Skript zum Erteilen von Oracle-BerechtigungenScript to Grant Oracle Permissions

Anwendungsbereich:Applies to: JaSQL ServerSQL Server (alle unterstützten Versionen) yesSQL ServerSQL Server (all supported versions) Anwendungsbereich:Applies to: JaSQL ServerSQL Server (alle unterstützten Versionen) yesSQL ServerSQL Server (all supported versions)

Das in diesem Thema bereitgestellte Skript wird während der Konfiguration von Oracle-Datenbanken verwendet, die Daten mithilfe der MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server-Replikation veröffentlichen.The script provided in this topic is used during the configuration of an Oracle database that will publish data using MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server replication. Nach der Installation ist dieses Skript auch im folgenden Verzeichnis verfügbar: <drive> :\\Programme\Microsoft SQL Server\ <InstanceName> \MSSQL\Install\oracleadmin.sql.This script is also available in the following directory after installation: <drive>:\\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\<InstanceName> \MSSQL\Install\oracleadmin.sql. Weitere Informationen zum Konfigurieren der Oracle-Datenbank finden Sie unter Konfigurieren eines Oracle-Verlegers.For more information about configuring the Oracle database, see Configure an Oracle Publisher.

Hinweis

Dieses Skript enthält die GRANT CREATE ANY TRIGGER TO &&AdminLogin;-Anweisung. Diese Anweisung ist für die von der Transaktionsreplikation verwendeten Trigger erforderlich.This script includes the statement GRANT CREATE ANY TRIGGER TO &&AdminLogin;, which is required for the triggers used by transactional replication. Wenn Sie ausschließlich mit Momentaufnahmereplikation arbeiten, können Sie diese Zeile aus dem Skript entfernen.If you will use only snapshot replication, remove this line from the script.

Ausführen des Skripts vom Oracle SQL*Plus-HilfsprogrammTo run the script from the Oracle SQL*Plus utility

  1. Öffnen Sie auf dem SQL Server-Verteiler das Fenster Eingabeaufforderung.On the SQL Server Distributor, open a Command Prompt window.

  2. Geben Sie die folgende Syntax ein, um SQL*PLUS zum Verbinden von Oracle-Datenbanken und zum Ausführen des oracleadmin.sql-Skripts von seinem Standardinstallationsverzeichnis zu verwenden:To use SQL*PLUS to connect to the Oracle database and execute the oracleadmin.sql script from its default install directory, type the following syntax:

    sqlplus system/P@$$W0rd@orcl @"c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\<InstanceName>\MSSQL\Install\oracleadmin.sql"  
    

    In diesem Beispiel wird das in Oracle integrierte system -Konto zum Verbinden mit einer Oracle-Datenbank mit einem Netzwerknamen von "orcl" verwendet.In this example, the built-in Oracle account system is used to connect to an Oracle database with a network name of "orcl".

  3. Geben Sie bei Aufforderung den Benutzernamen, das Benutzerkennwort und den standardmäßigen Tabellenbereich an.When prompted, specify the user name, user password, and default table space.

--***********************************************************************  
-- Copyright (c) 2003 Microsoft Corporation  
--  
-- File:  
--  oracleadmin.sql  
--  
-- Purpose:  
-- PL/SQL script to create a database user with the required   
-- permissions to administer SQL Server publishing for an Oracle  
-- database.  
--  
-- &&ReplLogin        == Replication user login  
-- &&ReplPassword     == Replication user password  
-- &&DefaultTablespace == Tablespace that will serve as the default  
-- tablespace for the replication user.  
-- The replication user will be authorized to allocate UNLIMITED space  
-- on the default tablespace, which must already exist.  
--  
-- Notes:  
--  
-- This script must be run from an Oracle login having the  
-- authorization to create a new user and grant unlimited tablespace on  
-- any existing tablespace. The login must also be able to grant to the  
-- newly created login the following authorizations:  
--  
-- create public synonym  
-- drop public synonym  
-- create sequence  
--  create procedure  
-- create session  
-- create table  
-- create view  
--  
-- Additionally, the following properties are also required for  
-- transactional publications.  
--  
-- create any trigger  
--  
--  All of the privileges may be granted through a role, with the  
-- exception of create table, create view, and create any trigger.  
-- These must be granted explicitly to the replication user login.  
-- In the script, all grants are granted explicitly to the replication  
-- user.  
--  
-- In addition to these general grants, a table owner must explicitly  
-- grant select authorization to the replication user on a table before  
-- the table can be published.  
--  
***********************************************************************  
  
ACCEPT ReplLogin CHAR PROMPT 'User to create for replication: ';  
ACCEPT ReplPassword CHAR PROMPT 'Replication user passsword: ' HIDE;  
ACCEPT DefaultTableSpace CHAR DEFAULT 'SYSTEM' PROMPT 'Default tablespace: ';  
  
-- Create the replication user account  
CREATE USER &&ReplLogin IDENTIFIED BY &&ReplPassword DEFAULT TABLESPACE &&DefaultTablespace QUOTA UNLIMITED ON &&DefaultTablespace;  
  
-- It is recommended that only the required grants be granted to this  
-- user.  
--  
-- The following 5 privileges are granted explicitly, but could be  
-- granted through a role.  
GRANT CREATE PUBLIC SYNONYM TO &&ReplLogin;  
GRANT DROP PUBLIC SYNONYM TO &&ReplLogin;  
GRANT CREATE SEQUENCE TO &&ReplLogin;  
GRANT CREATE PROCEDURE TO &&ReplLogin;  
GRANT CREATE SESSION TO &&ReplLogin;  
  
-- The following privileges must be granted explicitly to the  
-- replication user.  
GRANT CREATE TABLE TO &&ReplLogin;  
GRANT CREATE VIEW TO &&ReplLogin;  
  
-- The replication user login needs to be able to create a tracking  
-- trigger on any table that is to be published in a transactional  
-- publication. The CREATE ANY privilege is used to obtain the  
-- authorization to create these triggers.  To replicate a table, the  
-- table owner must additionally explicitly grant select authorization  
-- on the table to the replication user.  
--  
-- NOTE: CREATE ANY TRIGGER is not required for snapshot publications.  
GRANT CREATE ANY TRIGGER TO &&ReplLogin;  

Weitere InformationenSee Also

Konfigurieren eines Oracle-VerlegersConfigure an Oracle Publisher