Managing Payables

Business Central has what you need to effectively manage accounts payable.


It's easy to prioritise payments, account for penalties for overdue payments, and handle discounts for early payments.

You can record payments in a general journal, and then print checks before posting the payment journal.

You can apply payments to close invoices when you post the payment, or after you post the payment. The Application Method specified for the vendor (on the Vendor Card) determines whether you apply the payment manually, or automatically. You can always apply transactions manually. However, if the application method for the vendor is Apply to Oldest, and you do not specify a document to apply the payment to, the payment is applied to the oldest open entry for the vendor.

Suggest Vendor Payments

Business Central can suggest various payments to vendors, such as payments that will be due soon, or payments where a discount is available. The payment suggestion can consider an amount that you specify as available funds for payment, and eligibility for payment discounts.

Issue Checks

Business Central lets you issue checks to vendors manually and electronically. You do both in the Payment Journals window, where you can also void checks and view check ledger entries.

Export Payments to a Bank File

When you are ready to pay a vendor, from the Payment Journal window you can export a file with the payment information from the journal lines. You can then upload the file to your electronic bank to process the money transfers.

If you do not want to post a payment journal line for an exported payment, for example because you are waiting for the bank to confirm the transaction, just delete the journal line. Later, when you create a payment journal line to pay the remaining amount on the invoice, the Total Exported Amount field shows how much of the payment amount has already been exported. Also, you can find detailed information about the exported total by choosing the Credit Transfer Reg. Entries button.

If you wait to post payments until after your bank confirms that it has processed transactions, there are two ways to avoid accidentally re-exporting payments for open documents:

  • In a payment journal with suggested payment lines, sort on either the Exported to Payment File or Total Exported Amount columns, and then delete payment suggestions for open invoices for which payments have already been made and you do not want to make payments for.

    Note You might have to add these columns to the list. For more information, see Personalising Your Workspace.

  • Alternatively, on the Suggest Vendor Payments batch job, where you specify the payments to include in the payment journal, you can specify not to insert journal lines for payments that have already been exported by choosing the Skip Exported Payments check box.

See Also

Payment Methods
Working with Business Central