List Azure role assignments using Azure CLI

Azure role-based access control (Azure RBAC) is the authorization system you use to manage access to Azure resources. To determine what resources users, groups, service principals, or managed identities have access to, you list their role assignments. This article describes how to list role assignments using Azure CLI.

Note

If your organization has outsourced management functions to a service provider who uses Azure delegated resource management, role assignments authorized by that service provider won't be shown here.

Prerequisites

List role assignments for a user

To list the role assignments for a specific user, use az role assignment list:

az role assignment list --assignee {assignee}

By default, only role assignments for the current subscription will be displayed. To view role assignments for the current subscription and below, add the --all parameter. To view inherited role assignments, add the --include-inherited parameter.

The following example lists the role assignments that are assigned directly to the patlong@contoso.com user:

az role assignment list --all --assignee patlong@contoso.com --output json --query '[].{principalName:principalName, roleDefinitionName:roleDefinitionName, scope:scope}'
[
  {
    "principalName": "patlong@contoso.com",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Backup Operator",
    "scope": "/subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000/resourceGroups/pharma-sales"
  },
  {
    "principalName": "patlong@contoso.com",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Virtual Machine Contributor",
    "scope": "/subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000/resourceGroups/pharma-sales"
  }
]

List role assignments for a resource group

To list the role assignments that exist at a resource group scope, use az role assignment list:

az role assignment list --resource-group {resourceGroup}

The following example lists the role assignments for the pharma-sales resource group:

az role assignment list --resource-group pharma-sales --output json --query '[].{principalName:principalName, roleDefinitionName:roleDefinitionName, scope:scope}'
[
  {
    "principalName": "patlong@contoso.com",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Backup Operator",
    "scope": "/subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000/resourceGroups/pharma-sales"
  },
  {
    "principalName": "patlong@contoso.com",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Virtual Machine Contributor",
    "scope": "/subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000/resourceGroups/pharma-sales"
  },
  
  ...

]

List role assignments for a subscription

To list all role assignments at a subscription scope, use az role assignment list. To get the subscription ID, you can find it on the Subscriptions blade in the Azure portal or you can use az account list.

az role assignment list --subscription {subscriptionNameOrId}

Example:

az role assignment list --subscription 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000 --output json --query '[].{principalName:principalName, roleDefinitionName:roleDefinitionName, scope:scope}'
[
  {
    "principalName": "admin@contoso.com",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Owner",
    "scope": "/subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
  },
  {
    "principalName": "Subscription Admins",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Owner",
    "scope": "/subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
  },
  {
    "principalName": "alain@contoso.com",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Reader",
    "scope": "/subscriptions/00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
  },

  ...

]

List role assignments for a management group

To list all role assignments at a management group scope, use az role assignment list. To get the management group ID, you can find it on the Management groups blade in the Azure portal or you can use az account management-group list.

az role assignment list --scope /providers/Microsoft.Management/managementGroups/{groupId}

Example:

az role assignment list --scope /providers/Microsoft.Management/managementGroups/sales-group --output json --query '[].{principalName:principalName, roleDefinitionName:roleDefinitionName, scope:scope}'
[
  {
    "principalName": "admin@contoso.com",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Owner",
    "scope": "/providers/Microsoft.Management/managementGroups/sales-group"
  },
  {
    "principalName": "alain@contoso.com",
    "roleDefinitionName": "Reader",
    "scope": "/providers/Microsoft.Management/managementGroups/sales-group"
  }
]

List role assignments for a managed identity

  1. Get the principal ID of the system-assigned or user-assigned managed identity.

    To get the principal ID of a user-assigned managed identity, you can use az ad sp list or az identity list.

    az ad sp list --display-name "{name}" --query [].objectId --output tsv
    

    To get the principal ID of a system-assigned managed identity, you can use az ad sp list.

    az ad sp list --display-name "{vmname}" --query [].objectId --output tsv
    
  2. To list the role assignments, use az role assignment list.

    By default, only role assignments for the current subscription will be displayed. To view role assignments for the current subscription and below, add the --all parameter. To view inherited role assignments, add the --include-inherited parameter.

    az role assignment list --assignee {objectId}
    

Next steps