ScrollBar-Stile und -VorlagenScrollBar Styles and Templates

In diesem Thema werden die Stile und Vorlagen für das ScrollBar-Steuerelement beschrieben.This topic describes the styles and templates for the ScrollBar control. Sie können die Standard ControlTemplate ändern, um dem Steuerelement eine eindeutige Darstellung zu verschaffen.You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Erstellen einer Vorlage für ein-SteuerElement.For more information, see Create a template for a control.

ScrollBar-TeileScrollBar Parts

In der folgenden Tabelle sind die benannten Teile für das ScrollBar-Steuerelement aufgelistet.The following table lists the named parts for the ScrollBar control.

-KomponentePart TypType BeschreibungDescription
PART_TrackPART_Track Track Der Container für das Element, das die Position des ScrollBarangibt.The container for the element that indicates the position of the ScrollBar.

ScrollBar-ZuständeScrollBar States

In der folgenden Tabelle werden die visuellen Zustände für das ScrollBar-Steuerelement aufgelistet.The following table lists the visual states for the ScrollBar control.

VisualState-NameVisualState Name VisualStateGroup-NameVisualStateGroup Name BeschreibungDescription
NormalNormal CommonStatesCommonStates Der Standardstatus.The default state.
MouseOverMouseOver CommonStatesCommonStates Der Mauszeiger ist über dem Steuerelement positioniert.The mouse pointer is positioned over the control.
DeaktiviertDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates Das Steuerelement ist deaktiviert.The control is disabled.
GültigValid ValidationStatesValidationStates Das-Steuerelement verwendet die Validation-Klasse, und die HasError angefügte-Eigenschaft ist false.The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates Die HasError angefügte Eigenschaft ist true, und das Steuerelement besitzt den Fokus.The HasError attached property is true and the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates Die HasError angefügte Eigenschaft ist true, und das Steuerelement besitzt keinen Fokus.The HasError attached property is true and the control does not have focus.

ScrollBar ControlTemplate-BeispielScrollBar ControlTemplate Example

Im folgenden Beispiel wird gezeigt, wie ein ControlTemplate für das ScrollBar-Steuerelement definiert wird.The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the ScrollBar control.

<Style x:Key="ScrollBarLineButton"
       TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="True" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Focusable"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
        <Border x:Name="Border"
                Margin="1"
                CornerRadius="2"
                BorderThickness="1">
          <Border.BorderBrush>
            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                 EndPoint="0,1">
              <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                <GradientStopCollection>
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}"
                                Offset="0.0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                Offset="1.0" />
                </GradientStopCollection>
              </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            </LinearGradientBrush>
          </Border.BorderBrush>
          <Border.Background>
            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                 EndPoint="0,1">
              <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                <GradientStopCollection>
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"/>
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                Offset="1.0" />
                </GradientStopCollection>
              </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            </LinearGradientBrush>
          </Border.Background>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Pressed">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlPressedColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Arrow"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <Path x:Name="Arrow"
                HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                VerticalAlignment="Center"
                Data="{Binding Content, 
            RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" >
              <Path.Fill>
                  <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}"/>
              </Path.Fill>
          </Path>
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="ScrollBarPageButton"
       TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="True" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="IsTabStop"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Focusable"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
        <Border Background="Transparent" />
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="ScrollBarThumb"
       TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="True" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="IsTabStop"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Focusable"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
        <Border CornerRadius="2"
                Background="{TemplateBinding Background}"
                BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}"
                BorderThickness="1" />
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<ControlTemplate x:Key="VerticalScrollBar"
                 TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
  <Grid>
    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
      <RowDefinition MaxHeight="18" />
      <RowDefinition Height="0.00001*" />
      <RowDefinition MaxHeight="18" />
    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <Border Grid.RowSpan="3"
            CornerRadius="2"
            Background="#F0F0F0" />
    <RepeatButton Grid.Row="0"
                  Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarLineButton}"
                  Height="18"
                  Command="ScrollBar.LineUpCommand"
                  Content="M 0 4 L 8 4 L 4 0 Z" />
    <Track x:Name="PART_Track"
           Grid.Row="1"
           IsDirectionReversed="true">
      <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarPageButton}"
                      Command="ScrollBar.PageUpCommand" />
      </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
      <Track.Thumb>
        <Thumb Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarThumb}"
               Margin="1,0,1,0">
          <Thumb.BorderBrush>

            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                 EndPoint="1,0">
              <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                <GradientStopCollection>
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                Offset="0.0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                Offset="1.0" />
                </GradientStopCollection>
              </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            </LinearGradientBrush>

          </Thumb.BorderBrush>
          <Thumb.Background>

            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                 EndPoint="1,0">
              <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                <GradientStopCollection>
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                                Offset="0.0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                Offset="1.0" />
                </GradientStopCollection>
              </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            </LinearGradientBrush>

          </Thumb.Background>
        </Thumb>
      </Track.Thumb>
      <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarPageButton}"
                      Command="ScrollBar.PageDownCommand" />
      </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
    </Track>
    <RepeatButton Grid.Row="2"
                  Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarLineButton}"
                  Height="18"
                  Command="ScrollBar.LineDownCommand"
                  Content="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 8 0 Z" />
  </Grid>
</ControlTemplate>

<ControlTemplate x:Key="HorizontalScrollBar"
                 TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
  <Grid>
    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
      <ColumnDefinition MaxWidth="18" />
      <ColumnDefinition Width="0.00001*" />
      <ColumnDefinition MaxWidth="18" />
    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <Border Grid.ColumnSpan="3"
            CornerRadius="2"
            Background="#F0F0F0" />
    <RepeatButton Grid.Column="0"
                  Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarLineButton}"
                  Width="18"
                  Command="ScrollBar.LineLeftCommand"
                  Content="M 4 0 L 4 8 L 0 4 Z" />
    <Track x:Name="PART_Track"
           Grid.Column="1"
           IsDirectionReversed="False">
      <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarPageButton}"
                      Command="ScrollBar.PageLeftCommand" />
      </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
      <Track.Thumb>
        <Thumb Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarThumb}"
               Margin="0,1,0,1">

          <Thumb.BorderBrush>

            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                 EndPoint="1,0">
              <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                <GradientStopCollection>
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                Offset="0.0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                Offset="1.0" />
                </GradientStopCollection>
              </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            </LinearGradientBrush>

          </Thumb.BorderBrush>
          <Thumb.Background>

            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                 EndPoint="0,1">
              <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                <GradientStopCollection>
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                                Offset="0.0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                Offset="1.0" />
                </GradientStopCollection>
              </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            </LinearGradientBrush>

          </Thumb.Background>
        </Thumb>
      </Track.Thumb>
      <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarPageButton}"
                      Command="ScrollBar.PageRightCommand" />
      </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
    </Track>
    <RepeatButton Grid.Column="2"
                  Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarLineButton}"
                  Width="18"
                  Command="ScrollBar.LineRightCommand"
                  Content="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 0 8 Z" />
  </Grid>
</ControlTemplate>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ScrollBar}"
       TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="True" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Style.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="Orientation"
             Value="Horizontal">
      <Setter Property="Width"
              Value="Auto" />
      <Setter Property="Height"
              Value="18" />
      <Setter Property="Template"
              Value="{StaticResource HorizontalScrollBar}" />
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="Orientation"
             Value="Vertical">
      <Setter Property="Width"
              Value="18" />
      <Setter Property="Height"
              Value="Auto" />
      <Setter Property="Template"
              Value="{StaticResource VerticalScrollBar}" />
    </Trigger>
  </Style.Triggers>
</Style>

Im vorhergehenden Beispiel wird mindestens eine der folgenden Ressourcen verwendet.The preceding example uses one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

Das vollständige Beispiel finden Sie unter Beispiel zum Formatieren mit ControlTemplates.For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

Siehe auchSee also