DataGrid.Columns Eigenschaft

Definition

Ruft eine Auflistung von Objekten ab, die die Spalten des DataGrid-Steuerelements darstellen.Gets a collection of objects that represent the columns of the DataGrid control.

public:
 virtual property System::Web::UI::WebControls::DataGridColumnCollection ^ Columns { System::Web::UI::WebControls::DataGridColumnCollection ^ get(); };
[System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode(System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode.InnerProperty)]
public virtual System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridColumnCollection Columns { get; }
member this.Columns : System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridColumnCollection
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property Columns As DataGridColumnCollection

Eigenschaftswert

Ein DataGridColumnCollection-Objekt, das eine Auflistung von Objekten enthält, die die Spalten des DataGrid-Steuerelements darstellen.A DataGridColumnCollection object that contains a collection of objects that represent the columns of the DataGrid control.

Attribute

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie die Columns-Auflistung verwendet wird, um dem DataGrid-Steuerelement dynamisch eine-Spalte hinzuzufügen.The following code example demonstrates how to use the Columns collection to dynamically add a column to the DataGrid control.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script language="C#" runat="server">
 
      DataTable Cart;
      DataView CartView;
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
   
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      } 
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         if (Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"] == null) 
         {
            Cart = new DataTable();
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(string)));
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(string)));
            Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"] = Cart;
         }
         else 
         {
            Cart = (DataTable)Session["DG4_ShoppingCart"];
         }    
         CartView = new DataView(Cart);
         ShoppingCart.DataSource = CartView;
         ShoppingCart.DataBind();
 
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            // Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource= CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Page_Init(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Create a dynamic column to add to Columns collection.
         BoundColumn NumberColumn = new BoundColumn();
         NumberColumn.HeaderText="Item Number"; 
         NumberColumn.DataField="IntegerValue";

         // Add column to Columns collection.
         ItemsGrid.Columns.AddAt(2, NumberColumn);

      }
  
      void Grid_CartCommand(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) {
     
         DataRow dr = Cart.NewRow();
          
         // e.Item is the table row where the command is raised.
         // For bound columns, the value is stored in the Text property of the TableCell.
         TableCell itemCell = e.Item.Cells[2];
         TableCell priceCell = e.Item.Cells[3];
         string item = itemCell.Text;
         string price = priceCell.Text;
         
         if (((Button)e.CommandSource).CommandName == "AddToCart") 
         {
            dr[0] = item;
            dr[1] = price;
            Cart.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
         else 
         { 

            //Remove from Cart.
         
            CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
            if (CartView.Count > 0) 
            {    
               CartView.Delete(0);
            }
            CartView.RowFilter = "";
         }
         ShoppingCart.DataBind();
 
      }
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Columns Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid Columns Example</h3>
 
      <table cellpadding="5">
         <tr valign="top">
            <td>
 
               <b>Product List</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    AutoGenerateColumns="false"
                    OnItemCommand="Grid_CartCommand"
                    runat="server">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>
 
                  <Columns>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Add to cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Add" 
                          CommandName="AddToCart"/>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Remove from cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Remove" 
                          CommandName="RemoveFromCart"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Item" 
                          DataField="StringValue"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Price" 
                          DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                          DataFormatString="{0:c}">

                        <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="right">
                        </ItemStyle>

                     </asp:BoundColumn>
 
                  </Columns>
   
               </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
            <td>
 
               <b>Shopping Cart</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ShoppingCart" 
                    runat="server"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    GridLines="Both"
                    ShowFooter="false"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    CellSpacing="0">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>

                </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
         </tr>
 
      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script language="VB" runat="server">
    Dim Cart As DataTable
    Dim CartView As DataView
    
    Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection
        Dim dt As New DataTable()
        Dim dr As DataRow
        
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
        
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To 8
            dr = dt.NewRow()
            
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 *(i + 1)
            
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)
        Next i
        
        Dim dv As New DataView(dt)
        Return dv
    End Function 'CreateDataSource


    Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
        
        If Session("DG4_ShoppingCart") Is Nothing Then
            Cart = New DataTable()
            Cart.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Item", GetType(String)))
            Cart.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Price", GetType(String)))
            Session("DG4_ShoppingCart") = Cart
        Else
            Cart = CType(Session("DG4_ShoppingCart"), DataTable)
        End If
        CartView = New DataView(Cart)
        ShoppingCart.DataSource = CartView
        ShoppingCart.DataBind()
        
        If Not IsPostBack Then
            ' Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()
        End If
    End Sub 'Page_Load
     

    Sub Page_Init(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
        
        ' Create a dynamic column to add to Columns collection.
        Dim NumberColumn As New BoundColumn()
        NumberColumn.HeaderText = "Item Number"
        NumberColumn.DataField = "IntegerValue"
        
        ' Add column to Columns collection.
        ItemsGrid.Columns.AddAt(2, NumberColumn)
    End Sub 'Page_Init
     

    Sub Grid_CartCommand(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs)
        
        Dim dr As DataRow = Cart.NewRow()
        
        ' e.Item is the table row where the command is raised.
        ' For bound columns, the value is stored in the Text property of the TableCell.
        Dim itemCell As TableCell = e.Item.Cells(2)
        Dim priceCell As TableCell = e.Item.Cells(3)
        Dim item As String = itemCell.Text
        Dim price As String = priceCell.Text
        
        If CType(e.CommandSource, Button).CommandName = "AddToCart" Then
            dr(0) = item
            dr(1) = price
            Cart.Rows.Add(dr)
        Else 

            'Remove from Cart.
            CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" & item & "'"
            If CartView.Count > 0 Then
                CartView.Delete(0)
            End If
            CartView.RowFilter = ""
        End If
        ShoppingCart.DataBind()
    End Sub 'Grid_CartCommand 
     
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Columns Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid Columns Example</h3>
 
      <table cellpadding="5">
         <tr valign="top">
            <td>
 
               <b>Product List</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    AutoGenerateColumns="false"
                    OnItemCommand="Grid_CartCommand"
                    runat="server">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>
 
                  <Columns>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Add to cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Add" 
                          CommandName="AddToCart"/>
 
                     <asp:ButtonColumn 
                          HeaderText="Remove from cart" 
                          ButtonType="PushButton" 
                          Text="Remove" 
                          CommandName="RemoveFromCart"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Item" 
                          DataField="StringValue"/>
 
                     <asp:BoundColumn 
                          HeaderText="Price" 
                          DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                          DataFormatString="{0:c}">

                        <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="right">
                        </ItemStyle>

                     </asp:BoundColumn>
 
                  </Columns>
   
               </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
            <td>
 
               <b>Shopping Cart</b>
 
               <asp:DataGrid id="ShoppingCart" 
                    runat="server"
                    BorderColor="black"
                    BorderWidth="1"
                    GridLines="Both"
                    ShowFooter="false"
                    CellPadding="3"
                    CellSpacing="0">

                  <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
                  </HeaderStyle>

                </asp:DataGrid>
 
            </td>
         </tr>
 
      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Button_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Count the number of selected items in the DataGrid control.
         int count = 0;

         // Display the selected times.
         Message.Text = "You Selected: <br />";

         // Iterate through each item (row) in the DataGrid control and
         // determine whether it is selected.
         foreach (DataGridItem item in ItemsGrid.Items)
         {

            DetermineSelection(item, ref count);        

         }

         // If no items are selected, display the appropriate message.
         if (count == 0)
         {

            Message.Text = "No items selected";

         }

      }

      void DetermineSelection(DataGridItem item, ref int count)
      {

         // Retrieve the SelectCheckBox CheckBox control from the 
         // specified item (row) in the DataGrid control.
         CheckBox selection = (CheckBox)item.FindControl("SelectCheckBox");

         // If the item is selected, display the appropriate message and
         // increment the count of selected items.
         if (selection != null)
         {

           if (selection.Checked)
           {
              Message.Text += "- " + item.Cells[1].Text + "<br />";
              count++;
           }

         }    

      }

      void Check_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Show or hide the first column depending on the value of
         // the check box.
         if (ShowCheckBox.Checked)
         {
            ItemsGrid.Columns[0].Visible = true;
         }
         else
         {
            ItemsGrid.Columns[0].Visible = false;
         }

      }

   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGridColumn Visible Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGridColumn Visible Example</h3>

      Select whether to show or hide the first column.

      <br /><br />
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           ShowFooter="True"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <FooterStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </FooterStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue"
                 Visible="True" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue"
                 Visible="True"  
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue"
                 Visible="True"  
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Select Item"
                 Visible="True" >

               <ItemTemplate>

                  <asp:CheckBox id="SelectCheckBox"
                       Text="Add to Cart"
                       Checked="False"
                       runat="server"/>

               </ItemTemplate>

            </asp:TemplateColumn>
 
         </Columns>  
 
      </asp:DataGrid>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="SubmitButton"
           Text="Submit"
           OnClick = "Button_Click"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message"
           runat="server"/>

      <hr />

      <asp:CheckBox id="ShowCheckBox"
           Text="Show first column"
           AutoPostBack="True"
           OnCheckedChanged="Check_Change"
           Checked="True"
           runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(string)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(double)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 to 4 
        
            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 
  
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Button_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' Count the number of selected items in the DataGrid control.
         Dim count As Integer = 0

         ' Display the selected times.
         Message.Text = "You Selected: <br />"

         ' Iterate through each item (row) in the DataGrid control and
         ' determine whether it is selected.
         Dim item As DataGridItem
 
         For Each item In ItemsGrid.Items

            DetermineSelection(item, count)        

         Next

         ' If no items are selected, display the appropriate message.
         If count = 0 Then

            Message.Text = "No items selected"

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub DetermineSelection(item As DataGridItem, ByRef count As Integer)

         ' Retrieve the SelectCheckBox CheckBox control from the 
         ' specified item (row) in the DataGrid control.
         Dim selection As CheckBox = _
             CType(item.FindControl("SelectCheckBox"), CheckBox)

         ' If the item is selected, display the appropriate message and
         ' increment the count of selected items.
         If Not selection Is Nothing Then

           If selection.Checked Then
           
              Message.Text &= "- " & item.Cells(1).Text & "<br />"
              count = count + 1
           
           End If

         End If    

      End Sub

      Sub Check_Change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Show or hide the first column depending on the value of
         ' the check box.
         If ShowCheckBox.Checked Then
        
            ItemsGrid.Columns(0).Visible = True
         
         Else
         
            ItemsGrid.Columns(0).Visible = False
         
         End If

      End Sub

   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGridColumn Visible Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGridColumn Visible Example</h3>

      Select whether to show or hide the first column.

      <br /><br />
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           ShowFooter="True"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <FooterStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </FooterStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue"
                 Visible="True" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue"
                 Visible="True"  
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue"
                 Visible="True"  
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Select Item"
                 Visible="True" >

               <ItemTemplate>

                  <asp:CheckBox id="SelectCheckBox"
                       Text="Add to Cart"
                       Checked="False"
                       runat="server"/>

               </ItemTemplate>

            </asp:TemplateColumn>
 
         </Columns> 
 
      </asp:DataGrid>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="SubmitButton"
           Text="Submit"
           OnClick = "Button_Click"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message"
           runat="server"/>

      <hr />

      <asp:CheckBox id="ShowCheckBox"
           Text="Show first column"
           AutoPostBack="True"
           OnCheckedChanged="Check_Change"
           Checked="True"
           runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie diese Eigenschaft, um die Auflistung von Spalten im DataGrid Steuerelement Programm gesteuert zu steuern.Use this property to programmatically control the collection of columns in the DataGrid control. Die Columns-Auflistung enthält explizit deklarierte Spalten, die im DataGrid-Steuerelement gerendert werden.The Columns collection contains explicitly declared columns that get rendered in the DataGrid control.

Hinweis

Explizit deklarierte Spalten können in Verbindung mit automatisch generierten Spalten verwendet werden.Explicitly declared columns may be used in conjunction with automatically generated columns. Bei Verwendung beider werden explizit deklarierte Spalten zuerst gerendert, gefolgt von den automatisch generierten Spalten.When using both, explicitly declared columns will be rendered first, followed by the automatically generated columns. Automatisch generierte Spalten werden der Columns Auflistung nicht hinzugefügt.Automatically generated columns are not added to the Columns collection.

Die Reihenfolge, in der die Spalten im DataGrid Steuerelement angezeigt werden, wird durch die Reihenfolge gesteuert, in der die Spalten in der Columns Auflistung angezeigt werden.The order that the columns are displayed in the DataGrid control is controlled by the order that the columns appear in the Columns collection.

In der folgenden Tabelle werden die verschiedenen Spalten Klassen angezeigt, die von der DataGridColumn-Klasse abgeleitet sind und in der Columns Auflistung verwendet werden können.The following table shows the different column classes that derive from the DataGridColumn class and can be used in the Columns collection.

SpaltentypColumn type BESCHREIBUNGDescription
BoundColumn Zeigt eine Spalte an, die an ein Feld in einer Datenquelle gebunden ist.Displays a column bound to a field in a data source. Jedes Element im Feld wird als Text angezeigt.It displays each item in the field as text. Dies ist der Standard Spaltentyp des DataGrid Steuer Elements.This is the default column type of the DataGrid control.
ButtonColumn Zeigt eine Befehls Schaltfläche für jedes Element in der Spalte an.Displays a command button for each item in the column. Auf diese Weise können Sie eine Spalte mit benutzerdefinierten Schaltflächen-Steuerelementen erstellen, z. b. die Schaltfläche Add oder Remove.This allows you to create a column of custom button controls, such as the Add or Remove button.
EditCommandColumn Zeigt eine Spalte an, die Bearbeitungsbefehle für jedes Element in der Spalte enthält.Displays a column that contains editing commands for each item in the column.
HyperLinkColumn Zeigt den Inhalt der einzelnen Elemente in der Spalte als Hyperlink an.Displays the contents of each item in the column as a hyperlink. Der Inhalt der Spalte kann an ein Feld in einer Datenquelle oder an statischem Text gebunden werden.The contents of the column can be bound to a field in a data source or static text.
TemplateColumn Zeigt jedes Element in der Spalte an, das auf eine angegebene Vorlage folgt.Displays each item in the column following a specified template. Dadurch können Sie benutzerdefinierte Steuerelemente in der Spalte bereitstellen.This allows you to provide custom controls in the column.

Hinweis

Obwohl Sie der Columns Auflistung Programm gesteuert Spalten hinzufügen können, ist es einfacher, die Spalten statisch aufzulisten und dann die Visible-Eigenschaft zu verwenden, um die Spalte anzuzeigen oder auszublenden.Although you can programmatically add columns to the Columns collection, it is easier to list the columns statically and then use the Visible property to show or hide the column.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch