FormView.ItemCommand FormView.ItemCommand FormView.ItemCommand FormView.ItemCommand Event

Definition

Tritt auf, wenn innerhalb eines FormView-Steuerelements auf eine Schaltfläche geklickt wird.Occurs when a button within a FormView control is clicked.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::FormViewCommandEventHandler ^ ItemCommand;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewCommandEventHandler ItemCommand;
member this.ItemCommand : System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewCommandEventHandler 
Public Custom Event ItemCommand As FormViewCommandEventHandler 

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie das ItemCommand -Ereignis verwendet wird, um eine Schalt FormView Fläche in einem-Steuerelement zu verarbeiten.The following example demonstrates how to use the ItemCommand event to handle a button click in a FormView control. Wenn der Benutzer auf die Schaltfläche hinzufügen klickt, wird das aktuell angezeigte ListBox Element einem-Steuerelement hinzugefügt.When the user clicks the Add button, the currently displayed item is added to a ListBox control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void ProductFormView_ItemCommand(Object sender, FormViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {

    // The ItemCommand event is raised when any button within
    // the FormView control is clicked. Use the CommandName property 
    // to determine which button was clicked. 
    if (e.CommandName == "Add")
    {

      // Add the product to the ListBox control. 
      
      // Use the Row property to retrieve the data row.
      FormViewRow row = ProductFormView.Row;
      
      // Retrieve the ProductNameLabel control from
      // the data row.
      Label productNameLabel = (Label)row.FindControl("ProductNameLabel");

      // Retrieve the QuantityTextBox control from
      // the data row.
      TextBox quantityTextBox = (TextBox)row.FindControl("QuantityTextBox");

      if (productNameLabel != null && quantityTextBox != null)
      {    
        // Get the product name from the ProductNameLabel control.
        string name = productNameLabel.Text;
        
        // Get the quantity from the QuantityTextBox control.
        string quantity = quantityTextBox.Text;

        // Create the text to display in the ListBox control.
        string description = name + " - " + quantity + " Qty";

        // Create a ListItem object using the description and
        // product name.
        ListItem item = new ListItem(description, name);

        // Add the ListItem object to the ListBox.
        ProductListBox.Items.Add(item);

        // Use the CommandSource property to retrieve
        // the Add button. Disable the button after
        // the user adds the currently displayed employee
        // name to the ListBox control.
        Button addButton = (Button)e.CommandSource;
        addButton.Enabled = false;
      }

    }

  }

  void ProductFormView_DataBound(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    
    // To prevent the user from adding duplicate items, 
    // disable the Add button if the item being bound to the 
    // FormView control is already in the ListBox control.
    
    // Use the Row property to retrieve the data row.
    FormViewRow row = ProductFormView.Row;

    // Retrieve the Add button from the data row.
    Button addButton = (Button)row.FindControl("AddButton");

    // Retrieve the ProductNameLabel control from
    // data row.
    Label productNameLabel = (Label)row.FindControl("ProductNameLabel");

    if (addButton != null && productNameLabel != null)
    {
      // Get the product name from the ProductNameLabel 
      // control.
      string name = productNameLabel.Text;

      // Use the FindByValue method to determine whether
      // the ListBox control already contains an entry for
      // the item.
      ListItem item = ProductListBox.Items.FindByValue(name);

      // Disable the Add button if the ListBox control
      // already contains the item.
      if (item != null)
      {
        addButton.Enabled = false;
      }
      else
      {
        addButton.Enabled = true;
      }
    }

  }
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewCommandEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewCommandEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="ProductFormView"
        datasourceid="ProductSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="ProductID"
        onitemcommand="ProductFormView_ItemCommand"
        ondatabound="ProductFormView_DataBound"  
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
        
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td style="width:400px">
                <b>Description:</b>
                <asp:label id="ProductNameLabel"
                  text='<%# Eval("ProductName") %>'
                  runat='server'/>
                <br/>      
                <b>Price:</b>
                <asp:label id="PriceLabel"
                  text='<%# Eval("UnitPrice", "{0:c}") %>'
                  runat='server'/>
                <br/>  
                <asp:textbox id="QuantityTextBox"
                  width="50px"
                  maxlength="3" 
                  runat="server"/> Qty                   
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <asp:requiredfieldvalidator ID="QuantityRequiredValidator"
                  controltovalidate="QuantityTextBox"
                  text="Please enter a quantity."
                  display="Static"
                  runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:CompareValidator id="QuantityCompareValidator"
                  controltovalidate="QuantityTextBox"
                  text="Please enter an integer value."
                  display="Static"
                  type="Integer"
                  operator="DataTypeCheck"  
                  runat="server"/>    
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:button id="AddButton"
                  text="Add"
                  commandname="Add"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>
        
