JapaneseCalendar.GetEra(DateTime) JapaneseCalendar.GetEra(DateTime) JapaneseCalendar.GetEra(DateTime) JapaneseCalendar.GetEra(DateTime) Method

Definition

Returns the era in the specified DateTime.

public:
 override int GetEra(DateTime time);
public override int GetEra (DateTime time);
override this.GetEra : DateTime -> int
Public Overrides Function GetEra (time As DateTime) As Integer

Parameters

Returns

An integer that represents the era in the specified DateTime.

Exceptions

Examples

The following example displays the values of several components of a DateTime in terms of the Japanese calendar.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void DisplayValues( Calendar^ myCal, DateTime myDT )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "   Era:        {0}", myCal->GetEra( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Year:       {0}", myCal->GetYear( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Month:      {0}", myCal->GetMonth( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfYear:  {0}", myCal->GetDayOfYear( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfMonth: {0}", myCal->GetDayOfMonth( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfWeek:  {0}", myCal->GetDayOfWeek( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
   DateTime myDT = DateTime(2002,4,3,gcnew GregorianCalendar);
   
   // Creates an instance of the JapaneseCalendar.
   JapaneseCalendar^ myCal = gcnew JapaneseCalendar;
   
   // Displays the values of the DateTime.
   Console::WriteLine( "April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar equals the following in the Japanese calendar:" );
   DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );
   
   // Adds two years and ten months.
   myDT = myCal->AddYears( myDT, 2 );
   myDT = myCal->AddMonths( myDT, 10 );
   
   // Displays the values of the DateTime.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding two years and ten months:" );
   DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar equals the following in the Japanese calendar:
   Era:        4
   Year:       14
   Month:      4
   DayOfYear:  93
   DayOfMonth: 3
   DayOfWeek:  Wednesday

After adding two years and ten months:
   Era:        4
   Year:       17
   Month:      2
   DayOfYear:  34
   DayOfMonth: 3
   DayOfWeek:  Thursday

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;


public class SamplesJapaneseCalendar  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
      DateTime myDT = new DateTime( 2002, 4, 3, new GregorianCalendar() );

      // Creates an instance of the JapaneseCalendar.
      JapaneseCalendar myCal = new JapaneseCalendar();

      // Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine( "April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar equals the following in the Japanese calendar:" );
      DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );

      // Adds two years and ten months.
      myDT = myCal.AddYears( myDT, 2 );
      myDT = myCal.AddMonths( myDT, 10 );

      // Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding two years and ten months:" );
      DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );

   }

   public static void DisplayValues( Calendar myCal, DateTime myDT )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   Era:        {0}", myCal.GetEra( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Year:       {0}", myCal.GetYear( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Month:      {0}", myCal.GetMonth( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfYear:  {0}", myCal.GetDayOfYear( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfMonth: {0}", myCal.GetDayOfMonth( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfWeek:  {0}", myCal.GetDayOfWeek( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}

/*
This code produces the following output.

April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar equals the following in the Japanese calendar:
   Era:        4
   Year:       14
   Month:      4
   DayOfYear:  93
   DayOfMonth: 3
   DayOfWeek:  Wednesday

After adding two years and ten months:
   Era:        4
   Year:       17
   Month:      2
   DayOfYear:  34
   DayOfMonth: 3
   DayOfWeek:  Thursday

*/
Imports System
Imports System.Globalization


Public Class SamplesJapaneseCalendar   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
      Dim myDT As New DateTime(2002, 4, 3, New GregorianCalendar())

      ' Creates an instance of the JapaneseCalendar.
      Dim myCal As New JapaneseCalendar()

      ' Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine("April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar equals the following in the Japanese calendar:")
      DisplayValues(myCal, myDT)

      ' Adds two years and ten months.
      myDT = myCal.AddYears(myDT, 2)
      myDT = myCal.AddMonths(myDT, 10)

      ' Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine("After adding two years and ten months:")
      DisplayValues(myCal, myDT)

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub DisplayValues(myCal As Calendar, myDT As DateTime)
      Console.WriteLine("   Era:        {0}", myCal.GetEra(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Year:       {0}", myCal.GetYear(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Month:      {0}", myCal.GetMonth(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfYear:  {0}", myCal.GetDayOfYear(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfMonth: {0}", myCal.GetDayOfMonth(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfWeek:  {0}", myCal.GetDayOfWeek(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub 'DisplayValues

End Class 'SamplesJapaneseCalendar 


'This code produces the following output.

'

'April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar equals the following in the Japanese calendar:
'   Era:        4
'   Year:       14
'   Month:      4
'   DayOfYear:  93
'   DayOfMonth: 3
'   DayOfWeek:  Wednesday
'
'After adding two years and ten months:
'   Era:        4
'   Year:       17
'   Month:      2
'   DayOfYear:  34
'   DayOfMonth: 3
'   DayOfWeek:  Thursday

Remarks

The Japanese calendar recognizes one era for every emperor's reign. The two most recent eras are the Heisei era, beginning in the Gregorian calendar year 1989, and the Reiwa era, beginning in the Gregorian calendar year 2019. The era name is typically displayed before the year. For example, the Gregorian calendar year 2001 is the Japanese calendar year Heisei 13. Note that the first year of an era is called "Gannen." Therefore, the Gregorian calendar year 1989 was the Japanese calendar year Heisei Gannen.

Important

Eras in the Japanese calendars are based on the emperor's reign and are therefore expected to change. For example, May 1, 2019 marked the beginning of the Reiwa era in the JapaneseCalendar and JapaneseLunisolarCalendar. Such a change of era affects all applications that use these calendars. See Handling a new era in the Japanese calendar in .NET for more information and to determine whether your applications are affected. See Prepare your application for the Japanese era change for information on testing your applications on Windows systems to ensure their readiness for the era change. See Working with eras for features in .NET that support calendars with multiple eras and for best practices when working with calendars that support multiple eras.

This class assigns numbers to the eras as follows:

GetEra value Era Name Era Abbreviation Gregorian Dates
5 令和 (Reiwa) 令和 (R, r) May 1, 2019 to present
4 平成 (Heisei) 平 (H, h) January 8, 1989 to April 30, 2019
3 昭和 (Showa) 昭 (S, s) December 25, 1926 to January 7, 1989
2 大正 (Taisho) 大 (T, t) July 30, 1912 to December 24, 1926
1 明治 (Meiji) 明 (M, m) September 8, 1868 to July 29, 1912

Ordinarily, the JapaneseCalendar class supports dates from September 8 in the year Meiji 1 (September 8, 1868 of the Gregorian calendar), which is the value of the MinSupportedDateTime property. However, the GetEra method successfully returns the era for dates from January 1 through September 7 in the year Meiji 1 (January 1, 1868 through September 7, 1868 in the Gregorian calendar). For dates earlier than January 1, 1868 in the Gregorian calendar, the method throws an ArgumentOutOfRangeException exception.

Applies to

See also