VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(FrameworkElement, String, Boolean) VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(FrameworkElement, String, Boolean) VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(FrameworkElement, String, Boolean) VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(FrameworkElement, String, Boolean) Method

Definition

Transitions the element between two states. Use this method to transition states that are defined by an application, rather than defined by a control.

public:
 static bool GoToElementState(System::Windows::FrameworkElement ^ stateGroupsRoot, System::String ^ stateName, bool useTransitions);
public static bool GoToElementState (System.Windows.FrameworkElement stateGroupsRoot, string stateName, bool useTransitions);
static member GoToElementState : System.Windows.FrameworkElement * string * bool -> bool
Public Shared Function GoToElementState (stateGroupsRoot As FrameworkElement, stateName As String, useTransitions As Boolean) As Boolean

Parameters

stateGroupsRoot
FrameworkElement FrameworkElement FrameworkElement FrameworkElement

The root element that contains the VisualStateManager.

stateName
String String String String

The state to transition to.

useTransitions
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

true to use a VisualTransition object to transition between states; otherwise, false.

Returns

true if the control successfully transitioned to the new state; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

Examples

The following example creates an application that prompts the user to guess a number between 1 and 100. When the user enters a number, the application indicates whether the guess is too high, too low, or correct. The following XAML creates the user interface for the application and defines 4 states: TooLow, TooHigh, Correct, and Guessing. When the application begins, it is in the Guessing state. .

<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot">
  <Grid.Background>
    <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" StartPoint="0.5,0">
      <GradientStop Color="#FF022343" Offset="0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#FF006BD2" Offset="1"/>
    </LinearGradientBrush>
  </Grid.Background>
  <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
    <VisualStateGroup x:Name="ResultStates">
      <VisualStateGroup.Transitions>
        <VisualTransition GeneratedDuration="0:0:0.5">
          <VisualTransition.GeneratedEasingFunction>
            <CubicEase EasingMode="EaseOut"/>
          </VisualTransition.GeneratedEasingFunction>
        </VisualTransition>
      </VisualStateGroup.Transitions>
      <VisualState x:Name="TooLow">
        <Storyboard>
          <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
              (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="LayoutRoot">
            <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="#FFD22700"/>
          </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
              (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[0].(GradientStop.Color)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="LayoutRoot">
            <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="#FFE2D7D0"/>
          </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.RenderTransform).
              (TransformGroup.Children)[0].(ScaleTransform.ScaleX)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="viewbox">
            <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="1"/>
          </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.RenderTransform).
              (TransformGroup.Children)[0].(ScaleTransform.ScaleY)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="viewbox">
            <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="1"/>
          </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
              (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[0].(GradientStop.Offset)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="LayoutRoot">
            <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="0.5"/>
          </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
        </Storyboard>
      </VisualState>
      <VisualState x:Name="TooHigh">
        <Storyboard>
          <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
              (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="LayoutRoot">
            <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="#FFF3EBE9"/>
          </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
              (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[0].(GradientStop.Color)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="LayoutRoot">
            <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="#FFF12807"/>
          </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.RenderTransform).
              (TransformGroup.Children)[0].(ScaleTransform.ScaleX)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="viewbox">
            <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="1"/>
          </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.RenderTransform).
              (TransformGroup.Children)[0].(ScaleTransform.ScaleY)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="viewbox">
            <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="1"/>
          </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
              (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Offset)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="LayoutRoot">
            <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="0.5"/>
          </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
        </Storyboard>
      </VisualState>
      <VisualState x:Name="Correct">
        <Storyboard>
          <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
              (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[0].(GradientStop.Color)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="LayoutRoot">
            <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="#FF0E4302"/>
          </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
              (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="LayoutRoot">
            <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="#FF14D200"/>
          </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.RenderTransform).
              (TransformGroup.Children)[0].(ScaleTransform.ScaleX)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="viewbox">
            <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="1"/>
          </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames 
            Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.RenderTransform).
              (TransformGroup.Children)[0].(ScaleTransform.ScaleY)" 
            Storyboard.TargetName="viewbox">
            <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="1"/>
          </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
        </Storyboard>
      </VisualState>
      <VisualState x:Name="Guessing"/>
    </VisualStateGroup>
  </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
  <Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
    <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
    <RowDefinition/>
  </Grid.RowDefinitions>
  <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <ColumnDefinition/>
    <ColumnDefinition Width="247"/>
  </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
  <TextBlock Grid.Row="0" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Margin="20,5,20,5" 
             FontSize="24" Foreground="White"
             Text="Guess a number between 1 and 100"/>
  <TextBox x:Name="Guess" Grid.Row="1" Margin="20,20,10,10" 
           TextWrapping="Wrap" FontSize="48" 
           TextChanged="OnTypingGuess"/>
  <Button x:Name="GuessButton" Grid.Row="1" Content="Guess" 
          Margin="10,20,20,10" Grid.Column="1" 
          FontSize="48" Click="OnGuess" 
          IsDefault="True"/>
  <Viewbox x:Name="viewbox" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Grid.Row="2"
           Margin="20,10,20,20" RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5">
    <Viewbox.RenderTransform>
      <TransformGroup>
        <ScaleTransform ScaleX="0" ScaleY="0"/>
        <SkewTransform/>
        <RotateTransform/>
        <TranslateTransform/>
      </TransformGroup>
    </Viewbox.RenderTransform>
    <TextBlock x:Name="Result" TextWrapping="Wrap"/>
  </Viewbox>
</Grid>

The following code shows the logic of the application. When the user enters a number and clicks the button, the application calls GoToElementState to transition to TooHigh, TooLow, or Correct to provide feedback to the user about the guess. To try this example, call the GenerateNumber method when the application begins.

int number;

private void GenerateNumber()
{
    System.Random r = new System.Random();
    number = r.Next(100) + 1;
}

private void OnGuess(object sender, System.Windows.RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    int guess;

    if (int.TryParse(this.Guess.Text, out guess))
    {
        if (guess < this.number)
        {
            VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(this.LayoutRoot, "TooLow", true);
            this.Result.Text = "Too Low!";
        }
        else if (guess > this.number)
        {
            VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(this.LayoutRoot, "TooHigh", true);
            this.Result.Text = "Too High!";
        }
        else
        {
            VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(this.LayoutRoot, "Correct", true);
            this.Result.Text = "Correct!";
        }
    }
}

private void OnTypingGuess(object sender, System.Windows.Controls.TextChangedEventArgs e)
{
    VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(this.LayoutRoot, "Guessing", true);
    this.Result.Text = "";
}
Private number As Integer

Private Sub GenerateNumber()
    Dim r As New System.Random()
    number = r.Next(100) + 1
End Sub

Private Sub OnGuess(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.RoutedEventArgs)
    Dim guess As Integer

    If Integer.TryParse(Me.Guess.Text, guess) Then
        If guess < Me.number Then
            VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(Me.LayoutRoot, "TooLow", True)
            Me.Result.Text = "Too Low!"
        ElseIf guess > Me.number Then
            VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(Me.LayoutRoot, "TooHigh", True)
            Me.Result.Text = "Too High!"
        Else
            VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(Me.LayoutRoot, "Correct", True)
            Me.Result.Text = "Correct!"
        End If
    End If
End Sub

Private Sub OnTypingGuess(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Controls.TextChangedEventArgs)
    VisualStateManager.GoToElementState(Me.LayoutRoot, "Guessing", True)
    Me.Result.Text = ""
End Sub

Remarks

Call the GoToElementState method to change states on an element outside of a ControlTemplate (for example, if you use a VisualStateManager in a DataTemplate or Window). Call the GoToState method if you are changing states in a control that uses the VisualStateManager in its ControlTemplate.

Applies to