        </itemtemplate>
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/><hr/>
      
      Items:<br/>
      <asp:listbox id="ProductListBox"
        runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductSource"
        selectcommand="Select [ProductID], [ProductName], [UnitPrice] From [Products]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub ProductFormView_ItemCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As FormViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' The ItemCommand event is raised when any button within
    ' the FormView control is clicked. Use the CommandName property 
    ' to determine which button was clicked. 
    If e.CommandName = "Add" Then

      ' Add the product to the ListBox control. 
      
      ' Use the Row property to retrieve the data row.
      Dim row As FormViewRow = ProductFormView.Row
      
      ' Retrieve the ProductNameLabel control from
      ' the data row.
      Dim productNameLabel As Label = CType(row.FindControl("ProductNameLabel"), Label)

      ' Retrieve the QuantityTextBox control from
      ' the data row.
      Dim quantityTextBox As TextBox = CType(row.FindControl("QuantityTextBox"), TextBox)

      If productNameLabel IsNot Nothing And quantityTextBox IsNot Nothing Then
          
        ' Get the product name from the ProductNameLabel control.
        Dim name As String = productNameLabel.Text
        
        ' Get the quantity from the QuantityTextBox control.
        Dim quantity As String = quantityTextBox.Text

        ' Create the text to display in the ListBox control.
        Dim description As String = name & " - " & quantity & " Qty"

        ' Create a ListItem object using the description and
        ' product name.
        Dim item As new ListItem(description, name)

        ' Add the ListItem object to the ListBox.
        ProductListBox.Items.Add(item)

        ' Use the CommandSource property to retrieve
        ' the Add button. Disable the button after
        ' the user adds the currently displayed employee
        ' name to the ListBox control.
        Dim addButton As Button = CType(e.CommandSource, Button)
        addButton.Enabled = False
        
      End If

    End If

  End Sub

  Sub ProductFormView_DataBound(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
    
    ' To prevent the user from adding duplicate items, 
    ' disable the Add button if the item being bound to the 
    ' FormView control is already in the ListBox control.
    
    ' Use the Row property to retrieve the data row.
    Dim row As FormViewRow = ProductFormView.Row

    ' Retrieve the Add button from the data row.
    Dim addButton As Button = CType(row.FindControl("AddButton"), Button)

    ' Retrieve the ProductNameLabel control from
    ' data row.
    Dim productNameLabel As Label = CType(row.FindControl("ProductNameLabel"), Label)

    If addButton IsNot Nothing And productNameLabel IsNot Nothing Then
    
      ' Get the product name from the ProductNameLabel 
      ' control.
      Dim name As String = productNameLabel.Text

      ' Use the FindByValue method to determine whether
      ' the ListBox control already contains an entry for
      ' the item.
      Dim item As ListItem = ProductListBox.Items.FindByValue(name)

      ' Disable the Add button if the ListBox control
      ' already contains the item.
      If item IsNot Nothing Then
      
        addButton.Enabled = False
      
      Else
      
        addButton.Enabled = True
        
      End If
      
    End If

  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewCommandEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewCommandEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="ProductFormView"
        datasourceid="ProductSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="ProductID"
        onitemcommand="ProductFormView_ItemCommand"
        ondatabound="ProductFormView_DataBound"  
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
        
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td style="width:400px">
                <b>Description:</b>
                <asp:label id="ProductNameLabel"
                  text='<%# Eval("ProductName") %>'
                  runat='server'/>
                <br/>      
                <b>Price:</b>
                <asp:label id="PriceLabel"
                  text='<%# Eval("UnitPrice", "{0:c}") %>'
                  runat='server'/>
                <br/>  
                <asp:textbox id="QuantityTextBox"
                  width="50px"
                  maxlength="3" 
                  runat="server"/> Qty                   
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <asp:requiredfieldvalidator ID="QuantityRequiredValidator"
                  controltovalidate="QuantityTextBox"
                  text="Please enter a quantity."
                  display="Static"
                  runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:CompareValidator id="QuantityCompareValidator"
                  controltovalidate="QuantityTextBox"
                  text="Please enter an integer value."
                  display="Static"
                  type="Integer"
                  operator="DataTypeCheck"  
                  runat="server"/>    
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:button id="AddButton"
                  text="Add"
                  commandname="Add"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>
        
        </itemtemplate>
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/><hr/>
      
      Items:<br/>
      <asp:listbox id="ProductListBox"
        runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductSource"
        selectcommand="Select [ProductID], [ProductName], [UnitPrice] From [Products]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Hinweise

Das ItemCommand -Ereignis wird ausgelöst, wenn FormView im-Steuerelement auf eine Schaltfläche geklickt wird.The ItemCommand event is raised when a button within the FormView control is clicked. Dies ermöglicht es Ihnen, eine Ereignis Behandlungsmethode bereitzustellen, die immer dann eine benutzerdefinierte Routine ausführt, wenn dieses Ereignis auftritt.This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine whenever this event occurs.

Schaltflächen in FormView einem-Steuerelement können auch einige der integrierten Funktionen des-Steuer Elements aufrufen.Buttons within a FormView control can also invoke some of the built-in functionality of the control. Um einen dieser Vorgänge auszuführen, legen Sie die CommandName -Eigenschaft einer Schaltfläche auf einen der Werte in der folgenden Tabelle fest.To perform one of these operations, set the CommandName property of a button to one of the values in the following table.

CommandName-WertCommandName value BeschreibungDescription
Jederzeit"Cancel" Bricht einen Bearbeitungs-oder Einfügevorgang ab FormView und gibt das Steuerelement in den DefaultMode von der-Eigenschaft angegebenen Modus zurück.Cancels an edit or insert operation and returns the FormView control to the mode specified by the DefaultMode property. Löst die ModeChanged Ereignisse ModeChanging und aus.Raises the ModeChanged and ModeChanging events.
"Löschen""Delete" Löscht den aktuellen Datensatz.Deletes the current record. Löst die ItemDeleted Ereignisse ItemDeleting und aus.Raises the ItemDeleted and ItemDeleting events.
Bearbeiten"Edit" Versetzt das FormView Steuerelement in den Bearbeitungsmodus.Puts the FormView control in edit mode. Löst die ModeChanged Ereignisse ModeChanging und aus.Raises the ModeChanged and ModeChanging events.
Setze"Insert" Fügt den aktuellen Datensatz in der Datenquelle ein.Inserts the current record in the data source. Löst die ItemInserted Ereignisse ItemInserting und aus.Raises the ItemInserted and ItemInserting events.
Neubau"New" Versetzt das FormView Steuerelement in den Einfügemodus.Puts the FormView control in insert mode. Löst die ModeChanged Ereignisse ModeChanging und aus.Raises the ModeChanged and ModeChanging events.
S"Page" Führt einen Pagingvorgang aus.Performs a paging operation. Legen Sie CommandArgument die-Eigenschaft der Schaltfläche auf "First", "Last", "Next", "Prev" oder eine Seitenzahl fest, um den Typ des auszuführenden Paging-Vorgangs anzugeben.Set the CommandArgument property of the button to "First", "Last", "Next", "Prev", or a page number to specify the type of paging operation to perform. Löst die PageIndexChanged Ereignisse PageIndexChanging und aus.Raises the PageIndexChanged and PageIndexChanging events.
Alisierungs"Update" Aktualisiert den aktuellen Datensatz in der Datenquelle.Updates the current record in the data source. Löst die ItemUpdated Ereignisse ItemUpdating und aus.Raises the ItemUpdated and ItemUpdating events.

Obwohl das ItemCommand -Ereignis ausgelöst wird, wenn auf eine in der vorherigen Tabelle aufgeführte Schaltfläche geklickt wird, wird empfohlen, die in der Tabelle für den Vorgang aufgelisteten Ereignisse zu verwenden.Although the ItemCommand event is raised when a button listed in the previous table is clicked, it is recommended that you use the events listed in the table for the operation.

Ein FormViewCommandEventArgs -Objekt wird an die Ereignis Behandlungsmethode übermittelt, mit der Sie den Befehlsnamen und das Befehls Argument der Schaltfläche, auf die geklickt wurde, bestimmen können.A FormViewCommandEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the command name and command argument of the button clicked. Name des Befehls und Befehlsargument ermitteln Sie mithilfe der CommandName und CommandArgument Eigenschaften bzw.To determine the command name and command argument, use the CommandName and CommandArgument properties, respectively. Sie können auch auf das Steuerelement zugreifen, das das Ereignis ausgelöst CommandSource hat, indem Sie die-Eigenschaft verwenden.You can also access the control that raised the event by using the CommandSource property.

Weitere Informationen zum Behandeln von Ereignissen finden Sie unter behandeln und Auslösen von Ereignissen.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch