Connect Raspberry Pi to Azure IoT Hub (Node.js)
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In this tutorial, you begin by learning the basics of working with Raspberry Pi that's running Raspbian. You then learn how to seamlessly connect your devices to the cloud by using Azure IoT Hub. For Windows 10 IoT Core samples, go to the Windows Dev Center.
What you do
- Create an IoT hub.
- Register a device for Pi in your IoT hub.
- Set up Raspberry Pi.
- Run a sample application on Pi to send sensor data to your IoT hub.
What you learn
- How to create an Azure IoT hub and get your new device connection string.
- How to connect Pi with a BME280 sensor.
- How to collect sensor data by running a sample application on Pi.
- How to send sensor data to your IoT hub.
What you need
- A Raspberry Pi 2 or Raspberry Pi 3 board.
- An active Azure subscription. If you don't have an Azure account, create a free Azure trial account in just a few minutes.
- A monitor, a USB keyboard, and mouse that connects to Pi.
- A Mac or PC that is running Windows or Linux.
- An internet connection.
- A 16 GB or above microSD card.
- A USB-SD adapter or microSD card to burn the operating system image onto the microSD card.
- A 5-volt 2-amp power supply with the 6-foot micro USB cable.
The following items are optional:
- An assembled Adafruit BME280 temperature, pressure, and humidity sensor.
- A breadboard.
- 6 F/M jumper wires.
- A diffused 10-mm LED.
If you don't have the optional items, you can use simulated sensor data.
Create an IoT hub
- Sign in to the Azure portal.
Select Create a resource > Internet of Things > IoT Hub.
In the IoT hub pane, enter the following information for your IoT hub:
- Name: Create a name for your IoT hub. If the name you enter is valid, a green check mark appears.
The IoT hub will be publicly discoverable as a DNS endpoint, so make sure to avoid any sensitive information while naming it.
Pricing and scale tier: For this tutorial, select the F1 - Free tier. For more information, see the Pricing and scale tier.
Resource group: Create a resource group to host the IoT hub or use an existing one. For more information, see Use resource groups to manage your Azure resources
Location: Select the closest location to you.
Pin to dashboard: Check this option for easy access to your IoT hub from the dashboard.
Click Create. Your IoT hub might take a few minutes to create. You can monitor the progress in the Notifications pane.
Now that you have created an IoT hub, locate the important information that you use to connect devices and applications to your IoT hub.
After your IoT hub is created, click it on the dashboard. Make a note of the Hostname, and then click Shared access policies.
In the Shared access policies pane, click the iothubowner policy, and then copy and make a note of the Connection string of your IoT hub. For more information, see Control access to IoT Hub.
You will not need this iothubowner connection string for this set-up tutorial. However, you may need it for some of the tutorials on different IoT scenarios after you complete this set-up.
Register a device in the IoT hub for your device
In the Azure portal, open your IoT hub.
Click IoT Devices.
In the IoT Devices pane, click Add to add a device to your IoT hub. Then do the following:
Device ID: Enter the ID of the new device. Device IDs are case sensitive.
Authentication Type: Select Symmetric Key.
Auto Generate Keys: Select this check box.
Connect device to IoT Hub: Click Enable.
The device ID may be visible in the logs collected for customer support and troubleshooting, so make sure to avoid any sensitive information while naming it.
After the device is created, open the device in the IoT Devices pane.
Make a note of the primary key of the connection string.
Set up Raspberry Pi
Install the Raspbian operating system for Pi
Prepare the microSD card for installation of the Raspbian image.
- Download Raspbian Stretch (the .zip file).
Please use above link to download
raspbian-2017-07-5zip image. The latest version of Raspbian images has some known issues with Wiring-Pi Node, which might cause failure in your next steps.
- Extract the Raspbian image to a folder on your computer.
Install Raspbian to the microSD card.
- Download and install the Etcher SD card burner utility.
- Run Etcher and select the Raspbian image that you extracted in step 1.
- Select the microSD card drive. Etcher may have already selected the correct drive.
- Click Flash to install Raspbian to the microSD card.
- Remove the microSD card from your computer when installation is complete. It's safe to remove the microSD card directly because Etcher automatically ejects or unmounts the microSD card upon completion.
- Insert the microSD card into Pi.
Enable SSH and I2C
- Connect Pi to the monitor, keyboard, and mouse.
- Start Pi and then log in Raspbian by using
pias the user name and
raspberryas the password.
Click the Raspberry icon > Preferences > Raspberry Pi Configuration.
On the Interfaces tab, set I2C and SSH to Enable, and then click OK. If you don't have physical sensors and want to use simulated sensor data, this step is optional.
Connect the sensor to Pi
Use the breadboard and jumper wires to connect an LED and a BME280 to Pi as follows. If you don’t have the sensor, skip this section.
The BME280 sensor can collect temperature and humidity data. The LED blinks when the device sends a message to the cloud.
For sensor pins, use the following wiring:
|Start (Sensor & LED)||End (Board)||Cable Color|
|VDD (Pin 5G)||3.3V PWR (Pin 1)||White cable|
|GND (Pin 7G)||GND (Pin 6)||Brown cable|
|SDI (Pin 10G)||I2C1 SDA (Pin 3)||Red cable|
|SCK (Pin 8G)||I2C1 SCL (Pin 5)||Orange cable|
|LED VDD (Pin 18F)||GPIO 24 (Pin 18)||White cable|
|LED GND (Pin 17F)||GND (Pin 20)||Black cable|
Click to view Raspberry Pi 2 & 3 pin mappings for your reference.
After you've successfully connected BME280 to your Raspberry Pi, it should be like below image.
Connect Pi to the network
Turn on Pi by using the micro USB cable and the power supply. Use the Ethernet cable to connect Pi to your wired network or follow the instructions from the Raspberry Pi Foundation to connect Pi to your wireless network. After your Pi has been successfully connected to the network, you need to take a note of the IP address of your Pi.
Make sure that Pi is connected to the same network as your computer. For example, if your computer is connected to a wireless network while Pi is connected to a wired network, you might not see the IP address in the devdisco output.
Run a sample application on Pi
Clone sample application and install the prerequisite packages
Connect to your Raspberry Pi with one of the following SSH clients from your host computer:
- Download and install PuTTY for Windows.
- Copy the IP address of your Pi into the Host name (or IP address) section and select SSH as the connection type.
Mac and Ubuntu Users
Use the built-in SSH client on Ubuntu or macOS. You might need to run
ssh pi@<ip address of pi>to connect Pi via SSH.
The default username is
piand the password is
Install Node.js and NPM to your Pi.
First check your Node.js version.
If the version is lower than 4.x, or if there is no Node.js on your Pi, install the latest version.
curl -sL http://deb.nodesource.com/setup_4.x | sudo -E bash sudo apt-get -y install nodejs
Clone the sample application.
git clone https://github.com/Azure-Samples/iot-hub-node-raspberrypi-client-app
Install all packages for the sample. The installation includes Azure IoT device SDK, BME280 Sensor library, and Wiring Pi library.
cd iot-hub-node-raspberrypi-client-app sudo npm install
It might take several minutes to finish this installation process depending on your network connection.
Configure the sample application
Open the config file by running the following commands:
There are two items in this file you can configure. The first one is
interval, which defines the time interval (in milliseconds) between messages sent to the cloud. The second one is
simulatedData, which is a Boolean value for whether to use simulated sensor data or not.
If you don't have the sensor, set the
trueto make the sample application create and use simulated sensor data.
Save and exit by typing Control-O > Enter > Control-X.
Run the sample application
Run the sample application by running the following command:
sudo node index.js '<YOUR AZURE IOT HUB DEVICE CONNECTION STRING>'
Make sure you copy-paste the device connection string into the single quotes.
You should see the following output that shows the sensor data and the messages that are sent to your IoT hub.
You’ve run a sample application to collect sensor data and send it to your IoT hub. To see the messages that your Raspberry Pi has sent to your IoT hub, or to send messages to your Raspberry Pi in a command-line interface, see the Manage cloud device messaging with iothub-explorer tutorial.
To continue to get started with Azure IoT Hub and to explore other IoT scenarios, see the following:
- Manage cloud device messaging with iothub-explorer
- Save your Azure IoT hub messages to Azure data storage
- Use Power BI to visualize real-time sensor data from your IoT hub
- Use the Web Apps feature of Azure App Service to visualize real-time sensor data from your IoT hub
- Forecast weather by using the sensor data from your IoT hub in Azure Machine Learning
- Manage devices with iothub-explorer
- Use Logic Apps for remote monitoring and notifications