STAT — Style Attributes Table

The style attributes table describes design attributes that distinguish font-style variants within a font family. It also provides associations between those attributes and name elements that may be used to present font options within application user interfaces.

Introduction

A font family is a set of font faces that share key aspects of design. These aspects of design are common to all of the fonts in the family, and differentiate that family from other font families. But the fonts within a family also differ from one another in particular ways: differences in stroke thicknesses, differences in contrast, etc.; or combinations of such differences. In this way, the fonts within a family are style variants of the family design. A given family will have a particular set of attribute types by which the member fonts differ: the axes of variation.

Style variants within a family may be implemented as static variants in discrete fonts, such as Arial Light or Arial Bold. They may also be implemented as dynamic variations in a variable font, using a font variations ('fvar') table and related tables; for example, weight or width variations in the Skia font. A single font may also combine dynamic variations using 'fvar' and related tables along with static style attributes. For example, a family may have variants in relation to weight attributes and also a Roman versus italic distinction, with weight implemented as a dynamic variation using 'fvar' and related tables, but with Roman and italic as static design attributes — a Roman font with weight variation, and a corresponding italic font with weight variation.

The style attributes table allows software implementations to understand relationships among the various fonts or design-variation instances within a family. It provides strings that can be used to create user interfaces with controls for individual style attributes, or used to compose strings that may be required for use in legacy applications.

Note: The style attributes table provides a characterization of a font relative to the entire family to which it belongs, not just that one font in isolation. This characterization may involve attributes that users would not associate with the font itself. For example, part of the characterization of a Regular font would include an italic-axis value (non-italic) if the font family includes italic members, even though that font is not an italic font. (See Example 2, below.) In the case of variable fonts, the set of axes that are relevant may be a superset of the axes used in the 'fvar' table, if those axes are relevant for the entire family. For example, a family may include a Roman variable font with weight variation, and a paired italic font, also with weight variation. The italic axis is relevant to the complete characterization of both fonts, since the italic axis is relevant to the family as a whole. (See Example 5, below.)

A style attributes table is required in all variable fonts. For a general overview of OpenType Font Variations, see the chapter, OpenType Font Variations Overview.

The style attributes table is also recommended for all new, non-variable fonts, especially if fonts have style attributes in axes other than weight, width, or slope.

When used in multi-axis fonts, the style attributes table can accomplish the intended purpose of name IDs 21 and 22, but using a more general and flexible mechanism. For fonts used only in newer applications, strings for name IDs 21 and 22 may not be required if a style attributes table is present. When fonts need to work in older applications as well, however, name IDs 21 and 22 should continue to be used when applicable.

Style Attributes Header

The style attributes table, version 1.2, is organized as follows:

Style attributes header:

Type Name Description
uint16 majorVersion Major version number of the style attributes table — set to 1.
uint16 minorVersion Minor version number of the style attributes table — set to 2.
uint16 designAxisSize The size in bytes of each axis record.
uint16 designAxisCount The number of design axis records. In a font with an 'fvar' table, this value must be greater than or equal to the axisCount value in the 'fvar' table. In all fonts, must be greater than zero if axisValueCount is greater than zero.
Offset32 designAxesOffset Offset in bytes from the beginning of the STAT table to the start of the design axes array. If designAxisCount is zero, set to zero; if designAxisCount is greater than zero, must be greater than zero.
uint16 axisValueCount The number of axis value tables.
Offset32 offsetToAxisValueOffsets Offset in bytes from the beginning of the STAT table to the start of the design axes value offsets array. If axisValueCount is zero, set to zero; if axisValueCount is greater than zero, must be greater than zero.
uint16 elidedFallbackNameID Name ID used as fallback when projection of names into a particular font model produces a subfamily name containing only elidable elements.

In version 1.0 of the style attributes table, the elidedFallbackNameId field was not included. Use of version 1.0 is deprecated. Version 1.1 adds the elidedFallbackNameId field. Version 1.2 adds support for the format 4 axis value table; otherwise, version 1.2 and version 1.1 are the same.

The elidedFallbackNameId field provides a name that can be used when composing a name if all of the axis-value names are elidable. For example, “Normal” weight and “Roman” slant may both be marked as elidable axis-value names, and so a composed name for normal weight and Roman slant may result in an empty string. The elidedFallbackNameId is used to provide an alternative name ID to use in this case, such as “Regular”. In many fonts, this may reference name ID 17 or name ID 2.

The header is followed by the design axes and axis value offsets arrays, the location of which are provided by offset fields.

Type Name Description
AxisRecord designAxes[designAxisCount] The design-axes array.
Offset16 axisValueOffsets[axisValueCount] Array of offsets to axis value tables, in bytes from the start of the axis value offsets array.

The designAxisSize field indicates the size of each axis record. Future minor-version updates of the STAT table may define compatible extensions to the axis record format with additional fields. Implementations must use the designAxisSize designAxisSize field to determine the start of each record.

Axis Records

The axis record provides information about a single design axis.

AxisRecord:

Type Name Description
Tag axisTag A tag identifying the axis of design variation.
uint16 axisNameID The name ID for entries in the 'name' table that provide a display string for this axis.
uint16 axisOrdering A value that applications can use to determine primary sorting of face names, or for ordering of descriptors when composing family or face names.

Each axis record has a tag designating the axis. Take note that tag values must follow the rules for tags described in the OpenType Design-Variation Axis Tag Registry.

The axisNameID field provides a name ID that can be used to obtain strings from the 'name' table that can be used to refer to the axis in application user interfaces. The name ID must be greater than 255 and less than 32768.

In a variable font, there must be an axis record for every axis defined in the font variations table, and it must use the same name ID used in the font variations table. If a variation axis is omitted from the STAT table, or if different name IDs are used, applications may have unexpected behavior in the use of STAT table data. However, the order of axis records in the STAT table is arbitrary and does not need to match the order of records in the 'fvar' table.

If a variable font has additional axes that are not implemented as dynamic-variation axes in the font variations table, but that are relevant for the font or the family of which it is a member, axis records should also be included.

A non-variable font should include axis records for any axes that are relevant for the font or the family of which it is a member, especially if axes other than weight, width and slope are used.

Note: For every axis declared using an axis record, the axis should be a variation axis defined in an 'fvar' table, or else it should be reflected in the font’s sub-family name (name ID 17 or name ID 2) except in the case that the font’s value on that axis is a “normal” value that is suppressed from the sub-family name.

The axis ordering field allows the font developer to influence ordering of axes in user interfaces, and the ordering of axis-value descriptors when face names are projected into different font-family models. Lower values are assumed to have an earlier sort order or higher priority than higher values. Values need not be contiguous, and records are not required to be well-ordered in relation to the axis ordering field. No two records should have the same value. Beyond this, no strict requirements are specified here regarding how these values are used in applications.

One way in which axisOrdering values might be used is in presenting an enumerated list of face names within a family: rather than listing faces in an arbitrary order, they might be sorted using these values to determine primary, secondary, etc. orderings. For example, if width is given a lower value than weight, then all weights with one particular width would be listed before the different weights with the next width, and so on.

Another way in which axisOrdering might be used is in composing names. A particular scenario for this is generating family and subfamily names that conform to expectations of applications that use four-member regular, bold, italic, bold italic (R/B/I/BI) or weight/width/slope (WWS) models for font families. In non-variable fonts, the designer can include name ID pairs 1/2 and 21/22 to support these models, but there is no other provision for this in a variable font. The style attributes table provides individual axis value descriptor strings that can be combined in different ways as needed to fit the requirements for name IDs 1/2 or 21/22. But when doing so, there is no independent specification for how the different elements should be ordered in a family name. For example, “Arial Serif Caption” and “Arial Caption Serif” are both possible as a name ID 21 equivalent. The axisOrdering value should be used in applications to choose the ordering when composing such names.

To ensure consistency in how face names are presented to users, the axis ordering given in axis records should be consistent across different fonts within a family, and with the ordering of axis-value descriptors used in the typographic subfamily (name ID 17). In a variable font, the axis ordering should also be consistent with the ordering of axis-value descriptors used in the strings referenced by named instances defined in the 'fvar' table.

Some legacy applications may serialize face names in document markup to indicate text formatting. Such applications can use the axis ordering field to generate names for serialization purposes in order to improve the likelihood of successful interchange with other applications that read the same document formats. However, use of face names in serialized markup is not recommended. This includes use of strings referenced by axis value records within the STAT table. Instead, applications should use the typographic family name (name ID 16) plus a design vector comprised of axis tag-value pairs, or one of the fully-qualified, non-localized names: the unique font identifier (name ID 3), or the Postscript name (name ID 6).

Different fonts belonging to the same family should have matching axis record values. However, if a set of fonts for a family are released, and then at some later time the family is extended with additional fonts using new axes of variation, the previously-shipped fonts do not need to be updated with the additional axis records; the newer fonts will provide the axis details.

Axis Value Tables

Axis value tables provide details regarding a specific style-attribute value on some specific axis of design variation, or a combination of design-variation axis values, and the relationship of those values to name elements. This information can be useful for presenting fonts in application user interfaces.

A particular use of axis value tables is to assist platforms in supporting typographic families that involve a wide range of design variations in older applications that assume more limited options for variation within a family. Specifically, axis value tables can be used to transform typographic family and subfamily names into alternate names appropriate to different family models. For example, some applications assume a WWS family model (a family can only include weight, width, or Italic or Oblique variants); and some applications may assume an R/B/I/BI family model (a family can include only Regular, Bold, Italic or Bold Italic variants). This use for axis value tables is similar in purpose to the alternate family/subfamily name ID pairs in the 'name' table:

  • Name IDs 1 and 2 for an R/B/I/BI family model.
  • Name IDs 21 and 22 for a WWS family model.
  • Name IDs 16 and 17 for an unrestricted, typographic family model.

In a variable font, however, the names provided for name instances include only name ID 16 and 17 equivalents; there are are no name ID 1/2 or name ID 21/22 equivalents. Thus, axis value tables are especially important in variable fonts, to allow the named instances to be supported in older applications, particularly when any variations beyond weight, width, or italic or oblique are used.

In a variable font, every element of typographic subfamily names for all of the named instances defined in the 'fvar' table should be reflected in an axis value table. Additional axis value tables may be included for name elements that do not appear in any named instances; these may be used in some font-picking user interfaces, but are not required for mapping typography family/subfamily names into legacy naming models. Some variable fonts may include axes that are not reflected in subfamily names for any named instances — that is, variants along these axes are selectable only by means of numeric axis values. In such cases, there is no requirement to assign names or to create axis value tables for values on these axes.

In many cases, a name element will be associated with a particular value on a single axis. For example, “Bold” representing a specific weight-axis value; or “Condensed” representing a specific width value. Such name elements are assumed to be combinable with name elements associated with values on other axes, as in an instance name “Bold Condensed”. Name elements of this type are referred to as analytic names.

In other cases, a name element may be associated with a particular combination of values on multiple axes, and not be amenable to analysis into simpler, independent elements. For example, a variable font for lettering might use several custom axes to provide different stroke or swash-terminal modifications, and named instances may be defined for certain combinations of values for these axes with non-decomposable names for those combinations; for example, “Florid” for a particular combination of stroke- and termination-axes values. Name elements of this type are referred to as non-analytic. Note that a font with non-analytic names might also use an axis such as weight that uses analytic names, leading to some named instances that combine non-analytic and analytic elements, such as “Florid Bold” and “Florid Semibold”.

