XPathNavigator.AppendChild Method

Definition

Creates a new child node at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node.

Overloads

AppendChild()

Returns an XmlWriter object used to create one or more new child nodes at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node.

AppendChild(String)

Creates a new child node at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node using the XML data string specified.

AppendChild(XmlReader)

Creates a new child node at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node using the XML contents of the XmlReader object specified.

AppendChild(XPathNavigator)

Creates a new child node at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node using the nodes in the XPathNavigator specified.

AppendChild()

Returns an XmlWriter object used to create one or more new child nodes at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node.

public:
 virtual System::Xml::XmlWriter ^ AppendChild();
public virtual System.Xml.XmlWriter AppendChild ();
abstract member AppendChild : unit -> System.Xml.XmlWriter
override this.AppendChild : unit -> System.Xml.XmlWriter
Public Overridable Function AppendChild () As XmlWriter

Returns

An XmlWriter object used to create new child nodes at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node.

Exceptions

The current node the XPathNavigator is positioned on is not the root node or an element node.

The XPathNavigator does not support editing.

Examples

In the following example, a new pages child element is appended to the list of child elements of the first book element in the contosoBooks.xml file using the XmlWriter object returned from the AppendChild method.

    XmlDocument^ document = gcnew XmlDocument();
    document->Load("contosoBooks.xml");
    XPathNavigator^ navigator = document->CreateNavigator();

    navigator->MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
    navigator->MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

    XmlWriter^ pages = navigator->AppendChild();
    pages->WriteElementString("pages", "100");
    pages->Close();

Console::WriteLine(navigator->OuterXml);
XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator navigator = document.CreateNavigator();

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

XmlWriter pages = navigator.AppendChild();
pages.WriteElementString("pages", "100");
pages.Close();

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml);
Dim document As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument()
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml")
Dim navigator As XPathNavigator = document.CreateNavigator()

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books")
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books")

Dim pages As XmlWriter = navigator.AppendChild()
pages.WriteElementString("pages", "100")
pages.Close()

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml)

The example takes the contosoBooks.xml file as an input.

  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
<bookstore xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">  
    <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">  
        <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>  
            <last-name>Franklin</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>8.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">  
        <title>The Confidence Man</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Herman</first-name>  
            <last-name>Melville</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>11.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">  
        <title>The Gorgias</title>  
        <author>  
            <name>Plato</name>  
        </author>  
        <price>9.99</price>  
    </book>  
</bookstore>  
  

Remarks

Appending child nodes adds the new nodes to the end of the list of child nodes for the current node. For example, when three child nodes exist for an element, the first appended node becomes the fourth child node. If no child nodes exist, then a new child node is created.

The following are important notes to consider when using the AppendChild method.

You can write more than one node to the writer. All nodes are appended to the end of the list of child nodes of the current node.

AppendChild(String)

Creates a new child node at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node using the XML data string specified.

public:
 virtual void AppendChild(System::String ^ newChild);
public virtual void AppendChild (string newChild);
abstract member AppendChild : string -> unit
override this.AppendChild : string -> unit
Public Overridable Sub AppendChild (newChild As String)

Parameters

newChild
String

The XML data string for the new child node.

Exceptions

The XML data string parameter is null.

The current node the XPathNavigator is positioned on is not the root node or an element node.

The XPathNavigator does not support editing.

The XML data string parameter is not well-formed.

Examples

In the following example, a new pages child element is appended to the list of child elements of the first book element in the contosoBooks.xml file.

XmlDocument^ document = gcnew XmlDocument();
document->Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator^ navigator = document->CreateNavigator();

navigator->MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator->MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

navigator->AppendChild("<pages>100</pages>");

Console::WriteLine(navigator->OuterXml);
XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator navigator = document.CreateNavigator();

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

navigator.AppendChild("<pages>100</pages>");

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml);
Dim document As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument()
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml")
Dim navigator As XPathNavigator = document.CreateNavigator()

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books")
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books")

navigator.AppendChild("<pages>100</pages>")

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml)

The example takes the contosoBooks.xml file as an input.

  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
<bookstore xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">  
    <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">  
        <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>  
            <last-name>Franklin</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>8.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">  
        <title>The Confidence Man</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Herman</first-name>  
            <last-name>Melville</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>11.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">  
        <title>The Gorgias</title>  
        <author>  
            <name>Plato</name>  
        </author>  
        <price>9.99</price>  
    </book>  
</bookstore>  
  

Remarks

Appending a child node adds the new node to the end of the list of child nodes for the current node. For example, when three child nodes exist for an element, the appended node becomes the fourth child node. If no child nodes exist, then a new child node is created.

To create a new element node, include all XML syntax in the XML string parameter. The string for a new book node is AppendChild("<book/>"). The string for appending the text "book" to the current node's text node is AppendChild("book"). If the XML string contains multiple nodes, all nodes are added.

The following are important notes to consider when using the AppendChild method.

AppendChild(XmlReader)

Creates a new child node at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node using the XML contents of the XmlReader object specified.

public:
 virtual void AppendChild(System::Xml::XmlReader ^ newChild);
public virtual void AppendChild (System.Xml.XmlReader newChild);
abstract member AppendChild : System.Xml.XmlReader -> unit
override this.AppendChild : System.Xml.XmlReader -> unit
Public Overridable Sub AppendChild (newChild As XmlReader)

Parameters

newChild
XmlReader

An XmlReader object positioned on the XML data for the new child node.

Exceptions

The XmlReader object is in an error state or closed.

The XmlReader object parameter is null.

The current node the XPathNavigator is positioned on is not the root node or an element node.

The XPathNavigator does not support editing.

The XML contents of the XmlReader object parameter is not well-formed.

Examples

In the following example, a new pages child element is appended to the list of child elements of the first book element in the contosoBooks.xml file using the XmlReader object specified. The http://www.contoso.com/books namespace is specified so that the new child element is appended using the same namespace as the XML document.

XmlDocument^ document = gcnew XmlDocument();
document->Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator^ navigator = document->CreateNavigator();

navigator->MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator->MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

XmlReader^ pages = XmlReader::Create(gcnew StringReader("<pages xmlns=\"http://www.contoso.com/books\">100</pages>"));

navigator->AppendChild(pages);

Console::WriteLine(navigator->OuterXml);
XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator navigator = document.CreateNavigator();

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

XmlReader pages = XmlReader.Create(new StringReader("<pages xmlns=\"http://www.contoso.com/books\">100</pages>"));

navigator.AppendChild(pages);

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml);
Dim document As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument()
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml")
Dim navigator As XPathNavigator = document.CreateNavigator()

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books")
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books")

Dim pages As XmlReader = XmlReader.Create(New StringReader("<pages xmlns='http://www.contoso.com/books'>100</pages>"))

navigator.AppendChild(pages)

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml)

The example takes the contosoBooks.xml file as an input.

  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
<bookstore xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">  
    <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">  
        <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>  
            <last-name>Franklin</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>8.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">  
        <title>The Confidence Man</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Herman</first-name>  
            <last-name>Melville</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>11.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">  
        <title>The Gorgias</title>  
        <author>  
            <name>Plato</name>  
        </author>  
        <price>9.99</price>  
    </book>  
</bookstore>  
  

Remarks

Appending a child node adds the new node to the end of the list of child nodes for the current node. For example, when three child nodes exist for an element, the appended node becomes the fourth child node. If no child nodes exist, then a new child node is created.

The following are important notes to consider when using the AppendChild method.

  • If the XmlReader object is positioned over a sequence of XML nodes, all the nodes in the sequence are added.

  • The AppendChild method is valid only when the XPathNavigator is positioned on the root node or an element node.

  • The AppendChild method does not affect the position of the XPathNavigator.

AppendChild(XPathNavigator)

Creates a new child node at the end of the list of child nodes of the current node using the nodes in the XPathNavigator specified.

public:
 virtual void AppendChild(System::Xml::XPath::XPathNavigator ^ newChild);
public virtual void AppendChild (System.Xml.XPath.XPathNavigator newChild);
abstract member AppendChild : System.Xml.XPath.XPathNavigator -> unit
override this.AppendChild : System.Xml.XPath.XPathNavigator -> unit
Public Overridable Sub AppendChild (newChild As XPathNavigator)

Parameters

newChild
XPathNavigator

An XPathNavigator object positioned on the node to add as the new child node.

Exceptions

The XPathNavigator object parameter is null.

The current node the XPathNavigator is positioned on is not the root node or an element node.

The XPathNavigator does not support editing.

Examples

In the following example, a new pages child element is appended to the list of child elements of the first book element in the contosoBooks.xml file using the node contained in the XPathNavigator specified. The http://www.contoso.com/books namespace is specified so that the new child element is appended using the same namespace as the XML document.

XmlDocument^ document = gcnew XmlDocument();
document->Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator^ navigator = document->CreateNavigator();

navigator->MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator->MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

XmlDocument^ childNodes = gcnew XmlDocument();
childNodes->Load(gcnew StringReader("<pages xmlns=\"http://www.contoso.com/books\">100</pages>"));
XPathNavigator^ childNodesNavigator = childNodes->CreateNavigator();


if (childNodesNavigator->MoveToChild("pages", "http://www.contoso.com/books"))
{
    navigator->AppendChild(childNodesNavigator);
}

Console::WriteLine(navigator->OuterXml);
XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator navigator = document.CreateNavigator();

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

XmlDocument childNodes = new XmlDocument();
childNodes.Load(new StringReader("<pages xmlns=\"http://www.contoso.com/books\">100</pages>"));
XPathNavigator childNodesNavigator = childNodes.CreateNavigator();


if(childNodesNavigator.MoveToChild("pages", "http://www.contoso.com/books")) 
{
    navigator.AppendChild(childNodesNavigator);
}

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml);
Dim document As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument()
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml")
Dim navigator As XPathNavigator = document.CreateNavigator()

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books")
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books")

Dim childNodes As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument()

childNodes.Load(New StringReader("<pages xmlns='http://www.contoso.com/books'>100</pages>"))
Dim childNodesNavigator As XPathNavigator = childNodes.CreateNavigator()

If childNodesNavigator.MoveToChild("pages", "http://www.contoso.com/books") Then
    navigator.AppendChild(childNodesNavigator)
End If

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml)

The example takes the contosoBooks.xml file as an input.

  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
<bookstore xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">  
    <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">  
        <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>  
            <last-name>Franklin</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>8.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">  
        <title>The Confidence Man</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Herman</first-name>  
            <last-name>Melville</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>11.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">  
        <title>The Gorgias</title>  
        <author>  
            <name>Plato</name>  
        </author>  
        <price>9.99</price>  
    </book>  
</bookstore>  
  

Remarks

Appending a child node adds the new node to the end of the list of child nodes for the current node. For example, when three child nodes exist for an element, the appended node becomes the fourth child node. If no child nodes exist, then a new child node is created.

The following are important notes to consider when using the AppendChild method.

Applies to