<gcConcurrent> element

Specifies whether the common language runtime runs garbage collection on a separate thread.

<configuration>
  <runtime>
    <gcConcurrent>

Syntax

<gcConcurrent
   enabled="true|false"/>

Attributes and elements

The following sections describe attributes, child elements, and parent elements.

Attributes

Attribute Description
enabled Required attribute.

Specifies whether the runtime runs garbage collection concurrently.

enabled attribute

Value Description
false Doesn't run garbage collection concurrently.
true Runs garbage collection concurrently. This is the default.

Child elements

None.

Parent elements

Element Description
configuration The root element in every configuration file used by the common language runtime and .NET Framework applications.
runtime Contains information about assembly binding and garbage collection.

Remarks

Prior to .NET Framework 4, workstation garbage collection supported concurrent garbage collection, which performed garbage collection in the background on a separate thread. In .NET Framework 4, concurrent garbage collection was replaced by background GC, which also performs garbage collection in the background on a separate thread. Starting with .NET Framework 4.5, background collection became available in server garbage collection. The gcConcurrent element controls whether the runtime performs either concurrent or background garbage collection, if it's available, or whether it performs garbage collection in the foreground.

To disable background garbage collection

Warning

Starting with .NET Framework 4, concurrent garbage collection is replaced by background garbage collection. The terms concurrent and background are used interchangeably in the .NET Framework documentation. To disable background garbage collection, use the gcConcurrent element, as discussed in this article.

By default, the runtime uses concurrent or background garbage collection, which is optimized for latency. If your application involves heavy user interaction, leave concurrent garbage collection enabled to minimize the application's pause time to perform garbage collection. If you set the enabled attribute of the gcConcurrent element to false, the runtime uses non-concurrent garbage collection, which is optimized for throughput.

The following configuration file disables background garbage collection:

<configuration>
   <runtime>
      <gcConcurrent enabled="false"/>
   </runtime>
</configuration>

If there's a gcConcurrentSetting setting in the machine configuration file, it defines the default value for all .NET Framework applications. The machine configuration file setting overrides the application configuration file setting.

For more information on concurrent and background garbage collection, see the Concurrent garbage collection, Background workstation garbage collection, and Background server garbage collection sections in the Fundamentals of Garbage Collection article.

Example

The following example enables background garbage collection:

<configuration>
   <runtime>
      <gcConcurrent enabled="true"/>
   </runtime>
</configuration>

See also