Pen Pen Pen Constructors

Definition

Overloads

Pen(Brush) Pen(Brush) Pen(Brush)

Initializes a new instance of the Pen class with the specified Brush.

Pen(Color) Pen(Color) Pen(Color)

Initializes a new instance of the Pen class with the specified color.

Pen(Brush, Single) Pen(Brush, Single) Pen(Brush, Single)

Initializes a new instance of the Pen class with the specified Brush and Width.

Pen(Color, Single) Pen(Color, Single) Pen(Color, Single)

Initializes a new instance of the Pen class with the specified Color and Width properties.

Pen(Brush) Pen(Brush) Pen(Brush)

Initializes a new instance of the Pen class with the specified Brush.

public:
 Pen(System::Drawing::Brush ^ brush);
public Pen (System.Drawing.Brush brush);
new System.Drawing.Pen : System.Drawing.Brush -> System.Drawing.Pen

Parameters

brush
Brush Brush Brush

A Brush that determines the fill properties of this Pen.

Exceptions

Examples

The following code example demonstrates constructing a Pen with a Brush and the effects of setting the LineJoin property on a Pen.

This example is designed to be used with Windows Forms. Paste the code into a form and call the ShowLineJoin method when handling the form's Paint event, passing e as PaintEventArgs.

private:
   void ShowLineJoin( PaintEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Create a new pen.
      Pen^ skyBluePen = gcnew Pen( Brushes::DeepSkyBlue );

      // Set the pen's width.
      skyBluePen->Width = 8.0F;

      // Set the LineJoin property.
      skyBluePen->LineJoin = System::Drawing::Drawing2D::LineJoin::Bevel;

      // Draw a rectangle.
      e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( skyBluePen, Rectangle(40,40,150,200) );

      //Dispose of the pen.
      delete skyBluePen;
   }
private void ShowLineJoin(PaintEventArgs e)
{

    // Create a new pen.
    Pen skyBluePen = new Pen(Brushes.DeepSkyBlue);

    // Set the pen's width.
    skyBluePen.Width = 8.0F;

    // Set the LineJoin property.
    skyBluePen.LineJoin = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LineJoin.Bevel;

    // Draw a rectangle.
    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(skyBluePen, 
        new Rectangle(40, 40, 150, 200));

    //Dispose of the pen.
    skyBluePen.Dispose();

}
Private Sub ShowLineJoin(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)

    ' Create a new pen.
    Dim skyBluePen As New Pen(Brushes.DeepSkyBlue)

    ' Set the pen's width.
    skyBluePen.Width = 8.0F

    ' Set the LineJoin property.
    skyBluePen.LineJoin = Drawing2D.LineJoin.Bevel

    ' Draw a rectangle.
    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(skyBluePen, _
        New Rectangle(40, 40, 150, 200))

    'Dispose of the pen.
    skyBluePen.Dispose()

End Sub

Remarks

The Brush property determines how the Pen draws lines. Lines are drawn as if they are filled rectangles, with the characteristics of the specified Brush.

The Width property of the new Pen is set to 1 (the default).

Pen(Color) Pen(Color) Pen(Color)

Initializes a new instance of the Pen class with the specified color.

public:
 Pen(System::Drawing::Color color);
public Pen (System.Drawing.Color color);
new System.Drawing.Pen : System.Drawing.Color -> System.Drawing.Pen

Parameters

color
Color Color Color

A Color structure that indicates the color of this Pen.

Remarks

The Color property is set to the color specified by the color parameter. The Width property is set to 1 (the default).

Pen(Brush, Single) Pen(Brush, Single) Pen(Brush, Single)

Initializes a new instance of the Pen class with the specified Brush and Width.

public:
 Pen(System::Drawing::Brush ^ brush, float width);
public Pen (System.Drawing.Brush brush, float width);
new System.Drawing.Pen : System.Drawing.Brush * single -> System.Drawing.Pen

Parameters

brush
Brush Brush Brush

A Brush that determines the characteristics of this Pen.

width
Single Single Single

The width of the new Pen.

Exceptions

Examples

The following code example creates a Pen and demonstrates the effects of setting the StartCap and EndCap properties on a Pen.

This example is designed to be used with Windows Forms. Paste the code into a form and call the ShowStartAndEndCaps method when handling the form's Paint event, passing e as PaintEventArgs.

private:
   void Button3_Click( System::Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      Graphics^ buttonGraphics = Button3->CreateGraphics();
      Pen^ myPen = gcnew Pen( Color::ForestGreen,4.0F );
      myPen->DashStyle = System::Drawing::Drawing2D::DashStyle::DashDotDot;
      Rectangle theRectangle = Button3->ClientRectangle;
      theRectangle.Inflate(  -2, -2 );
      buttonGraphics->DrawRectangle( myPen, theRectangle );
      delete buttonGraphics;
      delete myPen;
   }
private void Button3_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{

    Graphics buttonGraphics = Button3.CreateGraphics();
    Pen myPen = new Pen(Color.ForestGreen, 4.0F);
    myPen.DashStyle = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.DashStyle.DashDotDot;

    Rectangle theRectangle = Button3.ClientRectangle;
    theRectangle.Inflate(-2, -2);
    buttonGraphics.DrawRectangle(myPen, theRectangle);
    buttonGraphics.Dispose();
    myPen.Dispose();
}
Private Sub Button3_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
    ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button3.Click

    Dim buttonGraphics As Graphics = Button3.CreateGraphics()
    Dim myPen As Pen = New Pen(Color.ForestGreen, 4.0F)
    myPen.DashStyle = Drawing2D.DashStyle.DashDotDot

    Dim theRectangle As Rectangle = Button3.ClientRectangle
    theRectangle.Inflate(-2, -2)
    buttonGraphics.DrawRectangle(myPen, theRectangle)
    buttonGraphics.Dispose()
    myPen.Dispose()
End Sub

Remarks

The Brush is set to the color specified in the brush parameter, the Width property is set to the value specified in the width parameter, and the units are set to World.

Note that the brush parameter also specifies the Color property of this Pen.

A width of 0 will result in the Pen drawing as if the width were 1.

Pen(Color, Single) Pen(Color, Single) Pen(Color, Single)

Initializes a new instance of the Pen class with the specified Color and Width properties.

public:
 Pen(System::Drawing::Color color, float width);
public Pen (System.Drawing.Color color, float width);
new System.Drawing.Pen : System.Drawing.Color * single -> System.Drawing.Pen

Parameters

color
Color Color Color

A Color structure that indicates the color of this Pen.

width
Single Single Single

A value indicating the width of this Pen.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates creating a Pen and the effects of setting the DashCap, DashPattern, and SmoothingMode properties.

This example is designed to be used with Windows Forms. Paste the code into a form and call the ShowPensAndSmoothingMode method when handling the form's Paint event, passing e as PaintEventArgs.

private:
   void ShowPensAndSmoothingMode( PaintEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Set the SmoothingMode property to smooth the line.
      e->Graphics->SmoothingMode = System::Drawing::Drawing2D::SmoothingMode::AntiAlias;

      // Create a new Pen object.
      Pen^ greenPen = gcnew Pen( Color::Green );

      // Set the width to 6.
      greenPen->Width = 6.0F;

      // Set the DashCap to round.
      greenPen->DashCap = System::Drawing::Drawing2D::DashCap::Round;

      // Create a custom dash pattern.
      array<Single>^temp0 = {4.0F,2.0F,1.0F,3.0F};
      greenPen->DashPattern = temp0;

      // Draw a line.
      e->Graphics->DrawLine( greenPen, 20.0F, 20.0F, 100.0F, 240.0F );

      // Change the SmoothingMode to none.
      e->Graphics->SmoothingMode = System::Drawing::Drawing2D::SmoothingMode::None;

      // Draw another line.
      e->Graphics->DrawLine( greenPen, 100.0F, 240.0F, 160.0F, 20.0F );

      // Dispose of the custom pen.
      delete greenPen;
   }
private void ShowPensAndSmoothingMode(PaintEventArgs e)
{

    // Set the SmoothingMode property to smooth the line.
    e.Graphics.SmoothingMode = 
        System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;

    // Create a new Pen object.
    Pen greenPen = new Pen(Color.Green);

    // Set the width to 6.
    greenPen.Width = 6.0F;

    // Set the DashCap to round.
    greenPen.DashCap = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.DashCap.Round;

    // Create a custom dash pattern.
    greenPen.DashPattern = new float[]{4.0F, 2.0F, 1.0F, 3.0F};

    // Draw a line.
    e.Graphics.DrawLine(greenPen, 20.0F, 20.0F, 100.0F, 240.0F);

    // Change the SmoothingMode to none.
    e.Graphics.SmoothingMode = 
        System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.None;

    // Draw another line.
    e.Graphics.DrawLine(greenPen, 100.0F, 240.0F, 160.0F, 20.0F);

    // Dispose of the custom pen.
    greenPen.Dispose();
}
Private Sub ShowPensAndSmoothingMode(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)

    ' Set the SmoothingMode property to smooth the line.
    e.Graphics.SmoothingMode = Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.AntiAlias

    ' Create a new Pen object.
    Dim greenPen As New Pen(Color.Green)

    ' Set the width to 6.
    greenPen.Width = 6.0F

    ' Set the DashCap to round.
    greenPen.DashCap = Drawing2D.DashCap.Round

    ' Create a custom dash pattern.
    greenPen.DashPattern = New Single() {4.0F, 2.0F, 1.0F, 3.0F}

    ' Draw a line.
    e.Graphics.DrawLine(greenPen, 20.0F, 20.0F, 100.0F, 240.0F)

    ' Change the SmoothingMode to none.
    e.Graphics.SmoothingMode = Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.None

    ' Draw another line.
    e.Graphics.DrawLine(greenPen, 100.0F, 240.0F, 160.0F, 20.0F)

    ' Dispose of the custom pen.
    greenPen.Dispose()
End Sub

Remarks

The Color property is set to the color specified by the color parameter. The Width property is set to the value specified in the width parameter. A width of 0 will result in the Pen drawing as if the width were 1.

Applies to