DateTime DateTime DateTime DateTime Constructors

Definition

Overloads

DateTime(Int64) DateTime(Int64) DateTime(Int64) DateTime(Int64)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to a specified number of ticks.

DateTime(Int64, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int64, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int64, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int64, DateTimeKind)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to a specified number of ticks and to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, and day.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, and day for the specified calendar.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, and second.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, and second for the specified calendar.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and millisecond.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, millisecond, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and millisecond for the specified calendar.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, millisecond, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time for the specified calendar.

DateTime(Int64) DateTime(Int64) DateTime(Int64) DateTime(Int64)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to a specified number of ticks.

public:
 DateTime(long ticks);
public DateTime (long ticks);
new DateTime : int64 -> DateTime
Public Sub New (ticks As Long)

Parameters

ticks
Int64 Int64 Int64 Int64

A date and time expressed in the number of 100-nanosecond intervals that have elapsed since January 1, 0001 at 00:00:00.000 in the Gregorian calendar.

Exceptions

Examples

The following example demonstrates one of the DateTime constructors.

// This example demonstrates the DateTime(Int64) constructor.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
int main()
{
   
   // Instead of using the implicit, default "G" date and time format string, we 
   // use a custom format string that aligns the results and inserts leading zeroes.
   String^ format = "{0}) The {1} date and time is {2:MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt}";
   
   // Create a DateTime for the maximum date and time using ticks.
   DateTime dt1 = DateTime(DateTime::MaxValue.Ticks);
   
   // Create a DateTime for the minimum date and time using ticks.
   DateTime dt2 = DateTime(DateTime::MinValue.Ticks);
   
   // Create a custom DateTime for 7/28/1979 at 10:35:05 PM using a 
   // calendar based on the "en-US" culture, and ticks. 
   Int64 ticks = DateTime(1979,07,28,22,35,5,(gcnew CultureInfo( "en-US",false ))->Calendar).Ticks;
   DateTime dt3 = DateTime(ticks);
   Console::WriteLine( format, 1, "maximum", dt1 );
   Console::WriteLine( format, 2, "minimum", dt2 );
   Console::WriteLine( format, 3, "custom ", dt3 );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nThe custom date and time is created from {0:N0} ticks.", ticks );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

1) The maximum date and time is 12/31/9999 11:59:59 PM
2) The minimum date and time is 01/01/0001 12:00:00 AM
3) The custom  date and time is 07/28/1979 10:35:05 PM

The custom date and time is created from 624,376,461,050,000,000 ticks.

*/
// This example demonstrates the DateTime(Int64) constructor.
using System;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
// Instead of using the implicit, default "G" date and time format string, we 
// use a custom format string that aligns the results and inserts leading zeroes.
    string format = "{0}) The {1} date and time is {2:MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt}";

// Create a DateTime for the maximum date and time using ticks.
    DateTime dt1 = new DateTime(DateTime.MaxValue.Ticks);

// Create a DateTime for the minimum date and time using ticks.
    DateTime dt2 = new DateTime(DateTime.MinValue.Ticks);

// Create a custom DateTime for 7/28/1979 at 10:35:05 PM using a 
// calendar based on the "en-US" culture, and ticks. 
    long ticks = new DateTime(1979, 07, 28, 22, 35, 5, 
	new CultureInfo("en-US", false).Calendar).Ticks;
    DateTime dt3 = new DateTime(ticks);

    Console.WriteLine(format, 1, "maximum", dt1);
    Console.WriteLine(format, 2, "minimum", dt2);
    Console.WriteLine(format, 3, "custom ", dt3);
    Console.WriteLine("\nThe custom date and time is created from {0:N0} ticks.", ticks);
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

1) The maximum date and time is 12/31/9999 11:59:59 PM
2) The minimum date and time is 01/01/0001 12:00:00 AM
3) The custom  date and time is 07/28/1979 10:35:05 PM

The custom date and time is created from 624,376,461,050,000,000 ticks.

*/
' This example demonstrates the DateTime(Int64) constructor.
Imports System.Globalization

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Instead of using the implicit, default "G" date and time format string, we 
      ' use a custom format string that aligns the results and inserts leading zeroes.
      Dim format As String = "{0}) The {1} date and time is {2:MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt}"
      
      ' Create a DateTime for the maximum date and time using ticks.
      Dim dt1 As New DateTime(DateTime.MaxValue.Ticks)
      
      ' Create a DateTime for the minimum date and time using ticks.
      Dim dt2 As New DateTime(DateTime.MinValue.Ticks)
      
      ' Create a custom DateTime for 7/28/1979 at 10:35:05 PM using a 
      ' calendar based on the "en-US" culture, and ticks. 
      Dim ticks As Long = New DateTime(1979, 7, 28, 22, 35, 5, _
                                       New CultureInfo("en-US", False).Calendar).Ticks
      Dim dt3 As New DateTime(ticks)
      
