GridView.SelectedIndexChanging GridView.SelectedIndexChanging GridView.SelectedIndexChanging GridView.SelectedIndexChanging Event

Definition

Tritt ein, wenn auf die Schaltfläche Auswählen einer Zeile geklickt wird, allerdings bevor das GridView-Steuerelement den Auswahlvorgang behandelt.Occurs when a row's Select button is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the select operation.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::GridViewSelectEventHandler ^ SelectedIndexChanging;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewSelectEventHandler SelectedIndexChanging;
member this.SelectedIndexChanging : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewSelectEventHandler 
Public Custom Event SelectedIndexChanging As GridViewSelectEventHandler 

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie das SelectedIndexChanging -Ereignis verwendet wird, um einen SELECT-Vorgang abzubrechen.The following example demonstrates how to use the SelectedIndexChanging event to cancel a select operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Get the currently selected row using the SelectedRow property.
    GridViewRow row = CustomersGridView.SelectedRow;
        
    // Display the first name from the selected row.
    // In this example, the third column (index 2) contains
    // the first name.
    MessageLabel.Text = "You selected " + row.Cells[2].Text + ".";
  }

  void CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging(Object sender, GridViewSelectEventArgs e)
  {
    // Get the currently selected row. Because the SelectedIndexChanging event
    // occurs before the select operation in the GridView control, the
    // SelectedRow property cannot be used. Instead, use the Rows collection
    // and the NewSelectedIndex property of the e argument passed to this 
    // event handler.
    GridViewRow row = CustomersGridView.Rows[e.NewSelectedIndex];

    // You can cancel the select operation by using the Cancel
    // property. For this example, if the user selects a customer with 
    // the ID "ANATR", the select operation is canceled and an error message
    // is displayed.
    if (row.Cells[1].Text == "ANATR")
    {
      e.Cancel = true;
      MessageLabel.Text = "You cannot select " + row.Cells[2].Text + "."; 
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Select Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
     <h3>GridView Select Example</h3>

     <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
       datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
       autogeneratecolumns="False"
       autogenerateselectbutton="True"
       selectedindex="1"
       onselectedindexchanged="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"
       onselectedindexchanging="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging"   
       runat="server" DataKeyNames="CustomerID">
                
         <Columns>
             <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" 
                 HeaderText="CustomerID" 
                 InsertVisible="False" ReadOnly="True" 
                 SortExpression="CustomerID" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="FirstName" 
                 HeaderText="FirstName" 
                 SortExpression="FirstName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="MiddleName" 
                 HeaderText="MiddleName" 
                 SortExpression="MiddleName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="LastName" 
                 HeaderText="LastName" 
                 SortExpression="LastName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="Phone" 
                 HeaderText="Phone" 
                 SortExpression="Phone" />
         </Columns>
                
       <selectedrowstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
         forecolor="DarkBlue"
         font-bold="true"/>  
                
     </asp:gridview>
            
      <br/>
            
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="SELECT CustomerID, FirstName, MiddleName, LastName, Phone FROM SalesLT.Customer"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorksLTConnectionString %>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        
    ' Get the currently selected row using the SelectedRow property.
    Dim row As GridViewRow = CustomersGridView.SelectedRow
        
    ' Display the first name from the selected row.
    ' In this example, the third column (index 2) contains
    ' the first name.
    MessageLabel.Text = "You selected " & row.Cells(2).Text & "."
  End Sub

  Sub CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewSelectEventArgs)
        
    ' Get the currently selected row. Because the SelectedIndexChanging event
    ' occurs before the select operation in the GridView control, the
    ' SelectedRow property cannot be used. Instead, use the Rows collection
    ' and the NewSelectedIndex property of the e argument passed to this 
    ' event handler.
    Dim row As GridViewRow = CustomersGridView.Rows(e.NewSelectedIndex)

    ' You can cancel the select operation by using the Cancel
    ' property. For this example, if the user selects a customer with 
    ' the ID "ANATR", the select operation is canceled and an error message
    ' is displayed.
    If row.Cells(1).Text = "ANATR" Then
        e.Cancel = True
        MessageLabel.Text = "You cannot select " + row.Cells(2).Text & "."
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Select Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
     <h3>GridView Select Example</h3>

     <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
       datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
       autogeneratecolumns="False"
       autogenerateselectbutton="True"
       selectedindex="1"
       onselectedindexchanged="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"
       onselectedindexchanging="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging"   
       runat="server" DataKeyNames="CustomerID">
                
         <Columns>
             <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" 
                 HeaderText="CustomerID" 
                 InsertVisible="False" ReadOnly="True" 
                 SortExpression="CustomerID" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="FirstName" 
                 HeaderText="FirstName" 
                 SortExpression="FirstName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="MiddleName" 
                 HeaderText="MiddleName" 
                 SortExpression="MiddleName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="LastName" 
                 HeaderText="LastName" 
                 SortExpression="LastName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="Phone" 
                 HeaderText="Phone" 
                 SortExpression="Phone" />
         </Columns>
                
       <selectedrowstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
         forecolor="DarkBlue"
         font-bold="true"/>  
                
     </asp:gridview>
            
      <br/>
            
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="SELECT CustomerID, FirstName, MiddleName, LastName, Phone FROM SalesLT.Customer"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorksLTConnectionString %>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>

  </body>
</html>

Hinweise

Das SelectedIndexChanging -Ereignis wird ausgelöst, wenn auf die Schaltfläche Auswählen einer Zeile geklickt wird GridView , jedoch bevor das-Steuerelement den Select-Vorgang behandelt.The SelectedIndexChanging event is raised when a row's Select button is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the select operation. Dies ermöglicht es Ihnen, eine Ereignis Behandlungsmethode bereitzustellen, die eine benutzerdefinierte Routine (z. b. das Abbrechen des Auswahl Vorgangs) ausführt, wenn dieses Ereignis eintritt.This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the selection operation, whenever this event occurs.

Hinweis

Dieses Ereignis wird nicht ausgelöst, wenn Sie die SelectedIndex -Eigenschaft Programm gesteuert festlegen.This event is not raised when you programmatically set the SelectedIndex property.

Ein GridViewSelectEventArgs -Objekt wird an die Ereignis Behandlungsmethode übermittelt, mit der Sie den Index der vom Benutzer ausgewählten Zeile ermitteln und angeben können, dass der Auswahl Vorgang abgebrochen werden soll.A GridViewSelectEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to determine the index of the row selected by the user and to indicate that the selection operation should be canceled. Um den Auswahl Vorgang abzubrechen, legen Cancel Sie die- GridViewSelectEventArgs Eigenschaft des true-Objekts auf fest.To cancel the selection operation, set the Cancel property of the GridViewSelectEventArgs object to true.

Weitere Informationen zum Behandeln von Ereignissen finden Sie unter behandeln und Auslösen von Ereignissen.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch