MailMessage Klasse

Definition

Warnung

Diese API ist jetzt veraltet.

Stellt Eigenschaften und Methoden zum Erstellen einer E-Mail bereit.Provides properties and methods for constructing an email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

public ref class MailMessage
[System.Obsolete("The recommended alternative is System.Net.Mail.MailMessage. https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=14202")]
public class MailMessage
type MailMessage = class
Public Class MailMessage
Vererbung
MailMessage
Attribute

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird die Verwendung der MailMessage-Klasse veranschaulicht.The following example shows how to use the MailMessage class.

Wichtig

Dieses Steuerelement verfügt über ein Textfeld, das Benutzereingaben akzeptiert. Dies stellt ein potenzielles Sicherheitsrisiko dar.This control has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. Standardmäßig stellen ASP.NET-Webseiten sicher, dass Benutzereingaben keine Skript- oder HTML-Elemente enthalten.By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Übersicht über Skriptangriffe.For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%-- 
This example shows how to send a mail message from a Web Forms page
using the classes in the System.Web.Mail namespace.
--%>

<%@ IMPORT namespace="System.Web.Mail" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script language="C#" runat="server">
  void Page_Load()
  {
     if (!IsPostBack)
     {
        txtTo.Text="john@contoso.com";
        txtFrom.Text="marsha@contoso.com";
        txtCc.Text="fred@contoso.com";
        txtBcc.Text="wilma@contoso.com";
        txtSubject.Text="Hello";
        txtBody.Text="This is a test message.";
        txtAttach.Text=@"C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\Sunset.jpg,"
           + @"C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\Winter.jpg";
    txtBodyEncoding.Text = Encoding.ASCII.EncodingName;
    txtBodyFormat.Text="HTML";
    txtPriority.Text="Normal";
    txtUrlContentBase.Text="http://www.contoso.com/images";
    txtUrlContentLocation.Text="http://www.contoso.com/images";
        // Name of relay mail server in your domain.
    txtMailServer.Text="smarthost";
     }
  }

  void btnSubmit_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
     string sTo, sFrom, sSubject, sBody;
     string sAttach, sCc, sBcc, sBodyEncoding;
     string sBodyFormat, sMailServer, sPriority;
     string sUrlContentBase, sUrlContentLocation;
 int iLoop1;

 sTo = txtTo.Text.Trim();
 sFrom = txtFrom.Text.Trim();
 sSubject = txtSubject.Text.Trim();
 sBody = txtBody.Text.Trim();
 sAttach = txtAttach.Text.Trim();
 sCc = txtCc.Text.Trim();
 sBcc = txtBcc.Text.Trim();
 sBodyFormat = txtBodyFormat.Text.Trim();
 sBodyEncoding = txtBodyEncoding.Text.Trim();
 sPriority = txtPriority.Text.Trim();
 sUrlContentBase = txtUrlContentBase.Text.Trim();
 sUrlContentLocation = txtUrlContentLocation.Text.Trim();
 sMailServer = txtMailServer.Text.Trim();

 MailMessage MyMail = new MailMessage();
 MyMail.From = sFrom;
 MyMail.To = sTo;
 MyMail.Subject = sSubject;
 MyMail.Body = sBody;
 MyMail.Cc = sCc;
 MyMail.Bcc = sBcc;
 MyMail.UrlContentBase = sUrlContentBase;
 MyMail.UrlContentLocation = sUrlContentLocation;

     if (txtBodyEncoding.Text == Encoding.UTF7.EncodingName)
        MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.UTF7;
     else if (txtBodyEncoding.Text == Encoding.UTF8.EncodingName)
        MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.UTF8;
     else
        MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.ASCII;

 switch (sBodyFormat.ToUpper())
     {
        case "HTML": 
           MyMail.BodyFormat = MailFormat.Html;
           break;
        default: 
           MyMail.BodyFormat = MailFormat.Text;
           break;
     }
     
     switch (sPriority.ToUpper())
     {
        case "HIGH": 
           MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.High;
           break;
        case "LOW": 
           MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.Low;
           break;
        default: 
           MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.Normal;
           break;
     }
     
     // Build an IList of mail attachments.
     if (sAttach != "")
     {
        char[] delim = new char[] {','};
        foreach (string sSubstr in sAttach.Split(delim))
        {
           MailAttachment MyAttachment = new MailAttachment(sSubstr);
           MyMail.Attachments.Add(MyAttachment);
        }
     }
 
     SmtpMail.SmtpServer = sMailServer;
 SmtpMail.Send(MyMail);
 lblMsg1.Text="C# Message sent to " + MyMail.To;
  }

  void btnClear_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
     lblMsg1.Text="";
     txtTo.Text="";
     txtFrom.Text="";
     txtSubject.Text="";
     txtBody.Text="";
     txtAttach.Text="";
     txtBcc.Text="";
     txtCc.Text="";
 txtBodyEncoding.Text="";
 txtBodyFormat.Text="";
 txtPriority.Text="";
 txtUrlContentBase.Text="";
 txtUrlContentLocation.Text="";
 txtMailServer.Text="";
     btnSubmit.Text="Submit";
  }
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
    <title>Mail Form Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <h4>Send a new mail message:</h4>
   <form id="form1" method="Post" action="MailForm.aspx" runat="server">
      <table style="width:350; background-color:#FFFF99">
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>To:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtTo" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>From:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtFrom" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Subject:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtSubject" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>MessageBody:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBody" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Attachments:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtAttach" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>CC:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBcc" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BCC:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtCc" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BodyEncoding:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBodyEncoding" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BodyFormat:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBodyFormat" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Priority:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtPriority" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>URL Content Base:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtUrlContentBase" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>URL Content Location:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtUrlContentLocation" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Mail Server:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtMailServer" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
      </table><br />

      <asp:button id="btnSubmit" Text="Submit" OnClick="btnSubmit_Click" runat="server"/>
      <asp:button id="btnClear" Text="Clear" OnClick="btnClear_Click" runat="server"/>
      <p><asp:Label id="lblMsg1" runat="server"/></p>
   </form>
   </body>
</html>
<%-- 
This example shows how to send a mail message from a Web Forms page 
using the classes in the System.Web.Mail namespace.
--%>

<%@ IMPORT namespace="System.Web.Mail" %>


<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script language="VB" runat="server">
    Sub Page_Load()
        If Not IsPostBack Then
            lblMsg1.Text = ""
            txtTo.Text = "john@contoso.com"
            txtFrom.Text = "marsha@contoso.com"
            txtCc.Text = "fred@contoso.com"
            txtBcc.Text = "wilma@contoso.com"
            txtSubject.Text = "Hello"
            txtBody.Text = "This is a test message."
            txtAttach.Text = "C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\Sunset.jpg," _
               & "C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\Winter.jpg"
            txtBodyEncoding.Text = Encoding.ASCII.EncodingName
            txtBodyFormat.Text = "HTML"
            txtPriority.Text = "Normal"
            txtUrlContentBase.Text = "http://www.contoso.com/images"
            txtUrlContentLocation.Text = "http://www.contoso.com/images"
            ' Name of relay mail server in your domain.
            txtMailServer.Text = "smarthost" '
        End If
    End Sub

    Sub btnSubmit_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        Dim sTo As String, sFrom As String, sSubject As String, sBody As String
        Dim sAttach As String, sCc As String, sBcc As String, sBodyEncoding As String
        Dim sBodyFormat As String, sMailServer As String, sPriority As String
        Dim sUrlContentBase As String, sUrlContentLocation As String
        Dim iLoop1 As Integer

        sTo = Trim(txtTo.Text)
        sFrom = Trim(txtFrom.Text)
        sSubject = Trim(txtSubject.Text)
        sBody = Trim(txtBody.Text)
        sAttach = Trim(txtAttach.Text)
        sCc = Trim(txtCc.Text)
        sBcc = Trim(txtBcc.Text)
        sBodyFormat = Trim(txtBodyFormat.Text)
        sBodyEncoding = Trim(txtBodyEncoding.Text)
        sPriority = Trim(txtPriority.Text)
        sUrlContentBase = Trim(txtUrlContentBase.Text)
        sUrlContentLocation = Trim(txtUrlContentLocation.Text)
        sMailServer = Trim(txtMailServer.Text)

        Dim MyMail As MailMessage = New MailMessage()
        MyMail.From = sFrom
        MyMail.To = sTo
        MyMail.Subject = sSubject
        MyMail.Body = sBody
        MyMail.Cc = sCc
        MyMail.Bcc = sBcc
        MyMail.UrlContentBase = sUrlContentBase
        MyMail.UrlContentLocation = sUrlContentLocation

        Select Case txtBodyEncoding.Text
            Case Encoding.UTF7.EncodingName : MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.UTF7
            Case Encoding.UTF8.EncodingName : MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.UTF8
            Case Else : MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.ASCII
        End Select

        Select Case UCase(sBodyFormat)
            Case "HTML" : MyMail.BodyFormat = MailFormat.Html
            Case Else : MyMail.BodyFormat = MailFormat.Text
        End Select
     
        Select Case UCase(sPriority)
            Case "HIGH" : MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.High
            Case "LOW" : MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.Low
            Case Else : MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.Normal
        End Select
     
        ' Build an IList of mail attachments.
        If sAttach <> "" Then
            Dim delim As Char = ","
            Dim sSubstr As String
            For Each sSubstr In sAttach.Split(delim)
                Dim myAttachment As MailAttachment = New MailAttachment(sSubstr)
                MyMail.Attachments.Add(myAttachment)
            Next
        End If
 