      Console.WriteLine(format, 1, "maximum", dt1)
      Console.WriteLine(format, 2, "minimum", dt2)
      Console.WriteLine(format, 3, "custom ", dt3)
      Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "The custom date and time is created from {0:N0} ticks.", ticks)
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'Sample
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'1) The maximum date and time is 12/31/9999 11:59:59 PM
'2) The minimum date and time is 01/01/0001 12:00:00 AM
'3) The custom  date and time is 07/28/1979 10:35:05 PM
'
'The custom date and time is created from 624,376,461,050,000,000 ticks.
'

Remarks

The Kind property is initialized to Unspecified.

For applications in which portability of date and time data or a limited degree of time zone awareness is important, you can use the corresponding DateTimeOffset constructor.

DateTime(Int64, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int64, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int64, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int64, DateTimeKind)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to a specified number of ticks and to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time.

public:
 DateTime(long ticks, DateTimeKind kind);
public DateTime (long ticks, DateTimeKind kind);
new DateTime : int64 * DateTimeKind -> DateTime
Public Sub New (ticks As Long, kind As DateTimeKind)

Parameters

ticks
Int64 Int64 Int64 Int64

A date and time expressed in the number of 100-nanosecond intervals that have elapsed since January 1, 0001 at 00:00:00.000 in the Gregorian calendar.

kind
DateTimeKind DateTimeKind DateTimeKind DateTimeKind

One of the enumeration values that indicates whether ticks specifies a local time, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), or neither.

Exceptions

Remarks

For applications in which portability of date and time data or a limited degree of time zone awareness is important, you can use the corresponding DateTimeOffset constructor.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, and day.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day);
new DateTime : int * int * int -> DateTime
Public Sub New (year As Integer, month As Integer, day As Integer)

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through 9999).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through 12).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

Exceptions

year is less than 1 or greater than 9999.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than 12.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

Examples

The following example uses the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32) constructor to instantiate a DateTime value. The example also illustrates that this overload creates a DateTime value whose time component equals midnight (or 0:00).

DateTime date1 = new DateTime(2010, 8, 18);
Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString());
// The example displays the following output:
//      8/18/2010 12:00:00 AM      
Dim date1 As New Date(2010, 8, 18)
Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString())
' The example displays the following output:
'      8/18/2010 12:00:00 AM      

Remarks

This constructor interprets year, month, and day as a year, month, and day in the Gregorian calendar. To instantiate a DateTime value by using the year, month, and day in another calendar, call the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) constructor.

The time of day for the resulting DateTime is midnight (00:00:00). The Kind property is initialized to DateTimeKind.Unspecified.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, and day for the specified calendar.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day, System::Globalization::Calendar ^ calendar);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day, System.Globalization.Calendar calendar);
new DateTime : int * int * int * System.Globalization.Calendar -> DateTime

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through the number of years in calendar).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through the number of months in calendar).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

calendar
Calendar Calendar Calendar Calendar

The calendar that is used to interpret year, month, and day.

Exceptions

year is not in the range supported by calendar.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than the number of months in calendar.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

Examples

The following example calls the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) constructor twice to instantiate two DateTime values. The first call instantiates a DateTime value by using a PersianCalendar object. Because the Persian calendar cannot be designated as the default calendar for a culture, displaying a date in the Persian calendar requires individual calls to its PersianCalendar.GetMonth, PersianCalendar.GetDayOfMonth, and PersianCalendar.GetYear methods. The second call to the constructor instantiates a DateTime value by using a HijriCalendar object. The example changes the current culture to Arabic (Syria) and changes the current culture's default calendar to the Hijri calendar. Because Hijri is the current culture's default calendar, the Console.WriteLine method uses it to format the date. When the previous current culture (which is English (United States) in this case) is restored, the Console.WriteLine method uses the current culture's default Gregorian calendar to format the date.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Persian Calendar:");
      PersianCalendar persian = new PersianCalendar();
      DateTime date1 = new DateTime(1389, 5, 27, persian);
      Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString());
      Console.WriteLine("{0}/{1}/{2}\n", persian.GetMonth(date1), 
                                       persian.GetDayOfMonth(date1), 
                                       persian.GetYear(date1));
      
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Hijri Calendar:");
      // Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      CultureInfo dftCulture = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;
      
      // Define Hijri calendar.
      HijriCalendar hijri = new HijriCalendar();
      // Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("ar-SY");
      CultureInfo current = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture;
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri;
      string dFormat = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern;
      // Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy");
      current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern = dFormat;
      DateTime date2 = new DateTime(1431, 9, 9, hijri);
      Console.WriteLine("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:d}", current, 
                        GetCalendarName(hijri), date2);
      
      // Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture;
      Console.WriteLine("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:d}", 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), 
                        date2); 
   }
   
   private static string GetCalendarName(Calendar cal)
   {
      return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\\.(\\w+)Calendar").Groups[1].Value;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Using the Persian Calendar:
//       8/18/2010 12:00:00 AM
//       5/27/1389
//       
//       Using the Hijri Calendar:
//       ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431
//       en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Persian Calendar:")
      Dim persian As New PersianCalendar()
      Dim date1 As New Date(1389, 5, 27, persian)
      Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("{0}/{1}/{2}", persian.GetMonth(date1), _
                                       persian.GetDayOfMonth(date1), _
                                       persian.GetYear(date1))
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Hijri Calendar:")
      ' Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      Dim dftCulture As CultureInfo = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture
      
      ' Define Hijri calendar.
      Dim hijri As New HijriCalendar()
      ' Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = New CultureInfo("ar-SY")
      Dim current As CultureInfo = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri
      Dim dFormat As String = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern
      ' Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy")
      current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern = dFormat
      Dim date2 As New Date(1431, 9, 9, hijri)
      Console.WriteLine("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:d}", current, _
                        GetCalendarName(hijri), date2) 
      
      ' Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture
      Console.WriteLine("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:d}", _
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, _
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), _
                        date2) 
   End Sub
   
   Private Function GetCalendarName(cal As Calendar) As String
      Return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\.(\w+)Calendar").Groups(1).Value
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Using the Persian Calendar:
'       8/18/2010 12:00:00 AM
'       5/27/1389
'       
'       Using the Hijri Calendar:
'       ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431
'       en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010

Remarks

The time of day for the resulting DateTime is midnight (00:00:00). The Kind property is initialized to Unspecified.

The allowable values for year, month, and day depend on calendar. An exception is thrown if the specified date and time cannot be expressed using calendar.

Important

Eras in the Japanese calendars are based on the emperor's reign and are therefore expected to change. For example, May 1, 2019 marked the beginning of the Reiwa era in the JapaneseCalendar and JapaneseLunisolarCalendar. Such a change of era affects all applications that use these calendars. See Handling a new era in the Japanese calendar in .NET for more information and to determine whether your applications are affected. See Prepare your application for the Japanese era change for information on testing your applications on Windows systems to ensure their readiness for the era change. See Working with eras for features in .NET that support calendars with multiple eras and for best practices when working with calendars that support multiple eras.

The System.Globalization namespace provides several calendars including GregorianCalendar and JulianCalendar.

See also

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, and second.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second);
new DateTime : int * int * int * int * int * int -> DateTime
Public Sub New (year As Integer, month As Integer, day As Integer, hour As Integer, minute As Integer, second As Integer)

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through 9999).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through 12).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

hour
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The hours (0 through 23).

minute
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The minutes (0 through 59).

second
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The seconds (0 through 59).

Exceptions

year is less than 1 or greater than 9999.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than 12.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

-or-

hour is less than 0 or greater than 23.

-or-

minute is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

second is less than 0 or greater than 59.

Examples

The following example uses the DateTime constructor to instantiate a DateTime value.

DateTime date1 = new DateTime(2010, 8, 18, 16, 32, 0);
Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString());
// The example displays the following output:
//      8/18/2010 4:32:00 PM
Dim date1 As New Date(2010, 8, 18, 16, 32, 0)
Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString())
' The example displays the following output:
'      8/18/2010 4:32:00 PM

Remarks

The Kind property is initialized to Unspecified.

This constructor interpretsyear, month, and day as a year, month, and day in the Gregorian calendar. To instantiate a DateTime value by using the year, month, and day in another calendar, call the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) constructor.

For applications in which portability of date and time data or a limited degree of time zone awareness is important, you can use the corresponding DateTimeOffset constructor.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, DateTimeKind kind);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, DateTimeKind kind);
new DateTime : int * int * int * int * int * int * DateTimeKind -> DateTime
Public Sub New (year As Integer, month As Integer, day As Integer, hour As Integer, minute As Integer, second As Integer, kind As DateTimeKind)

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through 9999).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through 12).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

hour
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The hours (0 through 23).

minute
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The minutes (0 through 59).

second
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The seconds (0 through 59).

kind
DateTimeKind DateTimeKind DateTimeKind DateTimeKind

One of the enumeration values that indicates whether year, month, day, hour, minute and second specify a local time, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), or neither.

Exceptions

year is less than 1 or greater than 9999.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than 12.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

-or-

hour is less than 0 or greater than 23.

-or-

minute is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

second is less than 0 or greater than 59.

Examples

The following example uses the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) constructor to instantiate a DateTime value.

DateTime date1 = new DateTime(2010, 8, 18, 16, 32, 0, DateTimeKind.Local);
Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}", date1, date1.Kind);
// The example displays the following output:
//      8/18/2010 4:32:00 PM Local
Dim date1 As New Date(2010, 8, 18, 16, 32, 0, DateTimeKind.Local)
Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}", date1, date1.Kind)
' The example displays the following output:
'      8/18/2010 4:32:00 PM Local

Remarks

This constructor interpretsyear, month, and day as a year, month, and day in the Gregorian calendar. To instantiate a DateTime value by using the year, month, and day in another calendar, call the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind) constructor.

For applications in which portability of date and time data or a limited degree of time zone awareness is important, you can use the corresponding DateTimeOffset constructor.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, and second for the specified calendar.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, System::Globalization::Calendar ^ calendar);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, System.Globalization.Calendar calendar);
new DateTime : int * int * int * int * int * int * System.Globalization.Calendar -> DateTime

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through the number of years in calendar).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through the number of months in calendar).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

hour
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The hours (0 through 23).

minute
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The minutes (0 through 59).

second
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The seconds (0 through 59).

calendar
Calendar Calendar Calendar Calendar

The calendar that is used to interpret year, month, and day.

Exceptions

year is not in the range supported by calendar.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than the number of months in calendar.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

-or-

hour is less than 0 or greater than 23

-or-

minute is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

second is less than 0 or greater than 59.

Examples

The following example calls the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) constructor twice to instantiate two DateTime values. The first call instantiates a DateTime value by using a PersianCalendar object. Because the Persian calendar cannot be designated as the default calendar for a culture, displaying a date in the Persian calendar requires individual calls to its PersianCalendar.GetMonth, PersianCalendar.GetDayOfMonth, and PersianCalendar.GetYear methods. The second call to the constructor instantiates a DateTime value by using a HijriCalendar object. The example changes the current culture to Arabic (Syria) and changes the current culture's default calendar to the Hijri calendar. Because Hijri is the current culture's default calendar, the Console.WriteLine method uses it to format the date. When the previous current culture (which is English (United States) in this case) is restored, the Console.WriteLine method uses the current culture's default Gregorian calendar to format the date.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Persian Calendar:");
      PersianCalendar persian = new PersianCalendar();
      DateTime date1 = new DateTime(1389, 5, 27, 16, 32, 0, persian);
      Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString());
      Console.WriteLine("{0}/{1}/{2} {3}{6}{4:D2}{6}{5:D2}\n", 
                                       persian.GetMonth(date1), 
                                       persian.GetDayOfMonth(date1), 
                                       persian.GetYear(date1), 
                                       persian.GetHour(date1), 
                                       persian.GetMinute(date1), 
                                       persian.GetSecond(date1), 
                                       DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.TimeSeparator);

      Console.WriteLine("Using the Hijri Calendar:");
      // Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      CultureInfo dftCulture = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;
      
      // Define Hijri calendar.
      HijriCalendar hijri = new HijriCalendar();
      // Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("ar-SY");
      CultureInfo current = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture;
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri;
      string dFormat = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern;
      // Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy");
      current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern = dFormat;
      DateTime date2 = new DateTime(1431, 9, 9, 16, 32, 18, hijri);
      Console.WriteLine("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:g}", current, 
                        GetCalendarName(hijri), date2);
      
      // Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture;
      Console.WriteLine("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:g}", 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), 
                        date2); 
   }
   
   private static string GetCalendarName(Calendar cal)
   {
      return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\\.(\\w+)Calendar").Groups[1].Value;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Using the Persian Calendar:
//       8/18/2010 4:32:00 PM
//       5/27/1389 16:32:00
//       
//       Using the Hijri Calendar:
//       ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431 04:32 م
//       en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010 4:32 PM
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Persian Calendar:")
      Dim persian As New PersianCalendar()
      Dim date1 As New Date(1389, 5, 27, 16, 32, 0, persian)
      Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("{0}/{1}/{2} {3}{6}{4:D2}{6}{5:D2}", persian.GetMonth(date1), _
                                       persian.GetDayOfMonth(date1), _
                                       persian.GetYear(date1), _
                                       persian.GetHour(date1), _
                                       persian.GetMinute(date1), _
                                       persian.GetSecond(date1), _
                                       DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.TimeSeparator)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Hijri Calendar:")
      ' Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      Dim dftCulture As CultureInfo = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture
      
      ' Define Hijri calendar.
      Dim hijri As New HijriCalendar()
      ' Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = New CultureInfo("ar-SY")
      Dim current As CultureInfo = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri
      Dim dFormat As String = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern
      ' Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy")
      current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern = dFormat
      Dim date2 As New Date(1431, 9, 9, 16, 32, 0, hijri)
      Console.WriteLine("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:g}", current, _
                        GetCalendarName(hijri), date2) 

      ' Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture
      Console.WriteLine("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:g}", _
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, _
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), _
                        date2) 
   End Sub
   
   Private Function GetCalendarName(cal As Calendar) As String
      Return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\.(\w+)Calendar").Groups(1).Value
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Using the Persian Calendar:
'       8/18/2010 4:32:00 PM
'       5/27/1389 16:32:00
'       
'       Using the Hijri Calendar:
'       ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431 04:32 م
'       en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010 4:32 PM

Remarks

The Kind property is initialized to Unspecified.

The allowable values for year, month, and day depend on calendar. An exception is thrown if the specified date and time cannot be expressed using calendar.

Important

Eras in the Japanese calendars are based on the emperor's reign and are therefore expected to change. For example, May 1, 2019 marked the beginning of the Reiwa era in the JapaneseCalendar and JapaneseLunisolarCalendar. Such a change of era affects all applications that use these calendars. See Handling a new era in the Japanese calendar in .NET for more information and to determine whether your applications are affected. See Prepare your application for the Japanese era change for information on testing your applications on Windows systems to ensure their readiness for the era change. See Working with eras for features in .NET that support calendars with multiple eras and for best practices when working with calendars that support multiple eras.

The System.Globalization namespace provides several calendars including GregorianCalendar and JulianCalendar.

See also

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and millisecond.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond);
new DateTime : int * int * int * int * int * int * int -> DateTime
Public Sub New (year As Integer, month As Integer, day As Integer, hour As Integer, minute As Integer, second As Integer, millisecond As Integer)

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through 9999).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through 12).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

hour
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The hours (0 through 23).

minute
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The minutes (0 through 59).

second
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The seconds (0 through 59).

millisecond
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The milliseconds (0 through 999).

Exceptions

year is less than 1 or greater than 9999.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than 12.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

-or-

hour is less than 0 or greater than 23.

-or-

minute is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

second is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

millisecond is less than 0 or greater than 999.

Examples

The following example uses the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32) constructor to instantiate a DateTime value.

DateTime date1 = new DateTime(2010, 8, 18, 16, 32, 18, 500);
Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString("M/dd/yyyy h:mm:ss.fff tt"));
// The example displays the following output:
//      8/18/2010 4:32:18.500 PM
Dim date1 As New Date(2010, 8, 18, 16, 32, 18, 500)
Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString("M/dd/yyyy h:mm:ss.fff tt"))
' The example displays the following output:
'      8/18/2010 4:32:18.500 PM

Remarks

This constructor interpretsyear, month, and day as a year, month, and day in the Gregorian calendar. To instantiate a DateTime value by using the year, month, and day in another calendar, call the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) constructor.

The Kind property is initialized to Unspecified.

For applications in which portability of date and time data or a limited degree of time zone awareness is important, you can use the corresponding DateTimeOffset constructor.

See also

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, millisecond, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, DateTimeKind kind);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, DateTimeKind kind);
new DateTime : int * int * int * int * int * int * int * DateTimeKind -> DateTime
Public Sub New (year As Integer, month As Integer, day As Integer, hour As Integer, minute As Integer, second As Integer, millisecond As Integer, kind As DateTimeKind)

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through 9999).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through 12).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

hour
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The hours (0 through 23).

minute
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The minutes (0 through 59).

second
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The seconds (0 through 59).

millisecond
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The milliseconds (0 through 999).

kind
DateTimeKind DateTimeKind DateTimeKind DateTimeKind

One of the enumeration values that indicates whether year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and millisecond specify a local time, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), or neither.

Exceptions

year is less than 1 or greater than 9999.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than 12.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

-or-

hour is less than 0 or greater than 23.

-or-

minute is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

second is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

millisecond is less than 0 or greater than 999.

Examples

The following example uses the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, DateTimeKind) constructor to instantiate a DateTime value.

DateTime date1 = new DateTime(2010, 8, 18, 16, 32, 18, 500, 
                              DateTimeKind.Local);
Console.WriteLine("{0:M/dd/yyyy h:mm:ss.fff tt} {1}", date1, date1.Kind);
// The example displays the following output:
//      8/18/2010 4:32:18.500 PM Local
Dim date1 As New Date(2010, 8, 18, 16, 32, 18, 500, DateTimeKind.Local)
Console.WriteLine("{0:M/dd/yyyy h:mm:ss.fff tt} {1}", date1, date1.Kind)
' The example displays the following output:
'      8/18/2010 4:32:18.500 PM Local

Remarks

This constructor interpretsyear, month, and day as a year, month, and day in the Gregorian calendar. To instantiate a DateTime value by using the year, month, and day in another calendar, call the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind) constructor.

For applications in which portability of date and time data or a limited degree of time zone awareness is important, you can use the corresponding DateTimeOffset constructor.

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and millisecond for the specified calendar.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, System::Globalization::Calendar ^ calendar);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, System.Globalization.Calendar calendar);
new DateTime : int * int * int * int * int * int * int * System.Globalization.Calendar -> DateTime

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through the number of years in calendar).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through the number of months in calendar).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

hour
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The hours (0 through 23).

minute
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The minutes (0 through 59).

second
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The seconds (0 through 59).

millisecond
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The milliseconds (0 through 999).

calendar
Calendar Calendar Calendar Calendar

The calendar that is used to interpret year, month, and day.

Exceptions

year is not in the range supported by calendar.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than the number of months in calendar.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

-or-

hour is less than 0 or greater than 23.

-or-

minute is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

second is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

millisecond is less than 0 or greater than 999.

Examples

The following example calls the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) constructor twice to instantiate two DateTime values. The first call instantiates a DateTime value by using a PersianCalendar object. Because the Persian calendar cannot be designated as the default calendar for a culture, displaying a date in the Persian calendar requires individual calls to its PersianCalendar.GetMonth, PersianCalendar.GetDayOfMonth, and PersianCalendar.GetYear methods. The second call to the constructor instantiates a DateTime value by using a HijriCalendar object. The example changes the current culture to Arabic (Syria) and changes the current culture's default calendar to the Hijri calendar. Because Hijri is the current culture's default calendar, the Console.WriteLine method uses it to format the date. When the previous current culture (which is English (United States) in this case) is restored, the Console.WriteLine method uses the current culture's default Gregorian calendar to format the date.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Persian Calendar:");
      PersianCalendar persian = new PersianCalendar();
      DateTime date1 = new DateTime(1389, 5, 27, 16, 32, 18, 500, persian);
      Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString("M/dd/yyyy h:mm:ss.fff tt"));
      Console.WriteLine("{0}/{1}/{2} {3}{7}{4:D2}{7}{5:D2}.{6:G3}\n", 
                                       persian.GetMonth(date1), 
                                       persian.GetDayOfMonth(date1), 
                                       persian.GetYear(date1), 
                                       persian.GetHour(date1), 
                                       persian.GetMinute(date1), 
                                       persian.GetSecond(date1), 
                                       persian.GetMilliseconds(date1), 
                                       DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.TimeSeparator);

      Console.WriteLine("Using the Hijri Calendar:");
      // Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      CultureInfo dftCulture = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;
      
      // Define strings for use in composite formatting.
      string dFormat; 
      string fmtString; 
      // Define Hijri calendar.
      HijriCalendar hijri = new HijriCalendar();
      // Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("ar-SY");
      CultureInfo current = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture;
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri;
      dFormat = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern;
      // Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy") + " H:mm:ss.fff";
      fmtString = "{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:" + dFormat + "}";
      DateTime date2 = new DateTime(1431, 9, 9, 16, 32, 18, 500, hijri);
      Console.WriteLine(fmtString, current, GetCalendarName(hijri), date2);
      
      // Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture;
      dFormat = DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.ShortDatePattern +" H:mm:ss.fff";
      fmtString = "{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:" + dFormat + "}";
      Console.WriteLine(fmtString, 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), 
                        date2); 
   }
   
   private static string GetCalendarName(Calendar cal)
   {
      return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\\.(\\w+)Calendar").Groups[1].Value;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       8/18/2010 4:32:18.500 PM
//       5/27/1389 16:32:18.500
//       
//       Using the Hijri Calendar:
//       ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431 16:32:18.500
//       en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010 16:32:18.500
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Persian Calendar:")
      Dim persian As New PersianCalendar()
      Dim date1 As New Date(1389, 5, 27, 16, 32, 18, 500, persian)
      Console.WriteLine(date1.ToString("M/dd/yyyy h:mm:ss.fff tt"))
      Console.WriteLine("{0}/{1}/{2} {3}{7}{4:D2}{7}{5:D2}.{6:G3}", _
                                       persian.GetMonth(date1), _
                                       persian.GetDayOfMonth(date1), _
                                       persian.GetYear(date1), _
                                       persian.GetHour(date1), _
                                       persian.GetMinute(date1), _
                                       persian.GetSecond(date1), _
                                       persian.GetMilliseconds(date1), _
                                       DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.TimeSeparator)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Hijri Calendar:")
      ' Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      Dim dftCulture As CultureInfo = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture
      
      ' Define strings for use in composite formatting.
      Dim dFormat As String 
      Dim fmtString As String 
      ' Define Hijri calendar.
      Dim hijri As New HijriCalendar()
      ' Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = New CultureInfo("ar-SY")
      Dim current As CultureInfo = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri
      dFormat = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern
      ' Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy") + " H:mm:ss.fff"
      fmtString = "{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:" + dFormat + "}"
      Dim date2 As New Date(1431, 9, 9, 16, 32, 18, 500, hijri)
      Console.WriteLine(fmtString, current, GetCalendarName(hijri), date2) 

      ' Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture
      dFormat = DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.ShortDatePattern +" H:mm:ss.fff"
      fmtString = "{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:" + dFormat + "}"
      Console.WriteLine(fmtString, CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, _
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), _
                        date2) 
   End Sub
   
   Private Function GetCalendarName(cal As Calendar) As String
      Return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\.(\w+)Calendar").Groups(1).Value
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Using the Persian Calendar:
'       8/18/2010 4:32:18.500 PM
'       5/27/1389 16:32:18.500
'       
'       Using the Hijri Calendar:
'       ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431 16:32:18.500
'       en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010 16:32:18.500

Remarks

The Kind property is initialized to Unspecified.

The allowable values for year, month, and day depend on calendar. An exception is thrown if the specified date and time cannot be expressed using calendar.

For applications in which portability of date and time data or a limited degree of time zone awareness is important, you can use the corresponding DateTimeOffset constructor.

Important

Eras in the Japanese calendars are based on the emperor's reign and are therefore expected to change. For example, May 1, 2019 marked the beginning of the Reiwa era in the JapaneseCalendar and JapaneseLunisolarCalendar. Such a change of era affects all applications that use these calendars. See Handling a new era in the Japanese calendar in .NET for more information and to determine whether your applications are affected. See Prepare your application for the Japanese era change for information on testing your applications on Windows systems to ensure their readiness for the era change. See Working with eras for features in .NET that support calendars with multiple eras and for best practices when working with calendars that support multiple eras.

The System.Globalization namespace provides several calendars including GregorianCalendar and JulianCalendar.

See also

DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind) DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind)

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, second, millisecond, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time for the specified calendar.

public:
 DateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, System::Globalization::Calendar ^ calendar, DateTimeKind kind);
public DateTime (int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, System.Globalization.Calendar calendar, DateTimeKind kind);
new DateTime : int * int * int * int * int * int * int * System.Globalization.Calendar * DateTimeKind -> DateTime

Parameters

year
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The year (1 through the number of years in calendar).

month
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The month (1 through the number of months in calendar).

day
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The day (1 through the number of days in month).

hour
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The hours (0 through 23).

minute
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The minutes (0 through 59).

second
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The seconds (0 through 59).

millisecond
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The milliseconds (0 through 999).

calendar
Calendar Calendar Calendar Calendar

The calendar that is used to interpret year, month, and day.

kind
DateTimeKind DateTimeKind DateTimeKind DateTimeKind

One of the enumeration values that indicates whether year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and millisecond specify a local time, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), or neither.

Exceptions

year is not in the range supported by calendar.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than the number of months in calendar.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

-or-

hour is less than 0 or greater than 23.

-or-

minute is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

second is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

millisecond is less than 0 or greater than 999.

Examples

The following example calls the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar, DateTimeKind) constructor twice to instantiate two DateTime values. The first call instantiates a DateTime value by using a PersianCalendar object. Because the Persian calendar cannot be designated as the default calendar for a culture, displaying a date in the Persian calendar requires individual calls to its PersianCalendar.GetMonth, PersianCalendar.GetDayOfMonth, and PersianCalendar.GetYear methods. The second call to the constructor instantiates a DateTime value by using a HijriCalendar object. The example changes the current culture to Arabic (Syria) and changes the current culture's default calendar to the Hijri calendar. Because Hijri is the current culture's default calendar, the Console.WriteLine method uses it to format the date. When the previous current culture (which is English (United States) in this case) is restored, the Console.WriteLine method uses the current culture's default Gregorian calendar to format the date.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Persian Calendar:");
      PersianCalendar persian = new PersianCalendar();
      DateTime date1 = new DateTime(1389, 5, 27, 16, 32, 18, 500, 
                                    persian, DateTimeKind.Local);
      Console.WriteLine("{0:M/dd/yyyy h:mm:ss.fff tt} {1}", date1, date1.Kind);
      Console.WriteLine("{0}/{1}/{2} {3}{8}{4:D2}{8}{5:D2}.{6:G3} {7}\n", 
                                       persian.GetMonth(date1), 
                                       persian.GetDayOfMonth(date1), 
                                       persian.GetYear(date1), 
                                       persian.GetHour(date1), 
                                       persian.GetMinute(date1), 
                                       persian.GetSecond(date1), 
                                       persian.GetMilliseconds(date1), 
                                       date1.Kind, 
                                       DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.TimeSeparator);

      Console.WriteLine("Using the Hijri Calendar:");
      // Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      CultureInfo dftCulture = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;
      
      // Define strings for use in composite formatting.
      string dFormat; 
      string fmtString; 
      // Define Hijri calendar.
      HijriCalendar hijri = new HijriCalendar();
      // Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("ar-SY");
      CultureInfo current = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture;
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri;
      dFormat = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern;
      // Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy") + " H:mm:ss.fff";
      fmtString = "{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:" + dFormat + "} {3}";
      DateTime date2 = new DateTime(1431, 9, 9, 16, 32, 18, 500, 
                                    hijri, DateTimeKind.Local);
      Console.WriteLine(fmtString, current, GetCalendarName(hijri), 
                        date2, date2.Kind);
      
      // Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture;
      dFormat = DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.ShortDatePattern +" H:mm:ss.fff";
      fmtString = "{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:" + dFormat + "} {3}";
      Console.WriteLine(fmtString, 
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), 
                        date2, date2.Kind); 
   }
   
   private static string GetCalendarName(Calendar cal)
   {
      return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\\.(\\w+)Calendar").Groups[1].Value;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Using the Persian Calendar:
//    8/18/2010 4:32:18.500 PM Local
//    5/27/1389 16:32:18.500 Local
//    
//    Using the Hijri Calendar:
//    ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431 16:32:18.500 Local
//    en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010 16:32:18.500 Local
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Persian Calendar:")
      Dim persian As New PersianCalendar()
      Dim date1 As New Date(1389, 5, 27, 16, 32, 18, 500, _
                            persian, DateTimeKind.Local)
      Console.WriteLine("{0:M/dd/yyyy h:mm:ss.fff tt} {1}", date1, date1.Kind)
      Console.WriteLine("{0}/{1}/{2} {3}{8}{4:D2}{8}{5:D2}.{6:G3} {7}", _
                                       persian.GetMonth(date1), _
                                       persian.GetDayOfMonth(date1), _
                                       persian.GetYear(date1), _
                                       persian.GetHour(date1), _
                                       persian.GetMinute(date1), _
                                       persian.GetSecond(date1), _
                                       persian.GetMilliseconds(date1), _
                                       date1.Kind, _
                                       DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.TimeSeparator)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      Console.WriteLine("Using the Hijri Calendar:")
      ' Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      Dim dftCulture As CultureInfo = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture
      
      ' Define strings for use in composite formatting.
      Dim dFormat As String 
      Dim fmtString As String 
      ' Define Hijri calendar.
      Dim hijri As New HijriCalendar()
      ' Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = New CultureInfo("ar-SY")
      Dim current As CultureInfo = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri
      dFormat = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern
      ' Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy") + " H:mm:ss.fff"
      fmtString = "{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:" + dFormat + "} {3}"
      Dim date2 As New Date(1431, 9, 9, 16, 32, 18, 500, _
                            hijri, DateTimeKind.Local)
      Console.WriteLine(fmtString, current, GetCalendarName(hijri), _
                        date2, date2.Kind) 

      ' Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture
      dFormat = DateTimeFormatInfo.CurrentInfo.ShortDatePattern +" H:mm:ss.fff"
      fmtString = "{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:" + dFormat + "} {3}"
      Console.WriteLine(fmtString, CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, _
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), _
                        date2, date2.Kind) 
   End Sub
   
   Private Function GetCalendarName(cal As Calendar) As String
      Return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\.(\w+)Calendar").Groups(1).Value
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Using the Persian Calendar:
'       8/18/2010 4:32:18.500 PM
'       5/27/1389 16:32:18.500
'       
'       Using the Hijri Calendar:
'       ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431 16:32:18.500
'       en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010 16:32:18.500

Remarks

The allowable values for year, month, and day parameters depend on the calendar parameter. An exception is thrown if the specified date and time cannot be expressed using calendar.

For applications in which portability of date and time data or a limited degree of time zone awareness is important, you can use the corresponding DateTimeOffset constructor.

Important

Eras in the Japanese calendars are based on the emperor's reign and are therefore expected to change. For example, May 1, 2019 marked the beginning of the Reiwa era in the JapaneseCalendar and JapaneseLunisolarCalendar. Such a change of era affects all applications that use these calendars. See Handling a new era in the Japanese calendar in .NET for more information and to determine whether your applications are affected. See Prepare your application for the Japanese era change for information on testing your applications on Windows systems to ensure their readiness for the era change. See Working with eras for features in .NET that support calendars with multiple eras and for best practices when working with calendars that support multiple eras.

The System.Globalization namespace provides several calendars including GregorianCalendar and JulianCalendar.

Applies to