Note: If an application transforms family and subfamily names to be compatible with an R/B/I/BI family model, then any subfamily name elements that are not “Regular”, “Bold”, “Italic” or “Oblique” will be moved into a family name. For example, given a family name “Selawik” and a subfamily name “Condensed Bold”, this will be transformed into the R/B/I/BI model as family name “Selawik Condensed” and subfamily name “Bold”. (“Selawik” and “Selawik Condensed” will be treated as separate families in the R/B/I/BI model.) Similarly, when names are transformed to the WWS family model, any subfamily name elements that do not represent a weight value, a width value, or italic or oblique will be moved into family names. For this reason, it is recommended that width, weight and italic/oblique descriptors always be placed last in a subfamily name, to minimize differences in how names will appear in different appliations that use different family models.

Note that a variable font may have some distinguishing, subfamily attributes that are static, not implemented as a variation, but that are relevant in relation to the complete typographic family. For example, a weight-variation font may have a paired, italic weight-variation font. Axis value records should also be provided for any such distinctions that are relevant within a family.

Axis value tables are particularly important for variable fonts, but can also be used in non-variable fonts. Note that newer platform implementations may utilize axis value tables, if included in a non-variable font, in preference to name ID 1/2 or name ID 21/22 pairs, for supporting older applications. In a non-variable font, axis value records can be provided for any style-variant distinction that is applicable to the font and relevant for the font family to which it belongs.

When used in non-variable fonts, axis value tables for particular values should be implemented consistently across fonts in the family. In particular, two different fonts within a family may share certain style attributes in common, and axis value tables for these values should be implemented consistently. For example, Bold Condensed and Bold Semi-Condensed fonts both have the same weight attribute, Bold, and should have matching axis value tables for Bold. If they are not consistent, some applications may exhibit unexpected behavior in font-related operations, such as how the fonts are presented in user interfaces, or how the fonts are chosen in fallback or other font-selection operations.

Four different axis value table formats are defined. Formats 1, 2 and 3 are appropriate for single-axis values associated with analytic name elements. Format 4 is used for multi-axis value combinations associated with non-analytic name elements. Additional formats may be supported in the future, with a minor-version update of the STAT table.

Note: Use of format 1, format 2, or format 3 axis value tables is especially recommended for values on 'wght' and 'wdth' axes, and also for “Italic” (value 1.0 on the 'ital' axis) or “Oblique” (a non-zero value on the 'slnt' axis) variants.

Note: Use of format 4 axis value tables is especially recommended for non-analytic sub-family names and the corresponding axis-value combinations in static-font families or in variable fonts that also involve 'wght' or 'wdth' axes, or “Italic” or “Oblique” variants.

For any format of axis value table, the first field is read to determine the format. If the format is not recognized, then the axis value table can be ignored.

Each format includes a valueNameID field, which references a display string to be associated with the numeric axis value or combination of axis values. Defined name IDs, such as name IDs 2, 17 or 22, can be used if those have the appropriate string for an axis value. Otherwise, name IDs must be greater than 255 and less than 32768.

The different formats all include fields with numeric axis values. For any axis with a registered axis tag, the numeric values in the axis value tables will be interpreted in the same manner as they would be interpreted in the font variations table. In particular, they will be interpreted according to the user-coordinate scale and conventions specified for that axis. Similarly, if a variable font has a variation axis defined using a non-registered, custom tag, it is assumed that the values in axis value tables and in the font variations table are interpreted using the same custom scale, even if it is not conventionally defined.

In some cases, an attribute using a new design axis may be introduced into a family after other fonts have been released, with the new attribute not anticipated in any way in the initial fonts. For example, a font designer might initially create Regular, Bold and Italic variants of a design, and then later add width variants such as Condensed. In that case, the initial fonts might not have identified that they represent the “Normal” attribute on the width scale. The newer fonts should include axis value records that describe the earlier fonts. A flag is defined to designate such axis value records; this is described in detail below.

No two tables should provide information for the same axis value.

Axis value table, format 1

Axis value table format 1 has the following structure.

AxisValueFormat1:

Type Name Description
uint16 format Format identifier — set to 1.
uint16 axisIndex Zero-base index into the axis record array identifying the axis of design variation to which the axis value record applies. Must be less than designAxisCount.
uint16 flags Flags — see below for details.
uint16 valueNameID The name ID for entries in the 'name' table that provide a display string for this attribute value.
Fixed value A numeric value for this attribute value.

A format 1 table is used simply to associate a specific axis value with a name.

Axis value table, format 2

Axis value table format 2 has the following structure.

AxisValueFormat2

Type Name Description
uint16 format Format identifier — set to 2.
uint16 axisIndex Zero-base index into the axis record array identifying the axis of design variation to which the axis value record applies. Must be less than designAxisCount.
uint16 flags Flags — see below for details.
uint16 valueNameID The name ID for entries in the 'name' table that provide a display string for this attribute value.
Fixed nominalValue A nominal numeric value for this attribute value.
Fixed rangeMinValue The minimum value for a range associated with the specified name ID.
Fixed rangeMaxValue The maximum value for a range associated with the specified name ID.

A format 2 table can be used if a given name is associated with a particular axis value, but is also associated with a range of values. For example, in a family that supports optical size variations, “Subhead” may be used in relation to a range of sizes. The rangeMinValue and rangeMaxValue fields are used to define that range. In a variable font, a named instance has specific coordinates for each axis. The nominalValue field allows some specific, nominal value to be associated with a name, to align with the named instances defined in the font variations table, while the rangeMinValue and rangeMaxValue fields allow the same name also to be associated with a range of axis values.

Some design axes may be open ended, having an effective minimum value of negative infinity, or an effective maximum value of positive infinity. To represent an effective minimum of negative infinity, set rangeMinValue to 0x80000000. To represent an effective maximum of positive infinity, set rangeMaxValue to 0x7FFFFFFF.

Two format 2 tables for a given axis should not have ranges with overlap greater than zero. If a font has two format 2 tables for a given axis, T1 and T2, with overlapping ranges, the following rules will apply:

  • If the range of T1 overlaps the higher end of the range of T2 with a greater max value than T2 (T1.rangeMaxValue > T2.rangeMaxValue and T1.rangeMinValue <= T2.rangeMaxValue), then T1 is used for all values within its range, including the portion that overlaps the range of T2.
  • If the range of T2 is contained entirely within the range of T1 (T2.rangeMinValue >= T1.rangeMinValue and T2.rangeMaxValue <= T1.rangeMaValue), then T2 is ignored.

In the case of two tables with identical ranges for the same axis, it will be up to the implementation which is used and which is ignored.

Axis value table, format 3

Axis value table format 3 has the following structure:

AxisValueFormat3:

Type Name Description
uint16 format Format identifier — set to 3.
uint16 axisIndex Zero-base index into the axis record array identifying the axis of design variation to which the axis value record applies. Must be less than designAxisCount.
uint16 flags Flags — see below for details.
uint16 valueNameID The name ID for entries in the 'name' table that provide a display string for this attribute value.
Fixed value A numeric value for this attribute value.
Fixed linkedValue The numeric value for a style-linked mapping from this value.

A format 3 table can be used to indicate another value on the same axis that is to be treated as a style-linked counterpart to the current value. This is primarily intended for “bold” style linking on a weight axis. These mappings may be used in applications to determine which style within a family should be selected when a user selects a “bold” formatting option. A mapping is defined from a “non-bold” value to its “bold” counterpart. It is not necessary to provide a “bold” mapping for every weight value; mappings should be provided for lighter weights, but heavier weights (typically, semibold or above) would already be considered “bold” and would not require a “bold” mapping.

Note: Applications are not required to use these style-linked mappings when implementing text formatting user interfaces. This data can be provided in a font for the benefit of applications that choose to do so. If a given application does not apply such style mappings for the given axis, then the linkedValue field is ignored.

Axis value table, format 4

Axis value table format 4 has the following structure:

AxisValueFormat4:

Type Name Description
uint16 format Format identifier — set to 4.
uint16 axisCount The total number of axes contributing to this axis-values combination.
uint16 flags Flags — see below for details.
uint16 valueNameID The name ID for entries in the 'name' table that provide a display string for this combination of axis values.
AxisValue axisValues[axisCount] Array of AxisValue records that provide the combination of axis values, one for each contributing axis.

The axisValues array uses AxisValue records, which have the following format.

AxisValue record:

Type Name Description
uint16 axisIndex Zero-base index into the axis record array identifying the axis to which this value applies. Must be less than designAxisCount.
Fixed value A numeric value for this attribute value.

Each AxisValue record must have a different axisIndex value. The records can be in any order.

Flags

The following axis value table flags are defined:

Mask Name Description
0x0001 OLDER_SIBLING_FONT_ATTRIBUTE If set, this axis value table provides axis value information that is applicable to other fonts within the same font family. This is used if the other fonts were released earlier and did not include information about values for some axis. If newer versions of the other fonts include the information themselves and are present, then this record is ignored.
0x0002 ELIDABLE_AXIS_VALUE_NAME If set, it indicates that the axis value represents the “normal” value for the axis and may be omitted when composing name strings.
0xFFFC Reserved Reserved for future use — set to zero.

When the OlderSiblingFontAttribute flag is used, implementations may use the information provided to determine behaviour associated with a different font in the same family. If a previously-released family is extended with fonts for style variations from a new axis of design variation, then all of them should include a OlderSiblingFontAttribute table for the “normal” value of earlier fonts. The values in the different fonts should match; if they do not, application behavior may be unpredictable.

Note: When the OlderSiblingFontAttribute flag is set, that axis value table is intended to provide default information about other fonts in the same family, but not about the font in which that axis value table is contained. The font should contain different axis value tables that do not use this flag to make declarations about itself.

The ElidableAxisValueName flag can be used to designate a “normal” value for an axis that should not normally appear in a face name. For example, the designer may prefer that face names not include “Normal” width or “Regular” weight. If this flag is set, applications are permitted to omit these descriptors from face names, though they may also include them in certain scenarios.

Note: Fonts should provide axis value tables for “normal” axis values even if they should not normally be reflected in face names.

Note: If a font or a variable-font instance is selected for which all axis values have the ElidableAxisValueName flag set, then applications may keep the name for the weight axis, if present, to use as a constructed subfamily name, with names for all other axis values omitted.

When the OlderSiblingFontAttribute flag is set, this will typically be providing information regarding the “normal” value on some newly-introduced axis. In this case, the ElidableAxisValueName flag may also be set, as desired. When applied to the earlier fonts, those likely would not have included any descriptors for the new axis, and so the effects of the ElidableAxisValueName flag are implicitly assumed.

If multiple axis value tables have the same axis index, then one of the following should be true:

  • The font is a variable font, and the axis is defined in the font variations table as a variation.
  • The OlderSiblingFontAttribute flag is set in one of the records.

Two different fonts within a family may share certain style attributes in common. For example, Bold Condensed and Bold Semi Condensed fonts both have the same weight attribute, Bold. Axis value tables for particular values should be implemented consistently across a family. If they are not consistent, applications may exhibit unpredictable behaviors.

Examples

The following examples illustrate data provided by a style attributes table for various font scenarios.

Example 1: Family with different weight variants using non-variable fonts

Suppose a font family has Regular, Bold and Heavy weight variants. These fonts would have matching axis records:

Axis tag Axis name Axis ordering
'wght' Weight 0

The three fonts would have axis value data as follows:

Font Axis tag Value Name string Flag Other data
Font 1 'wght' 400 Regular ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 700
Font 2 'wght' 700 Bold
Font 3 'wght' 900 Heavy

Example 2: Family using non-variable fonts for different weight values plus italic

Suppose the font family from example 1 also has italic variants. The fonts would have matching axis records reflecting weight and italic axes:

Axis tag Axis name Axis ordering
'wght' Weight 0
'ital' Italic 1

Each of the three non-italic fonts would include an additional axis value record to reflect the non-italic attribute. The six fonts would have data as follows:

Font Axis tag Value Name string Flag Other data
Font 1 'wght' 400 Regular ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 700
Font 1 'ital' 0 Regular ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 1
Font 2 'wght' 700 Bold
Font 2 'ital' 0 Regular ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 1
Font 3 'wght' 900 Heavy
Font 3 'ital' 0 Regular ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 1
Font 4 'wght' 400 Regular ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 700
Font 4 'ital' 1 Italic
Font 5 'wght' 700 Bold
Font 5 'ital' 1 Italic
Font 6 'wght' 900 Heavy
Font 6 'ital' 1 Italic

Example 3: Family using non-variable fonts with weight and italic variants, later extended to add width variants

Suppose the font family from example 2 is later extended with different width variants. The new fonts in the family would include matching axis records reflecting three axes:

Axis tag Axis name Axis ordering
'wdth' Width 0
'wght' Weight 1
'ital' Italic 2

Newer versions of the initially-released fonts would also include the additional axis record. When newer fonts co-exist with the original version of the earlier fonts, the ordering from the more-complete axis records in the newer fonts is used.

To allow for situations in which one of the newer fonts co-exists with the older fonts, which did not reference the width axis, the newer fonts should each include an axis record to describe the “Normal” width, which is inferred onto the earlier fonts.

Axis tag Value Name string Flag Other data
'wdth' 100 Normal OlderSiblingFontAttribute

Example 4: A weight/width variable font

Consider a family comprised of a single variable font with weight and width variations. This font would have axis records for the two variation axes:

Axis tag Axis name Axis ordering
'wght' Weight 0
'wdth' Width 1

Suppose the variable font has 6 named instances that correspond to three different weights for each of two widths. The style attributes table should include axis value records for at least those three weights and those two widths, but could also include records for other weight or width values. The font may include the following axis value records:

Axis tag Value Name string Flag Other data
'wght' 300 Light linkedValue = 600
'wght' 400 Regular ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 700
'wght' 600 Semibold
'wght' 700 Bold
'wght' 900 Black
'wdth' 62.5 Extra-Condensed
'wdth' 75 Condensed
'wdth' 100 Normal ElidableAxisValueName
'wdth' 125 Expanded
'wdth' 150 Extra-Expanded

Example 5: A family comprised of a non-italic variable font plus an italic variable font

Consider a family comprised of a non-italic, weight/width variable font plus a corresponding italic, weight/width variable font. Each font would have axis records for three axes:

Axis tag Axis name Axis ordering
'wght' Weight 0
'wdth' Width 1
'ital' Italic 2

In addition to axis value records for various weight or width values, the first font would also include a record to reflect the non-italic attribute:

Axis tag Value Name string Flag Other data
'ital' 0 Normal ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 1

The second font would include a record to reflect the italic attribute, in addition to the records for various weight and width values:

Axis tag Value Name string Flag Other data
'ital' 1 Italic

The pattern in this example can be applied to other cases involving a family with style variations implemented using a combination of Font Variations mechanisms plus static, non-variation designs. The axis records in each font would span both variation and non-variation axes. Axis value records in a given font would include multiple values for axes implemented using Font Variation mechanisms, plus single records for the relevant attribute values of other axes.

Example 6: A varible font with non-analytic subfamily names associated with multiple axis values

Consider a variable font that uses several custom axes, 'TRM1', 'TRM2', 'STK1', 'STK2', and also the registered 'wght' axis. Suppose that this font has named instances “Florid” and “Jagged” that involve particular combinations of values for the custom axes; and additional named instances that correspond to those two named instances but with other 'wght' values: “Florid Bold”, “Florid Semibold”, etc. The font would have axis value tables for 'wght' values, with data such as the following:

Axis tag Value Name string Flag Other data
'wght' 400 Regular ElidableAxisValueName linkedValue = 700
'wght' 700 Bold
'wght' 900 Heavy

The font would also have format 4 axis value tables corresponding to “Florid” and “Jagged”, with data such as the following:

Name string AxisValue records
Florid 'TRM1' = 250
'TRM2' = 1000
'STK1' = 550
'STK2' = 0
Jagged 'TRM1' = 900
'TRM2' = 450
'STK1' = 0
'STK2' = 310