Interlocked.Increment Methode

Definition

Inkrementiert den Wert einer angegebenen Variablen und speichert das Ergebnis in einer atomaren Operation.Increments a specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

Überlädt

Increment(Int32)

Inkrementiert den Wert einer angegebenen Variablen und speichert das Ergebnis in einer atomaren Operation.Increments a specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

Increment(Int64)

Inkrementiert den Wert einer angegebenen Variablen und speichert das Ergebnis in einer atomaren Operation.Increments a specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

Increment(Int32)

Inkrementiert den Wert einer angegebenen Variablen und speichert das Ergebnis in einer atomaren Operation.Increments a specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

public:
 static int Increment(int % location);
public static int Increment (ref int location);
static member Increment : int -> int
Public Shared Function Increment (ByRef location As Integer) As Integer

Parameter

location
Int32

Die Variable, deren Wert inkrementiert werden soll.The variable whose value is to be incremented.

Gibt zurück

Der inkrementierte Wert.The incremented value.

Ausnahmen

Die Adresse von location ist ein NULL-Zeiger.The address of location is a null pointer.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird bestimmt, wie viele Zufallszahlen zwischen 0 und 1.000 erforderlich sind, um 1.000 Zufallszahlen mit einem Mittelpunkt Wert zu generieren.The following example determines how many random numbers that range from 0 to 1,000 are required to generate 1,000 random numbers with a midpoint value. Um die Anzahl der Mittelpunkt Werte nachzuverfolgen, wird eine Variable (midpointCount) auf 0 festgelegt und jedes Mal erhöht, wenn der Zufallszahlengenerator einen Mittelpunkt Wert zurückgibt, bis 10.000 erreicht wird.To keep track of the number of midpoint values, a variable, midpointCount, is set equal to 0 and incremented each time the random number generator returns a midpoint value until it reaches 10,000. Da drei Threads die Zufallszahlen generieren, wird die Increment(Int32)-Methode aufgerufen, um sicherzustellen, dass mehrere Threads midpointCount nicht gleichzeitig aktualisieren.Because three threads generate the random numbers, the Increment(Int32) method is called to ensure that multiple threads don't update midpointCount concurrently. Beachten Sie, dass eine Sperre auch verwendet wird, um den Zufallszahlengenerator zu schützen, und dass ein CountdownEvent Objekt verwendet wird, um sicherzustellen, dass die Ausführung der Main Methode vor den drei Threads nicht abgeschlossen wird.Note that a lock is also used to protect the random number generator, and that a CountdownEvent object is used to ensure that the Main method doesn't finish execution before the three threads.

using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   const int LOWERBOUND = 0;
   const int UPPERBOUND = 1001;
   
   static Object lockObj = new Object();
   static Random rnd = new Random();
   static CountdownEvent cte;
   
   static int totalCount = 0;
   static int totalMidpoint = 0;
   static int midpointCount = 0;

   public static void Main()
   {
      cte = new CountdownEvent(1);
      // Start three threads. 
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= 2; ctr++) {
         cte.AddCount();
         Thread th = new Thread(GenerateNumbers);
         th.Name = "Thread" + ctr.ToString();
         th.Start();
      }
      cte.Signal();
      cte.Wait();
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine("Total midpoint values:  {0,10:N0} ({1:P3})",
                        totalMidpoint, totalMidpoint/((double)totalCount));
      Console.WriteLine("Total number of values: {0,10:N0}", 
                        totalCount);                  
   }

   private static void GenerateNumbers()
   {
      int midpoint = (UPPERBOUND - LOWERBOUND) / 2;
      int value = 0;
      int total = 0;
      int midpt = 0;
      
      do {
         lock (lockObj) {
            value = rnd.Next(LOWERBOUND, UPPERBOUND);
         }
         if (value == midpoint) { 
            Interlocked.Increment(ref midpointCount);
            midpt++;
         }
         total++;    
      } while (midpointCount < 10000);
      
      Interlocked.Add(ref totalCount, total);
      Interlocked.Add(ref totalMidpoint, midpt);
      
      string s = String.Format("Thread {0}:\n", Thread.CurrentThread.Name) +
                 String.Format("   Random Numbers: {0:N0}\n", total) + 
                 String.Format("   Midpoint values: {0:N0} ({1:P3})", midpt, 
                               ((double) midpt)/total);
      Console.WriteLine(s);
      cte.Signal();
   }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//       Thread Thread2:
//          Random Numbers: 2,776,674
//          Midpoint values: 2,773 (0.100 %)
//       Thread Thread1:
//          Random Numbers: 4,876,100
//          Midpoint values: 4,873 (0.100 %)
//       Thread Thread0:
//          Random Numbers: 2,312,310
//          Midpoint values: 2,354 (0.102 %)
//       
//       Total midpoint values:      10,000 (0.100 %)
//       Total number of values:  9,965,084
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Const LOWERBOUND As Integer = 0
   Const UPPERBOUND As Integer = 1001
   
   Dim lockObj As New Object()
   Dim rnd As New Random()
   Dim cte As CountdownEvent
   
   Dim totalCount As Integer = 0
   Dim totalMidpoint As Integer = 0
   Dim midpointCount As Integer = 0

   Public Sub Main()
      cte = New CountdownEvent(1)
      ' Start three threads. 
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To 2
         cte.AddCount()
         Dim th As New Thread(AddressOf GenerateNumbers)
         th.Name = "Thread" + ctr.ToString()
         th.Start()
      Next
      cte.Signal()
      cte.Wait()
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Total midpoint values:  {0,10:N0} ({1:P3})",
                        totalMidpoint, totalMidpoint/totalCount)
      Console.WriteLine("Total number of values: {0,10:N0}", 
                        totalCount)                  
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub GenerateNumbers()
      Dim midpoint As Integer = (upperBound - lowerBound) \ 2
      Dim value As Integer = 0
      Dim total As Integer = 0
      Dim midpt As Integer = 0
      Do
         SyncLock lockObj
            value = rnd.Next(lowerBound, upperBound)
         End SyncLock
         If value = midpoint Then 
            Interlocked.Increment(midpointCount)
            midpt += 1
         End If
         total += 1    
      Loop While midpointCount < 10000
      
      Interlocked.Add(totalCount, total)
      Interlocked.Add(totalMidpoint, midpt)
      
      Dim s As String = String.Format("Thread {0}:", Thread.CurrentThread.Name) + vbCrLf +
                        String.Format("   Random Numbers: {0:N0}", total) + vbCrLf +
                        String.Format("   Midpoint values: {0:N0} ({1:P3})", midpt, midpt/total)
      Console.WriteLine(s)
      cte.Signal()
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Thread Thread2:
'          Random Numbers: 2,776,674
'          Midpoint values: 2,773 (0.100 %)
'       Thread Thread1:
'          Random Numbers: 4,876,100
'          Midpoint values: 4,873 (0.100 %)
'       Thread Thread0:
'          Random Numbers: 2,312,310
'          Midpoint values: 2,354 (0.102 %)
'       
'       Total midpoint values:      10,000 (0.100 %)
'       Total number of values:  9,965,084

Das folgende Beispiel ähnelt dem vorherigen, mit der Ausnahme, dass es die Task-Klasse anstelle einer Thread Prozedur verwendet, um 50.000 zufällige Mittelpunkt-Ganzzahlen zu generieren.The following example is similar to the previous one, except that it uses the Task class instead of a thread procedure to generate 50,000 random midpoint integers. In diesem Beispiel ersetzt ein Lambda-Ausdruck die GenerateNumbers Thread Prozedur, und der aufrufsvorgang der Task.WaitAll-Methode beseitigt die Notwendigkeit des CountdownEvent Objekts.In this example, a lambda expression replaces the GenerateNumbers thread procedure, and the call to the Task.WaitAll method eliminates the need for the CountdownEvent object.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class Example
{
   const int LOWERBOUND = 0;
   const int UPPERBOUND = 1001;
   
   static Object lockObj = new Object();
   static Random rnd = new Random();
   
   static int totalCount = 0;
   static int totalMidpoint = 0;
   static int midpointCount = 0;

   public static void Main()
   {
      List<Task> tasks = new List<Task>();
      // Start three tasks. 
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= 2; ctr++) 
         tasks.Add(Task.Run( () => { int midpoint = (UPPERBOUND - LOWERBOUND) / 2;
                                     int value = 0;
                                     int total = 0;
                                     int midpt = 0;
                                    
                                     do {
                                        lock (lockObj) {
                                           value = rnd.Next(LOWERBOUND, UPPERBOUND);
                                        }
                                        if (value == midpoint) { 
                                           Interlocked.Increment(ref midpointCount);
                                           midpt++;
                                        }
                                        total++;    
                                     } while (midpointCount < 50000);
                                    
                                     Interlocked.Add(ref totalCount, total);
                                     Interlocked.Add(ref totalMidpoint, midpt);
                                    
                                     string s = String.Format("Task {0}:\n", Task.CurrentId) +
                                                String.Format("   Random Numbers: {0:N0}\n", total) + 
                                                String.Format("   Midpoint values: {0:N0} ({1:P3})", midpt, 
                                                              ((double) midpt)/total);
                                     Console.WriteLine(s); } ));
      
      Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray());
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine("Total midpoint values:  {0,10:N0} ({1:P3})",
                        totalMidpoint, totalMidpoint/((double)totalCount));
      Console.WriteLine("Total number of values: {0,10:N0}", 
                        totalCount);                  
   }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//       Task 3:
//          Random Numbers: 10,855,250
//          Midpoint values: 10,823 (0.100 %)
//       Task 1:
//          Random Numbers: 15,243,703
//          Midpoint values: 15,110 (0.099 %)
//       Task 2:
//          Random Numbers: 24,107,425
//          Midpoint values: 24,067 (0.100 %)
//       
//       Total midpoint values:      50,000 (0.100 %)
//       Total number of values: 50,206,378
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Threading.Tasks

Module Example
   Const LOWERBOUND As Integer = 0
   Const UPPERBOUND As Integer = 1001
   
   Dim lockObj As New Object()
   Dim rnd As New Random()
   
   Dim totalCount As Integer = 0
   Dim totalMidpoint As Integer = 0
   Dim midpointCount As Integer = 0

   Public Sub Main()
      Dim tasks As New List(Of Task)()
      ' Start three tasks. 
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To 2
         tasks.Add(Task.Run( Sub()
                                Dim midpoint As Integer = (upperBound - lowerBound) \ 2
                                Dim value As Integer = 0
                                Dim total As Integer = 0
                                Dim midpt As Integer = 0
                                Do
                                   SyncLock lockObj
                                      value = rnd.Next(lowerBound, upperBound)
                                   End SyncLock
                                   If value = midpoint Then 
                                      Interlocked.Increment(midpointCount)
                                      midpt += 1
                                   End If
                                   total += 1    
                                Loop While midpointCount < 50000
                              
                                Interlocked.Add(totalCount, total)
                                Interlocked.Add(totalMidpoint, midpt)
                              
                                Dim s As String = String.Format("Task {0}:", Task.CurrentId) + vbCrLf +
                                                  String.Format("   Random Numbers: {0:N0}", total) + vbCrLf +
                                                  String.Format("   Midpoint values: {0:N0} ({1:P3})", midpt, midpt/total)
                                Console.WriteLine(s)
                             End Sub ))
      Next

      Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray())
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Total midpoint values:  {0,10:N0} ({1:P3})",
                        totalMidpoint, totalMidpoint/totalCount)
      Console.WriteLine("Total number of values: {0,10:N0}", 
                        totalCount)                  
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Task 3:
'          Random Numbers: 10,855,250
'          Midpoint values: 10,823 (0.100 %)
'       Task 1:
'          Random Numbers: 15,243,703
'          Midpoint values: 15,110 (0.099 %)
'       Task 2:
'          Random Numbers: 24,107,425
'          Midpoint values: 24,067 (0.100 %)
'       
'       Total midpoint values:      50,000 (0.100 %)
'       Total number of values: 50,206,378

Hinweise

Diese Methode behandelt eine Überlauf Bedingung durch Wrapping: Wenn location = Int32.MaxValue, location + 1 = Int32.MinValue.This method handles an overflow condition by wrapping: if location = Int32.MaxValue, location + 1 = Int32.MinValue. Es werden keine Ausnahmen ausgelöst.No exception is thrown.

Siehe auch

Increment(Int64)

Inkrementiert den Wert einer angegebenen Variablen und speichert das Ergebnis in einer atomaren Operation.Increments a specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

public:
 static long Increment(long % location);
public static long Increment (ref long location);
static member Increment : int64 -> int64
Public Shared Function Increment (ByRef location As Long) As Long

Parameter

location
Int64

Die Variable, deren Wert inkrementiert werden soll.The variable whose value is to be incremented.

Gibt zurück

Der inkrementierte Wert.The incremented value.

Ausnahmen

Die Adresse von location ist ein NULL-Zeiger.The address of location is a null pointer.

Hinweise

Diese Methode behandelt eine Überlauf Bedingung durch Wrapping: Wenn location = Int64.MaxValue, location + 1 = Int64.MinValue.This method handles an overflow condition by wrapping: if location = Int64.MaxValue, location + 1 = Int64.MinValue. Es werden keine Ausnahmen ausgelöst.No exception is thrown.

Siehe auch

Gilt für: