XName XName XName XName Class

Definition

Represents a name of an XML element or attribute.

public ref class XName sealed : IEquatable<System::Xml::Linq::XName ^>, System::Runtime::Serialization::ISerializable
[System.Runtime.Serialization.KnownType(typeof(System.Xml.Linq.NameSerializer))]
[Serializable]
public sealed class XName : IEquatable<System.Xml.Linq.XName>, System.Runtime.Serialization.ISerializable
type XName = class
    interface IEquatable<XName>
    interface ISerializable
Public NotInheritable Class XName
Implements IEquatable(Of XName), ISerializable
Inheritance
XNameXNameXNameXName
Attributes
KnownTypeAttribute SerializableAttribute
Implements

Remarks

XML names include a namespace and a local name. A fully qualified name is the combination of the namespace and local name.

Creating an XName Object

XName does not contain any public constructors. Instead, this class provides an implicit conversion from String that allows you to create an XName. The most common place you use this conversion is when constructing an element or attribute: The first argument to the XElement constructor is an XName. By passing a string, you take advantage of the implicit conversion. The following code creates an element with a name that is in no namespace:

XElement root = new XElement("ElementName", "content");  
Console.WriteLine(root);  

In Visual Basic, it is more appropriate to use XML literals:

Dim root As XElement = <ElementName>content</ElementName>  
Console.WriteLine(root)  

This example produces the following output:

<ElementName>content</ElementName>  

Assigning a string to an XName uses the implicit conversion from String.

The Visual Basic example creates the XElement using XML literals. Even though XML literals are used, an XName object is created for the XElement.

In addition, you can call the Get method for an XName object. However, the recommended way is to use the implicit conversion from string.

Creating an XName in a Namespace

As with XML, an XName can be in a namespace, or it can be in no namespace.

For C#, the recommended approach for creating an XName in a namespace is to declare the XNamespace object, then use the override of the addition operator.

For Visual Basic, the recommended approach is to use XML literals and global namespace declarations to create XML that is in a namespace.

XNamespace aw = "http://www.adventure-works.com";  
XElement root = new XElement(aw + "ElementName", "content");  
Console.WriteLine(root);  
Imports <xmlns="http://www.adventure-works.com">  

Module Module1  
    Sub Main()  
        Dim root As XElement = <ElementName>content</ElementName>  
        Console.WriteLine(root)  
    End Sub  
End Module  

This example produces the following output:

<ElementName xmlns="http://www.adventure-works.com">content</ElementName>  

Creating an XName in no Namespace

The Namespace property of an XName object is guaranteed to not be null. If the XName is in no namespace, then the Namespace property will be set to None. The following code demonstrates this:

XElement root = new XElement("ElementName", "content");  
if (root.Name.Namespace == XNamespace.None)  
    Console.WriteLine("The element is in no namespace.");  
else  
    Console.WriteLine("The element is in a namespace.");  
Dim root As XElement = <ElementName>content</ElementName>  
If (root.Name.Namespace Is XNamespace.None) Then  
    Console.WriteLine("The element is in no namespace.")  
Else  
    Console.WriteLine("The element is in a namespace.")  
End If  

This example produces the following output:

The element is in no namespace.  

Using Expanded Names

You can also create an XName from a expanded XML name in the form {namespace}localname:

XElement root = new XElement("{http://www.adventure-works.com}ElementName", "content");  
Console.WriteLine(root);  
Dim root As XElement = New XElement("{http://www.adventure-works.com}ElementName", "content")  
Console.WriteLine(root)  

This example produces the following output:

<ElementName xmlns="http://www.adventure-works.com">content</ElementName>  

Be aware that creating an XName through an expanded name is less efficient than creating an XNamespace object and using the override of the addition operator. It is also less efficient than importing a global namespace and using XML literals in Visual Basic.

If you create an XName using an expanded name, LINQ to XML must find the atomized instance of a namespace. This work must be repeated for every use of an expanded name. This additional time is likely to be negligible when writing LINQ queries; however, it might be significant when creating a large XML tree.

XName Objects are Atomized

XName objects are guaranteed to be atomized; that is, if two XName objects have exactly the same namespace and exactly the same local name, they will share the same instance. The equality and comparison operators are also provided explicitly for this purpose.

Among other benefits, this feature allows for faster execution of queries. When filtering on the name of elements or attributes, the comparisons expressed in predicates use identity comparison, not value comparison. It is much faster to determine that two references actually refer to the same object than to compare two strings.

Properties

LocalName LocalName LocalName LocalName

Gets the local (unqualified) part of the name.

Namespace Namespace Namespace Namespace

Gets the namespace part of the fully qualified name.

NamespaceName NamespaceName NamespaceName NamespaceName

Returns the URI of the XNamespace for this XName.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified XName is equal to this XName.

Get(String) Get(String) Get(String) Get(String)

Gets an XName object from an expanded name.

Get(String, String) Get(String, String) Get(String, String) Get(String, String)

Gets an XName object from a local name and a namespace.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Gets a hash code for this XName.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns the expanded XML name in the format {namespace}localname.

Operators

Equality(XName, XName) Equality(XName, XName) Equality(XName, XName) Equality(XName, XName)

Returns a value indicating whether two instances of XName are equal.

Implicit(String to XName) Implicit(String to XName) Implicit(String to XName) Implicit(String to XName)

Converts a string formatted as an expanded XML name (that is,{namespace}localname) to an XName object.

Inequality(XName, XName) Inequality(XName, XName) Inequality(XName, XName) Inequality(XName, XName)

Returns a value indicating whether two instances of XName are not equal.

Explicit Interface Implementations

IEquatable<XName>.Equals(XName) IEquatable<XName>.Equals(XName) IEquatable<XName>.Equals(XName) IEquatable<XName>.Equals(XName)

Indicates whether the current XName is equal to the specified XName.

ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Populates a SerializationInfo with the data required to serialize the target object.

Applies to

See Also