by another string:" & vbCrLf)

    ' Display the original string and delimiter string.
    Console.WriteLine("2a) The original string is ""{0}"".", s2)
    Console.WriteLine("The delimiter string is ""{0}""." & vbCrLf, stringSeparators(0))

    ' Split a string delimited by another string and return all elements.
    Console.WriteLine("2b) Split a string delimited by another string and " &
                      "return all elements:")
    result = s2.Split(stringSeparators, StringSplitOptions.None)
    Show(result)

    ' Split the original string at the delimiter and return all non-empty elements.
    Console.WriteLine("2c) Split a string delimited by another string and " &
                      "return all non-empty elements:")
    result = s2.Split(stringSeparators, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries)
    Show(result)

    ' Split the original string into the empty string before the 
    ' delimiter and the remainder of the original string after the delimiter.
    Console.WriteLine("2d) Split a string delimited by another string and " &
                      "return 2 elements:")
    result = s2.Split(stringSeparators, 2, StringSplitOptions.None)
    Show(result)

    ' Split the original string into the string after the delimiter and the 
    ' remainder of the original string after the delimiter.
    Console.WriteLine("2e) Split a string delimited by another string and " &
                      "return 2 non-empty elements:")
    result = s2.Split(stringSeparators, 2, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries)
    Show(result)

End Sub


' Display the array of separated strings.
Public Shared Sub Show(ByVal entries() As String)
    Console.WriteLine("The return value contains these {0} elements:", entries.Length)
    Dim entry As String
    For Each entry In entries
        Console.Write("<{0}>", entry)
    Next entry
    Console.Write(vbCrLf & vbCrLf)

End Sub

'This example produces the following results:
'
'1) Split a string delimited by characters:
'
'1a) The original string is ",ONE,,TWO,,,THREE,,".
'The delimiter character is ','.
'
'1b) Split a string delimited by characters and return all elements:
'The return value contains these 9 elements:
'<><ONE><><TWO><><><THREE><><>
'
'1c) Split a string delimited by characters and return all non-empty elements:
'The return value contains these 3 elements:
'<ONE><TWO><THREE>
'
'1d) Split a string delimited by characters and return 2 elements:
'The return value contains these 2 elements:
'<><ONE,,TWO,,,THREE,,>
'
'1e) Split a string delimited by characters and return 2 non-empty elements:
'The return value contains these 2 elements:
'<ONE><TWO,,,THREE,,>
'
'2) Split a string delimited by another string:
'
'2a) The original string is "[stop]ONE[stop][stop]TWO[stop][stop][stop]THREE[stop][stop]".
'The delimiter string is "[stop]".
'
'2b) Split a string delimited by another string and return all elements:
'The return value contains these 9 elements:
'<><ONE><><TWO><><><THREE><><>
'
'2c) Split a string delimited by another string and return all non-empty elements:
'The return value contains these 3 elements:
'<ONE><TWO><THREE>
'
'2d) Split a string delimited by another string and return 2 elements:
'The return value contains these 2 elements:
'<><ONE[stop][stop]TWO[stop][stop][stop]THREE[stop][stop]>
'
'2e) Split a string delimited by another string and return 2 non-empty elements:
'The return value contains these 2 elements:
'<ONE><TWO[stop][stop][stop]THREE[stop][stop]>
'

Hinweise

Die- String.Split Methode gibt ein Array der Teil Zeichenfolgen in einer angegebenen Zeichenfolge zurück, die durch angegebene Zeichen oder Zeichen folgen getrennt sind.The String.Split method returns an array of the substrings in a given string that are delimited by specified characters or strings. Angrenzende Trennzeichen ergeben ein Array Element, das eine leere Zeichenfolge ( "" ) enthält.Adjacent delimiters yield an array element that contains an empty string (""). Eines der Felder der- StringSplitOptions Enumeration gibt an, ob ein Element, das eine leere Zeichenfolge enthält, in das zurückgegebene Array eingefügt werden soll.One of the fields of the StringSplitOptions enumeration specifies whether an element that contains an empty string should be included in the returned array.

Geben None Sie das Feld an, um das Standardverhalten der Methode aufzurufen String.Split , d. h., Sie können keine Leerzeichen kürzen und leere Teil Zeichenfolgen einschließen.Specify the None field to invoke the default behavior of the String.Split method, which is not to trim white-space characters and to include empty substrings.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch