ErrorProvider ErrorProvider ErrorProvider ErrorProvider Class

Definition

Bietet eine Benutzeroberfläche, über die angezeigt werden kann, dass für ein Steuerelement auf einem Formular ein zugeordneter Fehler vorliegt.Provides a user interface for indicating that a control on a form has an error associated with it.

public ref class ErrorProvider : System::ComponentModel::Component, System::ComponentModel::IExtenderProvider, System::ComponentModel::ISupportInitialize
[System.ComponentModel.ComplexBindingProperties("DataSource", "DataMember")]
public class ErrorProvider : System.ComponentModel.Component, System.ComponentModel.IExtenderProvider, System.ComponentModel.ISupportInitialize
type ErrorProvider = class
    inherit Component
    interface IExtenderProvider
    interface ISupportInitialize
Public Class ErrorProvider
Inherits Component
Implements IExtenderProvider, ISupportInitialize
Vererbung
Attribute
Implementiert

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird die Verwendung ErrorProvider der-Klasse zum Benachrichtigen des Benutzers über einen Dateneingabe Fehler veranschaulicht.The following code example demonstrates using the ErrorProvider class to notify the user of a data entry error. Das Beispiel erstellt ein Form -Element, TextBox das ein- NumericUpDown Steuerelement, ein ComboBox -Steuerelement und ein-Steuerelement enthält, ErrorProvider das jeweils seinen Inhalt überprüft und ein für jedes Steuerelement.The example creates a Form that contains a TextBox control, a NumericUpDown control, and a ComboBox control, each validating its content, and an ErrorProvider for each control. Im Beispiel werden Fehler Symbol Optionen mithilfe der BlinkRate - BlinkStyle und-Eigenschaften SetIconAlignment sowie SetIconPadding der-und-Methoden festgelegt.The example sets error icon options using the BlinkRate and BlinkStyle properties and the SetIconAlignment and SetIconPadding methods. Die SetError -Methode wird mit oder ohne entsprechenden Fehlertext während des-Ereignisses Validated eines Steuer Elements aufgerufen, je nach dem Inhalt im-Steuerelement.The SetError method is called with or without appropriate error text during a control's Validated event, depending upon the content in the control.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ label1;
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ label2;
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ label4;
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ label5;
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ label6;
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ label3;
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ nameTextBox1;
   System::Windows::Forms::NumericUpDown^ ageUpDownPicker;
   System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ favoriteColorComboBox;
   System::Windows::Forms::ErrorProvider^ ageErrorProvider;
   System::Windows::Forms::ErrorProvider^ nameErrorProvider;
   System::Windows::Forms::ErrorProvider^ favoriteColorErrorProvider;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      this->nameTextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->label2 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->ageUpDownPicker = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::NumericUpDown;
      this->favoriteColorComboBox = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
      this->label3 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->label4 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->label5 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->label6 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      
      // Name Label
      this->label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 56, 32 );
      this->label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 40, 23 );
      this->label1->Text = "Name:";
      
      // Age Label
      this->label2->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 40, 64 );
      this->label2->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 56, 23 );
      this->label2->Text = "Age (3-5)";
      
      // Favorite Color Label
      this->label3->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 24, 96 );
      this->label3->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 80, 24 );
      this->label3->Text = "Favorite color";
      
      // ErrorBlinkStyle::AlwaysBlink Label
      this->label4->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 264, 32 );
      this->label4->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 160, 23 );
      this->label4->Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle::AlwaysBlink";
      
      // ErrorBlinkStyle::BlinkIfDifferentError Label
      this->label5->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 264, 64 );
      this->label5->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 200, 23 );
      this->label5->Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle::BlinkIfDifferentError";
      
      // ErrorBlinkStyle::NeverBlink Label
      this->label6->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 264, 96 );
      this->label6->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 200, 23 );
      this->label6->Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle::NeverBlink";
      
      // Name TextBox
      this->nameTextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 112, 32 );
      this->nameTextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 20 );
      this->nameTextBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->nameTextBox1->Validated += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::nameTextBox1_Validated );
      
      // Age NumericUpDown
      this->ageUpDownPicker->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 112, 64 );
      array<int>^temp0 = {150,0,0,0};
      this->ageUpDownPicker->Maximum = System::Decimal( temp0 );
      this->ageUpDownPicker->TabIndex = 4;
      this->ageUpDownPicker->Validated += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::ageUpDownPicker_Validated );
      
      // Favorite Color ComboBox
      array<Object^>^temp1 = {"None","Red","Yellow","Green","Blue","Purple"};
      this->favoriteColorComboBox->Items->AddRange( temp1 );
      this->favoriteColorComboBox->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 112, 96 );
      this->favoriteColorComboBox->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 21 );
      this->favoriteColorComboBox->TabIndex = 5;
      this->favoriteColorComboBox->Validated += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::favoriteColorComboBox_Validated );
      
      // Set up how the form should be displayed and add the controls to the form.
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 464, 150 );
      array<System::Windows::Forms::Control^>^temp2 = {this->label6,this->label5,this->label4,this->label3,this->favoriteColorComboBox,this->ageUpDownPicker,this->label2,this->label1,this->nameTextBox1};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp2 );
      this->Text = "Error Provider Example";
      
      // Create and set the ErrorProvider for each data entry control.
      nameErrorProvider = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ErrorProvider;
      nameErrorProvider->SetIconAlignment( this->nameTextBox1, ErrorIconAlignment::MiddleRight );
      nameErrorProvider->SetIconPadding( this->nameTextBox1, 2 );
      nameErrorProvider->BlinkRate = 1000;
      nameErrorProvider->BlinkStyle = System::Windows::Forms::ErrorBlinkStyle::AlwaysBlink;
      ageErrorProvider = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ErrorProvider;
      ageErrorProvider->SetIconAlignment( this->ageUpDownPicker, ErrorIconAlignment::MiddleRight );
      ageErrorProvider->SetIconPadding( this->ageUpDownPicker, 2 );
      ageErrorProvider->BlinkStyle = System::Windows::Forms::ErrorBlinkStyle::BlinkIfDifferentError;
      favoriteColorErrorProvider = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ErrorProvider;
      favoriteColorErrorProvider->SetIconAlignment( this->favoriteColorComboBox, ErrorIconAlignment::MiddleRight );
      favoriteColorErrorProvider->SetIconPadding( this->favoriteColorComboBox, 2 );
      favoriteColorErrorProvider->BlinkRate = 1000;
      favoriteColorErrorProvider->BlinkStyle = System::Windows::Forms::ErrorBlinkStyle::NeverBlink;
   }


private:

   void nameTextBox1_Validated( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      if ( IsNameValid() )
      {
         
         // Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
         nameErrorProvider->SetError( this->nameTextBox1, String.Empty );
      }
      else
      {
         
         // Set the error if the name is not valid.
         nameErrorProvider->SetError( this->nameTextBox1, "Name is required." );
      }
   }

   void ageUpDownPicker_Validated( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      if ( IsAgeTooYoung() )
      {
         
         // Set the error if the age is too young.
         ageErrorProvider->SetError( this->ageUpDownPicker, "Age not old enough" );
      }
      else
      if ( IsAgeTooOld() )
      {
         
         // Set the error if the age is too old.
         ageErrorProvider->SetError( this->ageUpDownPicker, "Age is too old" );
      }
      else
      {
         
         // Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
         ageErrorProvider->SetError( this->ageUpDownPicker, String.Empty );
      }
   }

   void favoriteColorComboBox_Validated( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      if (  !IsColorValid() )
      {
         
         // Set the error if the favorite color is not valid.
         favoriteColorErrorProvider->SetError( this->favoriteColorComboBox, "Must select a color." );
      }
      else
      {
         
         // Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
         favoriteColorErrorProvider->SetError( this->favoriteColorComboBox, String.Empty );
      }
   }


   // Functions to verify data.
   bool IsNameValid()
   {
      
      // Determine whether the text box contains a zero-length String*.
      return (nameTextBox1->Text->Length > 0);
   }

   bool IsAgeTooYoung()
   {
      
      // Determine whether the age value is less than three.
      return (ageUpDownPicker->Value < 3);
   }

   bool IsAgeTooOld()
   {
      
      // Determine whether the age value is greater than five.
      return (ageUpDownPicker->Value > 5);
   }

   bool IsColorValid()
   {
      
      // Determine whether the favorite color has a valid value.
      return ((favoriteColorComboBox->SelectedItem != 0) && ( !favoriteColorComboBox->SelectedItem->Equals( "None" )));
   }

};


[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace ErrorProvider
{
    public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label4;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label5;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label6;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label3;
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox nameTextBox1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.NumericUpDown ageUpDownPicker;
        private System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox favoriteColorComboBox;
        private System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider ageErrorProvider;
        private System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider nameErrorProvider;
        private System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider favoriteColorErrorProvider;

        [STAThread]
        static void Main() 
        {
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }

        public Form1()
        {
            this.nameTextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.ageUpDownPicker = new System.Windows.Forms.NumericUpDown();
            this.favoriteColorComboBox = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
            this.label3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label4 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label5 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label6 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();

            // Name Label
            this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(56, 32);
            this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(40, 23);
            this.label1.Text = "Name:";

            // Age Label
            this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(40, 64);
            this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(56, 23);
            this.label2.Text = "Age (3-5)";           

            // Favorite Color Label
            this.label3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 96);
            this.label3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(80, 24);
            this.label3.Text = "Favorite color";

            // ErrorBlinkStyle.AlwaysBlink Label
            this.label4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(264, 32);
            this.label4.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(160, 23);
            this.label4.Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle.AlwaysBlink";

            // ErrorBlinkStyle.BlinkIfDifferentError Label
            this.label5.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(264, 64);
            this.label5.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(200, 23);
            this.label5.Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle.BlinkIfDifferentError";

            // ErrorBlinkStyle.NeverBlink Label
            this.label6.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(264, 96);
            this.label6.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(200, 23);
            this.label6.Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle.NeverBlink";

            // Name TextBox
            this.nameTextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(112, 32);
            this.nameTextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 20);
            this.nameTextBox1.TabIndex = 0;
            this.nameTextBox1.Validated += new System.EventHandler(this.nameTextBox1_Validated);

            // Age NumericUpDown
            this.ageUpDownPicker.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(112, 64);
            this.ageUpDownPicker.Maximum = new System.Decimal(new int[] {150,0,0,0});
            this.ageUpDownPicker.TabIndex = 4;
            this.ageUpDownPicker.Validated += new System.EventHandler(this.ageUpDownPicker_Validated);

            // Favorite Color ComboBox
            this.favoriteColorComboBox.Items.AddRange(new object[] {"None","Red","Yellow",
                                                                    "Green","Blue","Purple"});
            this.favoriteColorComboBox.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(112, 96);
            this.favoriteColorComboBox.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 21);
            this.favoriteColorComboBox.TabIndex = 5;
            this.favoriteColorComboBox.Validated += new System.EventHandler(this.favoriteColorComboBox_Validated);

            // Set up how the form should be displayed and add the controls to the form.
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(464, 150);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
                                        this.label6,this.label5,this.label4,this.label3,
                                        this.favoriteColorComboBox,this.ageUpDownPicker,
                                        this.label2,this.label1,this.nameTextBox1});
            this.Text = "Error Provider Example";

            // Create and set the ErrorProvider for each data entry control.

            nameErrorProvider = new  System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider();
            nameErrorProvider.SetIconAlignment (this.nameTextBox1, ErrorIconAlignment.MiddleRight);
            nameErrorProvider.SetIconPadding (this.nameTextBox1, 2);
            nameErrorProvider.BlinkRate = 1000;
            nameErrorProvider.BlinkStyle = System.Windows.Forms.ErrorBlinkStyle.AlwaysBlink;

            ageErrorProvider = new  System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider();
            ageErrorProvider.SetIconAlignment (this.ageUpDownPicker, ErrorIconAlignment.MiddleRight);
            ageErrorProvider.SetIconPadding (this.ageUpDownPicker, 2);
            ageErrorProvider.BlinkStyle = System.Windows.Forms.ErrorBlinkStyle.BlinkIfDifferentError;

            favoriteColorErrorProvider = new  System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider();
            favoriteColorErrorProvider.SetIconAlignment (this.favoriteColorComboBox, ErrorIconAlignment.MiddleRight);
            favoriteColorErrorProvider.SetIconPadding (this.favoriteColorComboBox, 2);
            favoriteColorErrorProvider.BlinkRate = 1000;
            favoriteColorErrorProvider.BlinkStyle = System.Windows.Forms.ErrorBlinkStyle.NeverBlink;
        }
    
        private void nameTextBox1_Validated(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            if(IsNameValid())
            {
                // Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
                nameErrorProvider.SetError(this.nameTextBox1, String.Empty);
            }
            else
            {
                // Set the error if the name is not valid.
                nameErrorProvider.SetError(this.nameTextBox1, "Name is required.");
            }
        }

        private void ageUpDownPicker_Validated(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            if (IsAgeTooYoung())
            {
                // Set the error if the age is too young.
                ageErrorProvider.SetError(this.ageUpDownPicker, "Age not old enough");
            }
            else if (IsAgeTooOld())
            {
                // Set the error if the age is too old.
                ageErrorProvider.SetError(this.ageUpDownPicker, "Age is too old");
            }
            else 
            {
                // Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
                ageErrorProvider.SetError(this.ageUpDownPicker, String.Empty);
            }
        }

        private void favoriteColorComboBox_Validated(object sender, System.EventArgs e) 
        {
            if (!IsColorValid())
            {
                // Set the error if the favorite color is not valid.
                favoriteColorErrorProvider.SetError(this.favoriteColorComboBox, "Must select a color.");
            }
            else
            {
                // Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
                favoriteColorErrorProvider.SetError(this.favoriteColorComboBox, String.Empty);
            }
        }

        // Functions to verify data.
        private bool IsNameValid() 
        {
            // Determine whether the text box contains a zero-length string.
            return (nameTextBox1.Text.Length > 0);
        }

        private bool IsAgeTooYoung() 
        {
            // Determine whether the age value is less than three.
            return (ageUpDownPicker.Value < 3);
        }

        private bool IsAgeTooOld() 
        {
            // Determine whether the age value is greater than five.
            return (ageUpDownPicker.Value > 5 );
        }

        private bool IsColorValid() 
        {
            // Determine whether the favorite color has a valid value.
            return ((favoriteColorComboBox.SelectedItem != null) &&
                (!favoriteColorComboBox.SelectedItem.ToString().Equals("None")));
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Namespace ErrorProvider

    Public NotInheritable Class Form1
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
    
        Private label1 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Private label2 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Private label3 As System.Windows.Forms.Label      
        Private label4 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Private label5 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Private label6 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Friend WithEvents favoriteColorComboBox As System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox 
        Friend WithEvents nameTextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox 
        Friend WithEvents ageUpDownPicker As System.Windows.Forms.NumericUpDown      
        Private ageErrorProvider As System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider 
        Private nameErrorProvider As System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider 
        Private favoriteColorErrorProvider As System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider
        
        <System.STAThread()>  _
        Public Shared Sub Main()
            System.Windows.Forms.Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub 'Main

        Public Sub New()
            
            Me.nameTextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox()
            Me.label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
            Me.label2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
            Me.ageUpDownPicker = New System.Windows.Forms.NumericUpDown()
            Me.favoriteColorComboBox = New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox()
            Me.label3 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
            Me.label4 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
            Me.label5 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
            Me.label6 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()

            ' Name Label
            Me.label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(56, 32)
            Me.label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(40, 23)
            Me.label1.Text = "Name:"

            ' Age Label
            Me.label2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(40, 64)
            Me.label2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(56, 23)
            Me.label2.Text = "Age (3-5)"

            ' Favorite Color Label
            Me.label3.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(24, 96)
            Me.label3.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(80, 24)
            Me.label3.Text = "Favorite color"

            ' ErrorBlinkStyle.AlwaysBlink Label
            Me.label4.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(264, 32)
            Me.label4.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(160, 23)
            Me.label4.Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle.AlwaysBlink"

            ' ErrorBlinkStyle.BlinkIfDifferentError Label
            Me.label5.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(264, 64)
            Me.label5.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(200, 23)
            Me.label5.Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle.BlinkIfDifferentError"

            ' ErrorBlinkStyle.NeverBlink Label
            Me.label6.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(264, 96)
            Me.label6.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(200, 23)
            Me.label6.Text = "ErrorBlinkStyle.NeverBlink"

            ' Name TextBox
            Me.nameTextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(112, 32)
            Me.nameTextBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 20)
            Me.nameTextBox1.TabIndex = 0

            ' Age NumericUpDown
            Me.ageUpDownPicker.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(112, 64)
            Me.ageUpDownPicker.Maximum = New System.Decimal(New Integer() {150, 0, 0, 0})
            Me.ageUpDownPicker.TabIndex = 4

            ' Favorite Color ComboBox
            Me.favoriteColorComboBox.Items.AddRange(New Object() {"None", "Red", "Yellow", _
                                                                                    "Green", "Blue", "Purple"})
            Me.favoriteColorComboBox.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(112, 96)
            Me.favoriteColorComboBox.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 21)
            Me.favoriteColorComboBox.TabIndex = 5

            ' Set up how the form should be displayed and add the controls to the form.
            Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(464, 150)
            Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.label6, Me.label5, Me.label4, _
                                          Me.label3, Me.favoriteColorComboBox, Me.ageUpDownPicker, Me.label2, _
                                          Me.label1, Me.nameTextBox1})

            Me.Text = "Error Provider Example"

            ' Create and set the ErrorProvider for each data entry control.
     
            nameErrorProvider = New System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider()
            nameErrorProvider.SetIconAlignment(Me.nameTextBox1, ErrorIconAlignment.MiddleRight)
            nameErrorProvider.SetIconPadding(Me.nameTextBox1, 2)
            nameErrorProvider.BlinkRate = 1000
            nameErrorProvider.BlinkStyle = System.Windows.Forms.ErrorBlinkStyle.AlwaysBlink
            
            ageErrorProvider = New System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider()
            ageErrorProvider.SetIconAlignment(Me.ageUpDownPicker, ErrorIconAlignment.MiddleRight)
            ageErrorProvider.SetIconPadding(Me.ageUpDownPicker, 2)
            ageErrorProvider.BlinkStyle = System.Windows.Forms.ErrorBlinkStyle.BlinkIfDifferentError
            
            favoriteColorErrorProvider = New System.Windows.Forms.ErrorProvider()
            favoriteColorErrorProvider.SetIconAlignment(Me.favoriteColorComboBox, ErrorIconAlignment.MiddleRight)
            favoriteColorErrorProvider.SetIconPadding(Me.favoriteColorComboBox, 2)
            favoriteColorErrorProvider.BlinkRate = 1000
            favoriteColorErrorProvider.BlinkStyle = System.Windows.Forms.ErrorBlinkStyle.NeverBlink
        End Sub 'New
 
        Private Sub nameTextBox1_Validated(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs) Handles nameTextBox1.Validated
            If IsNameValid() Then
                ' Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
                nameErrorProvider.SetError(Me.nameTextBox1, String.Empty)
            Else
                ' Set the error if the name is not valid.
                nameErrorProvider.SetError(Me.nameTextBox1, "Name is required.")
            End If 
        End Sub 
              
        Private Sub ageUpDownPicker_Validated(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs) Handles ageUpDownPicker.Validated
            If IsAgeTooYoung() Then
                ' Set the error if the age is too young.
                ageErrorProvider.SetError(Me.ageUpDownPicker, "Age not old enough")
            ElseIf IsAgeTooOld() Then
                ' Set the error if the age is too old.
                ageErrorProvider.SetError(Me.ageUpDownPicker, "Age is too old")
            Else
                ' Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
                ageErrorProvider.SetError(Me.ageUpDownPicker, String.Empty)
            End If
        End Sub
         
        Private Sub favoriteColorComboBox_Validated(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs) Handles favoriteColorComboBox.Validated
            If Not IsColorValid() Then
                ' Set the error if the favorite color is not valid.
                favoriteColorErrorProvider.SetError(Me.favoriteColorComboBox, "Must select a color.")            
            Else
                ' Clear the error, if any, in the error provider.
                favoriteColorErrorProvider.SetError(Me.favoriteColorComboBox, String.Empty)
            End If
        End Sub 

        ' Functions to verify data.
        Private Function IsNameValid() As Boolean
            ' Determine whether the text box contains a zero-length string.
            Return nameTextBox1.Text.Length > 0
        End Function 

        Private Function IsAgeTooYoung() As Boolean
            ' Determine whether the age value is less than three.
            Return ageUpDownPicker.Value < 3
        End Function 
        
        
        Private Function IsAgeTooOld() As Boolean
            ' Determine whether the age value is greater than five.
            Return ageUpDownPicker.Value > 5
        End Function 
                
        Private Function IsColorValid() As Boolean
            ' Determine whether the favorite color has a valid value.
            If (favoriteColorComboBox.SelectedItem IsNot Nothing) Then
                    If Not(favoriteColorComboBox.SelectedItem.ToString().Equals("None")) Then
                        Return true 
                    End If
            End If
            Return false
        End Function 

    End Class 'Form1
End Namespace 'ErrorProvider 

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird gezeigt, wie die ErrorProvider mit einem DataSource und DataMember verwendet wird, um einen Datenfehler für den Benutzer anzugeben.The following code example shows how to use the ErrorProvider with a DataSource and DataMember to indicate a data error to the user.

private:
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      
      // Standard control setup.
      //....
      // You set the DataSource to a data set, and the DataMember to a table.
      errorProvider1->DataSource = dataSet1;
      errorProvider1->DataMember = dataTable1->TableName;
      errorProvider1->ContainerControl = this;
      errorProvider1->BlinkRate = 200;
      
      //...
      // Since the ErrorProvider control does not have a visible component,
      // it does not need to be added to the form. 
   }


private:
   void buttonSave_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // Checks for a bad post code.
      DataTable^ CustomersTable;
      CustomersTable = dataSet1->Tables[ "Customers" ];
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = (CustomersTable->Rows)->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         DataRow^ row = safe_cast<DataRow^>(myEnum->Current);
         if ( Convert::ToBoolean( row[ "PostalCodeIsNull" ] ) )
         {
            row->RowError = "The Customer details contain errors";
            row->SetColumnError( "PostalCode", "Postal Code required" );
         }
      }
   }
private void InitializeComponent()
 {
     // Standard control setup.
     //....
     // You set the DataSource to a data set, and the DataMember to a table.
     errorProvider1.DataSource = dataSet1 ;
     errorProvider1.DataMember = dataTable1.TableName ;
     errorProvider1.ContainerControl = this ;
     errorProvider1.BlinkRate = 200 ;
     //...
     // Since the ErrorProvider control does not have a visible component,
     // it does not need to be added to the form. 
 }
 
 private void buttonSave_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
 {
     // Checks for a bad post code.
     DataTable CustomersTable;
     CustomersTable = dataSet1.Tables["Customers"];
     foreach (DataRow row in (CustomersTable.Rows)) 
	 {
         if (Convert.ToBoolean(row["PostalCodeIsNull"])) 
         {
             row.RowError="The Customer details contain errors";
             row.SetColumnError("PostalCode", "Postal Code required");
         } 
     } 
 }

Private Sub InitializeComponent()
    ' Standard control setup.
    '....                  
    ' You set the DataSource to a data set, and the DataMember to a table.
    errorProvider1.DataSource = dataSet1
    errorProvider1.DataMember = dataTable1.TableName
    errorProvider1.ContainerControl = Me
    errorProvider1.BlinkRate = 200
End Sub 'InitializeComponent
 '...
' Since the ErrorProvider control does not have a visible component,
' it does not need to be added to the form. 

Private Sub buttonSave_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
    ' Checks for a bad post code.
    Dim CustomersTable As DataTable
    CustomersTable = dataSet1.Tables("Customers")
    Dim row As DataRow
    For Each row In CustomersTable.Rows
        If Convert.ToBoolean(row("PostalCodeIsNull")) Then
            row.RowError = "The Customer details contain errors"
            row.SetColumnError("PostalCode", "Postal Code required")
        End If
    Next row
End Sub 'buttonSave_Click

Hinweise

ErrorProviderstellt einen einfachen Mechanismus dar, mit dem der Endbenutzer darauf hinweist, dass einem Steuerelement in einem Formular ein Fehler zugeordnet ist.ErrorProvider presents a simple mechanism for indicating to the end user that a control on a form has an error associated with it. Wenn eine Fehlerbeschreibungs-Zeichenfolge für das-Steuerelement angegeben wird, wird neben dem-Steuerelement ein Symbol angezeigt.If an error description string is specified for the control, an icon appears next to the control. Das Symbol blinkt in der durch angegebenen BlinkStyleWeise mit der durch BlinkRateangegebenen Rate.The icon flashes in the manner specified by BlinkStyle, at the rate specified by BlinkRate. Wenn mit dem Mauszeiger auf das Symbol gezeigt wird, wird eine QuickInfo mit der Zeichenfolge "Fehlerbeschreibung" angezeigt.When the mouse hovers over the icon, a ToolTip appears showing the error description string.

In der Regel verwenden ErrorProvider Sie in Zuordnung zu Daten gebundenen Steuerelementen.Typically, you use ErrorProvider in association with data-bound controls. Wenn Sie ErrorProvider mit Daten gebundenen Steuerelementen verwenden, müssen Sie entweder ContainerControlim Konstruktor oder durch Festlegen der ContainerControl -Eigenschaft angeben.When using ErrorProvider with data-bound controls, you must specify the ContainerControl, either in the constructor or by setting the ContainerControl property.

Hinweis

Die ErrorProvider Komponente bietet keine integrierte Unterstützung für Barrierefreiheits Clients.The ErrorProvider component does not provide built-in support for accessibility clients. Um auf die Anwendung zugreifen zu können, wenn Sie diese Komponente verwenden, müssen Sie einen zusätzlichen, zugänglichen Feedback Mechanismus bereitstellen.To make your application accessible when using this component, you must provide an additional, accessible feedback mechanism.

Konstruktoren

ErrorProvider() ErrorProvider() ErrorProvider() ErrorProvider()

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der ErrorProvider-Klasse und die Standardeinstellungen für die BlinkRate, BlinkStyle und das Icon.Initializes a new instance of the ErrorProvider class and initializes the default settings for BlinkRate, BlinkStyle, and the Icon.

ErrorProvider(ContainerControl) ErrorProvider(ContainerControl) ErrorProvider(ContainerControl) ErrorProvider(ContainerControl)

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der ErrorProvider-Klasse, die einem Container angefügt ist.Initializes a new instance of the ErrorProvider class attached to a container.

ErrorProvider(IContainer) ErrorProvider(IContainer) ErrorProvider(IContainer) ErrorProvider(IContainer)

Initialisiert eine neue Instanz der ErrorProvider-Klasse, die einer IContainer-Implementierung angefügt ist.Initializes a new instance of the ErrorProvider class attached to an IContainer implementation.

Eigenschaften

BlinkRate BlinkRate BlinkRate BlinkRate

Ruft die Frequenz ab, in der das Fehlersymbol blinkt, oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets the rate at which the error icon flashes.

BlinkStyle BlinkStyle BlinkStyle BlinkStyle

Ruft einen Wert ab, der angibt, wann das Fehlersymbol blinkt, oder legt diesen fest.Gets or sets a value indicating when the error icon flashes.

CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents

Ruft einen Wert ab, der angibt, ob die Komponente ein Ereignis auslösen kann.Gets a value indicating whether the component can raise an event.

(Inherited from Component)
Container Container Container Container

Ruft den IContainer ab, der die Component enthält.Gets the IContainer that contains the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
ContainerControl ContainerControl ContainerControl ContainerControl

Ruft einen Wert ab, der das übergeordnete Steuerelement für diesen ErrorProvider angibt, oder legt diesen fest.Gets or sets a value indicating the parent control for this ErrorProvider.

DataMember DataMember DataMember DataMember

Ruft die zu überwachende Liste in einer Datenquelle ab oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets the list within a data source to monitor.

DataSource DataSource DataSource DataSource

Ruft die Datenquelle ab, die der ErrorProvider überwacht, oder legt diese fest.Gets or sets the data source that the ErrorProvider monitors.

DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode

Ruft einen Wert ab, der angibt, ob sich Component gegenwärtig im Entwurfsmodus befindet.Gets a value that indicates whether the Component is currently in design mode.

(Inherited from Component)
Events Events Events Events

Ruft die Liste der Ereignishandler ab, die dieser Component angefügt sind.Gets the list of event handlers that are attached to this Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Icon Icon Icon Icon

Ruft das Icon ab, das neben einem Steuerelement angezeigt wird, wenn für das Steuerelement eine Zeichenfolge zur Fehlerbeschreibung festgelegt wurde, oder legt dieses fest.Gets or sets the Icon that is displayed next to a control when an error description string has been set for the control.

RightToLeft RightToLeft RightToLeft RightToLeft

Ruft einen Wert ab, der angibt, ob die Komponente in einem Gebietsschema verwendet wird, das von rechts nach links geschriebene Schriftarten unterstützt.Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the component is used in a locale that supports right-to-left fonts.

Site Site Site Site

Ruft den ISite von Component ab oder legt ihn fest.Gets or sets the ISite of the Component.

Tag Tag Tag Tag

Ruft ein Objekt ab, das Daten über die Komponente enthält, oder legt dieses fest.Gets or sets an object that contains data about the component.

Methoden

BindToDataAndErrors(Object, String) BindToDataAndErrors(Object, String) BindToDataAndErrors(Object, String) BindToDataAndErrors(Object, String)

Stellt eine Methode für das Festlegen der DataSource und des DataMember zur Laufzeit bereit.Provides a method to set both the DataSource and DataMember at run time.

CanExtend(Object) CanExtend(Object) CanExtend(Object) CanExtend(Object)

Ruft einen Wert ab, der angibt, ob ein Steuerelement erweitert werden kann.Gets a value indicating whether a control can be extended.

Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

Löscht alle dieser Komponente zugeordneten Einstellungen.Clears all settings associated with this component.

CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type)

Erstellt ein Objekt mit allen relevanten Informationen, die zum Generieren eines Proxys für die Kommunikation mit einem Remoteobjekt erforderlich sind.Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Gibt alle vom Component verwendeten Ressourcen frei.Releases all resources used by the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

Gibt die von Component verwendeten nicht verwalteten Ressourcen und optional die verwalteten Ressourcen frei.Releases the unmanaged resources used by the Component and optionally releases the managed resources.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Bestimmt, ob das angegebene Objekt mit dem aktuellen Objekt identisch ist.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetError(Control) GetError(Control) GetError(Control) GetError(Control)

Gibt die aktuelle Zeichenfolge zur Fehlerbeschreibung für das angegebene Steuerelement zurück.Returns the current error description string for the specified control.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Fungiert als Standardhashfunktion.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetIconAlignment(Control) GetIconAlignment(Control) GetIconAlignment(Control) GetIconAlignment(Control)

Ruft einen Wert ab, der angibt, an welcher Position das Fehlersymbol relativ zum Steuerelement platziert werden soll.Gets a value indicating where the error icon should be placed in relation to the control.

GetIconPadding(Control) GetIconPadding(Control) GetIconPadding(Control) GetIconPadding(Control)

Gibt den zusätzlichen Zwischenraum zurück, der neben dem Fehlersymbol eingefügt wird.Returns the amount of extra space to leave next to the error icon.

GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService()

Ruft das aktuelle Lebensdauerdienstobjekt ab, das die Lebensdauerrichtlinien für diese Instanz steuert.Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type)

Gibt ein Objekt zurück, das einen von der Component oder von deren Container bereitgestellten Dienst darstellt.Returns an object that represents a service provided by the Component or by its Container.

(Inherited from Component)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Ruft den Type der aktuellen Instanz ab.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService()

Ruft ein Lebensdauerdienstobjekt zur Steuerung der Lebensdauerrichtlinie für diese Instanz ab.Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Erstellt eine flache Kopie des aktuellen Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Erstellt eine flache Kopie des aktuellen MarshalByRefObject-Objekts.Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
OnRightToLeftChanged(EventArgs) OnRightToLeftChanged(EventArgs) OnRightToLeftChanged(EventArgs) OnRightToLeftChanged(EventArgs)

Löst das RightToLeftChanged-Ereignis aus.Raises the RightToLeftChanged event.

SetError(Control, String) SetError(Control, String) SetError(Control, String) SetError(Control, String)

Legt die Zeichenfolge zur Fehlerbeschreibung für das angegebene Steuerelement fest.Sets the error description string for the specified control.

SetIconAlignment(Control, ErrorIconAlignment) SetIconAlignment(Control, ErrorIconAlignment) SetIconAlignment(Control, ErrorIconAlignment) SetIconAlignment(Control, ErrorIconAlignment)

Legt die Position fest, an der das Fehlersymbol relativ zum Steuerelement platziert werden soll.Sets the location where the error icon should be placed in relation to the control.

SetIconPadding(Control, Int32) SetIconPadding(Control, Int32) SetIconPadding(Control, Int32) SetIconPadding(Control, Int32)

Legt den zusätzlichen Leerraum zwischen dem angegebenen Steuerelement und dem Fehlersymbol fest.Sets the amount of extra space to leave between the specified control and the error icon.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Gibt einen String zurück, der den Namen der Component enthält (sofern vorhanden).Returns a String containing the name of the Component, if any. Diese Methode darf nicht überschrieben werden.This method should not be overridden.

(Inherited from Component)
UpdateBinding() UpdateBinding() UpdateBinding() UpdateBinding()

Stellt eine Methode zum Aktualisieren der Bindungen der DataSource, des DataMember und des Fehlertextes bereit.Provides a method to update the bindings of the DataSource, DataMember, and the error text.

Ereignisse

Disposed Disposed Disposed Disposed

Tritt ein, wenn die Komponente durch einen Aufruf der Dispose()-Methode freigegeben wird.Occurs when the component is disposed by a call to the Dispose() method.

(Inherited from Component)
RightToLeftChanged RightToLeftChanged RightToLeftChanged RightToLeftChanged

Tritt ein, wenn sich der Wert der RightToLeft-Eigenschaft ändert.Occurs when the RightToLeft property changes value.

Explizite Schnittstellenimplementierungen

ISupportInitialize.BeginInit() ISupportInitialize.BeginInit() ISupportInitialize.BeginInit() ISupportInitialize.BeginInit()

Signalisiert dem Objekt den Start der Initialisierung.Signals the object that initialization is starting.

ISupportInitialize.EndInit() ISupportInitialize.EndInit() ISupportInitialize.EndInit() ISupportInitialize.EndInit()

Signalisiert dem Objekt den Abschluss der Initialisierung.Signals the object that initialization is complete.

Gilt für: