Use PowerShell to configure active geo-replication for a pooled database in Azure SQL Database

This PowerShell script example configures active geo-replication for a pooled database in Azure SQL Database and fails it over to the secondary replica of the database.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.


This article has been updated to use the new Azure PowerShell Az module. You can still use the AzureRM module, which will continue to receive bug fixes until at least December 2020. To learn more about the new Az module and AzureRM compatibility, see Introducing the new Azure PowerShell Az module. For Az module installation instructions, see Install Azure PowerShell.

Use Azure Cloud Shell

Azure hosts Azure Cloud Shell, an interactive shell environment that you can use through your browser. Cloud Shell lets you use either bash or PowerShell to work with Azure services. You can use the Cloud Shell pre-installed commands to run the code in this article without having to install anything on your local environment.

To launch Azure Cloud Shell:

Option Example/Link
Select Try It in the upper-right corner of a code block. Selecting Try It doesn't automatically copy the code to Cloud Shell. Example of Try It for Azure Cloud Shell
Go to or select the Launch Cloud Shell button to open Cloud Shell in your browser. Launch Cloud Shell in a new window
Select the Cloud Shell button on the top-right menu bar in the Azure portal. Cloud Shell button in the Azure portal

To run the code in this article in Azure Cloud Shell:

  1. Open Cloud Shell.
  2. Select the Copy button on a code block to copy the code.
  3. Paste the code into the Cloud Shell session with Ctrl+Shift+V on Windows and Linux, or Cmd+Shift+V on macOS.
  4. Press Enter to run the code.

If you choose to install and use the PowerShell locally, this tutorial requires AZ PowerShell 1.4.0 or later. If you need to upgrade, see Install Azure PowerShell module. If you are running PowerShell locally, you also need to run Connect-AzAccount to create a connection with Azure.

Sample scripts

# Connect-AzAccount
$SubscriptionId = ''
# Set the resource group name and location for your serverw
$primaryResourceGroupName = "myPrimaryResourceGroup-$(Get-Random)"
$secondaryResourceGroupName = "mySecondaryResourceGroup-$(Get-Random)"
$primaryLocation = "westus2"
$secondaryLocation = "eastus"
# The logical server names have to be unique in the system
$primaryServerName = "primary-server-$(Get-Random)"
$secondaryServerName = "secondary-server-$(Get-Random)"
# Set an admin login and password for your servers
$adminSqlLgin = "SqlAdmin"
$password = "ChangeYourAdminPassword1"
# The sample database name
$databaseName = "mySampleDatabase"
# The ip address ranges that you want to allow to access your servers
$primaryStartIp = ""
$primaryEndIp = ""
$secondaryStartIp = ""
$secondaryEndIp = ""
# The elastic pool names
$primaryPoolName = "PrimaryPool"
$secondarypoolname = "SecondaryPool"

# Set subscription 
Set-AzContext -SubscriptionId $subscriptionId 

# Create two new resource groups
$primaryResourceGroup = New-AzResourceGroup -Name $primaryResourceGroupName -Location $primaryLocation
$secondaryResourceGroup = New-AzResourceGroup -Name $secondaryResourceGroupName -Location $secondaryLocation

# Create two new logical servers with a system wide unique server name

$primaryServer = New-AzSqlServer -ResourceGroupName $primaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $primaryServerName `
    -Location $primaryLocation `
    -SqlAdministratorCredentials $(New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $adminSqlLgin, $(ConvertTo-SecureString -String $password -AsPlainText -Force))
$secondaryServer = New-AzSqlServer -ResourceGroupName $secondaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $secondaryServerName `
    -Location $secondaryLocation `
    -SqlAdministratorCredentials $(New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $adminSqlLgin, $(ConvertTo-SecureString -String $password -AsPlainText -Force))

# Create a server firewall rule for each server that allows access from the specified IP range
$primaryServerFirewallRule = New-AzSqlServerFirewallRule -ResourceGroupName $primaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $primaryServerName `
    -FirewallRuleName "AllowedIPs" -StartIpAddress $primaryStartIp -EndIpAddress $primaryEndIp
$secondaryServerFirewallRule = New-AzSqlServerFirewallRule -ResourceGroupName $secondaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $secondaryServerName `
    -FirewallRuleName "AllowedIPs" -StartIpAddress $secondaryStartIp -EndIpAddress $secondaryEndIp

# Create a pool in each of the servers
$primaryPool = New-AzSqlElasticPool -ResourceGroupName $primaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $primaryServerName `
    -ElasticPoolName $primaryPoolName `
    -Edition "Standard" `
    -Dtu 50 `
    -DatabaseDtuMin 10 `
    -DatabaseDtuMax 50
$secondaryPool = New-AzSqlElasticPool -ResourceGroupName $secondaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $secondaryServerName `
    -ElasticPoolName $secondaryPoolName `
    -Edition "Standard" `
    -Dtu 50 `
    -DatabaseDtuMin 10 `
    -DatabaseDtuMax 50

# Create a blank database in the pool on the primary server
$database = New-AzSqlDatabase  -ResourceGroupName $primaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $primaryServerName `
    -DatabaseName $databaseName `
    -ElasticPoolName $primaryPoolName

# Establish Active Geo-Replication
$database = Get-AzSqlDatabase -ResourceGroupName $primaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $primaryServerName `
    -DatabaseName $databaseName
$database | New-AzSqlDatabaseSecondary -PartnerResourceGroupName $secondaryResourceGroupName `
    -PartnerServerName $secondaryServerName `
    -SecondaryElasticPoolName $secondaryPoolName `
    -AllowConnections "All"

# Initiate a planned failover
$database = Get-AzSqlDatabase -ResourceGroupName $secondaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $secondaryServerName `
    -DatabaseName $databaseName 
$database | Set-AzSqlDatabaseSecondary -PartnerResourceGroupName $primaryResourceGroupName -Failover

# Monitor Geo-Replication config and health after failover
$database = Get-AzSqlDatabase -ResourceGroupName $secondaryResourceGroupName `
    -ServerName $secondaryServerName `
    -DatabaseName $databaseName
$database | Get-AzSqlDatabaseReplicationLink -PartnerResourceGroupName $primaryResourceGroupName `
    -PartnerServerName $primaryServerName

# Clean up deployment 
# Remove-AzResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $primaryResourceGroupName
# Remove-AzResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $secondaryResourceGroupName

Clean up deployment

Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

Remove-AzResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $primaryresourcegroupname
Remove-AzResourceGroup -ResourceGroupName $secondaryresourcegroupname

Script explanation

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
New-AzResourceGroup Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
New-AzSqlServer Creates a SQL Database server that hosts single databases and elastic pools.
New-AzSqlElasticPool Creates an elastic pool .
New-AzSqlDatabase Creates a single database or a pooled database.
Set-AzSqlDatabase Updates database properties or moves a database into, out of, or between elastic pools.
New-AzSqlDatabaseSecondary Creates a secondary database for an existing database and starts data replication.
Get-AzSqlDatabase Gets one or more databases.
Set-AzSqlDatabaseSecondary Switches a secondary database to be primary in order to initiate failover.
Get-AzSqlDatabaseReplicationLink Gets the geo-replication links between an Azure SQL Database and a resource group or SQL Server.
Remove-AzResourceGroup Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps

For more information on the Azure PowerShell, see Azure PowerShell documentation.

Additional SQL Database PowerShell script samples can be found in the Azure SQL Database PowerShell scripts.