        SmtpMail.SmtpServer = sMailServer
        SmtpMail.Send(MyMail)

        lblMsg1.Text = "VB Message sent to " & MyMail.To
    End Sub

    Sub btnClear_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        lblMsg1.Text = ""
        txtTo.Text = ""
        txtFrom.Text = ""
        txtSubject.Text = ""
        txtBody.Text = ""
        txtAttach.Text = ""
        txtBcc.Text = ""
        txtCc.Text = ""
        txtBodyEncoding.Text = ""
        txtBodyFormat.Text = ""
        txtPriority.Text = ""
        txtUrlContentBase.Text = ""
        txtUrlContentLocation.Text = ""
        txtMailServer.Text = ""
        btnSubmit.Text = "Submit"
    End Sub
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head>
    <title>Send a new mail message:</title>
</head>
    <body>
   <h4>Send a new mail message:</h4>
   <form id="form1" method="Post" action="MailForm.aspx" runat="server">
      <table style="width:350; background-color:#FFFF99">
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>To:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtTo" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>From:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtFrom" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Subject:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtSubject" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>MessageBody:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBody" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Attachments:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtAttach" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>CC:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBcc" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BCC:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtCc" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BodyEncoding:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBodyEncoding" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BodyFormat:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBodyFormat" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Priority:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtPriority" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>URL Content Base:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtUrlContentBase" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>URL Content Location:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtUrlContentLocation" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Mail Server:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtMailServer" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
      </table><br />

      <asp:button id="btnSubmit" Text="Submit" OnClick="btnSubmit_Click" runat="server"/>
      <asp:button id="btnClear" Text="Clear" OnClick="btnClear_Click" runat="server"/>
      <p><asp:Label id="lblMsg1" runat="server"/></p>
   </form>
   </body>
</html>

Konstruktoren

MailMessage()

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der MailMessage-Klasse.Initializes a new instance of the MailMessage class. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Eigenschaften

Attachments

Gibt die Auflistung von Anlagen an, die mit der Nachricht übertragen werden.Specifies the collection of attachments that are transmitted with the message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Bcc

Ruft eine durch Semikolon getrennte Liste der E-Mail-Adressen ab, an die eine Blindkopie (BCC, Blind Carbon Copy) der E-Mail gesendet wird, oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets a semicolon-delimited list of email addresses that receive a blind carbon copy (BCC) of the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Body

Ruft den Text der E-Mail ab oder legt diesen fest.Gets or sets the body of the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

BodyEncoding

Ruft den Codierungstyp des Texts der E-Mail ab oder legt diesen fest.Gets or sets the encoding type of the body of the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

BodyFormat

Ruft den Inhaltstyp des Texts der E-Mail ab oder legt diesen fest.Gets or sets the content type of the body of the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Cc

Ruft eine durch Semikolon getrennte Liste der E-Mail-Adressen ab, an die eine Kopie (CC, Carbon Copy) der E-Mail gesendet wird, oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets a semicolon-delimited list of email addresses that receive a carbon copy (CC) of the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Fields

Ruft eine Auflistung von Objekten ab, die Microsoft CDO-Feldern (Collaboration Data Objects) zugeordnet sind.Gets a collection of objects that map to Microsoft Collaboration Data Objects (CDO) fields. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

From

Ruft die E-Mail-Adresse des Absenders ab oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets the email address of the sender. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Headers

Gibt die benutzerdefinierten Header an, die mit der E-Mail übertragen werden.Specifies the custom headers that are transmitted with the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Priority

Ruft die Priorität der E-Mail ab oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets the priority of the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Subject

Ruft die Betreffzeile der E-Mail ab oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets the subject line of the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

To

Ruft eine durch Semikolon getrennte Liste mit E-Mail-Adressen von Empfängern ab oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets a semicolon-delimited list of recipient email addresses. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

UrlContentBase

Ruft den Content-Base-HTTP-Header ab oder legt diesen fest. Dieser ist die URL-Basis für sämtliche relative URLs, die im HTML-codierten Textkörper der E-Mail verwendet werden.Gets or sets the Content-Base HTTP header, the URL base of all relative URLs used within the HTML-encoded body of the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

UrlContentLocation

Ruft den Content-Location-HTTP-Header für die E-Mail ab oder legt diesen fest.Gets or sets the Content-Location HTTP header for the email message. Empfohlene Alternative: System.Net.Mail.Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Methoden

Equals(Object)

Bestimmt, ob das angegebene Objekt mit dem aktuellen Objekt identisch ist.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Geerbt von Object)
GetHashCode()

Fungiert als Standardhashfunktion.Serves as the default hash function.

(Geerbt von Object)
GetType()

Ruft den Type der aktuellen Instanz ab.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Geerbt von Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Erstellt eine flache Kopie des aktuellen Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Geerbt von Object)
ToString()

Gibt eine Zeichenfolge zurück, die das aktuelle Objekt darstellt.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Geerbt von Object)

Gilt für: