Frame-Stile und -VorlagenFrame Styles and Templates

In diesem Thema werden die Stile und Vorlagen für das Frame-Steuerelement beschrieben.This topic describes the styles and templates for the Frame control. Sie können die Standard ControlTemplate ändern, um dem Steuerelement eine eindeutige Darstellung zu verschaffen.You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Anpassen der Darstellung eines vorhandenen Steuerelements durch Erstellen einer ControlTemplate.For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

Frame TeileFrame Parts

In der folgenden Tabelle sind die benannten Teile für das Frame-Steuerelement aufgelistet.The following table lists the named parts for the Frame control.

SegmentPart Geben Sie Folgendes ein:Type BeschreibungDescription
PART_FrameCPPART_FrameCP ContentPresenter Der Inhalts Bereich.The content area.

Frame ZuständeFrame States

In der folgenden Tabelle werden die visuellen Zustände für das Frame-Steuerelement aufgelistet.The following table lists the visual states for the Frame control.

VisualState-NameVisualState Name VisualStateGroup-NameVisualStateGroup Name BeschreibungDescription
GültigValid ValidationStatesValidationStates Das-Steuerelement verwendet die Validation-Klasse, und die HasError angefügte-Eigenschaft ist false.The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates Die HasError angefügte Eigenschaft ist true hat, dass das Steuerelement den Fokus besitzt.The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates Die HasError angefügte Eigenschaft ist true, wenn das Steuerelement keinen Fokus hat.The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

Frame ControlTemplate-BeispielFrame ControlTemplate Example

Im folgenden Beispiel wird gezeigt, wie ein ControlTemplate für das Frame-Steuerelement definiert wird.The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the Frame control.


<!-- Back/Forward Button Style -->

<Style x:Key="FrameButtonStyle"
       TargetType="{x:Type Button}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Command"
          Value="NavigationCommands.BrowseBack" />
  <Setter Property="Focusable"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Button}">
        <Grid>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                      (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlMouseOverColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Pressed">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                      (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlPressedColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                      (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource DisabledControlDarkColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Arrow"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                      (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <Ellipse x:Name="Ellipse"
                   StrokeThickness="1"
                   Width="16"
                   Height="16">
            <Ellipse.Stroke>
              <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource NavButtonFrameColor}" />
            </Ellipse.Stroke>
            <Ellipse.Fill>
              <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                   EndPoint="0,1">
                <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                  <GradientStopCollection>
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                  Offset="1.0" />
                  </GradientStopCollection>
                </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
              </LinearGradientBrush>
            </Ellipse.Fill>
          </Ellipse>

          <Path x:Name="Arrow"
                Margin="0,0,2,0"
                HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                VerticalAlignment="Center"
                Data="M 4 0 L 0 4 L 4 8 Z" >
              <Path.Fill>
                  <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}"/>
              </Path.Fill>
          </Path>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="Command"
                   Value="{x:Static NavigationCommands.BrowseForward}">
            <Setter TargetName="Arrow"
                    Property="Data"
                    Value="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 0 8 z" />
            <Setter TargetName="Arrow"
                    Property="Margin"
                    Value="2,0,0,0" />
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!-- Frame Menu Style -->

<Style x:Key="FrameMenu"
       TargetType="{x:Type Menu}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="KeyboardNavigation.TabNavigation"
          Value="None" />
  <Setter Property="IsMainMenu"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Menu}">
        <DockPanel IsItemsHost="true" />
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!-- Frame Menu Header Style -->

<Style x:Key="FrameHeaderMenuItem"
       TargetType="{x:Type MenuItem}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type MenuItem}">
        <Grid>
          <Popup x:Name="PART_Popup"
                 Placement="Bottom"
                 VerticalOffset="2"
                 IsOpen="{TemplateBinding IsSubmenuOpen}"
                 AllowsTransparency="True"
                 Focusable="False"
                 PopupAnimation="Fade">
            <Border x:Name="SubMenuBorder"
                    BorderThickness="1"
                    Background="{DynamicResource MenuPopupBrush}">
              <Border.BorderBrush>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource BorderMediumColor}" />
              </Border.BorderBrush>
              <StackPanel IsItemsHost="true"
                          Margin="2"
                          KeyboardNavigation.TabNavigation="Cycle"
                          KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Cycle" />
            </Border>
          </Popup>

          <Grid x:Name="Panel"
                Width="24"
                Background="Transparent"
                HorizontalAlignment="Right">

            <Border Visibility="Hidden"
                    x:Name="HighlightBorder"
                    BorderThickness="1"
                    CornerRadius="2">
              <Border.BorderBrush>
                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                    Offset="0.0" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>

              </Border.BorderBrush>
              <Border.Background>
                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMouseOverColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>

              </Border.Background>
            </Border>
            <Path x:Name="Arrow"
                  SnapsToDevicePixels="false"
                  HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                  VerticalAlignment="Center"
                  Margin="0,2,4,0"
                  StrokeLineJoin="Round"
                  Data="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 8 0 Z">
              <Path.Stroke>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}" />
              </Path.Stroke>
            </Path>
          </Grid>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="IsHighlighted"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="HighlightBorder"
                    Property="Visibility"
                    Value="Visible" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsSubmenuOpen"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="HighlightBorder"
                    Property="BorderBrush">
              <Setter.Value>
                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                    Offset="0.0" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
            <Setter Property="Background"
                    TargetName="HighlightBorder">
              <Setter.Value>

                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0,1"
                                     StartPoint="0,0">
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                                Offset="0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlPressedColor}"
                                Offset="0.984" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsEnabled"
                   Value="false">
            <Setter TargetName="Arrow"
                    Property="Fill">
              <Setter.Value>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!-- Frame Menu Item Style -->

<Style x:Key="FrameSubmenuItem"
       TargetType="{x:Type MenuItem}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Header"
          Value="{Binding (JournalEntry.Name)}" />
  <Setter Property="Command"
          Value="NavigationCommands.NavigateJournal" />
  <Setter Property="CommandTarget"
          Value="{Binding TemplatedParent, 
    RelativeSource={RelativeSource AncestorType={x:Type Menu}}}" />
  <Setter Property="CommandParameter"
          Value="{Binding RelativeSource={RelativeSource Self}}" />
  <Setter Property="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition"
          Value="{Binding (JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition)}" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type MenuItem}">
        <Border BorderThickness="1"
                Name="Border">
          <Grid x:Name="Panel"
                Background="Transparent"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="true"
                Height="35"
                Width="250">
            <Path x:Name="Glyph"
                  SnapsToDevicePixels="false"
                  Margin="7,5"
                  Width="10"
                  Height="10"
                  HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                  StrokeStartLineCap="Triangle"
                  StrokeEndLineCap="Triangle"
                  StrokeThickness="2">
              <Path.Stroke>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}" />
              </Path.Stroke>
            </Path>

            <ContentPresenter ContentSource="Header"
                              Margin="24,5,50,5" />
          </Grid>
        </Border>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition"
                   Value="Current">
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Data"
                    Value="M 0,5 L 2.5,8 L 7,3 " />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsHighlighted"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter Property="Background"
                    TargetName="Border">
              <Setter.Value>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
                  <GradientStop Color="Transparent"
                                Offset="0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMouseOverColor}"
                                Offset="1" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
            <Setter Property="BorderBrush"
                    TargetName="Border">
              <Setter.Value>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}"
                                Offset="0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="Transparent"
                                Offset="1" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </Trigger>
          <MultiTrigger>
            <MultiTrigger.Conditions>
              <Condition Property="IsHighlighted"
                         Value="true" />
              <Condition Property="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition"
                         Value="Forward" />
            </MultiTrigger.Conditions>
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Data"
                    Value="M 3 1 L 7 5 L 3 9 z" />
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Stroke"
                    Value="{x:Null}" />
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Fill">
              <Setter.Value>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource GlyphColor}" />
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </MultiTrigger>
          <MultiTrigger>
            <MultiTrigger.Conditions>
              <Condition Property="IsHighlighted"
                         Value="true" />
              <Condition Property="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition"
                         Value="Back" />
            </MultiTrigger.Conditions>
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Data"
                    Value="M 7 1 L 3 5 L 7 9 z" />
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Stroke"
                    Value="{x:Null}" />
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Fill">
              <Setter.Value>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource GlyphColor}" />
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </MultiTrigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!-- Merges Back and Forward Navigation Stacks -->

<JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter x:Key="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter" />

<!-- SimpleStyles: Frame -->

<Style x:Key="{x:Type Frame}"
       TargetType="{x:Type Frame}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Frame}">
        <DockPanel>
          <Border DockPanel.Dock="Top"
                  Height="22"
                  BorderThickness="1">
            <Border.BorderBrush>
              <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                   StartPoint="0.5,0">
                <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                              Offset="0" />
                <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                              Offset="1" />
              </LinearGradientBrush>
            </Border.BorderBrush>
            <Grid>
              <Grid.Background>

                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                                    Offset="0.0" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>

              </Grid.Background>
              <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="16" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
              </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>

              <Menu x:Name="NavMenu"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="3"
                    Height="16"
                    Margin="1,0,0,0"
                    VerticalAlignment="Center"
                    Style="{StaticResource FrameMenu}">
                <MenuItem Style="{StaticResource FrameHeaderMenuItem}"
                          ItemContainerStyle="{StaticResource FrameSubmenuItem}"
                          IsSubmenuOpen="{Binding (MenuItem.IsSubmenuOpen), 
                  Mode=TwoWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}">
                  <MenuItem.ItemsSource>
                    <MultiBinding Converter="{StaticResource JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter}">
                      <Binding RelativeSource="{RelativeSource TemplatedParent}"
                               Path="BackStack" />
                      <Binding RelativeSource="{RelativeSource TemplatedParent}"
                               Path="ForwardStack" />
                    </MultiBinding>
                  </MenuItem.ItemsSource>
                </MenuItem>
              </Menu>

              <Path Grid.Column="0"
                    SnapsToDevicePixels="false"
                    IsHitTestVisible="false"
                    Margin="2,1.5,0,1.5"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="3"
                    StrokeThickness="1"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                    VerticalAlignment="Center"
                    Data="M15,14 Q18,12.9 20.9,14 A8.3,8.3,0,0,0,35.7,8.7 A8.3,8.3,0,0,0,
                    25.2,0.6 Q18, 3.3 10.8,0.6 A8.3,8.3,0,0,0,0.3,8.7 A8.3,8.3,0,0,0,15,14 z"
                    Stroke="{x:Null}">
                <Path.Fill>
                  <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                       StartPoint="0.5,0">
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                  Offset="0" />
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlDarkColor}"
                                  Offset="1" />
                  </LinearGradientBrush>
                </Path.Fill>
              </Path>
              <Button Style="{StaticResource FrameButtonStyle}"
                      Command="NavigationCommands.BrowseBack"
                      Content="M 4 0 L 0 4 L 4 8 Z"
                      Margin="2.7,1.5,1.3,1.5"
                      Grid.Column="0" />
              <Button Style="{StaticResource FrameButtonStyle}"
                      Command="NavigationCommands.BrowseForward"
                      Content="M 4 0 L 0 4 L 4 8 Z"
                      Margin="1.3,1.5,0,1.5"
                      Grid.Column="1" />
            </Grid>
          </Border>
          <Border BorderThickness="1">
            <Border.BorderBrush>
              <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}" />
            </Border.BorderBrush>
            <ContentPresenter x:Name="PART_FrameCP"
                              Height="458"
                              Width="640" />
          </Border>
        </DockPanel>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <MultiTrigger>
            <MultiTrigger.Conditions>
              <Condition Property="CanGoForward"
                         Value="false" />
              <Condition Property="CanGoBack"
                         Value="false" />
            </MultiTrigger.Conditions>
            <Setter TargetName="NavMenu"
                    Property="IsEnabled"
                    Value="false" />
          </MultiTrigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

Im vorhergehenden Beispiel wird mindestens eine der folgenden Ressourcen verwendet.The preceding example uses one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

Das vollständige Beispiel finden Sie unter Beispiel zum Formatieren mit ControlTemplates.For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

Siehe auchSee also