Description of MinRole and associated services in SharePoint Servers 2016 and 2019

Summary: Learn about the MinRole feature in SharePoint Servers 2016 and 2019 and the services that are associated with each server role.

The MinRole feature in SharePoint Servers 2016 and 2019 lets SharePoint farm administrators assign each server's role in a farm topology. The role of a server is specified when you create a new farm or join a server to an existing farm.

This article describes the services associated with each server role. These services are listed in Central Administration -> System settings -> Manage services in this farm, or by running the Get-SPService cmdlet. The service instances for some services are hidden because they are internal to the operation of SharePoint and not meant to be directly controlled. To retrieve a list of services instances on a server, including hidden services, use this syntax, (Get-SPServer <server_name>).ServiceInstances.

Note

The services listed is the list of what will be running on each server role if all of the services are enabled. Services associated with service applications will only be enabled if the farm administrator provisions that service application. Services that aren't associated with service applications will only be running if Auto Provision is enabled on that service.

For additional information about the MinRole feature in SharePoint Server 2016, see Overview of MinRole Server Roles in SharePoint Servers 2016 and 2019.

MinRole and associated services for each server role

The following table shows the services for each server role.

Server role Services
Front-end
Access Services
Access Services 2010
App Management Service
Business Data Connectivity Service
Claims to Windows Token Service
Machine Translation Service
Managed Metadata Web Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Administration
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Sandboxed Code Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
Microsoft SharePoint Insights
PerformancePoint Service
Project Server Application Service
Request Management
Secure Store Service
User Profile Service
Visio Graphics Service
Note: The list of hidden services are:
Information Management Policy Configuration Service
Microsoft Project Server Calculation Service
Microsoft Project Server Events Service
Microsoft Project Server Queuing Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Tracing
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Usage
Portal Service
Security Token Service
SSP Job Control Service
Application
App Management Service
Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service
Business Data Connectivity Service
Claims to Windows Token Service
Machine Translation Service
Managed Metadata Web Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Administration
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Incoming E-Mail
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service
Microsoft SharePoint Insights
PowerPoint Conversion Service
Project Server Application Service
Request Management
Secure Store Service
User Profile Service
Word Automation Services
Note: The list of hidden services are:
Information Management Policy Configuration Service
Microsoft Project Server Calculation Service
Microsoft Project Server Events Service
Microsoft Project Server Queuing Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Tracing
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Usage
Portal Service
Security Token Service
SSP Job Control Service
Distributed cache
Distributed Cache
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Administration
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
Microsoft SharePoint Insights
Note: The list of hidden services are:
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Tracing
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Usage
Portal Service
Security Token Service
SSP Job Control Service
Note: If the November 2016 Public Update for SharePoint Server 2016 (Feature Pack 1) or higher is not installed, the following services will also be assigned to this role:
Claims to Windows Token Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
Request Management
Search
Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
Microsoft SharePoint Insights
Search Administration Web Service
Search Host Controller Service
Search Query and Site Settings Service
SharePoint Server Search
Note: The list of hidden services are:
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Tracing
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Usage
Portal Service
Security Token Service
SSP Job Control Service
Note: If the November 2016 Public Update for SharePoint Server 2016 (Feature Pack 1) or higher is not installed, the following service will also be assigned to this role:
Claims to Windows Token Service
Custom
Distributed Cache
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Administration
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
Single-server farm
Access Services
Access Services 2010
App Management Service
Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service
Business Data Connectivity Service
Claims to Windows Token Service
Distributed Cache
Lotus Notes Connector
Machine Translation Service
Managed Metadata Web Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Administration
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Incoming E-Mail
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Sandboxed Code Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service
Microsoft SharePoint Insights
PerformancePoint Service
PowerPoint Conversion Service
Project Server Application Service
Request Management
Search Administration Web Service
Search Host Controller Service
Search Query and Site Settings Service
Secure Store Service
SharePoint Server Search
User Profile Service
Visio Graphics Service
Word Automation Services
Note: The list of hidden services are:
Information Management Policy Configuration Service
Microsoft Project Server Calculation Service
Microsoft Project Server Events Service
Microsoft Project Server Queuing Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Tracing
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Usage
Portal Service
Security Token Service
SSP Job Control Service
Front-end with Distributed Cache
Access Services
Access Services 2010
App Management Service
Business Data Connectivity Service
Claims to Windows Token Service
Distributed Cache
Machine Translation Service
Managed Metadata Web Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Administration
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Sandboxed Code Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
Microsoft SharePoint Insights
PerformancePoint Service
Project Server Application Service
Request Management
Secure Store Service
User Profile Service
Visio Graphics Service
Note: The list of hidden services are:
Information Management Policy Configuration Service
Microsoft Project Server Calculation Service
Microsoft Project Server Events Service
Microsoft Project Server Queuing Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Tracing
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Usage
Portal Service
Security Token Service
SSP Job Control Service
Application with Search
App Management Service
Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service
Business Data Connectivity Service
Claims to Windows Token Service
Machine Translation Service
Managed Metadata Web Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Administration
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Incoming E-Mail
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service
Microsoft SharePoint Insights
PowerPoint Conversion Service
Project Server Application Service
Request Management
Search Administration Web Service
´╗┐Search Host Controller Service
´╗┐Search Query and Site Settings Service
Secure Store Service
SharePoint Server Search
User Profile Service
Word Automation Services
Note: The list of hidden services are:
Information Management Policy Configuration Service
Microsoft Project Server Calculation Service
Microsoft Project Server Events Service
Microsoft Project Server Queuing Service
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Tracing
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Usage
Portal Service
Security Token Service
SSP Job Control Service

See also

Concepts

Overview of MinRole Server Roles in SharePoint Servers 2016 and 2019

Other Resources

Planning for a MinRole server deployment in SharePoint Servers 2016 and 2019

Managing a MinRole Server Farm in SharePoint Servers 2016 and 2019