OneWayUdpServerExample

In diesem Beispiel wird ein UDP-Server gezeigt, der einen Kanal akzeptiert und one-way-Nachrichten empfängt.

OneWayUdpServer.cpp

//------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (C) Microsoft.  All rights reserved.
//------------------------------------------------------------

#ifndef UNICODE
#define UNICODE
#endif
#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include "WebServices.h"
#include "process.h"
#include "string.h"
#include "PurchaseOrder.wsdl.h"

// Print out rich error info
void PrintError(HRESULT errorCode, WS_ERROR* error)
{
    wprintf(L"Failure: errorCode=0x%lx\n", errorCode);

    if (errorCode == E_INVALIDARG || errorCode == WS_E_INVALID_OPERATION)
    {
        // Correct use of the APIs should never generate these errors
        wprintf(L"The error was due to an invalid use of an API.  This is likely due to a bug in the program.\n");
        DebugBreak();
    }

    HRESULT hr = NOERROR;
    if (error != NULL)
    {
        ULONG errorCount;
        hr = WsGetErrorProperty(error, WS_ERROR_PROPERTY_STRING_COUNT, &errorCount, sizeof(errorCount));
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            goto Exit;
        }
        for (ULONG i = 0; i < errorCount; i++)
        {
            WS_STRING string;
            hr = WsGetErrorString(error, i, &string);
            if (FAILED(hr))
            {
                goto Exit;
            }
            wprintf(L"%.*s\n", string.length, string.chars);
        }
    }
Exit:
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        wprintf(L"Could not get error string (errorCode=0x%lx)\n", hr);
    }
}


// Main entry point
int __cdecl wmain(int argc, __in_ecount(argc) wchar_t **argv)
{
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(argc);
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(argv);
    
    HRESULT hr = NOERROR;
    WS_ERROR* error = NULL;
    WS_MESSAGE* message = NULL;
    WS_CHANNEL* channel = NULL;
    WS_LISTENER* listener = NULL;
    WS_HEAP* heap = NULL;
    HANDLE serverStartedEvent = NULL;
    
    // Create an error object for storing rich error information
    hr = WsCreateError(
        NULL, 
        0, 
        &error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    // Create a heap to store deserialized data
    hr = WsCreateHeap(
        /*maxSize*/ 2048, 
        /*trimSize*/ 512, 
        NULL, 
        0, 
        &heap, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    // Create a listener
    hr = WsCreateListener(
        WS_CHANNEL_TYPE_DUPLEX, 
        WS_UDP_CHANNEL_BINDING, 
        NULL, 
        0, 
        NULL, 
        &listener, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    // Open listener at address
    WS_STRING uri;
    uri.chars = L"soap.udp://localhost:809";
    uri.length = (ULONG)wcslen(uri.chars);
    
    hr = WsOpenListener(
        listener, 
        &uri, 
        NULL, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    hr = WsCreateChannelForListener(
        listener, 
        NULL, 
        0, 
        &channel, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    hr = WsCreateMessageForChannel(
        channel,
        NULL, 
        0, 
        &message, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    // Create an event to synchronize the client and server processes.
    serverStartedEvent = CreateEventW(
        NULL, 
        TRUE, 
        FALSE, 
        L"WebServicesExampleServerStartedEvent");
    if (NULL == serverStartedEvent)
    {
        wprintf(
            L"Failed to create the client-server synchronization event (errorCode=0x%lx).\n",
            GetLastError());
        hr = HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(GetLastError());
        goto Exit;
    }
    // Server is started, set the event to signal the clients.
    if (!SetEvent(
            serverStartedEvent))
    {
        wprintf(
            L"Failed to set the client-server synchronization event (errorCode=0x%lx).\n", 
            GetLastError());
        hr = HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(GetLastError());
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    for (ULONG i = 0; i < 5; i++)
    {
        // Accept a channel from the client
        hr = WsAcceptChannel(listener, channel, NULL, error);
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            goto Exit;
        }
        
        // Set up the descriptions of the expected messages.  In this case, we only expect purchase orders.
        const WS_MESSAGE_DESCRIPTION* messageDescriptions[] = {&PurchaseOrder_wsdl.messages.PurchaseOrder};
        
        // Receive the message and deserialize the element of the body into a _PurchaseOrderType structure.
        // The values of the fields of the _PurchaseOrderType structure are allocated in the specified
        // WS_HEAP, and are valid until WsResetHeap is called.
        _PurchaseOrderType purchaseOrder;
        hr = WsReceiveMessage(channel, message, 
            messageDescriptions, WsCountOf(messageDescriptions),
            WS_RECEIVE_OPTIONAL_MESSAGE, WS_READ_REQUIRED_VALUE, heap, 
            &purchaseOrder, sizeof(purchaseOrder), NULL, NULL, error);
        
        if (hr == WS_S_END)
        {
            // No more messages on channel
            break;
        }
        
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            goto Exit;
        }
        
        // Print out purchase order contents
        wprintf(L"%ld, %.*s\n", 
            purchaseOrder.quantity, 
            purchaseOrder.productName.length,
            purchaseOrder.productName.chars);
        
        // Reset the message so it can be used again
        hr = WsResetMessage(
                message,
                error);
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            goto Exit;
        }
        
        // Reset the heap, which will free any allocations made on it
        hr = WsResetHeap(
                heap,
                error);
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            goto Exit;
        }
        
        hr = WsCloseChannel(channel, NULL, error);
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            goto Exit;
        }
        
        hr = WsResetChannel(channel, error);
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            goto Exit;
        }
    }
    
Exit:
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        // Print out the error
        PrintError(hr, error);
    }
    fflush(
        stdout);
    
    if (channel != NULL)
    {
        // Close the channel
        WsCloseChannel(channel, NULL, error);
    }
    if (channel != NULL)
    {
        WsFreeChannel(channel);
    }
    
    if (listener != NULL)
    {
        // Close the listener if it was opened
        WsCloseListener(listener, NULL, error);
    }
    if (listener != NULL)
    {
        WsFreeListener(listener);
    }
    
    if (message != NULL)
    {
        WsFreeMessage(message);
    }
    
    if (NULL != serverStartedEvent)
    {
        CloseHandle(serverStartedEvent);
    }
    
    if (error != NULL)
    {
        WsFreeError(error);
    }
    if (heap != NULL)
    {
        WsFreeHeap(heap);
    }
    fflush(stdout);
    return SUCCEEDED(hr) ? 0 : -1;
}

PurchaseOrder.wsdl

<wsdl:definitions 
    xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/" 
    xmlns:tns="http://example.org" 
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
    xmlns:wsaw="http://www.w3.org/2006/05/addressing/wsdl" 
    xmlns:soap12="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap12/" 
    xmlns:wsdl="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/" 
    targetNamespace="http://example.org">
    <wsdl:types>
        <xsd:schema targetNamespace="http://example.org" elementFormDefault="qualified">
            <xsd:element name="PurchaseOrderType">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="quantity" type="xsd:int"/>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="productName" type="xsd:string"/>
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
            <xsd:element name="OrderConfirmationType">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="orderID" type="xsd:unsignedInt"/>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="expectedShipDate" type="xsd:string"/>
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
            <xsd:element name="GetOrderStatusType">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="orderID" type="xsd:unsignedInt"/>
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
            <xsd:element name="GetOrderStatusResponseType">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="orderID" type="xsd:unsignedInt"/>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="status" type="xsd:string"/>
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
            <xsd:element name="OrderNotFoundFaultType">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="orderID" type="xsd:unsignedInt"/>
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
        </xsd:schema>
    </wsdl:types>
    <wsdl:message name="PurchaseOrder">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:PurchaseOrderType"/>
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:message name="OrderConfirmation">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:OrderConfirmationType"/>
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:message name="GetOrderStatus">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:GetOrderStatusType"/>
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:message name="GetOrderStatusResponse">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:GetOrderStatusResponseType"/>
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:message name="OrderNotFoundFault">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:OrderNotFoundFaultType"/>
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:portType name="IPurchaseOrder">
        <wsdl:operation name="Order">
            <wsdl:input message="tns:PurchaseOrder" wsaw:Action="http://example.org/purchaseorder"/>
            <wsdl:output message="tns:OrderConfirmation" wsaw:Action="http://example.org/orderconfirmation"/>
        </wsdl:operation>
        <wsdl:operation name="OrderStatus">
            <wsdl:input message="tns:GetOrderStatus" wsaw:Action="http://example.org/getorderstatus"/>
            <wsdl:output message="tns:GetOrderStatusResponse" wsaw:Action="http://example.org/getorderstatusresponse"/>
            <wsdl:fault name="OrderNotFound" message="tns:OrderNotFoundFault" wsaw:Action="http://example.org/ordernotfound"/>
        </wsdl:operation>
    </wsdl:portType>
    <wsdl:binding name="PurchaseOrderBinding" type="tns:IPurchaseOrder">
        <soap:binding transport="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http"/>
        <wsdl:operation name="Order">
            <soap:operation soapAction="http://example.org/purchaseorder" style="document"/>
            <wsdl:input>
                <soap:body use="literal"/>
            </wsdl:input>
            <wsdl:output>
                <soap:body use="literal"/>
            </wsdl:output>
        </wsdl:operation>
        <wsdl:operation name="OrderStatus">
            <soap:operation soapAction="http://example.org/getorderstatus" style="document"/>
            <wsdl:input>
                <soap:body use="literal"/>
            </wsdl:input>
            <wsdl:output>
                <soap:body use="literal"/>
            </wsdl:output>
            <wsdl:fault name="OrderNotFound">
                <soap:body use="literal"/>
            </wsdl:fault>
        </wsdl:operation>
    </wsdl:binding>
    <wsdl:service name="PurchaseOrderService">
        <wsdl:port name="IPurchaseOrder" binding="tns:PurchaseOrderBinding">
            <soap:address location="http://example.org/IPurchaseOrder"/>
        </wsdl:port>
    </wsdl:service>
</wsdl:definitions>

Makefile

#------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (C) Microsoft.  All rights reserved.
#------------------------------------------------------------

!include <Win32.Mak>

EXTRA_LIBS = WebServices.lib rpcrt4.lib Iphlpapi.lib

all: $(OUTDIR) $(OUTDIR)\WsOneWayUdpServer.exe

"$(OUTDIR)" :
    if not exist "$(OUTDIR)/$(NULL)" mkdir "$(OUTDIR)"
    
$(OUTDIR)\PurchaseOrder.wsdl.c: PurchaseOrder.wsdl
     Wsutil.exe /wsdl:PurchaseOrder.wsdl /string:WS_STRING /out:$(OUTDIR)
    

$(OUTDIR)\PurchaseOrder.wsdl.obj: $(OUTDIR)\PurchaseOrder.wsdl.c
    $(cc) $(cdebug) $(cflags) $(cvarsmt) /WX -I$(OUTDIR) /Fo"$(OUTDIR)\\" /Fd"$(OUTDIR)\\" $(OUTDIR)\PurchaseOrder.wsdl.c

$(OUTDIR)\OneWayUdpServer.obj: OneWayUdpServer.cpp $(OUTDIR)\PurchaseOrder.wsdl.c
    $(cc) $(cdebug) $(cflags) $(cvarsmt) /WX -I$(OUTDIR) /Fo"$(OUTDIR)\\" /Fd"$(OUTDIR)\\" OneWayUdpServer.cpp

$(OUTDIR)\WsOneWayUdpServer.exe: $(OUTDIR)\OneWayUdpServer.obj $(OUTDIR)\PurchaseOrder.wsdl.obj
    $(link) $(ldebug) $(conlflags) $(conlibsmt) $(EXTRA_LIBS) -out:$(OUTDIR)\WsOneWayUdpServer.exe $(OUTDIR)\OneWayUdpServer.obj $(OUTDIR)\PurchaseOrder.wsdl.obj /PDB:$(OUTDIR)\WsOneWayUdpServer.PDB

clean:
    $(CLEANUP)