Install sqlcmd and bcp the SQL Server command-line tools on Linux

The following steps install the command-line tools, Microsoft ODBC drivers, and their dependencies. The mssql-tools package contains:

  • sqlcmd: Command-line query utility.
  • bcp: Bulk import-export utility.

Install the tools for your platform:

Install tools on RHEL

Use the following steps to install the mssql-tools on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

  1. Enter superuser mode.

    sudo su
    
  2. Download the Microsoft Red Hat repository configuration file.

    curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/rhel/7/prod.repo > /etc/yum.repos.d/msprod.repo
    
  3. Exit superuser mode.

    exit
    
  4. If you had a previous version of mssql-tools installed, remove any older unixODBC packages.

    sudo yum update
    sudo yum remove unixODBC-utf16 unixODBC-utf16-devel
    
  5. Run the following commands to install mssql-tools with the unixODBC developer package.

    sudo yum update
    sudo yum install mssql-tools unixODBC-devel
    
    Note

    To update to the latest version of mssql-tools run the following commands:

    sudo yum check-update
    sudo yum update mssql-tools
    
  6. Optional: Add /opt/mssql-tools/bin/ to your PATH environment variable in a bash shell.

    To make sqlcmd/bcp accessible from the bash shell for login sessions, modify your PATH in the ~/.bash_profile file with the following command:

    echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bash_profile
    

    To make sqlcmd/bcp accessible from the bash shell for interactive/non-login sessions, modify the PATH in the ~/.bashrc file with the following command:

    echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bashrc
    source ~/.bashrc
    

Install tools on Ubuntu

Use the following steps to install the mssql-tools on Ubuntu.

  1. Import the public repository GPG keys.

    curl https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | sudo apt-key add -
    
  2. Register the Microsoft Ubuntu repository.

    curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/prod.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/msprod.list
    
  3. Update the sources list and run the installation command with the unixODBC developer package.

    sudo apt-get update 
    sudo apt-get install mssql-tools unixodbc-dev
    
    Note

    To update to the latest version of mssql-tools run the following commands:

    sudo apt-get update 
    sudo apt-get install mssql-tools 
    
  4. Optional: Add /opt/mssql-tools/bin/ to your PATH environment variable in a bash shell.

    To make sqlcmd/bcp accessible from the bash shell for login sessions, modify your PATH in the ~/.bash_profile file with the following command:

    echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bash_profile
    

    To make sqlcmd/bcp accessible from the bash shell for interactive/non-login sessions, modify the PATH in the ~/.bashrc file with the following command:

    echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bashrc
    source ~/.bashrc
    

Install tools on SLES

Use the following steps to install the mssql-tools on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.

  1. Add the Microsoft SQL Server repository to Zypper.

    sudo zypper addrepo -fc https://packages.microsoft.com/config/sles/12/prod.repo 
    sudo zypper --gpg-auto-import-keys refresh
    
  2. Install mssql-tools with the unixODBC developer package.

    sudo zypper install mssql-tools unixODBC-devel
    
    Note

    To update to the latest version of mssql-tools run the following commands:

    sudo zypper refresh
    sudo zypper update mssql-tools
    
  3. Optional: Add /opt/mssql-tools/bin/ to your PATH environment variable in a bash shell.

    To make sqlcmd/bcp accessible from the bash shell for login sessions, modify your PATH in the ~/.bash_profile file with the following command:

    echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bash_profile
    

    To make sqlcmd/bcp accessible from the bash shell for interactive/non-login sessions, modify the PATH in the ~/.bashrc file with the following command:

    echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bashrc
    source ~/.bashrc
    

Install tools on macOS

A preview of sqlcmd and bcp is now available on macOS. For more information, see the announcement.

To install the tools for Mac El Capitan and Sierra, use the following commands:

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
#brew untap microsoft/mssql-preview if you installed the preview version 
brew tap microsoft/mssql-release https://github.com/Microsoft/homebrew-mssql-release
brew update
brew install mssql-tools
#for silent install ACCEPT_EULA=y brew install mssql-tools

Docker

Starting with SQL Server 2017 CTP 2.0, the SQL Server command-line tools are included in the Docker image. If you attach to the image with an interactive command-prompt, you can run the tools locally.

Offline installation

If your Linux machine does not have access to the online repositories used in the previous sections, you can download the package files directly. These packages are located in the Microsoft repository, https://packages.microsoft.com.

Tip

If you successfully installed with the steps in the previous sections, you do not need to download or manually install the package(s) below. This is only for the offline scenario.

The following table provides the location for the latest tools packages:

Tools package Version Download
Red Hat RPM tools package 14.0.5.0-1 mssql-tools RPM package
SLES RPM tools package 14.0.5.0-1 mssql-tools RPM package
Ubuntu 16.04 Debian tools package 14.0.5.0-1 mssql-tools Debian package
Ubuntu 16.10 Debian tools package 14.0.5.0-1 mssql-tools Debian package

These packages depend on msodbcsql, which must be installed first. The msodbcsql pacakage also has a dependency on either unixODBC-devel (RPM) or unixodbc-dev (Debian). The location of the msodbcsql packages are listed in the following table:

msodbcsql package Version Download
Red Hat RPM msodbcsql package 13.1.6.0-1 msodbcsql RPM package
SLES RPM msodbcsql package 13.1.6.0-1 msodbcsql RPM package
Ubuntu 16.04 Debian msodbcsql package 13.1.6.0-1 msodbcsql Debian package
Ubuntu 16.10 Debian msodbcsql package 13.1.6.0-1 msodbcsql Debian package

To manually install these packages, use the following steps:

  1. Move the downloaded packages to your Linux machine. If you used a different machine to download the packages, one way to move the packages to your Linux machine is with the scp commmand.

  2. Install the and packages: Install the mssql-tools and msodbc packages. If you get any dependency errors, ignore them until the next step.

    Platform Package install commands
    Red Hat sudo yum localinstall msodbcsql-13.1.6.0-1.x86_64.rpm
    sudo yum localinstall mssql-tools-14.0.5.0-1.x86_64.rpm
    SLES sudo zypper install msodbcsql-13.1.6.0-1.x86_64.rpm
    sudo zypper install mssql-tools-14.0.5.0-1.x86_64.rpm
    Ubuntu sudo dpkg -i msodbcsql_13.1.6.0-1_amd64.deb
    sudo dpkg -i mssql-tools_14.0.5.0-1_amd64.deb
  3. Resolve missing dependencies: You might have missing dependencies at this point. If not, you can skip this step. In some cases, you must manually locate and install these dependencies.

    For RPM packages, you can inspect the required dependencies with the following commands:

    rpm -qpR msodbcsql-13.1.6.0-1.x86_64.rpm
    rpm -qpR mssql-tools-14.0.5.0-1.x86_64.rpm
    

    For Debian packages, if you have access to approved repositories containing those dependencies, the easiest solution is to use the apt-get command:

    sudo apt-get -f install
    
    Note

    This command completes the installation of the SQL Server packages as well.

    If this does not work for your Debian package, you can inspect the required dependencies with the following commands:

    dpkg -I msodbcsql_13.1.6.0-1_amd64.deb | grep "Depends:"
    dpkg -I mssql-tools_14.0.5.0-1_amd64.deb | grep "Depends:"
    

Next steps

After installation, connect to the SQL Server instance to create and manage databases. To get started, see Connect and query SQL Server on Linux.