TreeView.CheckBoxes Eigenschaft

Definition

Ruft einen Wert ab, der angibt, ob neben den Strukturknoten im Strukturansicht-Steuerelement Kontrollkästchen angezeigt werden, oder legt diesen fest.Gets or sets a value indicating whether check boxes are displayed next to the tree nodes in the tree view control.

public:
 property bool CheckBoxes { bool get(); void set(bool value); };
public bool CheckBoxes { get; set; }
member this.CheckBoxes : bool with get, set
Public Property CheckBoxes As Boolean

Eigenschaftswert

true, wenn neben jedem Strukturknoten im Strukturansicht-Steuerelement ein Kontrollkästchen angezeigt wird, andernfalls false.true if a check box is displayed next to each tree node in the tree view control; otherwise, false. Die Standardeinstellung ist false.The default is false.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie der Reduzierungs Zustand einer TreeView geändert wird, sodass alle aktivierten Knoten sichtbar sind.The following code example demonstrates how to change the collapse state of a TreeView so that all the checked nodes are visible. Zuerst werden alle Knoten reduziert, und es wird ein Handler für das BeforeExpand-Ereignis hinzugefügt.First, all the nodes are collapsed, and a handler is added for the BeforeExpand event. Anschließend werden alle Knoten erweitert.Next, all the nodes are expanded. Der BeforeExpand-Ereignishandler bestimmt, ob ein bestimmter Knoten über untergeordnete Knoten verfügt, die überprüft werden.The BeforeExpand event handler determines whether a given node has child nodes that are checked. Wenn ein Knoten nicht überprüfte untergeordnete Elemente verfügt, wird die Erweiterung für diesen Knoten abgebrochen.If a node does not have checked children, the expansion is canceled for that node. Um die Standard Knoten Erweiterung zu ermöglichen, wenn auf das Pluszeichen neben einem Knoten geklickt wird, wird der BeforeExpand-Ereignishandler entfernt.In order to allow standard node expansion when the plus sign next to a node is clicked, the BeforeExpand event handler is then removed.

Dieses Verhalten kann auch implementiert werden, indem das BeforeCollapse-Ereignis behandelt wird, wie im Beispiel für dieses Thema veranschaulicht.This behavior can also be implemented by handling the BeforeCollapse event, as illustrated in the example for that topic.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
public ref class Form1: public Form
{
private:
   TreeView^ treeView1;
   Button^ showCheckedNodesButton;
   TreeViewCancelEventHandler^ checkForCheckedChildren;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      treeView1 = gcnew TreeView;
      showCheckedNodesButton = gcnew Button;
      checkForCheckedChildren = gcnew TreeViewCancelEventHandler( this, &Form1::CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler );
      this->SuspendLayout();
      
      // Initialize treeView1.
      treeView1->Location = Point(0,25);
      treeView1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 248 );
      treeView1->Anchor = static_cast<AnchorStyles>(AnchorStyles::Top | AnchorStyles::Left | AnchorStyles::Bottom | AnchorStyles::Right);
      treeView1->CheckBoxes = true;
      
      // Add nodes to treeView1.
      TreeNode^ node;
      for ( int x = 0; x < 3; ++x )
      {
         
         // Add a root node.
         node = treeView1->Nodes->Add( String::Format( "Node{0}", x * 4 ) );
         for ( int y = 1; y < 4; ++y )
         {
            
            // Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
            node = node->Nodes->Add( String::Format( "Node{0}", x * 4 + y ) );

         }
      }
      
      // Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
      // demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
      treeView1->Nodes[ 1 ]->Nodes[ 0 ]->Nodes[ 0 ]->Checked = true;
      
      // Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
      showCheckedNodesButton->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 144, 24 );
      showCheckedNodesButton->Text = "Show Checked Nodes";
      showCheckedNodesButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &Form1::showCheckedNodesButton_Click );
      
      // Initialize the form.
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 273 );
      array<Control^>^temp0 = {showCheckedNodesButton,treeView1};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp0 );
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

private:
   void showCheckedNodesButton_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      // Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
      // while changes are made.
      treeView1->BeginUpdate();
      
      // Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
      treeView1->CollapseAll();
      
      // Add the checkForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
      treeView1->BeforeExpand += checkForCheckedChildren;
      
      // Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
      // prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
      treeView1->ExpandAll();
      
      // Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
      // event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
      treeView1->BeforeExpand -= checkForCheckedChildren;
      
      // Enable redrawing of treeView1.
      treeView1->EndUpdate();
   }

   // Prevent expansion of a node that does not have any checked child nodes.
   void CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler( Object^ /*sender*/, TreeViewCancelEventArgs^ e )
   {
      if (  !HasCheckedChildNodes( e->Node ) )
            e->Cancel = true;
   }


   // Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
   // TreeNode has checked child nodes.
   bool HasCheckedChildNodes( TreeNode^ node )
   {
      if ( node->Nodes->Count == 0 )
            return false;

      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = node->Nodes->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         TreeNode^ childNode = safe_cast<TreeNode^>(myEnum->Current);
         if ( childNode->Checked )
                  return true;

         // Recursively check the children of the current child node.
         if ( HasCheckedChildNodes( childNode ) )
                  return true;
      }

      return false;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1 : Form
{
    private TreeView treeView1;
    private Button showCheckedNodesButton;
    private TreeViewCancelEventHandler checkForCheckedChildren;

    public Form1()
    {
        treeView1 = new TreeView();
        showCheckedNodesButton = new Button();
        checkForCheckedChildren = 
            new TreeViewCancelEventHandler(CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler);

        this.SuspendLayout();

        // Initialize treeView1.
        treeView1.Location = new Point(0, 25);
        treeView1.Size = new Size(292, 248);
        treeView1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top | AnchorStyles.Left | 
            AnchorStyles.Bottom | AnchorStyles.Right;
        treeView1.CheckBoxes = true;

        // Add nodes to treeView1.
        TreeNode node;
        for (int x = 0; x < 3; ++x)
        {
            // Add a root node.
            node = treeView1.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x*4));
            for (int y = 1; y < 4; ++y)
            {
                // Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
                node = node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x*4 + y));
            }
        }

        // Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
        // demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
        treeView1.Nodes[1].Nodes[0].Nodes[0].Checked = true;

        // Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
        showCheckedNodesButton.Size = new Size(144, 24);
        showCheckedNodesButton.Text = "Show Checked Nodes";
        showCheckedNodesButton.Click += 
            new EventHandler(showCheckedNodesButton_Click);

        // Initialize the form.
        this.ClientSize = new Size(292, 273);
        this.Controls.AddRange(new Control[] 
            { showCheckedNodesButton, treeView1 } );

        this.ResumeLayout(false);
    }

    [STAThreadAttribute()]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    private void showCheckedNodesButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
        // while changes are made.
        treeView1.BeginUpdate();

        // Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
        treeView1.CollapseAll();

        // Add the checkForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
        treeView1.BeforeExpand += checkForCheckedChildren;

        // Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
        // prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
        treeView1.ExpandAll();

        // Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
        // event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
        treeView1.BeforeExpand -= checkForCheckedChildren;

        // Enable redrawing of treeView1.
        treeView1.EndUpdate();
    }

    // Prevent expansion of a node that does not have any checked child nodes.
    private void CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler(object sender, 
        TreeViewCancelEventArgs e)
    {
        if (!HasCheckedChildNodes(e.Node)) e.Cancel = true;
    }

    // Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
    // TreeNode has checked child nodes.
    private bool HasCheckedChildNodes(TreeNode node)
    {
        if (node.Nodes.Count == 0) return false;
        foreach (TreeNode childNode in node.Nodes)
        {
            if (childNode.Checked) return true;
            // Recursively check the children of the current child node.
            if (HasCheckedChildNodes(childNode)) return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits Form
    Private treeView1 As TreeView
    Private showCheckedNodesButton As Button

    Public Sub New()
        treeView1 = New TreeView
        showCheckedNodesButton = New Button

        Me.SuspendLayout()

        ' Initialize treeView1.
        treeView1.Location = New Point(0, 25)
        treeView1.Size = New Size(292, 248)
        treeView1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top Or AnchorStyles.Left Or AnchorStyles.Bottom Or AnchorStyles.Right
        treeView1.CheckBoxes = True

        ' Add nodes to treeView1.
        Dim node As TreeNode
        Dim x As Integer
        For x = 0 To 3
            ' Add a root node.
            node = treeView1.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x * 4))
            Dim y As Integer
            For y = 1 To 4
                ' Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
                node = node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x * 4 + y))
            Next y
        Next x

        ' Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
        ' demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
        treeView1.Nodes(1).Nodes(0).Nodes(0).Checked = True

        ' Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
        showCheckedNodesButton.Size = New Size(144, 24)
        showCheckedNodesButton.Text = "Show Checked Nodes"
        AddHandler showCheckedNodesButton.Click, AddressOf showCheckedNodesButton_Click

        ' Initialize the form.
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(292, 273)
        Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {showCheckedNodesButton, treeView1})

        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    <STAThreadAttribute()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub

    Private Sub showCheckedNodesButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
        ' while changes are made.
        treeView1.BeginUpdate()

        ' Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
        treeView1.CollapseAll()

        ' Add the CheckForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
        AddHandler treeView1.BeforeExpand, AddressOf CheckForCheckedChildren

        ' Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
        ' prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
        treeView1.ExpandAll()

        ' Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
        ' event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
        RemoveHandler treeView1.BeforeExpand, AddressOf CheckForCheckedChildren

        ' Enable redrawing of treeView1.
        treeView1.EndUpdate()
    End Sub

    ' Prevent expansion of a node that does not have any checked child nodes.
    Private Sub CheckForCheckedChildren(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As TreeViewCancelEventArgs)
        If Not HasCheckedChildNodes(e.Node) Then
            e.Cancel = True
        End If
    End Sub

    ' Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
    ' TreeNode has checked child nodes.
    Private Function HasCheckedChildNodes(ByVal node As TreeNode) As Boolean
        If node.Nodes.Count = 0 Then
            Return False
        End If
        Dim childNode As TreeNode
        For Each childNode In node.Nodes
            If childNode.Checked Then
                Return True
            End If
            ' Recursively check the children of the current child node.
            If HasCheckedChildNodes(childNode) Then
                Return True
            End If
        Next childNode
        Return False
    End Function 'HasCheckedChildNodes

End Class

Hinweise

Auf der linken Seite der Struktur Knoten Bezeichnung und des Struktur Knotens wird Image (sofern vorhanden) ein Kontrollkästchen angezeigt.A check box is displayed to the left of both the tree node label and tree node Image, if any. Mit Kontrollkästchen kann der Benutzer mehr als einen Struktur Knoten gleichzeitig auswählen.Check boxes allow the user to select more than one tree node at a time.

Wenn die CheckBoxes-Eigenschaft einer TreeView auf true festgelegt ist und die StateImageList-Eigenschaft festgelegt ist, zeigt jede TreeNode, die im TreeView enthalten ist, das erste und zweite Bild von StateImageList an, um einen nicht aktivierten oder aktivierten Zustand anzugeben. bzw.When the CheckBoxes property of a TreeView is set to true, and the StateImageList property is set, each TreeNode that is contained in the TreeView displays the first and second images from the StateImageList to indicate an unchecked or checked state, respectively. Die angezeigten Bilder können sich jedoch unterscheiden, wenn Folgendes zutrifft: Wenn die SelectedImageIndex des Knotens auf einen anderen Wert als 0 oder 1 festgelegt ist und die CheckBoxes-Eigenschaft des übergeordneten TreeView auf false festgelegt ist, wird die SelectedImageIndex nicht automatisch auf-1 zurückgesetzt, um anzugeben, dass Sie nicht festgelegt ist.However, the displayed images may be different if the following situation occurs: If the SelectedImageIndex of the node is set to a value other than 0 or 1, and the CheckBoxes property of the parent TreeView is set to false, the SelectedImageIndex will not automatically reset to -1 to indicate it is not set. In diesem Fall wird das Zustands Bild an der angegebenen Indexposition angezeigt.In this case, the state image at the indicated index position is shown. Wenn CheckBoxes erneut auf true festgelegt ist, werden das erste und zweite Bild der StateImageList angezeigt, um einen aktivierten bzw. nicht aktivierten Status anzugeben.If CheckBoxes is set to true again, the first and second images of the StateImageList are shown to indicate a checked or unchecked state, respectively.

Hinweis

Wenn die CheckBoxes-Eigenschaft zur Laufzeit festgelegt wird, wird das TreeView-Handle neu erstellt (siehe Control.RecreateHandle), um die Darstellung des Steuer Elements zu aktualisieren.When setting the CheckBoxes property at run time, the TreeView handle is recreated (see Control.RecreateHandle) to update the control's appearance. Dies bewirkt, dass alle Struktur Knoten reduziert werden, mit Ausnahme der ausgewählten TreeNode.This causes all tree nodes to be collapsed, with the exception of the selected TreeNode.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch