Use Apache Ambari Hive View with Apache Hadoop in HDInsight

Learn how to run Hive queries by using Apache Ambari Hive View. The Hive View allows you to author, optimize, and run Hive queries from your web browser.

Prerequisites

Run a Hive query

  1. From the Azure portal, select your cluster. See List and show clusters for instructions. The cluster is opened in a new portal blade.

  2. From Cluster dashboards, select Ambari views. When prompted to authenticate, use the cluster login (default admin) account name and password that you provided when you created the cluster. Alternatively, navigate to https://CLUSTERNAME.azurehdinsight.net/#/main/views in your browser where CLUSTERNAME is the name of your cluster.

  3. From the list of views, select Hive View.

    Apache Ambari select Apache Hive view

    The Hive view page is similar to the following image:

    Image of the query worksheet for the Hive view

  4. From the Query tab, paste the following HiveQL statements into the worksheet:

    DROP TABLE log4jLogs;
    CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE log4jLogs(
        t1 string,
        t2 string,
        t3 string,
        t4 string,
        t5 string,
        t6 string,
        t7 string)
    ROW FORMAT DELIMITED FIELDS TERMINATED BY ' '
    STORED AS TEXTFILE LOCATION '/example/data/';
    SELECT t4 AS loglevel, COUNT(*) AS count FROM log4jLogs
        WHERE t4 = '[ERROR]'
        GROUP BY t4;
    

    These statements perform the following actions:

    • DROP TABLE: Deletes the table and the data file, in case the table already exists.

    • CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE: Creates a new "external" table in Hive. External tables store only the table definition in Hive. The data is left in the original location.

    • ROW FORMAT: Shows how the data is formatted. In this case, the fields in each log are separated by a space.

    • STORED AS TEXTFILE LOCATION: Shows where the data is stored, and that it's stored as text.

    • SELECT: Selects a count of all rows where column t4 contains the value [ERROR].

    Important

    Leave the Database selection at default. The examples in this document use the default database included with HDInsight.

  5. To start the query, select Execute below the worksheet. The button turns orange and the text changes to Stop.

  6. After the query has finished, the Results tab displays the results of the operation. The following text is the result of the query:

     loglevel       count
     [ERROR]        3
    

    You can use the LOG tab to view the logging information that the job created.

    Tip

    Download or save results from the Actions drop-down dialog box under the Results tab.

Visual explain

To display a visualization of the query plan, select the Visual Explain tab below the worksheet.

The Visual Explain view of the query can be helpful in understanding the flow of complex queries.

Tez UI

To display the Tez UI for the query, select the Tez UI tab below the worksheet.

Important

Tez is not used to resolve all queries. You can resolve many queries without using Tez.

View job history

The Jobs tab displays a history of Hive queries.

Apache Hive view jobs tab history

Database tables

You can use the Tables tab to work with tables within a Hive database.

Image of the Apache Hive tables tab

Saved queries

From the Query tab, you can optionally save queries. After you save a query, you can reuse it from the Saved Queries tab.

Apache Hive view saved queries tab

Tip

Saved queries are stored in the default cluster storage. You can find the saved queries under the path /user/<username>/hive/scripts. These are stored as plain-text .hql files.

If you delete the cluster, but keep the storage, you can use a utility like Azure Storage Explorer or Data Lake Storage Explorer (from the Azure Portal) to retrieve the queries.

User-defined functions

You can extend Hive through user-defined functions (UDF). Use a UDF to implement functionality or logic that isn't easily modeled in HiveQL.

Declare and save a set of UDFs by using the UDF tab at the top of the Hive View. These UDFs can be used with the Query Editor.

Apache Hive view UDFs tab display

After you've added a UDF to the Hive View, an Insert udfs button appears at the bottom of the Query Editor. Selecting this entry displays a drop-down list of the UDFs defined in the Hive View. Selecting a UDF adds HiveQL statements to your query to enable the UDF.

For example, if you've defined a UDF with the following properties:

  • Resource name: myudfs

  • Resource path: /myudfs.jar

  • UDF name: myawesomeudf

  • UDF class name: com.myudfs.Awesome

Using the Insert udfs button displays an entry named myudfs, with another drop-down list for each UDF defined for that resource. In this case, it's myawesomeudf. Selecting this entry adds the following to the beginning of the query:

add jar /myudfs.jar;
create temporary function myawesomeudf as 'com.myudfs.Awesome';

You can then use the UDF in your query. For example, SELECT myawesomeudf(name) FROM people;.

For more information on using UDFs with Hive on HDInsight, see the following articles:

Hive settings

You can change various Hive settings, such as changing the execution engine for Hive from Tez (the default) to MapReduce.

Next steps

For general information on Hive on HDInsight:

For information on other ways you can work with Hadoop on HDInsight: